Free Essay

Mlb Research

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By joychris93
Words 358
Pages 2
Surveying the thousands of fans that attend each major league game would be a nearly impossible task. Therefore, the approach of sampling a portion of the population was used to accurately identify all elements that could possibly affect the issue and then list them in a Data Set (Illustration A). The Data Set consists of thirty (30) Major League Baseball (MLB) teams and lists them by names, each team’s salary, annual attendance for each team, winning, and size capacity of each stadium. The probability sampling design in this research study allows each of the elements to be weighed and ranked to identify the team that leads in a specific area or ranks last in a specific area.

This sampling size is appropriate because it uses the entire attendance population. The particular design chosen to represent the data is a proportionate stratified random sampling because each team’s characteristics can be evenly used and accurately compared among the other teams; therefore, identifying what segment contributes to the team’s successful winning record

To collect accurate data Team A collected data on wins, season attendance, attendance to wins, number of home games, and season attendance to max attendance in the league. Please see below graphical formats. Primary data collection methods in this particular research would be difficult as to collect accurate data we would have to interview teams, attend games, and conduct surveys or questionnaires. Team A has relied on data that has been collected from MLB researchers and the know experts in this field.

Most research data that is found today points to the fact that attendance is heavily dependent upon team success. In 2000, baseball commissioner Allan (Bud) Selig commissioned a study called the Blue Ribbon Panel on Baseball Economics (Denaux et al. 2011). His fear that the league was becoming less viable to the fans and revenue retention was threatened. Many steps were taken to level the field and help low-revenue teams and also to reform the amateur draft system (Denaux et al. 2011).

Illustration 1

[pic]

References

Denaux, Z. S., Denaux, D. A., Yalcin, Y., Factors Affecting Attendance of Major League Baseball: Revisited; May 26, 2011.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Mlb Cba

...University Professional Sports Seniority System By: Overview and History of the MLB CBA Major League Baseball (MLB) Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) was agreed upon on December 12, 2011, and ends December 1, 2016. The CBA agreement is a five-year agreement between to 30 Major League Clubs and the MLB Players Association (MLBPA). According to the MLBPA CBA (2011), “Clubs and the MLBPA entering CBA agreement on certain terms and conditions of employment of all MLB players for duration of CBA agreement”. The MLB CBA establishes guidelines for proper protocol for contact negotiations, grievances, arbitration, Uniform Player Contracts, specified determination of a player’s playing status, and other key components that must bet set in place between the Clubs and the Player’s. The CBA also covers the use of sports agents and the guidelines they must follow. According to the MLB CBA agreement, “a player may designate an agent to conduct on his behalf, or assist him in, negotiations of individual salary and/or Special Covenants to be included in his Uniform Player Contract”. In terms of the Uniform Player Contract, specified salary minimums are established for each year the CBA is in play for MLB players and Minor League Players. The CBA agreement establishes a baseline for the MLBPA as sole and exclusive collective bargaining agent for all MLB players, and individuals who may become MLB players during the term of the CBA agreement. According to the MLBPA CBA,......

Words: 3654 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Research

...RESEARCH PAPER * Presents the results of the investigation on a selected topic * An individual investigation carried out on a topic of specific interest, unless specifically assigned by a teacher Parts of Research Paper 1. Title Page * Cover page * Indicates the title of the research, name of the author, institutional information and a few other relevant information 2. Introduction * Introducing to the reader the “problem” by providing a brief background of the research 3. Related Literature - Provide brief summaries or descriptions of the workers of other aurthors 4. Methodology * Provides the methods that you will be using in your research Typical Methodology * Laboratory expariments * Statistical or mathematical calculations/computations * Comparison of existing literature 5. Data Analysis * Analyzing data that were obtained from the methodological operation that have chosen 6. Results - Presentation of the actual results of the analysis that you have made based on your chosen methodology 7. Discussion * Discussing more of the results of your research, its implication on other fields as well as the possible improvements that can be made in order to further develop the concerns of the research 8. Conclusion - Provides the conclusion of the research paper 9. Page Reference - Lists of all the academic materials you have used as sources of information in your research paper Research Paper Title ......

