Premium Essay

Mobile Licensing Policy

In: Science

Submitted By shail5554
Words 30510
Pages 123
3G Mobile Licensing Policy:

From GSM To IMT-2000 -

A Comparative Analysis


1 Introduction 6

1.1 The Generations of Mobile Networks 7

2 A Look Back at GSM 10

2.1 GSM Technology 10

2.2 The History of GSM 11

2.2.1 Conference Des Administrations Europeans des Posts et Telecommunications (CEPT) 12

2.2.2 The European Commission and the Memorandum of Understanding 13

2.2.3 European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) 14

2.2.4 The “Frequency Band” Obstacle Course 14

2.2.5 The Conclusion of the Interstate Bargain 15

2.2.6 The Launch 15

2.2.7 The United States and the FCC 16

2.3 The GSM Market 16

2.3.1 The GSM Success Story 16

2.3.2 Future Market Development 17

2.4 Licensing GSM 18

2.4.1 GSM Radio Spectrum 19

3 A Look Ahead at IMT-2000 19

3.1 From GSM to IMT-2000 19

3.1.1 HSCSD (High-Speed Circuit Switched Data) 22

3.1.2 GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) 22

3.1.3 EDGE, Enhanced Data GSM Environment 23

3.2 IMT-2000 Technology 25

3.3 The History of IMT-2000 25

3.4 Laying the Groundwork for 3G Success 27

3.4.1 Addressing the Need for 3G Spectrum Expansion 27

3.5 The 3G Market 28

3.6 3G Licensing Policies 32

3.6.1 The European Experience 33

3.6.2 The American Experience 35

3.6.3 The Asia-Pacific Experience 37

4 Comparing and Contrasting the Development of GSM and the Road to IMT-2000 37

4.1 Lessons from GSM that Apply to 3G 38

4.1.1 The Shifting Dynamic of Major Players 38

4.1.2 The Critical Role of Equipment Manufacturing 39

4.1.3 Learning from the Numbers 41

4.1.4 Timeline for Deployment 42

4.2 Lessons from GSM that Don’t Apply to 3G 43

4.2.1 A Harmonized Approach to License Allocation 43

4.2.2 The Underlying Philosophy of the...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay


...been possible due to various proactive and positive decisions of the Government and contribution of both by the public and the private sector. The rapid strides in the telecom sector have been facilitated by liberal policies of the Government that provide easy market access for telecom equipment and a fair regulatory framework for offering telecom services to the Indian consumers at affordable prices. 1.1.2 Wireline Vs Wireless It has also undergone a substantial change in terms of mobile versus fixed phones and public versus private participation. The preference for use of wireless phones has also been predominant in the sector. Participation of the private entities in the telecom sector is rapidly increasing rate there by presenting the enormous growth opportunities. There is a clear distinction between the Global Satellite Mobile Communication (GSM) and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) technologies used and the graph below shows the divide between the two. 1.2 Segment wise Status 1.2.1 Wireline Services With increasing penetration of the wireless services, the wireline services in the country is becoming stagnant. On the other hand, Broadband demand has picked up and promises to stabilise fixed line growth. 1.2.2 GSM Sector In terms of the Global System for Mobile  Communication (GSM) subscriber base this  now places India third after China and  Russia.China had 401.7 million GSM  subscribers...

Words: 3710 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay


...TOOLS FOR E–BUSINESS Telecoms liberalization An international business guide for policymakers TELECOMS LIBERALIZATION RESOLVING DISPUTES ONLINE 1 1 Published in May 2004 by INTERNATIONAL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE The world business organization 38, Cours Albert 1er 75008 Paris, France Copyright © 2004 International Chamber of Commerce All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means – graphic electronic or mechanical including photocopying recording, taping or information retrieval systems without written permission of ICC. 2 TELECOMS LIBERALIZATION TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword ............................................................................................... 5 Preface .................................................................................................. 7 I. Introduction .................................................................................. 9 What is telecoms liberalization? ..................................................... 9 Liberalization is not de-regulation . ............................................... 10 Liberalization is not privatization . ................................................. 10 The goals of liberalization ............................................................. 11 Benefits and challenges of telecoms liberalization ................. 13 Economic growth .......................................................................... 13......

