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Milk

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Submitted By steves2207
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Many organizations regardless of specific type of work have many ethical decisions to be made at all levels within the organization. At Aegis Defense Services those ethical decisions are made 365 days a year, 24 hours a day and made in split seconds. The topic of ethical decision making will show the true nature of Aegis’s work force, of which is being paid for by your and my tax dollars. Ethical circumstances are seen differently threw eyes of those who experience them. An honest person who has been threw stressful life and death ethical situations will say that being able to have a clear conscience at the end of your day is all that matters. Aegis was founded in 2002 out of London, England by retired British Special Air Services (equivalent of the US Army Special Forces Green Berets) Tim Spencer. The organization was designed to conduct armed private security for dignitaries around the world. Aegis would be in forefront of risk management for government clientele working in hazardous environments across the globe. They have grown into a multimillion dollar security business, funded by our tax dollars and tax dollars of many other countries. Aegis as an organization typically hires within the international Special Forces community and the upper echelon of many fortune 500 companies. They recruit current and prior military for the security skill set that is

Souders 2 needed for working in high threat areas of operation. Along with administrative figures who will take over management of the company’s large government funded contracts. According to New York Daily News staff writer Stephanie Gaskell, “the cost to train one Navy SEAL is estimated at $350,000 to $500,000.” Using those figures as a base, globally one can see how much it costs governments to train thousands of these well-armed and trained fighters. Most contracts within the military are four to six year enlistments were members are typically paid less than $60,000 annually. With constant rigorous training and repetitive deployments, the retention rate is fairly low. A special on the Public Broadcasting Service series Frontline “Private Warriors,” the question is brought up of how much do private contractors get paid? “Money is a prime motivator for those working in Iraq. Guards for private security firms can typically make between $400 and $600 per day. Guards employed by Blackwater, a high-profile American company that guarded Ambassador Paul Bremer, the former head of the CPA, are paid up to $1000 per day.” With those numbers in mind that is the largest reason for the even lower retention in the military. In essence that ex-Navy Seal member would make upwards of $200,000 to basically do the same job as they did when they were in the military. Aegis hardly spends any more additional funds to train the prior military, since they already know almost everything they will need to do to complete their security mission. Although Aegis security personnel in Iraq are armed with weapons they are not allowed to conduct offensive missions. Meaning they are not allowed to hunt and destroy insurgents, but they do have weapons and specially designed vehicles to defend themselves if
Souders 3 threatened. This defensive action has been brought up in military investigations of how Aegis security runs their convoys during operations in Iraq.
Military members deploying to Iraq are taught the Escalation of Force (EOF) to dictate how to respond to incidences in a time of war in a foreign country. This model is used by all Coalition Forces in Iraq, it is a basic fundamental to escalate or deescalate a situation that may lead up to the use of deadly force. The understanding comes from a need to defend one’s self or injury to other friendly units from bodily harm or death. The Department of the United States Army’s Center for Lessons Learned Publication 07-21: Escalation of Force Handbook, is a legal standing document that states what use of force is needed for specific situations. While many who are trained on this are very basic of soldiers, completing duties that may not even include the use of weapons while in the country. The employees of Aegis have been skillfully trained on the subject while they were in the military and now as private contractors in Iraq.
The EOF is set to utilize the least amount of force possible, ensuring the member uses proper ethical judgment. Inside the handbook is the EOF which is “1. Shout” to attempt to gain the attention of the subject you are feeling danger from, “2. Shock” visually or audibly show your intentions of the subject to comply with your measures, “3.Shoot” fire warning shot and if that fails to stop threat from subject shoot to stop their actions. While this theory may look good on paper, in real life the actions between shout and shoot are only separated by seconds. While many basic soldiers may have a grasp on the EOF, the private security contractors are experts in the subject. One example is the media’s misinterpretation of the private security convoy

