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List of Works Consulted
MLA STYLE
“How-to” guide
• There are many ways of setting out lists of works consulted (bibliographies).
• The following are examples of MLA style, which is recommended by the Modern Language Association for preparing scholarly manuscripts and student research papers.
• Visit the Modern Language Association web site on the MLA Style.. This site includes Frequently Asked Questions about MLA Style which includes basic information on citing internet sources.
• For further information, see both:
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 4th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1995. Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 2nd ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1998.
NOTE: •

Before you compile your list of works consulted (bibliography) check with your lecturer/tutor for the bibliographic style preferred by the academic department to whom you are submitting your work.
The MLA style requires all titles to be italicised or underlined. In this publication we have used the underline option. Check with your Department for the preferred option. •
MLA requires that the start of each new entry must be flagged. You can use any of the following:
1. Hanging indents (ie 1st line set flush left with 2nd and subsequent lines indented)
2. Indent the first line only
3. A clear line space between each new entry
(In this publication we have used hanging indents – option no.1. Check with your academic supervisor for the preferred option)
• In the body of your work, the MLA citation style requires only enough information to find the source in the list of works consulted list (bibliography) - usually author and, if a particular passage is being referred to, page numbers. This parenthetical reference should be as brief as possible.
• Your list of works consulted (bibliography) should identify all references to other works consulted in sufficient detail so that others may locate and use your sources.
• MLA requires that you refer to authors by their name as used not just by initials.
• Your list of works consulted (bibliography) should appear at the end of your essay/report with entries listed alphabetically by author or by title (if no author).
• If you have used Internet sources, these should be listed in your list of works consulted (bibliography). l:\clientservices\learningskills\informationskills\howtoguides\citation styles\mla\mla edited oct 2007.doc – UPDATED October 2007 1 l:\clientservices\learningskills\informationskills\howtoguides\citation styles\mla\mla edited oct 2007.doc – UPDATED October 2007 2 FOR A BOOK
The details required in order, are:
1.
name/s of author/s, editor/s, compiler/s or the institution responsible
2.
title of publication and subtitle if any (all titles must be underlined or italicised)
3.
series title and individual volume if any
4.
edition, if other than first
5.
place of publication
6.
publisher
7.
year of publication
8.
page number(s) if applicable
• One author
Berkman, Robert I. Find It Fast: How to Uncover Expert Information on any Subject. New
York: Harper Perennial, 1994.
Explanation of above citation:
AUTHOR
TITLE
SUBTITLE

Berkman, Robert I. Find It Fast: How to Uncover Expert Information on any Subject.
New York: Harper Perennial,
1994.