Words: 8351 - Pages: 34

Free Essay


...outstanding licensing deals with major owners. Chinese government required that all handset manufacturers be licensed, so that they can support the domestic handset industry. Also this was a great demand by manufacturers. Some of the limited licensed manufacturers led a booming business in sublicensing, because many of the qualified companies were not able to obtain license and many small manufacturers lacked the needed qualifications. Previous companies were illegal to make handsets because they lacked production license, so this would help shanzhai handset makers and will able to expand their business also some of them will become mainstream suppliers. Another short term decision that shanzhai should made is by acquiring IMEI numbers. This number prevents stolen phones from accessing the network and also allows security services to track mobile phones. Due to the high cost of around $20,000 - $50,000, Shanzhai firms tend to avoid IMEI numbers; which also takes about six months to get approved. Long term: Some of the long term decisions that shanzhai firms should make is to become a mainstream. Shanzhai firm should begin developing phones through legitimate which means they will obtain a proper licensing, following laws, and paying taxes. They also have to outsource and to the end-users countries since mainstream companies use the same strategy of outsourcing and mass production to lower the cost. They also have to become an international, since shanzhai mobile phones......

Words: 591 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

A Web Research on Nokia’s Comeback Strategy in Smartphones

...telecommunications infrastructures, and technology development and licensing. Nokia eventually entered into a pact with Microsoft in 2011 to exclusively use its Windows Phone platform on future smartphones. Its mobile phone business was eventually bought by Microsoft in an overall deal totaling €5.44 billion (US $7.17 billion). Stephen Elop, Nokia's former CEO, and several other executives joined the new Microsoft Mobile subsidiary of Microsoft as part of the deal, which was completed on April 25, 2014. Ramzi Haidamus, president of Nokia Technologies, said: "Today marks the beginning of an exciting new chapter for the Nokia brand in an industry where Nokia remains a truly iconic name. Instead of Nokia returning to manufacturing mobile phones itself, HMD Global plans to produce mobile phones and tablets that can leverage and grow the value of the Nokia brand in global markets. Working with HMD Global and FIH Mobile Ltd. will let us participate in one of the largest consumer electronics markets in the world while staying true to our licensing business model." II. Problems Encountered and Quamet Solution Used or Applied 2016 marks the year where Nokia is hoping for a comeback in the mobile industry. However, with the stronghold companies in the industry to the likes of Apple and Samsung, Nokia needs to have a very strong leverage in order to penetrate the market. Aside from Nokia returning to manufacturing of mobile phones, the company is looking to license its......

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Telco Regulation

...Tenth Anniversary Edition Tenth Anniversary Edition TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATION HANDBOOK TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATION HANDBOOK The Telecommunications Regulation Handbook is essential reading for anyone involved or concerned by the regulation of information and communications markets. In 2010 the Handbook was fully revised and updated to mark its tenth anniversary, in response to the considerable change in technologies and markets over the past 10 years, including the mobile revolution and web 2.0. The Handbook reflects modern developments in the information and communications technology sector and analyzes the regulatory challenges ahead. Designed to be pragmatic, the Handbook provides a clear analysis of the issues and identifies the best regulatory implementation strategies based on global experience. February 2011 – SKU 32489 Edited by Colin Blackman and Lara Srivastava Tenth Anniversary Edition TELECOMMUNICATIONS REGULATION HANDBOOK Edited by Colin Blackman and Lara Srivastava Telecommunications Regulation Handbook Tenth Anniversary Edition Edited by Colin Blackman and Lara Srivastava ©2011 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, InfoDev, and The International Telecommunication Union All rights reserved 1 2 3 4 14 13 12 11 This volume is a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank, InfoDev, and The International......

