Free Essay

Mlb Research

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By joychris93
Words 358
Pages 2
Surveying the thousands of fans that attend each major league game would be a nearly impossible task. Therefore, the approach of sampling a portion of the population was used to accurately identify all elements that could possibly affect the issue and then list them in a Data Set (Illustration A). The Data Set consists of thirty (30) Major League Baseball (MLB) teams and lists them by names, each team’s salary, annual attendance for each team, winning, and size capacity of each stadium. The probability sampling design in this research study allows each of the elements to be weighed and ranked to identify the team that leads in a specific area or ranks last in a specific area.

This sampling size is appropriate because it uses the entire attendance population. The particular design chosen to represent the data is a proportionate stratified random sampling because each team’s characteristics can be evenly used and accurately compared among the other teams; therefore, identifying what segment contributes to the team’s successful winning record

To collect accurate data Team A collected data on wins, season attendance, attendance to wins, number of home games, and season attendance to max attendance in the league. Please see below graphical formats. Primary data collection methods in this particular research would be difficult as to collect accurate data we would have to interview teams, attend games, and conduct surveys or questionnaires. Team A has relied on data that has been collected from MLB researchers and the know experts in this field.

Most research data that is found today points to the fact that attendance is heavily dependent upon team success. In 2000, baseball commissioner Allan (Bud) Selig commissioned a study called the Blue Ribbon Panel on Baseball Economics (Denaux et al. 2011). His fear that the league was becoming less viable to the fans and revenue retention was threatened. Many steps were taken to level the field and help low-revenue teams and also to reform the amateur draft system (Denaux et al. 2011).

Illustration 1

[pic]

References

Denaux, Z. S., Denaux, D. A., Yalcin, Y., Factors Affecting Attendance of Major League Baseball: Revisited; May 26, 2011.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Mlb Return on Investment

...of Phoenix RES341: Research and Evaluation I May 10, 2010 MLB’s Return of Investment In 1842, organized baseball, now known as Major League Baseball (MLB), was created (Haupert, 2007). Since then, the industry has grown tremendously as a business enterprise and as many Americans’ favorite pastime. With its popularity, several controversial issues have arisen over the last few decades in regards to players’ salaries and imbalance of competition. From 1975 to 2002, the average MLB players’ salaries increased 5200% (Haupert, 2007) and competition concerns have been addressed by developing the luxury tax and revenue sharing throughout the industry (DeMause, 2006). To investigate these issues further, Team D is studying the relationship between MLB players’ salary, team wins, attendance and market. At the end of the research process, Team D anticipates reaching a valid conclusion to determine whether higher salaries (investment) are justified by increased attendance (return), and if there is a large inequality between large and small markets. Research Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the return of investment (attendance) on the salary structures present in MLB teams and if there is a disparity between “large” and “small” market teams in providing a successful product. The investigation will focus on the relationship between salaries, wins, attendance, and market sizes of MLB teams. Throughout the research, Team D will seek......

Words: 2564 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Steroids

...little taste of what an introductory statement may look like. A research paper on steroids would have a more in-depth, fact spilling introduction. Clearly the topic chosen is steroids and their negative effects. But to be more specific, I would like to find these effects for the Major League of Baseball (MLB). I chose this because I do NOT want to bore everyone, including myself, by writing two papers on accounting and the topic has always been very interesting to me. I am a huge sports fanatic and steroids are problems that arise in professional sports somewhat frequently. People always say, “Everyone knows of the negative side effects of steroids,” but if that is the case, then why do people still take them? The process of a research paper can be lengthy and sometimes stressful, but can be shortened if a proper approach is taken. The obvious start is research. Look up ESPN articles and blogs and other books where steroids are the main topic of discussion and weed out the ones that support your view and have reliable information. Doing this may be tough with all the sources that are out there, but by reading the articles and webpage, you can tell which sources are better than others. The ones with analysts giving the story and their opinion is what I target for the sake of this paper. I would include articles and opinions from athletes, commissioners of the sports, doctors, and sports analysts of the MLB who know the stories and can provide information that......

