Premium Essay

Miles Davis

In: Film and Music

Submitted By fpehar
Words 1260
Pages 6
Jazz and It's History

Jazz started when World War I had just ended and a social revolution was on it's way. Customs and values of previous were rejected. Life was to be lived to the fullest. This was also known as the era of the "lost generations," and the "flapper" with her rolled stockings, short skirts, and straight up-and-down look. They disturbed their elders in the casino, night clubs, and speakeasies that replaced the ballrooms of prewar days. Dancing became more informal - close of the nineteenth century in the unpleasant dance halls and whorehouses of the South and Midwest where the word Jazz commonly meant sexual intercourse. Southern blacks, delivered from slavery a few decades before, started playing European music Afro modifications.

The first place of jazz has many origins: New Orleans, St. Louis, Memphis and Kansas City are just a few. But New Orleans was and still remains an important jazz center. The ethnic rainbow of people who went to the bars and whorehouses were a big part of the development of jazz. The city had been under Spanish French rule because of the Louisiana purchase. By 1900, it was a blend of Spanish, French, English, German, Italian, Slavic and countless blacks originally brought in as slaves

The first jazz bands contained a "rhythm section" consisting of a string bass, drums, and a guitar or banjo, and a "melodic section" with one or two cornets, a trombone, a clarinet, and sometimes even a violin. Years later, jazz was taken over by large orchestras; A "society jazz contained fifteen or more musicians. Today, there is a renewed interest in the "big band" era, even though the music has very little to do with real jazz.
Jazz is characterized by certain features. The first is a tendency to stress the weak beats of the bar (2nd and 4th) in contrast to traditional music which stressed the first and third beats. The second...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Miles Davis

...Since the age of 12, Miles Davis’s life was driven by his passion and love of music. Born in 1926 into a middle-class home, Miles Davis had the opportunity to take his first trumpet lesson from a family friend named Elwood Buchanan. When he was not taking lessons, Davis spent his time practicing relentlessly and studying complex concepts of music theory (Frankl, 21). Miles Davis took advantage of his musical resources and eventually became an iconic jazz trumpeter and bandleader. As an active jazz musician for over 50 years, Miles Davis was able to contribute a stylistically diverse body of music compositions to the jazz community and the world (Gridley, 261). Miles Davis impacted the development of modern jazz by creating a novel trumpet playing style, producing numerous noteworthy recordings and spreading his enthusiasm and appreciation for jazz music. Miles Davis’s colorful trumpet style and sound was very distinct and unique. Thus, many other trumpet players during the cool and hard bop periods admired Davis sound and were influenced by it. Davis was known to use a Harmon mute without the stem in order to soften the instrument’s loud sound down to an intimate whisper (Frankl, 14). At the Newport Jam Session in 1955, Davis became highly recognized for his Harmon mute solo in the song “Round Midnight.” His improvisation had a beautiful sound conveyed a sense of sadness and loss (Frankl, 14). In addition to producing beautiful sounds with his trumpet, Davis used periods of......

Words: 1095 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Miles Davis

...Miles Davis-Dark Prince, one of the well-known jazz trumpeter, composer and bandleader, virtuoso started in bebop, went on to pioneer multiple styles of jazz. He was born on 25 May,1926 and grew up in black middle class of East S t Louis. Before enter to the jazz society, he was study at Juilliard School of Music on 1944. His albums 'Kind of Blue', 'Bitches Brew' and 'Birth of Cool' are considered to among the best selling jazz albums in history. The album “Birth of cool” which developed the cool jazz. In this study the aim is focused on the reason that influence Miles Davis to create cool jazz and the impact of cool jazz towards the creation of Modal Jazz. As for cool jazz, we should start of with bebop era. Bebop is a form of jazz with the fast tempo, changing time signature and throbbing bass.On the top, we mentioned about that Miles Davis moved to New York City study at Juilliard school after graduation from high school, but the reason why he want to moved to New York is because there is a hottest jazz scene in the country and he could listen and learn bebop from jazz greats like saxophonist Charlie Parker, and trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie. When he arriving in New York, he spent most of his first weeks in town trying to get in contact with Charlie Parker, despite being advised against doing so by several people he met during his quest. On the early, he playing was sometimes tentative and not always fully in tune, unique, intimate tone and his fertile musical......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Miles Davis