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Research

...means. The teams switch between batting and fielding whenever the fielding team records three outs. One turn at bat for each team constitutes an inning and nine innings make up a professional game. The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins. Evolving from older bat-and-ball games, an early form of baseball was being played in England by the mid-eighteenth century. This game was brought by immigrants to North America, where the modern version developed. By the late nineteenth century, baseball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States. Baseball is now popular in North America, parts of Central and South America and the Caribbean, and parts of East Asia. In North America, professional Major League Baseball (MLB) teams are divided into the National League (NL) and American League (AL), each with three divisions: East, West, and Central. The major league champion is determined by playoffs that culminate in the World Series. Four teams make the playoffs from each league: the three regular season division winners, plus one wild card team. Baseball is the leading team sport in both Japan and Cuba, and the top level of play is similarly split between two leagues: Japan's Central League and Pacific League; Cuba's West League and East League. In the National and Central leagues, the pitcher is required to bat, per the traditional rules. In the American, Pacific, and both Cuban leagues, there is a tenth player, a designated hitter, who bats for the......

Words: 2281 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Research

...most successful was Bevo, a malt beverage. After these products were introduced, the company was then passed on to Busch’s son August Anheuser-Busch, Sr. (Anheuser-Busch, 2012). The Busch family ran the company until its sale to InBev in 2008. Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association became the largest brewer in the United States in 1957 (Anheuser-Busch, 2012). Anheuser-Busch International, Inc was established in 1981 as a subsidiary and was fully responsible for the company’s international operations and equity investments. In total, Anheuser-Busch International, Inc operated 15 breweries internationally: 14 locations in China and one in the UK. However, it did not end there, from 1953-1996 the company also owned the St. Louis Cardinals MLB team (Anheuser-Busch, 2012). Busch Memorial Stadium was built in 1966. It was then rebuilt in 2006 and renamed “Busch Stadium” through a contract that is valid until 2025. Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association owned and operated ten theme parks throughout the country. The entertainment division, Busch Entertainment Corporation controlled of this part of the business (Anheuser-Busch, 2012). In 2008, an acquisition took place after a long battle to get there. Belgian-Brazilian Company InBev initiated acquisition (Press Release, 2008). Upon coming to terms, Anheuser-Busch Brewing Association made a final agreement and was then renamed AB/InBev. Luiz Fernando Edmond has been the president of the company since and has formulated and......

Words: 8148 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Mlb Return on Investment

...of Phoenix RES341: Research and Evaluation I May 10, 2010 MLB’s Return of Investment In 1842, organized baseball, now known as Major League Baseball (MLB), was created (Haupert, 2007). Since then, the industry has grown tremendously as a business enterprise and as many Americans’ favorite pastime. With its popularity, several controversial issues have arisen over the last few decades in regards to players’ salaries and imbalance of competition. From 1975 to 2002, the average MLB players’ salaries increased 5200% (Haupert, 2007) and competition concerns have been addressed by developing the luxury tax and revenue sharing throughout the industry (DeMause, 2006). To investigate these issues further, Team D is studying the relationship between MLB players’ salary, team wins, attendance and market. At the end of the research process, Team D anticipates reaching a valid conclusion to determine whether higher salaries (investment) are justified by increased attendance (return), and if there is a large inequality between large and small markets. Research Objectives The objective of this study is to determine the return of investment (attendance) on the salary structures present in MLB teams and if there is a disparity between “large” and “small” market teams in providing a successful product. The investigation will focus on the relationship between salaries, wins, attendance, and market sizes of MLB teams. Throughout the research, Team D will seek......

Words: 2564 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Research

...RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH RESEARCH...

Words: 250 - Pages: 1

Free Essay

Should Mlb Teams Have Price Caps

...Business Problem The goal for every firm is to increase earnings, and it is no different for Major League Baseball (MLB) teams. A Major League Baseball team can reasonably expect to make the most money when they win more games due to more advertising sales, merchandise sales, etc. as a team becomes more popular. However, the way in which to increase winning percentage of a team has always been highly debated. Some of the most popular opinions on how to do this have been to: 1) increase a team’s payroll, 2) decrease the age of the team by signing younger players, and 3) increase attendance at baseball games. First, since MLB does not have a salary cap, some teams focus on the aspect of having a large team payroll to acquire more talented players. Many people, such as economist Dr. Gerald Scully, believe this to be one reason why large market teams such as the LA Dodgers and NY Yankees always perform above average. He states, “How good a professional sports team is depends, of course, on the quality of its players. Because teams compete for better players by offering higher salaries, the quality of a team depends largely on how strong it is financially. The financially stronger teams will, on average, be the better teams. And they will also, on average, be the ones in bigger cities, because more revenues can be made in bigger cities.” (Scully) Second, some teams will acquire younger, up-and-coming players, in the belief that these players are in their prime and may be less......