Words: 132084 - Pages: 529

Premium Essay

Case 4.2 Licensing and Laissez Faire

...PHIL303E Case 4.2 Licensing and Laissez Faire Milton Friedman, a Nobel Prize winning economist believes that the licensing in all fields interferes with Laissez Faire, the principle of the free market. The case titled “Licensing and Laissez Faire” focuses on the issues of licensing within the American Medical Association (AMA). The AMA was formed to raise physicians’ incomes by paying hospitals to limit the number of physicians they train. It is well known that their strategy worked, American physicians make far more than physicians in other countries. Friedman argues that limiting the numbers of students in the admission policy violates a moral rule and is restricting freedom of opportunity; however, letting incompetent physicians practice does not seem ethical. Lastly, as the result of limiting the number of physicians there may be a shortage of physicians within a decade. Friedman strongly believed in “Laissez Faire,” and that licensure contravenes the principles of a free market to the disadvantage of all. “’Laissez Faire’ means ‘leave alone’ or ‘to allow to do’ in French and in economic terms, economics and business function best when there is no interference by the government. It is one of the guiding principles of capitalism and a free market economy. This concept assumes that each individual’s self-interest to do better, strong competition from others, and lowering taxes will lead to the strongest economy and therefore, benefit business, and everyone will......

Words: 1323 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Spectrum Management Analysis

...OR-474 010 4 Septem mber 20 011 i CANDIDATES’ DECLARATION We hereby certify that the B.Tech project titled “ ANALYSIS OF TECHNOMANAGERIAL ISSUES OF SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT ON MOBILE COMMUNICATION” which is being submitted to ABV-Indian Institute of , Information Technology and Management, Gwalior for the partial fulfilment of Five Year Integrated Post Graduate Programme by Duyu Komo, Nitin Deshdeep, Rohit Basnal is a record of bona fide work done under my supervision and guidance. It is further certified that the work presented here has not been submitted to any other University or Institute for the award of any degree or diploma. Date: -------------------------Duyu Komo (2008IPG-26) -------------------------Nitin Deshdeep (2008IPG-62) ------------------------Rohit Basnal (2008IPG-76) This is to certify that the above statement made by the candidates is correct to the best of my knowledge. Date: -----------------------------Dr. Deepali Singh (ABV-IIITM Gwalior) ii    ABSTRACT The prime aim of the study is to recognize and discuss various issues of Global and Indian spectrum policies and its management, and to identify the shortcomings as well as the future scope of the present applied strategies. As the Radio frequency Spectrum is a limited resource, which is being widely used for Mobile communication, various radio transmission technologies and applications. Thus, we try to plan a better management process for the...

Words: 12523 - Pages: 51

Free Essay


...telecom growth in India Industry inputs for National Telecom Policy 2011 2 Enabling the next wave of telecom growth in India Foreword The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and Ernst & Young have collaborated on this deep review of the telecoms sector in India. The National Telecom Policy 1999 (NTP 1999) has served the sector in India for well over a decade, in which time we have witnessed significant changes in the socioeconomic environment, technological advancements and business dynamics. The telecom industry in India is ready to take the next leap forward with new developments such as launch of third generation (3G) services by private operators, 3G and broadband wireless access (BWA) auctions, launch of mobile number portability (MNP), and the emergence of mobile commerce (m-commerce). In the future, rural and semi-rural markets are expected to drive growth, especially in the wireless segment. The Ministry of Communications & Information Technology has released the 100-day agenda for the Indian telecom sector, and announced formulation of a new and comprehensive National Telecom Policy 2011 (NTP’11). Therefore, the time is ripe for a comprehensive review to build a forward looking and transparent policy that will be the backbone to achieve the ”India telecom vision 2020.” This report focuses on specific areas where the Government of India (GoI) needs to intervene and move the policy to the next generation of reforms. It aims to......

