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Mineral and Water Functions Essay

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Mineral and Water Functions Essay
SCI/241
Lisa Shadow
6/15/2013

The body needs essential minerals to thrive and maintain life. These minerals are divided into two categories; major minerals (macrominerals) and trace minerals (microminerals). Both mineral groups are found in plant and animal sources. Both are needed in the body, but trace minerals are needed in smaller amounts than major minerals. Below is a chart with the major minerals, their functions and the sources they are found in. These major minerals include: Mineral | Function | Source | Sodium | Nerve transmission, fluid balance and muscle contraction. | Table salt, processed foods, soy sauce, vegetables. | Chloride | Major negative extracellular ion, fluid balance. | Table salt, soy sauce, processed food. | Potassium | Needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission and muscle contractions. | Meat, milk, fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grain. | Calcium | Important for bones and teeth, helps muscles contract and relax, important in nerve functioning, blood clotting, blood pressure regulation and immune system health. | Milk and milk products, canned fish, fortified tofu and soy milk, broccoli, mustard greens. | Phosphorus | Important for healthy bones and teeth, found in every cell, part of the cell that maintains acid balance. | Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, processed food, including soda. | Magnesium | In bones, needed to make protein, muscle contractions nerve transition, immune system health. | Nuts, seeds, leafy greens, seafood, chocolate, “hard” drinking water. | Sulfur | Found in protein molecules. | Occurs in foods as part of protein: meats, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, legume and nuts. |
(Smolin, 2006)(Marshall, 2011)

These are the trace minerals that the body still needs, but only in tiny amounts. Trace minerals include: Mineral | Function | Sources | Iron | In the...

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