PLACE OF PUBLICATION PUBLISHER
YEAR OF PUBLICATION
• Two authors
Moir, Anne, and David Jessel. Brain Sex: The Real Difference between Men and Women.
London: Mandarin, 1991.
• Three authors
McTaggart, Douglas, Christopher Findlay, and Michael Parkin. Economics. 2nd ed. Sydney:
Addison-Wesley, 1995.
• More than three authors
You have two options. Either name only the first author and add et al (and others) or give all names in full in the order in which they appear on the title page.
Cheek, Julieanne, et al. Finding Out: Information Literacy for the 21st Century. South
Melbourne: Macmillan Education Australia, 1995. or Cheek, Julieanne, I. Doskatsch, P. Hill, and L. Walsh. Finding Out: Information Literacy for the 21st Century. South Melbourne: Macmillan Education Australia, 1995.
• Editor(s)
Follow the same methods used with authors:
Sjostrand, Sven-Erik, ed. Institutional Change: Theory and Empirical Findings. Armonk,
N.Y.: M.E.Sharpe, 1993.
Adam, Ian, and Helen Tiffin, eds. Past the Last Post: Theorizing Post-colonialism and Post- modernism. London: Harvester, 1991.
• Sponsored by institution, corporation or other organisation
Australian Government Publishing Service. Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers.
5th ed. Canberra: AGPS, 1994.
Queensland Tourist and Travel Corporation. Market Research Department. An Examination of the Effect of the Domestic Aviation Dispute on Queensland Tourism. Brisbane:
Queensland Tourist and Travel Corporation, 1991. l:\clientservices\learningskills\informationskills\howtoguides\citation styles\mla\mla edited oct 2007.doc – UPDATED October 2007 3
• Series
Habel, A. Hyperedge Replacement: Grammars and Languages. Lecture Notes in Computer
Science. 643. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1992.
• Edition - (for second or later editions)
Ferrier, Carole, ed. Gender, Politics and Fiction: Twentieth Century Australian Women’s Novels. 2nd ed. St Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1992.
• Chapter or part of a book to which a number of authors have contributed
O'Regan, Tom and Stehpen Cox. “Towards an Ecology of Cultural Attendance.” Mobilising the Audience. Ed. Balnaves, Mark, O'Regan, Tom and Sternberg, Jason. St. Lucia, Australia, U of Queensland P, 2002. 131-167.
• No author or editor
If no author is given, the title is used as the first element of a citation. Do not use either Anonymous or Anon. Alphabetise the entry by the first main word of the title in the bibliography.
The CCH Macquarie Dictionary of Business. North Ryde, NSW: CCH Australia, 1993.
(ie. Alphabetise under C) FOR A JOURNAL ARTICLE
The details required are:
1.
name/s of author/s of the article
2.
title of article
3.
title of periodical
4.
volume number
5.
issue (or part) number
6.
year of publication
7.
page number(s)
• Journal article
Turner, Graeme, and Delys Bird. “Australian Studies: Practice Without Theory.” Westerly 27.2 (1982): 51-56.
Explanation of above article citation:
AUTHOR
TITLE OF ARTICLE
TITLE OF JOURNAL

Turner, Graeme, and Delys Bird.
“Australian Studies: Practice Without Theory.”
Westerly
(underlined or italicised)
27.2
(1982):
51-56.