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Should Mlb Teams Have Price Caps

...Business Problem The goal for every firm is to increase earnings, and it is no different for Major League Baseball (MLB) teams. A Major League Baseball team can reasonably expect to make the most money when they win more games due to more advertising sales, merchandise sales, etc. as a team becomes more popular. However, the way in which to increase winning percentage of a team has always been highly debated. Some of the most popular opinions on how to do this have been to: 1) increase a team’s payroll, 2) decrease the age of the team by signing younger players, and 3) increase attendance at baseball games. First, since MLB does not have a salary cap, some teams focus on the aspect of having a large team payroll to acquire more talented players. Many people, such as economist Dr. Gerald Scully, believe this to be one reason why large market teams such as the LA Dodgers and NY Yankees always perform above average. He states, “How good a professional sports team is depends, of course, on the quality of its players. Because teams compete for better players by offering higher salaries, the quality of a team depends largely on how strong it is financially. The financially stronger teams will, on average, be the better teams. And they will also, on average, be the ones in bigger cities, because more revenues can be made in bigger cities.” (Scully) Second, some teams will acquire younger, up-and-coming players, in the belief that these players are in their prime and may be less......

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Plasmodium Spp

...Baseball Many people have been questioning Major League Baseball (MLB) about its players using performance enhancing drugs such as steroids. This issue has become controversial because players are cheating to enhance their physical abilities of playing the sport. Many people believe it is immoral and isn’t fair to those who work hard every day through countless hours of practice, sweat, and extreme physical conditioning to get to where they are at; and others are cheating by taking steroids. A great example of performance enhancing drug abuse is the Barry Bonds era. We all believed that he was a man of unique strength and miraculous physical capabilities with his numerous homeruns, but then found out he was cheating by using steroids and made his accomplishments a disgrace to the sport and an embarrassment to its MLB fans. The MLB needs to enforce sterner random drug testing on its players, harsher fines, and repeated offenders should be banned from the sport so it may become a more moral sport. Steroids and other similar muscle building drugs are drugs that can actually increase your abilities instead of hindering them. Most organized sports associations setup a strict drug testing policy which allows very little room for mistakes. Despite the strict trends set by other associations, Major League Baseball still has an extremely lax drug testing policy and has been under heavy media scrutiny. The MLB should strengthen their drug abuse policy to eliminate any......

Words: 1377 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Data Collection Major League Baseball

...Collection Paper (MLB) Laura L. Mason, Becky Matlock, and Nichole Noble RES/341 June 8, 2011 David Morrisson Data Collection Paper (MLB) Data collection is an important part of research and it requires that the right information be collected. Because of many types of data research it is imperative to make sure the data collected is present in the final analysis. This data can be shown in different formats such a graphical or tabular. Team A has chosen the Major League Baseball (MLB) data set and feels the population and the type of data collected will provide good resources for surveys to make informed decisions. Team A will review the types of ways data can be shown as well as some of the ethical issues that researchers may run into. Our research involves looking at the 30 MLB teams in how the statistics vary. The data set is a accumulation of information that includes what league they are in, the year of erection of each stadium, capacity of each stadium, salary of the team, wins for the season, batting average, attendance, earned run average (ERA), stolen bases (SB), and home runs (HR). The sample for this research topic is very sufficient. It includes all the teams in the league and portrays the same information for all of the teams. The population (teams) and the categories listed in the data set will provide Team A the information to complete our research into......

