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Mike and Marty

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bossladyy814
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1) Freud could explain the personality differences between Mike and Marty Scanlon by saying that he believes much of our behavior is motivated by the unconscious, a part of the personality that contains the memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives and instincts of which the individual is not aware of. Mike encountered some type of conflict during a stage in his life. It was most likely the phallic stage. If a problem occurred during this stage, they might produce an adult who fails to develop a conscience and has improper sex-role behavior. Marty would be viewed as he passed through that stage with no problem.

2) According to the Big Five personality traits Mike was careless, impulsive and disorganized. He was always in trouble and had absolutely no cares in the world. He would be rated highly in openness to experience and lowly in conscientiousness, highly in extraversion and lowly in agreeableness, and highly in neuroticism or emotional stability. Marty was quite, sympathetic, kind and appreciative, stable, calm, secure, and did not drink alcoholic beverages. He would be rated highly in openness to experience, highly in conscientiousness and lowly in extroversion, highly in agreeableness and in neuroticism or emotional stability.

3) Given that Mike and Marty are twins and share some of their genetic makeup, but I do not believe they have pronounced difference in personality. It was determined that genes do play a part in our personality, but both heredity and environmental factors interact to form an individual’s personality. I think temperament also plays a large role in this case because both of them seem to have the same temperament throughout each of their lives. Temperament is quite consistent with significant stability from infancy into adolescence. Certain personality traits have genetic components, and that heredity and...

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