VOLUME/ISSUE NO.
YEAR OF PUBLICATION
PAGE NOS.
• Conference paper
Treat the proceedings of a conference like a book, adding pertinent information about the conference. Cite a presentation from the proceedings as you would a work in a collection of pieces by different authors.
Bohrer, S., T. Zielke, and V. Freiburg. “Integrated Obstacle Detection Framework for
Intelligent Cruise Control on Motorways.” Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles
Symposium, September 19-20, 1996, Sikei University, Tokyo, Japan. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers, Inc., 1996. 49-52.
• Newspaper article
Simpson, L. “Tasmania’s Railway Goes Private.” Australian Financial Review 13 Oct. 1997:
10.
l:\clientservices\learningskills\informationskills\howtoguides\citation styles\mla\mla edited oct 2007.doc – UPDATED October 2007 4 FOR MULTIMEDIA MATERIAL
• The details required are the same as for a book, with the form of the item indicated after the title and edition statement.
Get the Facts (And Get Them Organised). Videorecording. Williamstown, Vic.: Appleseed
Productions, 1990.
CDATA 91 with Supermap: Data for Australia. Release 2.1 rev. Computer file. Hawthorne
East, Vic.: Space-Time Research, 1995. FOR INTERNET and OTHER ELECTRONIC SOURCES
• This could include sources from full-text compact disk products, electronic journals or other sources from the Internet.
• The basic form of the citations follow the principles listed for print sources (see above) Author, Title of article, Title of medium, any volume numbers if applicable, year or date of publication (in parentheses), number of pages (if given) or n.pag. (no pagination), type of medium eg. (Online), name of computer network (or sufficient to locate the site, eg. protocol and address),and date of site access.
Weibel, S., “Metadata: The Foundations of Resource Description”, D-lib
Magazine 10 Oct. 1995. http://www.dlib.org/dlib/July95/07weibel.html (5 Dec. 1995).
ASTEC, “The Networked Nation” 10 Oct. 1995. http://astec.gov.au/astec/net_nation/contents.html (5 Dec. 1995). REFERENCES IN THE TEXT OF YOUR ESSAY
• In the MLA style, a brief parenthetical acknowledgement generally requires only the name of the author(s) and specific page(s) if necessary). The flow of text should not be interrupted.
• The reference may appear at the end of a sentence, before the full stop.
• Alternatively, the author’s surname may be integrated into the text.
• The full reference must be listed at the end of your essay in your bibliography.
Examples ~
Some maintain “that the sexes are interchangeable” (Moir and Jessel 94).
It is futile to maintain that the sexes are interchangeable (Moir and Jessel 94).
Moir and Jessel have shown that it is futile to maintain that the sexes are interchangeable. (94)
Moir and Jessel maintain “that the sexes are interchangeable” (94).
Example of where two or more books by the same author are cited in the one essay ~
Whereas Smith in First Thoughts argued that the sexes were interchangeable (94), she later revised her arguments significantly (Second Thoughts 22-28). Brown described this revisionism as “gender cowardice” (2-4) and was in turn attacked (Smith, Third Thoughts 12-15). SAMPLE LIST OF WORKS CONSULTED
The following are examples of entries in a list of works consulted (bibliography)
(Note. A list of works consulted contains details of only those works cited in the text).
Australian Government Publishing Service. Style Manual for Authors, Editors and
Printers. 5th ed. Canberra: AGPS, 1994.
Bernstein, D. “Transportation Planning.” The Civil Engineering Handbook. Ed. W.F.
Chen. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 1995.
Bohrer, S., T. Zielke, and V. Freiburg. “Integrated Obstacle Detection Framework for
Intelligent Cruise Control on Motorways”. Proceedings of the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles
Symposium, September 19-20, 1996, Sikei University, Tokyo, Japan. Piscataway,
N.J.: Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers, 1996.
The CCH Macquarie Dictionary of Business. North Ryde, NSW: CCH Australia, 1993. CDATA 91 with Supermap: Data for Australia. Release 2.1 rev. Computer file. Hawthorne East, Vic.: Space-Time Research, 1995.
Ferrier, Carole, ed. Gender, Politics and Fiction: Twentieth Century Australian Women’s Novels. 2nd ed. St Lucia: U of Queensland P, 1992.
Get the Facts (And Get Them Organised). Videorecording. Williamstown, Vic.:
Appleseed Productions, 1990.
McTaggart, Douglas, Christopher Findlay, and Michael Parkin. Economics. 2nd ed.
Sydney: Addison-Wesley, 1995.
Moir, Anne and David Jessel. Brain Sex: The Real Difference between Men and Women.
London: Mandarin, 1991.
Robinson, Wayne F., and Clive R.R. Huxtable, ed. Clinicopathologic Principles for
Veterinary Medicine. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988.
Simpson, L. “Tasmania’s Railway Goes Private.” Australian Financial Review 13 Oct.
1997: 10.
Smith, Angela. First Thoughts. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1998.
---. Second Thoughts. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1999.
---. Third Thoughts. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1999.
If you require further information, refer to:
For print sources
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 4th ed. New York:
Modern Language Association of America, 1995
Gibaldi, Joseph. The MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 2nd ed.
New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1998.
For electronic sources
Li, X., & Crane, N. Electronic Style: A Guide to Citing Electronic Information.
Westport: Meckler, 1993.
Ask at the Information Desk in any Branch Library or check the Library’s Web Page ~ http://www.library.uq.edu.au/useit/ l:\clientservices\learningskills\informationskills\howtoguides\citation styles\mla\mla edited oct 2007.doc – UPDATED October 2007 5…...

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Mla Format and Style Guide

...MLA Formatting and Style Guide General Format MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers. If you are asked to use MLA format, be sure to consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition). Publishing scholars and graduate students should also consult the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd edition). The MLA Handbook is available in most writing centers and reference libraries; it is also widely available in bookstores, libraries, and at the MLA web site. See the Additional Resources section of this handout for a list of helpful books and sites about using MLA style. Paper Format The preparation of papers and manuscripts in MLA style is covered in chapter four of the MLA Handbook, and chapter four of the MLA Style Manual. Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style. General Guidelines • Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper. • Double-space the text of your......

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