Words: 1802 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Where to Draw the Line

...than 129 MLB players that have been linked to steroids” (The Steroid Era 1). Most of those 129 players were in the Mitchell report, which was created by Senator Mitchell. You have all your favorite stars and heroes getting suspended from usage of PED’s. Many things have popped up when someone fails a drug test. For example anabolic steroids, weight loss supplements, and even female fertility drugs. When I hear these drugs that these baseball athletes have come across their drug test, I’m asking myself who comes up with this list of PED’s. Where is the line drawled? The line should be a strict line drawled with all illegal substances banned and that if they want to drug test players they need to do so more regularly than twice a year. When you go to college on the first day the professor will give you his or her set of rules. Once they give you the list of things you can and cannot do they mean it. So, what’s the difference with a college professor rules and the big corporation of MLB’s rules? If any difference the rules for MLB should be sticker, right? Then how come this fall I just seen the new Nation League Most Valuable Player, Ryan Braun gets off a suspension and possibly losing his new MVP title. Seems pretty odd that someone that big can get off on that. You would think that since baseballs been cracking down and giving suspensions every time some fails a test but then they give Ryan Braun a trial to overturn it. “Braun as shredded every bit of credibility that MLB......

Words: 1016 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Letter to Editor

...Letter to Editor Dear Editor: On August 8 in 2007 Barry Bonds broke the Major League Baseball (MLB) home run records by 31years. However, most major newspapers and magazines columns were indifferent and negative to his home run record. The expressions from them are very different from wild enthusiasms and cheers when he broke Mark McGwire’s single season home run record because Bonds is under suspicion for steroid use. Beside in these cases, major leaguers’ performance enhancing drugs stories rise out many different way such as Jose Canseco autobiography, Mark McGwire admits he uses the steroids and goes on to hit a then record 70 homers. According to the MLB official site, the investigation of MLB organization found that 5 percent to 7 percent of 1438 tests were positive about performance enhancing drugs during the 2003 season. The Major League player were used performance enhancing drug and even existence of the drug policy keep under suspicion about it nowadays . So, I think MLB need to improve current performance enhancing drugs policy. According to the MLB official site, Major League Baseball’s drug policy joint drug prevention and treatment program is established by agreement after the 2004 season between the MLB Players Association and the Office of the Commissioner of Major League Baseball in order to ban baseball players’ performance enhancing drugs including anabolic steroids and other illegal drugs. There was one unannounced mandatory test......

Words: 1711 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Houston Astros

...MLB’s International Expansion Thomas Cyhan June 25, 2012 Nina Campanicki   The Major League Baseball team, Houston Astros was founded in 1962, known as the Colt .45s. However the process in creating this team took nearly a decade before they were able to throw out their first pitch as a MLB franchise. MLB refused consideration on multiple occasions to expand the National League from eight to ten teams until other potential owners would form a new baseball league called the Continental League to compete against the National League. Starting baseball operations in 1962, the Colt .45s changed their name in 1965 to the Houston Astros when Judge Roy Hofheinz became sole owner of the team. Houston was renamed the Astros to honor the city’s location as the nation’s space station. Since the Astros were created they have played in three stadiums; Colt Stadium from 1962 to 1964, the Astrodome from 1965 to 1999 and in their current home Minute Maid Park from 2000 to present time. Houston has only made it to the World Series once back in 2005 by defeating the St. Louis Cardinals, but lost to the Chicago White Sox in four games. The Astros have had some success in the late 90’s but still have not won a World Series. The team was sold in 2011 to Jim Crane for $610 million dollars. Originally the price tag for the franchise and 45% of the team’s new regional contract was $680 million but the team was discounted because in 2013 the team will be moving from the National League to......