...One of my favorite trumpet players is Miles Davis. Miles Davis, "American jazz musician, a great trumpeter who as a bandleader and composer was one of the major influences on the art from the late 1940s." Miles Davis was, and still is one of the greatest jazz trumpeters of all time. His style and smoothness on the trumpet caught the ears of many people. Miles Davis was born in Alton, Illinois., on May 26, 1926. For most of Miles's life he was raised in East St. Louis in an upper middle class family. Before Davis got interested into music he liked sports a lot. He loved playing baseball, football, boxing, and basketball. The first trumpet he received was in his preteen years. He practically fell in love with it the first time he played it. Davis liked to play in his high school band and in R&B bands. In 1942 Miles married his wonderful wife, Irene. In July of 1944 he sat in with Billy Eckstine and his band, where he met his life long idols, Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker. In the fall, Miles goes to New York to attend Juilliard School of Music. "I spent my first week in NY and my first month's allowance looking for Charlie "Bird" Parker. Later I roomed with Parker for a year and followed him around down to 52nd street. Every night I'd write down chords, on matchbook covers. Next day, I'd play these chords, all day in the practice rooms at Juilliard, instead of going to classes." "Instead of taking classes he hooked up with Bird, playing in his......

Words: 887 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Miles Davis

...IAll Blues General Points - Comes from the album 'Kind of Blue' - The band is a 'sextet' consisting of a front line and a rhythm section. - The album was recording with next to no rehearsal and the musicians have no score, they were told only the following things: Structure, basic chord sequence, main melodic idea and which mode or scale to improvise on. Instrumentation The band consists of 2 different sections, the front line and the rhythm section. In the front line there is: - Miles Davis on trumpet. - Julian Adderly on the alto sax. - John Coltrane on the tenor sax. In the rhythm section there is: - Bill Evans on on piano. - Paul Chambers on bass. - Jimmy Cobb on the drums. Structure - 'All Blues' is based on a 12 bar blues progression. - The main melody is called the head and is played by the trumpet and is heard at the start and end of the piece. Miles Davis Melody - The head melody is quite simple and is characterized by a rising 6th (from D to B). The head is then followed by 4 solos. - Trumpet: Lasts for four choruses and is made up of short syncopated motifs. - Alto Sax: Lasts for four choruses and uses quicker notes and a wider range than the trumpet. - Tenor Sax: Lasts for four choruses and uses fast scales and quick runs. It's very virtuosic.  - Piano: Lasts for 2 choruses. This is a much calmer improvisation that the others with a simple melody and a string of parallel chords. Harmony and Tonality - The piece is in G Major but has......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Business Adm

...Cultural Event Report The cultural event that I attended prior to my departure for Afghanistan is a jazz concert at the Richmond Library. The concert was performed by the Richmond Youth Jazz Guild and the event was free. My youngest son has been performing with the Jazz Guild since 2010 and they are some of the most talentant kids. I physical don’t remember the date and time but the start time was 8:00 p.m. This music selection on this night was from Miles Davis; one of the greatest jazz performers of all times. The night was very calm, everyone was very professional, and the kids had black suits with white shirts and black ties. The concert was schedule for one hour and a half but the audience loved the kids so much it went for two in half hours. That night every kid got a chance to perform multiple solos and some kids sound like professional performers. This particular concert had some of the local music professor which invited some the kids to their jazz summer camp free of charge. The whole was amazing to see your men and women below the age of 15 that love the art of music; this program has done wonders for my son and the other kids. Richmond Youth Jazz Guild had received an invite to perform with Wynton Marsalis and open up for his concert at Christopher Newport College. This night was so incredible for the kids; there were sparking all night. It was like Christmas time all over again; Mr. Marsalis took two hours before the concert to speak to each child......

