Premium Essay

Moral Systems

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By amberwilliam
Words 885
Pages 4
Moral Systems
Ethics
A workable set of standards for morality should always include several assumptions. Among these assumptions is that it should be rational, and not without emotion. It should also be as logical as possible. Stability and consistency are also important factors. These ideas should also pertain to all individuals. Because these are beliefs, these ideas should also be taught. Whether or not people grasp the idea, the moral theory should be discussed and be able to be understood. The last requirement of a workable set of standards is it must be able to resolve issues, duties, and obligations among the people. There should be an explanation how individuals can choose the action that will be most moral. Ethics are moral principles that govern an individual or group’s behavior. It is a philosophical treatment of the moral order. The two different approaches to ethics include scientific or philosophical. The sources of ethics stem from experience, as well as principles taught through discipline. For example most parents teach you from the start it is wrong to hurt others, steal, lie, etc. Many people are also influenced through theology. For example, “Thou shall not kill”, this is the sixth commandment in the Bible’s Old Testament at Exodus, Chapter 20. Even though there has been an effort to make morality independent of religion, many religions include basic moral principles. There is a natural law when it comes to ethics. “Do good and avoid evil”, “Lead a life regulated according to reason”, so on and so forth. With those types of ideas being the base, a workable moral system can grow from there. The greatest influences on my personal views of my own moral standards come from experience. Not to say my parents didn’t play a major role, as they taught me the basics of being a decent member of society. I started to form my own moral standards as my...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Capitalism: a Moral and Just System

...Capitalism is the world’s dominant economic system. It can be defined as the unfettered pursuit of profit dependent on the belief that success is attainable to anyone and is based on personal autonomy and responsibility. Its rival, Socialism, involves the sharing of wealth and promotion of equality through increased taxation of the wealthy and redistribution of funds in the form of policy and programs designed to assist in the creation of equality. In theory, Socialism seems to be the most fair and honest of the two ideologies, however in practice this is not the case. Although Capitalism has a reputation of being harsh and corrupt, it is clear that it is the most moral and just economic system. The equality attained through Socialism would not be possible without the pilfering of funds from the working class. It is a system that condones lethargy and is built on “envy and self-sacrifice” ( ). In contrast, Capitalism a nonpartisan system based on hard-work and an “every man for himself” mindset. This economic system creates ideal citizens, and does not tolerate laziness. Success and wealth is used as an incentive to work hard. In a Capitalist state, freedom is ever-present, and every man has the ability to make his own decisions. Not only is Capitalism beneficial to society, but it is also ideal for the betterment of the economy. The writings of Karl Marx seem virtuous and honorable at first glance, but when one looks farther into his words, they are not what they seem.......

Words: 973 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Assignment 2: Incorporating Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Into the Justice System

...Assignment 2: Incorporating Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Development into the Justice System Alichia Dunaway Strayer University Ethics and Leadership in Criminal Justice CRJ 220 Professor Judy Tompkins August 16, 2015 Abstract The perception of justice is an affiliation that exists between the citizens and the state. Justice means that the state treats every person equally and seeks to find resolution in disputes. This resolution is found on the basis of the detailed facts and is compared to intent criteria, rather than a biased determination. It is based upon the civil rights and duty of individual persons, particularly law enforcement officers. Law enforcement officers employ the concept of justice occasionally, but they are not constantly fair. Law enforcement officers make mistakes just like any other human being. Justice in law enforcement includes an extensive array of recruits and agencies. This includes victim services, the police, department of corrections, crime prevention, the probation and parole departments, and the court system. In order for law enforcement to uphold a general clarity of justice, officers are obliged to have power over the moral capability to legally enforce laws, as well as to continue with admiration that is articulated by the department and its operation. Also, justice includes officers that respect and uphold the rights of citizens. A potion they shall accept on and off the job. Additionally, officers must arrest suspects......