Words: 38895 - Pages: 156

Free Essay


...are included in this application packet. 2. Applicable licensing time frames are defined in A.A.C. R9-8-104. Once submitted, the Department has up to 30 days to determine if the application and supporting information is administratively complete. If determined the application is incomplete, a notice of deficiency will be sent to the applicant requesting additional information. At this time, the timeframe clock will be suspended until the applicant provides the Department with the requested information. Once administratively complete, the Department will evaluate the submittal for compliance with applicable codes. The Department has up to 60 additional days to make a final determination on the status of the permit. If a comprehensive request for additional information is made by the Department, the timeframe clock will be suspended until the applicant provides the Department with the requested information. Administrative Review Time (working days) Substantive Review Time (working days) Overall Time (working days) 30 60 90 3. If there are questions about the application process or assistance is needed please contact a Development Services Technician at 602-506-6824. 4. The Department’s website is located at 5. You may receive clarification from the Department of its interpretation or application of a statute, ordinance, regulation, delegation agreement or authorized substantive policy statement as provided in A.R.S.......

Words: 3169 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Google Case

...resources. Breakthrough projects are the ones that are based on fundamentally new businesses. These are allocated 10% of the total resources. These fostered innovation within the company. 2. Technology Stand Alone Value Google’s standalone value includes products like Google Search, advertising, Browser, Cloud based apps, Mobile Operating System and mobile devices. The need of search engine grew with expansion of World Wide Web. Although other search engines existed, however the results on those platforms could easily be skewed. Larry Page and Sergey Bin came up with a new algorithm to counter those problems. “The perfect search engine” says Larry Page “would understand exactly what you mean and give back exactly what you want”. This proved true hence rated high in customer productivity. Their home page interface is clear and simple, and pages load instantly providing convenience and simplicity to users. The aesthetic value is derived from the core value don’t be evil. Google do not sell the placements of search results and they are totally dependent on the algorithms designed to extract the most relevant information. Google improved advertising policies and its network offered lower CPC (cost per click) bids and more search traffic. Google...

Words: 3468 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Regulation and Policy in the Telecommunication Industry – a Look at Telecommunications Reforms in Czech Republic, Botswana and Liberia.

...1.0 Introduction Telecommunication is very important in the social and economic empowered both for developed and developing countries. The government must be able to promote growth of vibrant telecom sector. However, most of the governments seek to come up with methods of ensuring that there is an independent telecoms regulator. Communication infrastructure reforms are a concept which enables operators to offer quality services. Infrastructure sharing is one of the reforms that can take place. It refers to the ability of operators to share networks or the ability of one party building communication infrastructure that will lease to other providers. Communication infrastructure can be done in fixed, mobile and broadcasting networks, and it is one of the best options of bringing reforms and best practices by bringing competitors in the industry to collaborate with an aim of lowering the cost and increasing their capital. It is also a method of reducing the risk of proliferating network deployment. There can be active or passive communication infrastructure sharing. In active sharing, the active network and components are shared by the operators. The regulator is aimed at providing clear directions towards achievement of national and regional development goals. This paper looks at the reforms of three countries, Czech Republic, Botswana and Liberia. The historical perspectives of how reforms have been achieved will the area of concern in this review. 2.0 Czech......

Words: 4089 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay


...VNCI Policy Paper # 3 Vietnam Competitiveness Initiative COMPETITION REVIEW OF THE VIETNAMESE TELECOM SECTOR June 2005 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). It was prepared by Nguyen Thanh Ha and Pham Quang Thanh of Vietbid Technology & Investment Consulting Center and Jacob Gullish of the VNCI with substantive technical input from John Davis of the USAID-funded STAR Vietnam Project. COMPETITION REVIEW OF THE VIETNAMESE TELECOM SECTOR Disclaimer The authors' views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by Nguyen Thanh Ha and Pham Quang Thanh of Vietbid and Jacob Gullish of the VNCI, with substantive technical input from John Davis of the USAID-funded STAR project. Following the completion of the first draft of the report, the results were disseminated at a public workshop hosted by the Central Institute for Economic Management on 10 November 2004. Feedback from this workshop was then incorporated into the final report. VNCI would like to thank Huynh Thanh Tung of Saigon Postel, Nguyen Manh Bang of VP Telecom and the other managers of the surveyed firms for their responsiveness to our questions and inquiries. Other acknowledgements include Steve Parker (STAR project) and Fred Burke (Baker and McKenzie) for their input and...