Words: 773 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Louis Armstrong And Miles Lovis Analysis

...Trumpeters Louis Armstrong and Miles Davis became two of the most inspiring American jazz musicians of all time by accessing very differently to their art. In the analysis an album from each artist, I choose “What A Wonderful World” of Louis Armstrong and “Kind of Blue” of Miles Davis. Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971) was the most influential performer to affect a lot of Jazz musicians. He influenced the whole jazz population with his amazing voice and energetic trumpet. And he played a great role in the modernization of jazz. His career spanned almost 50 years, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different jazz eras. The work of Louis Armstrong summed up the achievements of New Orleans jazz style and indicated the way to the later...

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Assignment 4

...Written Assignment #4: Jazz- Rock Fusion 1. The order of solos in this piece is: Zawinul, Shorter, Zawinul. Provide counter numbers for the beginnings and ends of these solos. Zawinul’s solo lasted from 0:19 - 0:46. Shorter’s started at 0:46 and went to 1:03. Then Zawinul had a solo after, starting at 1:03 going to 1:43. 2. Describe the keyboard and piano accompaniment during Shorter's solo. How would you compare/contrast the solo style of Shorter in Birdland with his tenor solo in Miles Davis E.S.P. ? The keyboard and piano during Shorter’s solo is very dynamic. There are lower keys played with the piano and higher more “edgy” notes played with the keyboard. Miles Davis’ solo in E.S.P. is slower and not as fun and exciting as Shorter’s in Birdland. 3. How would you compare/contrast the solo style of Zawinul in Birdland with that of Herbie Hancock in E.S.P. ? Zawinul in Birdland is actually slower than Herbie Hancock’s solo in E.S.P. There is more constancy in Hancock’s solo, whereas there is more freedom it seems in Zawinul’s solo. 4. Do you detect any ties between these jazz-rock fusion soloists and hard bop or free jazz? There are some similarities between all types of jazz, I feel. Because of the use of similar instruments the sounds and pitches are similar in each jazz song. However, jazz-rock fusion is like no jazz I’ve ever heard before. I have come accustomed to listening to “old school” jazz, and I actually......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Pretty

...Jazz, taking its roots in African American folk music, has evolved, metamorphosed, and transposed itself over the last century to become a truly American art form. More than any other type of music, it places special emphasis on innovative individual interpretation. Instead of relying on a written score, the musician improvises. For each specific period or style through which jazz has gone through over the past seventy years, there is almost always a single person who can be credited with the evolution of that sound. From Thelonius Monk, and his bebop, to Miles Davis' cool jazz, from Dizzy Gillespie's big band to John Coltrane's free jazz; America's music has been developed, and refined countless times through individual experimentation and innovation. One of the most influential musicians in the development of modern jazz is John Coltrane. In this paper, I examine the way in which Coltrane's musical innovations were related to the music of the jazz greats of his era and to the tribulations and tragedies of his life.John William Coltrane was born in Hamlet, North Carolina, on September 23, 1926. Two months later, his family moved to High Point, North Carolina, where he lived in a fairly well-to-do part of town. He grew up in a typical southern black family, deeply religious, and steeped in tradition. Both of his parents were musicians, his father played the violin and ukulele, and his mother was a member of the church choir. For several years, young Coltrane played the......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Cool Jazz

...with variation Jimmy Smith- Hammond B3 Organ- made organ respectable, organ trio- organ drums guitar playing the bass on the organs foot pedals. both hands and feet Bill Evans- piano composer, lyrical sensitive and swinging. piano trio- equal play trio included: Scott Lafaro - Bass, Paul Motian - Drums Free Jazz- Atonal, No form, Dissonance, High Energy, Collective Improv, Unusual ensemble, Ornette Coleman -Alto,trumpet,commposer- free jazz, no set solos or form, double quartet. Cecil Taylor-explosive pianist, aggressive. Drawn to percussive and physical aspect John Coltrane- Tenor, Soprano Sax. Miles Davis Quintet-Hard Bop. Joined Monk Quartet. influence by Monks unorthodox recorded album Giant Steps. didnt play cool jazz, Kind of Blue, formed Coltrane Quartet -McCoy Tyner- Piano, Jimmy Garrison-Bass, Elvin Jones- Drums made A love Supreme. free jazz Miles Davis- trumpet, played some bebop, some cool jazz, modal jazz, jazz fusion. -original trumpet style. birth of cool jazz, pioneered modal jazz, jazz-rock fusion. bitchesbrew -middle range, melancholic sound, melodic soloist. First Quintet- john coltrane-sax, red garland-piano,paul chambers-bass, phillyjoejones-drums Sextet-added cannonball...

