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Modern Art

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tyty123
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Pages 5
Modernism and the Visual Arts Must Knows
I.Jane Avril
II.Toulouse Lautrec
III.Post Impressionism (France)
1. This artist embraced the concept of the Demi-Monde which was the late night meeting place of the intellectuals and the emotionally troubled and as well upper class social society and lower class social society. 2.Inspired by Japanese print making and Manet’s summery modelling, this artist revolutionized commercial advertising art and brought the common poster into the ranks of high classical comparison. I.Starry Night
II.Van Gogh
III.Impressionism (France)
1.This artist largely self taught continues the angst occupied ideas of the biblical so called doomsday philosophy typical of the last 2 decades of each century in western culture for more than 1000 years
2. The artists passionate style looks forward to the birth of expressionism in the 20th century and his subconscience death related symbolism looks forward to the birth of a symbolist movement in the 20th century.
The artist is therefor called both a proto expressionist and a proto symbolist
I.Mount Sainte Victoire
II.Cezanne
III.Post impressionism (France)
1.On the one hand Cezanne flattens out the picture plane by largely using Manet’s idea of summery modelling and it emphasizes the concept of art for arts sake simply defining a painting as being pigment on a 2 demential surface. 2.Cezanne returns the illusion of 3 dimensional space by using the theory of advancing and receiving color (warm colours in the foreground appear to move towards the eye whereas cool colors in the background appear to move away from the eye. I.Beckman
II.Departure
III.German Expressionism
1. In order to longer survive the avant garde, German expressionism unfolds in three distinct phases:
-The bridge which explores the animal caged up in all of us
-The blue rider group exploring mans harmony with nature
-The new objectivity group exploring mans inhumanity to man in conditions of war.

I.Matisse
II.Green line
III.Fauvism (France)
1. Inspired by the clarity of Mediterranean life (light), the synthetism of Gauguin plus african tribal art so called fauvism was born from the hand of Matisse in 1905.
2. This composition is the banner piece of fauvism using saturated color as a formal balancing device joining the foreground and the background.

I.Picasso
II.Les Demoiselles D’Avignon
III.Cubism (France)
1. Picasso introduces cubism as inspired by
Cezanne’s theory of advancing and receding colour
2.Like Matisse, Picasso is also strongly interested in primitive african mask culture

I.Mondrian
II.Victory Boogie Woogie
III.Universal Art (Cubism) (France?)
1. Mondrian’s quest is to introduce non objective painting as an expression of universal art.
2.Using the primary colours; red, yellow and blue, and basic line and shape these paintings on a formal sense means the same to all persons in all cultures. However they are open to individual personal narrative (he viewer can make up the story) I.Malevich
II.Untitled
III.Suprematism (Russia)
1. Through a style know as suprematism associated with cubism, Malevich attempts to prove the color and shape correlation theory of Itten.
-Blue = Circle
-Red = Square
-Yellow = Triangle
-When these colors and shapes are correctly used, the result is visually more dynamic. I.Tatlin
II.Monument
III.Russian Constructivism
1.Around and about the time of the Russian revolution, a group of Russian architects come together and decide they want to change career paths to sculpture.
2.They invent a new way of creating sculpture based upon the use of pre fabricated architectural materials. This logically was called constructivism.

I. Duchamp
II.Nude descending a staircase
III.Dynamic cubism
1.In 1913 this was the scandal piece at the so called armoury show taking place in New York City
2.As a result of sensational negative newspaper reporting; this exhibition finally embarrassed the Americans to begin looking at modernism and the avant garde.

I.Duchamp
II.The large glass: even
III.Dada (France)
****Possible essay question****
Introduction: Dada was introduces by Duchamp as an anti culture, anti social, anti war and anti art statement meant to be deliberately illogical. Duchamp’s 4 major innovations are:
1.The readymades - which is taking a pre existing object out of its original context and placing it in a museum context. 2.Collage - which is the bringing together of two or more otherwise disassociated objects or concepts to potentially create new nonsensical meaning.
3.Freudian Psychology - is the introduction of radical new scientific investigations into the bizzar nature of the subconscious human mind
4.Accident - invites the artist to embrace incidents beyond the artist control as offering new meaningfulness in the art world
Conclusion: Dada intended as an insult tot he modern art world turned out to be a perfect example of both the avant garde and reductivism. When it was accepted as a high art phenomena, its innovations served as the foundation for the next movement in modern art know as surrealism.

I. Pollock
II.Untitled
III.Abstract expressionism (USA)
****possible essay question****
Introduction: Dada’s anti cultural ideas were absorbed in a 1924 surrealist manifesto.
1.Readymades came to be called object lessons
2.Collage became free association
3.Freudian psychology became inner model 4.Accident became chance
Conclusion: Those 4 changed innovations served as the foundation for abstract expressionism when it was born in
New York City in the 1950s.

I. Hoffman
II. Untitled
III. Abstract expressionism (USA)
Intro: Abstract expressionism can be summarized by the expression “I gesture, therefore i am” - The Idea is to leave a mark proving the existence of human presence. Then the major innovations of Abstract expressionism are
1. Push and pull - Challenging the distinction between background and forground
2. Edge to edge - Questioning where a composition begins or ends. Where is its boundaries 3. Lived body experience - causes the viewer in presence of a meaningless it to reflect upon his or her physical existence (environment)
4. Ghosting - which deals with the concept that a complete painting may change its appearance over time - the visual image is not a constant.
I. Warhol
II. Cambells tomatoe soup
III. Pop Art (USA)
(SOUP CAN)
Intro: Pop art emerged alongside abstract expressionism as a original satirical statement of that which was truly American culture. Pop art dealt almost exclusively with mass culture, the almighty dollar, advertising, and kitch.

I. Kelly
II. Untitled
III. Minimalism (USA)
(RED BACKGROUND WITH 2 GREEN STRIPES)
Intro: Minimalism is the last of the modern art styles dealing with the ultimate in lack of visual information justified through complex theory. The three dominant concepts of minimalism are:
1. Serial methodology which deals with mathematical sets
2. Obdurate Materiality which is simply the presentation of the true nature of the material 3. Gestalt which is a lack of information which causes the viewer to take physical action for the sake of curiosity and frustration…there simply must be more but theres not

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