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ethics a

...official. It is what is expected of these officials to perform the highest level of integrity in their everyday work. Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles. In the Code of Conduct: Article 2: it's states, " In the performance of their duty, law enforcement officials shall respect and protect human dignity and maintain and uphold the human rights of all persons." With that being said; I can't fathom why so many law enforcement officials get away with so much brutality daily. Everyone has morals and ethics, no matter if they are good or bad, you still have them. Law enforcement officials bit only are trained to do the right things, step by step in the line of duty, but whether theory choose to follow their training is entirely up to then. Ramarley Graham, an 18 year old from the Bronx, NY, was shot and killed by a police officer in 2012. Graham was in his grandmothers bathroom at her home, reportedly flushing marijuana down the toilet. Officer Richard Haste, chased Graham into the house even though the officer didn't have a warrant. Graham was unarmed when Haste shot and killed him. A grand jury charged the officer with manslaughter. However, a judge later the indictment out, which allowed Haste to get away with murder. Yes, murder! This officers ethics, morals and integrity were all wrong on every level of his actions in this case. Haste didn't think before he acted. Instead of protecting and "respecting" human dignity and maintain......

Words: 739 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Res351

...Moral codes are reviewed from occasionally; however, they are of top priority for a number of causes in companies. Companies have to ensure they go after the top tier of moral principles in all of their actions. Moral principles are also significant with respect to business investigation. Throughout this paper, the discourse shall be lodged with regard to a case in which corrupt business analysis methods were executed by the company. My intent is to talk about this case and a range of main clauses concerning this particular case. Presently, in this peculiar case, some moral subjects are to be taken into reflection. In terms of immoral investigation performance, this particular company was certainly engrossed in immoral research performance. The company was a pharmaceutical corporation that worked together with a professor who beforehand supplied the required research linked to the medication of flu (Dominick & Wimmer, 2010). Throughout the course of their accord, he was inquired to remain the research information secret and not to unveil the same to any other party. The corporation which was working on his investigation work was planning to hold back the study work. Consequently, it was judged to be immoral on the side of the pharmaceutical corporation. The pharmaceutical corporation desired to make sure that it collected a high bulk of earnings, in spite of whether the investigation work was complete at the price of collective interests. The upset shareholding......

Words: 808 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Setting Up a Moral System

...What should an effective moral system contain? At this point, I must try to combine what is best in all of the ethical theories and systems (e.g., consequentialist, nonconsequentialist, determinism, altruistism, etc.) I have examined in this course so far to determine a moral position. The hope, then, is that the moral system brings about the greater good and happiness for all concerned. But it is essential to first reflect and analyze the following five attributes that must be present for any moral system to operate and establish stability, order and security: (1) The Value of Life Principle states that human beings should respect life and accept death; (2) The Principle of Goodness or Rightness is ultimate to any moral system, and it requires that human beings attempt to do three things: Promote goodness over badness and do good; cause no harm or badness; and prevent badness or harm; (3) The Principle of Justice or Fairness refers to distributive, meaning that human beings should treat other human beings justly and fairly when attempting to distribute goodness and badness among them; (4) The Principle of Truth Telling or Honesty provides for meaningful communication; and (5) The Principle of Individual Freedom states that people, being individuals with individual differences, must have the freedom to choose their own ways and means of being moral within the framework of the first four basic principles (Thiroux and Krasemann, 158). Accordingly, in Thiroux and......

Words: 423 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Is Second-Hand Being a Danger to the Child in Question; and the Fact That the Judge Has Ordered the Mother to Stop Smoking Around Her Child.