Words: 687 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

African American Music Review

...Justin Baird Professor Tolson African American Music 1/28/15 Review #1 On Monday night, January 26th I had the pleasure of attending a Jazz Combo that consisted of three different bands. This Jazz Combo was performed by the University Of Louisville School Of Music and was held in Bird Recital Hall. These bands included the Clark Terry Combo directed by Tyrone Wheeler, Terence Blanchard Combo directed by Ansyn Banks, and the Fats Navarro Combo directed by Ansyn Banks as well. One of the bands that I enjoyed the most was the Terence Blanchard Combo which was directed by Ansyn Banks. This group consisted of Jon Driver who played the saxophone, Doug Finke who played the trombone, Hanks Evans who played the piano, Will Kinman who played the bass, and John Walther who played the drums. Most of the performers were young but the older men still kept up with them and made for a great performance. The band itself felt comfortable playing their instruments, but seemed a little timid when it came to actually performing in front of everyone though. They were confident in what they were doing, but just seemed like they were a bit nervous in the beginning. The energy with each other was a little sluggish at the beginning of their performance but picked up midway through the first song and continued to increases as they performed their second piece of the night. They all got into their instrument and you could really feel the passion they had for playing it as well. The Terence......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Improvisational Music Analysis

...Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong, often called the grandfather of jazz, pioneered the artform and to this day is considered one of the most influential musicians of all time. When asked to describe jazz, he famously responded “If you have to ask, you’ll never know”. Many have criticised this reply for its vague nature and for not directly answering the question, but I believe this quote describes jazz and its purpose perfectly. What Armstrong was trying to say was that jazz is meant to be felt rather than thought about. The purpose of improvisational music is to provide a framework for musicians to display unique creative ideas through spontaneous improvisation, and in doing so, communicating with the audience in a way that other genres of music simply cannot. Jazz musicians make use of concepts such as intuitive improvisation, playing over recognizable standards, and group improvisation to achieve this level of communication. Jazz musicians improvise without thinking, making their solos a fully instinctual reflection of their self. This isn’t to say that jazz musicians don't know what they’re playing, but rather, the connection between their instrument and their creative mind is so strong that they can play the ideas in their head without thinking about the actual process of translating the thoughts into sound. Establishing this link requires decades of hard, and ironically, conscious practice. One of the greatest jazz saxophonists of all time, Charlie Parker, once said: “You've......

Words: 936 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

One Night with Blue Note

...One Night with Blue Note “One Night with Blue Note” directed by John Jopson is based on a jazz concert performed at The Town Hall in New York City on February 22, 1985. This film brings together some of the jazz legends associated with Blue Note over the years as well as some newly signed artists. The concert introduces more than 30 of the world’s most revered jazz musicians in the form of all-star bands and is considered by many to be one of the most important nights in jazz history. Some of the great jazz musicians we heard were Freddie Hubbard, Jackie McLean, Jimmy Smith, Woody Shaw, Walter Davis Jr., Michel Petrucciani Art Blakey, Stanley Turrentine, Joe Henderson, Grover Washington, Jr., and Tony Williams. My favorite artist in the film was Michel Petrucciani. He is not only a great talented pianist but an inspiration as well. Michel Petrucciani was born with osteogenesis imperfecta which is a genetic disease that causes brittle bones and short stature. He still became one of the most accomplished jazz pianists of his generation, despite having arms which caused him pain. I believe that he teaches us that anything is possible with hard work and dedication no matter how hard things may seem. Although I am not a big music fan, I feel this concert was worthwhile watching as well as listening too. At the end I am glad I watched this film because it allowed me to be more open minded to music and the different styles and forms. These people and countless more, and......