Words: 2120 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Executive Summary on Minor League Baseball Wages

...minor leaguers and their rights. I appreciate the opportunity to conduct this research and am look forward to sharing my information with you. Evan VanSumeren II Executive Summary The findings in this research was designed to identify the short-term solution and to propose a long-term solution. The problem is minor league baseball players are being paid poverty-level wages and are giving adequate benefits to live as a professional athlete. There are many minor league baseball players that struggle just to pay their rent month-to-month. The purpose of this study is to show how all professional baseball players deserves wages to have a decent living. It’s also to show minor league players need a voice to fight for their right to a decent living. This study was conducted through multiple online articles concerning the topic. The research was also conducted through an interview with a current profession (minor) baseball player. One limitation through the research was the problem is too current that most scholarly searches have little to no information on the topic. Most of the articles used were done through news publishers. Many of those articles contained interviews with Garrett Broshuis, the lawyer (and former minor leaguer) suing major league baseball. These three factors were studied to guide my research: 1. What kind of benefit will come from suing the MLB (assuming Broshuis wins)? Long-term benefits? Short-term benefits (quick......

Words: 2251 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Mlb Stat

...Major League Baseball Research Paper RES/341 April 11, 2012 Major League Baseball Research Paper Research is made of two categories, applied research, and basic research. Applied research is used by individuals on a daily basis to solve problems that occur in a business or a personal atmosphere. Basic research, also known as fundamental research, or pure research, is used to create a body of knowledge that is available to solve or predict problems before they occur. The purpose of basic research is not the formation of a definite solution, but to create a set of probabilities to predict current or future events. Team B has chosen a set of data that includes statistic relating to the business of Major League Baseball. The statistical value of this sport is more main-stream than ever after the release of Money Ball, a movie based on true events that focused solely on statistics and not player’s visual abilities or presence. Team B will use the statistics presented to determine if there is a measurable advantage in the production of games won based on a team’s payroll, facility size, and attendance record. The statistics provided are for the years of 1989 to 2005. Team B will attempt to predict who the Major League Champion will be in 2006 using only the statistics given in the data set. Purpose of the research The purpose of this research is for Team......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Baseball Bat

...Legal Research and writing- Amy Glasscock-Williams Assignment 3 Critique: This story is replete with fascinating facts and the intricacies that are inherent in the facts of the case make for a great story. The court wants the facts of the case not a “Great Story. Choice of wording makes it a difficult read. The baseball bat was broken from the outset when it was bought by the plaintiff. Statement is not clear. Did the plaintiff know the bat was broke when they bought it? Did the plaintiff inspect the bat for damage or how much the cut of the wood strayed from the grain? Without that information I would omit that sentence. Therefore, the defendant should have to return the baseball bat and pay the money back to the plaintiff that plaintiff paid for said bat .Defendant would not be the one returning the bat. The plaintiff bought a baseball bat from the defendant and the baseball bat turned out to be broken since as soon as the defendant used the bat to play baseball, the bat shattered into a million pieces. The statement used the bat to play baseball” could leave room to believe the plaintiff used the bat for other purposes. Shattering into a million pieces certainly violates the implied warranty of merchantability under the Uniform Commercial Code (“U.C.C.”). INDUSTRIA DE CALCADOS MARTINI LTDA. v. MAXWELL SHOE CO., INC. No. 92-P-1322 APPEALS COURT OF MASSACHUSETTS 36 Mass. App. Ct. 268; 630 N.E.2d 299; 1994 Mass. App. LEXIS 274; 23 U.C.C. Rep. Serv. 2d (Callaghan) 89......

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Corporate Responsibility

...Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility in Professional Sports Eric Watson Washburn University With the social issues that are present today, we look to our leaders to take a stand on the problems. We associate their success as a means to justify why their ideas are some of the best. We also look to them to be the leading innovators when it comes to making the world a better place. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is just that, the capability to improve the lives of every community the company is able to reach. Over the last century, philanthropy amongst major companies has increased dramatically. This improves the society and is also great for the public image of the organization. The MLB, NBA and NFL are the most valued professional sports organizations in America. Professional sports have a unique characteristic that most businesses do not possess, and that is meshing different cultural backgrounds together and the power to make aware of the problems we face today and giving us the strength to know that we do not have to face them alone. This sole attribute alone is essential for professional sports leagues and their teams to have a prominent grip on corporate social responsibility within their organization. Let’s take a step back and not just look at corporate social responsibility from a professional sports point of view but from a business point of view as well. The professional sports industry, like the big business industry, has its pros and cons. Some...