Souders 4 members utilizing the proper EOF, is a video clip named “Trophy video” named in the UK’s Telegraph webpage.
The 2005 video was claimed to be put up online by a former Aegis security convoy leader who was in charge of providing security for clients of the U.S. State Department in and around Baghdad. The start of the insurgency was beginning to heat up around that time and one of the insurgent’s weapons of choice was the suicide car bomber. A young Iraqi martyr would be selected to drive a normal looking civilian vehicle with an explosive inside into a Coalition Forces Convoy. Either blowing up on impact with another vehicle or by remote control; since there is little distinction between military convoys and private security convoys both were targeted.
In the video the camera shot is the view out the rear window of an armored SUV, driving down an urban road in Iraq. Civilian Iraqi vehicles are seen approaching the security vehicle at a high rate of speed, the rear gunner inside the security vehicle utilizes his EOF and fires warning shots from his automatic machinegun in front of the speeding vehicle. The vehicle continues to approach, this is deemed an EOF and he shoots at the engine block and front tires of the vehicle to stop any further advancement. This stops the threat of a possible vehicle suicide bomber and no further shots are fired, all within the EOF set by the United States Armed Forces protocol for convoy security in Iraq. The video was deemed harsh treatment of civilians in Iraq, calling the private security teams overly aggressive in their work. But in the short video they are complying with governing rules set for them and they are completing their mission, which is to keep safe whomever they are transporting. With all of the stressors (road side bombs/snipers/suicide
Souders 5 vehicle bombs/rockets/being captured by enemy forces) Aegis employees have kept their mission first. And winning over the hearts and minds is a personal goal the company still to this day conducts in Iraq. The Aegis Foundation is a registered United Kingdom charity that is quoted on their web page for “aims to bring immediate relief to communities in post-conflict environments, currently Iraq and Afghanistan, through small, grass roots, community projects which are low cost and high impact – our unique hallmark.” They use small funds (through fund raisers or excess overhead) to bring basic essentials to the needy. Aegis security teams will travel throughout Iraq and deem what is necessary to better the lives of local communities. Many of those projects are by employing local workforce members to help in the process. One example is a local Iraqi community leader in Baghdad approached an Aegis security team looking for help to dig a well for safe drinking water; the team used funds from the Aegis Foundation to hire a local contractor and construction workers to complete the task. And now the community has a safe, reliable drink water source that was not available to them before.
Aegis Foundation even funded a $450,000 gym for local youth in the southern city of Basra. The money was spent on renovations of an existing gym, along with new soccer equipment and gear. By investing in the gym, they intern have lowered the crime rate in the city because the youth are engaged in sports activities and not crime. This is a model example of how counterinsurgency is to be conducted and who better than ex-military Special Forces, now private security contractors to fill those shoes of the exited United States military.

Souders 6 The war in Iraq lasted less than 2 months; the insurgency has lasted every day since George H. W. Bush declared major war operations over. Many of the unethical behavior has come from within the military (Abu Ghraib and Marines killing of 24 unarmed civilians in Haditha) and not hired private security firms. Now that the United States Military has officially pulled out of Iraq, the roll of our tax payer hired private security contractors is more important than ever. Aegis and other hired security firms are now the face of our country’s efforts to rebuild their infrastructure and security. Like or dislike the political or media views of the United States continued efforts in Iraq; security contractors of Aegis are out driving down those dangerous roads and helping local Iraqis better their futures.

Souders 7
Works Cited
Gaskell, Stephanie. "Three Navy SEALS Freed Capt. Phillips from Pirates with Simultaneous Shots from 100 Feet Away." Featured Articles From The New York Daily News. New York Daily News, 14 Apr. 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2012. <http://articles.nydailynews.com/2009-04-14/news/17919819_1_naval-special-warfare-command-training-three-navy-seals>.
"Frequently Asked Questions | Private Warriors | FRONTLINE | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. WGBH Educational Foundation, 21 June 2005. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/warriors/faqs/>.
"Department of The Army Pamphlet 27-50-419." Loc.gov. Ed. Alison Tulud. CLE News, Apr. 2008. Web. 14 Feb. 2012.
Rayment, Sean. "'Trophy' Video Exposes Private Security Contractors Shooting up Iraqi Drivers - Telegraph." Telegraph.co.uk - Telegraph Online, Daily Telegraph, Sunday Telegraph - Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited, 27 Nov. 2005. Web. 16 Feb. 2012. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iraq/1504161/Trophy-video-exposes-private-security-contractors-shooting-up-Iraqi-drivers.html>.
"Aegis Foundation." Aegis Foundation - About The Aegis Foundation. Aegis Defense Services, 2009. Web. 15 Feb. 2012. <http://www.aegis-foundation.org/>.

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