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Mlb Internship

...MBL summer internship experience contribute to your short term and long term career goals? What can you contribute to your selected business group? The MLB summer internship experience will contribute to my short term and long term career goals in several ways. First, because the MLB is the highest level of play in professional baseball, an internship would allow me to fulfill a life-long dream of being associated with a renowned organization that produces and nurtures world class talent. Secondly, the opportunity to be exposed to professionals who have superior skills and abilities, as well as proven records of leadership, would allow me to learn from the best. This experience would position me to build upon a broad knowledge base and allow me to contribute at a high level. Finally, I want to grow in the business from the ground up. Whether it is counting balls , cleaning lockers, selling tickets, or playing the game, the more I know about all aspects of the profession and industry, the more efficient I can be in preparing for my career in baseball as I incorporate my love for the game with a career that will be financially profitable as well as gratifying personally. As a result, I will have satisfied both my long and short term career accomplishments. After reviewing the business and operations sectors offered by MLB, I feel that I can make the most meaningful contributions in the following areas: 1. Photos and Publishing 2. Recruitment and......

Words: 497 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Mlbpa and Mlb

...Negotiation Contexts with respect to the MLBPA and MLB. Provide specific evidence from the case and support with concepts from the section 3 of the book. In understanding the contextual issues in regard to negotiations between Major League Baseball Players Association and Major League Baseball one would have to go back to a relationship that began over a hundred years ago. The contextual manner that Baseball negotiations present stems from a history of culture that has affected all of America. Baseball negotiations are unique in that the relationships between owners and players are that of friends. Since there is a relationship in many cases between owners and players this may or may be advantageous. When Negotiating with friends we tend to pay more attention to their behaviors and monitor their words and actions for standards of trust and fairness. In this context there is alot more pressure on both parties. Another issue at hand is that in the MLB relationships are very long lasting spanning ten to twenty years at minimum. This creates that much more pressure on both sides as they are bargaining on their relationship as well. There are many contexts in sports that do not exist in other business negotiations. The relationships of athletes to their managers and owners must be preserved no matter how negotiations turn out. There are several key contextual issues that may affect negotiations between the MLBPA and the MLB. These are the history of the relationship,......

Words: 2218 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Research

...and Public Relations Herzing University Pamela Zipfel March 15, 2015 Research Program Research Program In developing a research program for a new book store for Herzing University, I would first start6 with a research plan. This would prompt me to use a marketing research plan, consumer research, advertising research and strategic research. “Market research complies information about a product.” (Hall, Prentice 2009) Consumer research is used to see what consumers are in the market for. Advertising research focuses on getting your product out there, example would be social media. Strategic research is the final plan and becomes the base of your research it allows the company to compile information from the social media and what influences consumers to purchase a product. (Hall, Prentice 2009) During the exploratory research process I would start with the literature research process, because it is the cheapest. I would use the census bureau, newspaper, and magazines to collect whether there is a need for a bookstore and what sort of books people would want to read. I would then decide if I need Qualitative or Quantitative research. Quantitative research will give numerical data. Qualitative Research gives a more details, such as consumer behavior. It observes what consumers are interested in and explores the nature of the consumer’s insight on a product. I would choose Qualitative research because it would give me more of an overview on what consumers are......

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Conflict Resolution Mlb

...previously. The health of the sport seems good, which should provide opportunities to gain concessions from both sides that will ultimately result in benefits to the business as a whole. Additionally, given that the parties are knowledgeable of each other’s priorities, logrolling may be possible. By one side conceding something to the opposing side that is valued more by the opposing side, they can then gain something from the opposing side that is of greater value to them. Identifying and offering solutions that result in the maximum gain for the other party, as well as yourself, could be beneficial to future negotiations since demonstrating a willingness to compromise when necessary helps build goodwill for the future. The labor issues in MLB are unique and the contentious past history influences negotiations. However, acknowledging and understanding each other’s positions and maintaining a professional, positive tone during the negotiations can lead to a mutually beneficial agreement without the hostility and work stoppages that occurred in the past....