Words: 2535 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Race and Sports in America

...impact through speeches, civil right protests, or violent rebellion. Robinson did it by playing the sport he loved, baseball. Sports have always had an ability to bring people together, but, in the last century especially, sports have given racial minorities something they can’t find elsewhere; a chance to compete on a level playing field with everyone else. Jackie Robinson showed that race is simply a myth, a superficial characteristic that holds no insight to the physical or mental abilities of a person. Sports by themselves show no racism and serve as a constant reminder of this racial myth. Sadly, people are more reluctant to abandon old beliefs; meaning racism still runs deep in the organizations that are built around these sports. This research paper will focus mainly on three subcategories: 1) The history of the relationship between sports and race in America; 2) How sports have benefited or damaged race relations; 3) Why certain sports are more popular among different races. The history of sports in America dates all the way back to the Native Americans who played an early form of lacrosse that was used for recreation and promoting teamwork. Early settlers didn’t pay much mind to the sports of Native Americans; instead, they were mainly concerned with surviving. In recent years, however, lacrosse has become an increasingly popular mainstream sport, an example showing that sports have no racial boundaries. Through the 1700s and 1800s the main sports being played......

Words: 1651 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Latino Culture and Baseball

...second artifact, a humorous series, is the most stereotypical. Nonetheless these artifacts share in the history of Latinos portrayal in American media. ESPN's 30 for 30 series focused upon three decades of sports in America. Each episode was dedicated to a year within the 30-year period. The films were intended to shed light upon people of events that changed the sports landscape. For 1981, ESPN aired the documentary FernandoNation. Cruz Angeles, an independent filmmaker that was born in Mexico City and raised in Los Angeles during the 1980’s, directed the film. In FernandoNation, Angeles does a phenomenal job of integrating the history of the struggles of Latinos in America with the success of Fernando Valenzuela in Major League Baseball (MLB). The film is compiled using historical footage of the political, economic and cultural environment along with clips from Valenzuela's playing career. Angeles integrates this footage with interviews of Latino media personalities who provide commentary on their recollection of these historical events. From a cinematic standpoint, Angeles utilizes a variety of techniques. Music is present throughout the film, however it is soft and in the background. Further, it has a melancholy sound portraying drama rather than the mariachi band music associated with Mexicans. This is consistent during periods of historical presentation of Latino struggles as well as during Valenzuela's baseball successes. In the beginning, he uses powerful black......

Words: 3631 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Gatorade Strategy

...Abstract Gatorade is an international sports energy drink brand owned by PepsiCo that was founded in Florida. The company has researched new innovative ways to promote hydration and nutrition among athletes across the globe. Gatorade was founded by Dr. Robert Cade and Dr. Dana Shires in 1965 and has been a leader in the sports energy drink industry with a significant amount of market share. Currently, Gatorade is the official sports drink of the NFL, NBA, PGA, and many other athletic organizations. As the first mover in the sports energy drink market, Gatorade has set itself apart from rivals like PowerAde and Vitamin Water by creating value for customers by establishing business relationships, conducting scientific research, and product innovation. The Gatorade Company is part of QTG (Quaker, Tropicana, Gatorade) and has been a subdivision of PepsiCo since 1998. When Quaker Oats acquired the company in 1983, it was the largest energy drink company in the world with market share of 97% (Rovell, 2006). The company’s product line focuses on rehydration, recovery, energy, and sports performance. Gatorade is considered an innovative product as it was the first mover in the sports energy drink market. Prior to Gatorade entering this market, water was the only other source for hydration among athletes. This paper will analyze how Gatorade aims to achieve the five elements of strategy by focusing on product, place, and promotion. Gatorade was founded by Dr. Robert Cade and......

Words: 1626 - Pages: 7