Words: 289 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Louis Armstrong Contributions

..."Satchmo," "Pops," and "Ambassador Satch" were names for an outstanding jazz artist that inspired many. He was one of the most important musicians in jazz. He helped to transform the traditional New Orleans style into a completely different form of jazz. Louis Daniel Armstrong was born on August 4, 1901, in New Orleans, Louisiana in a very poor neighborhood. His father, a laborer, abandoned the family when he was young, and his mother was an irresponsible single parent. She left Armstrong and his sister in the care of their grandmother(Source C). Armstrong was taken out of school in fifth grade to begin working. On New Year's Eve in 1912, Armstrong fired his stepfather's gun in the air during a celebration and was arrested. He was then sent to the Colored Waif's Home for Boys and there, he was taught how to play the cornet and fell in love with music (Source B). In 1914, when they released him, he began dreaming of a life making music. Louis should be recognized in Black History Month for encouraging different races that if you follow your dreams, you can make it. One of the greatest cornet players in town, Joe "King" Oliver, began acting as a mentor to the young Armstrong, showing him pointers on the horn. In 1918, he replaced King in Kid Ory's band, which was one of the most popular bands in New Orleans. Beginning in 1919, Armstrong spent his summers playing on riverboats with a band led by Fate Marable (Source C). In the summer of 1922, he received a call from King Oliver......

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

A Personality and a Pioneer: Jack Cole's Influence on Modern Jazz

...A  Personality  and  a  Pioneer:  Jack  Cole’s  Influence  on  Modern  Jazz Countless  of  women  have  marveled  over  Marilyn  Monroe’s  stunning  performance  of “Diamonds  are  a  Girl’s  Best  Friend”  in  the  film  Gentlemen  Prefer  Blondes.  The  way  she captivates  the  men  around  her  while  maintaining  a  dominant,  sultry  poise  has  made  this  an iconic  scene  in  the  history  of  American  film.  She  comes  across  as  a  natural  presence, dancing  flawlessly  and  confidently.  What  most  people  do  not  know  is  that  Marilyn  was  not trained  in  dance  whatsoever  before  this  debut.  A  man  by  the  name  of  Jack  Cole  is responsible  for  her  training  and  choreography  during  this  legendary  performance  (Friscoe, September  10,  2013)  Jack  not  only  transformed  Marilyn  Monroe’s  entire  career,  but reshaped  theatrical  performance  in  the  film  industry  and  modern  jazz  as  a  whole. In  a  post-­war  period  marked  by  radical  transformation,  American  Jazz  made  a  shift from  the  “danceable  rhythms”  of  1930s  swing  to  the  “dissonant  harmonics  and  frenzied rhythmic  shifts”  of  1940s  bebop.  A  federal  tax  wage  was  placed  on  dance  floors,  causing them  to  shut  down  and  the  big  swing  bands  that  performed  in  them  to  be  eclipsed.  As Vaudeville  houses  closed  and  swing  bands  faded,  jazz  in  its  traditional  form  of  tap  dancing on  the  popular  stage  diminished.  This......

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Definition Essay On Jazz

...Define jazz in your words Jazz is a form of expression that does not confine itself to music and expands itself to influence beautiful art pieces––such as paintings, poems, novels and essays––that intellectuals represent themselves in. Is that truly what jazz is? Not really, as it is a culture that has more than one identity, as well as, more than one definition. Describe jazz Jazz culture consists of different types of art, but they have many elements in common. Jazz music is truly innovative; the whole existence of jazz defies traditional music structure and attempts to create art out of improvised pieces. Narrate your experience of jazz I do not have much experience with Jazz. The first time I was introduced to jazz music was in middle school, when a friend of mine kept bugging me to listen to a “cool music” he had found. At first, I was surprised by the musical composition. It was a chaotic and disorganized piece of music that felt somewhat soothing. In the music, there were different instruments that, at first sounded like they were attacking each other, but soon felt like they were somehow able to get along into a beautiful piece. I remember loving listening to John Coltrane’s “My Favorite Things” and Art Blakey’s “Moanin’.” Although I love to play music, I do not like playing jazz; I still prefer the conventional method of composing rather than improvising. Show the cause and effects of jazz Jazz started out as an experimental music performed on dancefloors. During......

Words: 911 - Pages: 4