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Mid Term

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Lusitania Disaster
The Lusitania was a great passenger cruise line of its time. The ship held 1,959 passengers of that 702 were members of the crew. A single torpedo was shot from a German U-20 submarine sunk the Lusitania in less than 20 minutes, 1,198 passengers died and only 761 people survived the incident. The attack happened on the 7th of May 1915, one week into it voyage from New York. A warning was issued from the German Embassy, stating that the risk of attack was high due to the hostile actions around the British isle. This attack also took the lives of 127 Americans. This proved to be a turning point for the Atlantic war. This event set in motion the United States entering World War I.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
The Malaysian airlines flight embarked from Amsterdam in a Boeing 777. The final destination was for Kuala Lumpur on 17th of July 2014. The Planes route took it through an active war zone that was controlled by the Dunbass People militia. The plane was shot down by a Buk surface to air missile. The plane crashed near Torez in Donetsk, Ukraine, killing all of the 283 passengers and 15 crew on board, total death of all passengers and crew of 298. This attack was against a passenger airline that enter hostile airspace. As a result of this flight patterns have been redirected around the airspace that is controlled by militants.

Disaster Similarities and Dissimilarities
The Lusitania and Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 both entered areas that where controlled or under conflict by hostile forces. While the Lusitania was a ship it was the primary means of transport for people across the ocean, as the airliners have become the primary means of transport for people today. Both attacks where from militant sources, with the German U boat attacking the Lusitania and flight 17 from a The Donbas people militia. The incidents as well affected people from all areas of the world, not just people in the area of the incident.

Although both incidences share similar traits we see differences as well. The mode of transport, in the case of the Lusitania the primary means of transport across an ocean was over a week on a boat. This was also without communication from the passengers for long periods of time. When looking at Flight 17, the use of aircrafts have taken over the trips that once took days and turned it into a few hours, also people now have communication devices and social networks that allows for minimal loss of communication. This means that in the case of an incident more people have the ability to communicate with friends and loved ones no matter where they are. Also the number of people directly affected on flight 17, was overall less than that of the Lusitania.

Three Major Psychology of Disaster Concepts Applied to the Disasters

Terror Management Theory [TMT] proposes a basic psychological conflict that results from having a desire to live but realizing that death is inevitable. As we examine the two incidences in both cases very little time to react to the incident. In the Lusitania they had 18 minutes from the original explosion to find escape boats and get to the deck of the ship. Where as in flight 17 no time was available to evacuate being at cursing altitude and being struck with a surface to air missile. The Lusitania passengers had a chance to react how however with the knowledge available from the case of the titanic fight or flight feeling would come up. Being in frigid waters would make some people fear that death was soon among us. This is the basis of terror Management theory.

PTSD may develop after a person is exposed to one or more traumatic events, such as major stress, sexual assault, terrorism, or other threats on a person's life. PTSD can affect a large number of people in both cases, from the survivors of the Lusitania to the rescuers and recovery personnel of the bodies floating in the sea. In the case of Flight 17 the family members and other people that even had a glimpse of the reports would stand a chance of developing PTSD. When people have a chance to gather information it could in some cases cause fear of doing and performing daily activities. In some cases fear of traveling would come into the mind of people. Due to both attacks of passenger vessels.

Phases of Disaster Recovery
1. Heroic Phase
During the initial phase of rescue efforts the ships around the Lucitania helped to rescue the living and provided relief for thouse that where rescue.
In the case of flight 17 the remains of the aircraft where located, efforts to find the aircraft and recover remains took a few days., tdue to its locationa dn confilt between mrebel forces and military.
2. Honeymoon Phase
In the days that followed the sinking of the Lucitania the fishing vessels where offered a reward for any bodies that they collected.
The Flight 93 recovery was conducted by Dutch aircraft.
3. Disillusionment Phase
4. Reconstruction Phase

Culture as Casualty

Summary http://www.latinpost.com/articles/27744/20141213/dutch-government-refuses-to-turn-over-malaysia-airlines-mh17-investigation-to-united-nations.htm http://duanehallock.com/2010/01/27/phases-of-disaster-recovery/ https://reedsomething.wordpress.com/2013/09/05/rewriting-the-rules-of-war-the-long-term-psychological-casualties-of-acts-of-war-on-innocent-civilians/ http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/flight-mh17-disaster-recovered-bodies-3898261 https://www.google.com/search?q=flight+17+disaster+recovery&oq=flight+17+disaster+recovery&aqs=chrome..69i57.12445j0j7&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=119&ie=UTF-8 http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/ukraine-plane-crash http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/ukraine-plane-crash/dutch-complete-recovery-mh17-wreckage-government-n254411 http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/malaysia-airlines-flight-mh17-ukraine-crash-may-be-too-much-for-airline-to-recover-from-1.2711064 http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/flight-mh17-wreckage-doomed-malaysia-4581393 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terror_management_theory https://www.google.com/search?q=publics+reaction+to+Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17&oq=publics+reaction+to+Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17&aqs=chrome..69i57.6381j0j7&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=119&ie=UTF-8#safe=off&q=public%27s+reaction+to+Malaysia+Airlines+Flight+17&spell=1 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2841937/ http://www.quora.com/Is-the-Malaysian-Airlines-MH17-incident-similar-to-the-sinking-of-RMS-Lusitania-in-1915# http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_17
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinking_of_the_RMS_Lusitania

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