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Mis Net Neutrality

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Submitted By faizainaljoey
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Interactive Session: Organizations: Should Network Neutrality Continue?Case Study Questions:1. What is network neutrality? Why has the Internet operated under net neutralityup to this point in time? Network neutrality is the idea that Internet service providers must allow customers equalaccess to content and applications regardless of the source or nature of the content.Presently the Internet is indeed neutral: all Internet traffic is treated equally on a first-come, first-serve basis by Internet backbone owners. The Internet is neutral because itwas built on phone lines, which are subject to ‘common carriage’ laws. These lawsrequire phone companies to treat all calls and customers equally. They cannot offer extra benefits to customers willing to pay higher premiums for faster or clearer calls, a modelknows as tiered service.

2. Who’s in favor of network neutrality? Who’s opposed? Why?
Those in favor of network neutrality include organizations like MoveOn.org, theChristian Coalition, the American Library Association, every major consumer group,many bloggers and small businesses, and some large Internet companies like Google andAmazon. Some members of the U.S. Congress also support network neutrality. Vint Cerf,a co-inventor of the Internet Protocol also favors network neutrality saying that variableaccess to content would detract from the Internet’s continued ability to thrive. This groupargues that the risk of censorship increases when network operators can selectively block or slow access to certain content. Others are concerned about the effect of slower transmission rates on their business models if users can’t download or access content in aspeedy fashion.Those who oppose network neutrality include telecommunications and cable companieswho want to be able to charge differentiated prices based on the amount of bandwidthconsumed by content being delivered...

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