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Momentum

In: Science

Submitted By flhorstm
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Franke Horstmann Lab Report—Momentum Lab
Survey Physical Science 09/09/2014

Abstract
This experiment helped validate the law of conservation of momentum. The test was done by conducting two experiments with car A and car B, car A’s mass being known and car B’s mass unknown. Experiment A was done by sticking the cars in the center of the track and setting off the puncher then recording the car velocity. Experiment B was done by placing car B in front of the second photogate and car A at the start of the track, again the trigger of car A was set off and it collided with car B and the car velocity was recorded. Our results show momentum and kinematics methods show highly accurate results.

Introduction
Newton’s 3rd Law states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. There were two experiments conducted in order to validate the law of momentum conservation. This law states that when there is a collision of two objects the total momentum of the two before the collision should be equal to the total momentum of the two objects after the impact.

Materials * Car track with slots * 2 rolling cars * 2 Photogates * Weights * Data Acquisition Board * Computer with measurement software * 2 picket fences * Ruler * Balance scale

Procedure
In order to perform the experiment the car track and balance scale were checked in order to make sure they were well-adjusted so that the results were accurate. Next car A’s mass was recorded without any extras on it except for the picket fence. Following this an extra mass was measured alone. This extra mass was later placed on top of car A before the experiments were performed. Car B’s mass was unknown along with the extra mass. The computer software measurement program was then opened and the Photogates were slid onto the track and plugged into the...

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