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Mlb Playoffs Change

...My persuasive essay is on the MLB ( Major League Baseball ) adding more teams to the playoffs. The reason I am writing my persuasive essay on this topic is because I am a baseball fan myself, and would like to get the message across to all of you on expanding the MLB playoffs. Over the past several decades, there has been four teams from each league to make the playoffs. The Detroit Tigers are my favorite team and they are often one of the team that gets barely eliminated from getting into the playoffs. They're often the fifth best team, but only four teams make it. There is another reason why I feel that the playoffs should expand to five, six, or eight teams as people often express their frustration over peaking teams facing early elimination. I always feel bad when I see those teams who had an amazing year but still don't make it because one other team was only one win better than them. Or even a team with a worse record makes it just because they were the division winners, but in a weak division. That is why I have chosen this as my essay topic. The way the MLB playoffs work can be complicated but I won't get in to that. What I will get in to is why there should be more teams that make the playoffs. There are many reasons why the postseason (playoffs) should be expanded but here are some of the most important. Income: According to TG Sports almost everyone involved in the MLB would earn more money. This would include the MLB, the owners, the players, and even the......

Words: 818 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Training an Mlb Catcher

...The early pre-season is used for more general workouts, such as running. These workouts will gradually shift into more intense workouts – the key here is to not start off too intensely, because that will add stress and strain to rested muscles, increasing the chance for injury. You want to get your body back in shape after the off-season before you start pushing it too hard. Read more: http://www.motleyhealth.com/fitness/evan-longoria-baseball-workouts#ixzz1Ic8gcwbv Michael Deitsch & Garrett Underwood Sports & Exercise Prof. Ryan Arrowood Training A MLB Catcher Modern day baseball catchers are great athletes. Professional catchers are usually lean and quick. As for strength training, studies have shown that baseball-specific programs can increase batting speed and throwing velocity. Power training through plyometric increases a catchers speed and agility. It may also improve throwing and batting velocity. Shoulder injuries are a large concern in baseball. While strength conditioning can help to prevent injuries, weight lifting exercises may not target the correct muscles or the correct movement patterns. A catcher’s pre-season is used for general workouts, such as running. These workouts will gradually shift into more intense workouts. Catchers do not start off too intensely, because that will increase the chance for injury. It is important for a professional catcher to get their body back in shape before they start pushing it too hard. The core muscles are most...

Words: 904 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Research

...goal of the research process is to produce new knowledge or deepen understanding of a topic or issue. This process takes three main forms (although, as previously discussed, the boundaries between them may be obscure): * Exploratory research, which helps identify and define a problem or question. * Constructive research, which tests theories and proposes solutions to a problem or question. * Empirical research, which tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence. There are two ways to conduct research: Primary research Using primary sources, i.e., original documents and data. Secondary research Using secondary sources, i.e., a synthesis of, interpretation of, or discussions about primary sources. There are two major research designs: qualitative research and quantitative research. Researchers choose one of these two tracks according to the nature of the research problem they want to observe and the research questions they aim to answer: Qualitative research Understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. Asking a broad question and collecting word-type data that is analyzed searching for themes. This type of research looks to describe a population without attempting to quantifiably measure variables or look to potential relationships between variables. It is viewed as more restrictive in testing hypotheses because it can be expensive and time consuming, and typically limited to a single set of research subjects.......

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Mlb Stat

...Major League Baseball Research Paper RES/341 April 11, 2012 Major League Baseball Research Paper Research is made of two categories, applied research, and basic research. Applied research is used by individuals on a daily basis to solve problems that occur in a business or a personal atmosphere. Basic research, also known as fundamental research, or pure research, is used to create a body of knowledge that is available to solve or predict problems before they occur. The purpose of basic research is not the formation of a definite solution, but to create a set of probabilities to predict current or future events. Team B has chosen a set of data that includes statistic relating to the business of Major League Baseball. The statistical value of this sport is more main-stream than ever after the release of Money Ball, a movie based on true events that focused solely on statistics and not player’s visual abilities or presence. Team B will use the statistics presented to determine if there is a measurable advantage in the production of games won based on a team’s payroll, facility size, and attendance record. The statistics provided are for the years of 1989 to 2005. Team B will attempt to predict who the Major League Champion will be in 2006 using only the statistics given in the data set. Purpose of the research The purpose of this research is for Team......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6