Words: 13120 - Pages: 53

Premium Essay

Indian Telecom Industry Analysis

...Telecommunications Industry in India Industry Background The telecom sector in India is a booming market now. India is the world’s second largest mobile phone user with a total subscriber base of 894 million as of December 2011, and the third largest internet user with a subscriber base of 121 million as of December 2011. The total market values according to experts are $75.88 billion with a y-o-y growth rate of 26% and generate employment for about 10 million people. The services sector generates revenue of about $62.31 billion (FY 2010-2011) and the equipment sector generates about $25.75 billion. Factsheet as of Dec, 2011: Particulars | Wireless | Wired | Total | Total Subscribers (million) | 893.84 | 32.69 | 926.53 | Total net addition (million) | 9.47 | -0.28 | 9.19 | % of monthly growth (%) | 1.07 | -0.84 | 1 | Urban Subscribers (million) | 586.26 | 24.94 | 611.19 | Net addition (million) | 4.93 | -0.2 | 4.73 | % of monthly growth (%) | 0.85 | -0.8 | 0.78 | Rural Subscribers (million) | 307.59 | 7.75 | 315.33 | Net addition (million) | 4.54 | -0.07 | 4.47 | % of monthly growth (%) | 1.5 | -0.94 | 1.44 | Overall Tele-density | 74.15 | 2.71 | 76.86 | Urban Tele-density | 161.01 | 6.85 | 167.85 | Rural Tele-density | 36.56 | 0.92 | 37.84 | Share of Urban subscribers | 65.59% | 76.30% | 65.97% | Share of Rural subscribers | 34.41% | 23.70% | 34.03% | Industry in the pre-independence era: The industry was born in 1850 under the British......

Words: 4007 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Eic Analysis Airtel

...1.1 Annual GDP Growth Rate ( Figure 1.2: Total GDP Industry Wise percentage change ( 8.4 6.9 17.5 15.7 INR performance 1 $ = 55.2028 INR Rates & Ratios Inflation Rate: 7.25 % Repo Rate: 8 % Reverse Repo Rate: 7 % CRR: 4.75 %   Low GDP growth rate implies an economic slowdown in the country due to various factors like the global economic slowdown and policy paralysis within the country. It indicates a lower disposable income with the masses and a decrease in consumerism. High inflation rates partly derived from the poor performance of Rupee, supply chain bottlenecks have forced the RBI to maintain high interest rates which result in slower economic growth. 1 2. Industry Analysis 2.1. Growth Rate   Tele-density has increased from 4.3 in March 2002 to 78.1 in February 2012. The share of telecommunication services (excluding postal and miscellaneous services), as per cent of the total gross domestic product (GDP), has increased from 0.96 in 2000-01 to 3.78 in 2009 -10. 2.2. Government Policies and...

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Strategic Management

...Introduction Bangladesh’s telecommunications industry Mobile phone has become a crucial part of Bangladesh's everyday-life and has made a “safe haven” in one of people’s pockets much like their wallet that they never want to leave home while they head for our work. The telecom-revolution and its persistent evolution together have made it possible even in developing countries like Bangladesh. This is the leading device that people now express themselves through, get their work done and share their pains and pleasures with (Blitz). The almost exponential enlargement in the Telecoms sector in Bangladesh in the last 5-10 years has had the same transformative impact on Bangladesh's economy as the growth of Ready Made Garments and Remittances. As well as being the largest provider to Foreign Direct Investment and tax revenues, the catalytic effect of rapid mobile infiltration on increasing the quality of life of tens of millions of people has been significant (The News Today). The number of mobile phone subscribers in Bangladesh achieved 82.442 million in November 2011 (The Independent, 2012), 92.12 million at the end of May 2012 (People’s Review) and subscribers has reached 110.675 million at the end of September 2013. Major players Bangladesh has 6 mobile phone operators: 1. Grameenphone – a joint venture enterprise between Telenor and Grameen Telecom Corporation (Wikipedia, a) 2. Banglalink – a wholly owned subsidiary of Orascom Telecom (Wikipedia, b) 3. Robi – a joint......

Words: 1467 - Pages: 6