...and the mother of the child.” (Ruggiero 171) The moral issue is second-hand being a danger to the child in question; and the fact that the judge has ordered the mother to stop smoking around her child. People know the dangers of second-hand smoke and how harmful it can be your child’s health, or anyone’s health for that matter. When “the judge ordered the woman to stop smoking around her child, his judgement corresponds with the natural value that we have a moral obligation to care for ourselves and others. Also, we are prohibited from acting in ways that could harm innocent persons.” (Burnor 182) Based on the judge’s decision, “negative rights,” he made a claim against the mother that she should not be smoking around her child.” (Burnor 196) So he is deterring the child from second-hand smoke and making sure he is protected. Now the mother must practice “positive rights” (Burnor 195) to ensure that she does what is morally right to make sure the health and well-being of he son are of utmost importance. Also, the father can be more at ease knowing his son is free from second-hand smoke. Because of the judgement against the woman, she can accuse the judge and possibly her child’s father of violating her “human rights.” (Burnor 196) She may claim that she’s being discriminated against for being a smoker, which just may not the case here. Just because she was ordered not to smoke around her child, doesn’t mean that the court system or judge is discriminating against her. It......

Words: 349 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Is Synthetic Biology Terrifying or Exciting

...Is ‘Synthetic Biology’ Exciting or Terrifying? Synthetic biology is often referred to as being a combination of engineering, chemistry and biology. Synthetic biology is defined as being either the design and construction of new biological parts, devices and systems or the re-design of existing, natural biological systems. This means that a wide range of experimental and tested techniques are used to alter existing biological systems or create new ones. This could mean altering the DNA of a bacterium or inhibiting a material with microorganisms, the possibilities really do stretch even the wildest of imaginations. There are many different levels of synthetic biology, based on the size of the structures involved ranging from a molecular level to multiple organism system. This does not necessarily affect complexity though, all synthetic biology research is proving to be very complicated and difficult but interesting and exciting none-the-less. There are some very interesting and very exciting ideas that scientists have deemed theoretically possible and are currently researching. A lot of these ideas are potentially very beneficial, some to the environment, some to human and animal health, and some to manufacturing. Although still very much unexplored, these theories seem exciting and interesting and make synthetic seem as though it is the future of science. However, there are some ideas that become more ethically and morally controversial, not to mention may have......

Words: 902 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Summary and Response to Oliver Evans the Snows of Kilimanjaro : a Revaluation

...materialism that takes place within the protagonist” (Evans, 602). Evans discovered symbolism in almost every aspect of the story. Evans noted the despair in Harry’s life because of the conflicting views he held, and because of the deadness he felt. According to Evans, Harry was partly idealistic, as shown by his despair; however, he was also materialistic and mechanistic. Harry did not fear death; however, he hated the thought of leaving so much unaccomplished. He hated knowing that he had ruined his own life and that he could not re-claim his integrity while maintaining his materialistic lifestyle (Evans, 602). Oliver Evans also noted the symbolism of Helen, Harry’s wife. Harry made the choice to marry Helen for her money, which resulted in his moral and integral downfall because he no longer was required to exercise his morality, integrity, or talents. He did not really love his wife; their relationship was based upon a “lie”. Helen...

Words: 1625 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Moral Nihilism Research Paper

...Moral nihilism is the idea that our world has no moral features, morality is an almost non-existent set of rules that represent nothing real or abstract, thus moral claims cannot be true of anything. Moral nihilists do not believe in moral goodness, duty, or virtue, and therefore deny that anything is morally good (Shafer-Landau 308). The Constitution of the United States, along with a vast majority of laws that have been passed are generally based on protecting the rights of citizens and allowing the United States to prosper and be in the best possible stance in the respective situation through moral ideals. In many circumstances, protecting citizens while protecting the United States boils down to actions that are considered “right” or “wrong” by the general public, or in the case of laws, the majority view of Congress. For example, in Section 3 of Article 3, the Constitution outlines treason and the consequences of treason against the United States. Treason is the crime of betraying one’s own country through aid or comfort of said country’s...

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mccaskey

...McCaskey, p 11) Malone makes what Hosmer would refer to as a management level decision which causes a pervasive moral problem that directly affects Martha McCaskey. As McCaskey we in no way have promised to come through on the proprietary information which Devon can provide to the Silicon 6 project, however Malone has made it impossible for the information to not be given. Our decision to leave the Industry Analysis Division is “based on the value judgments of purpose, or what we feel to be truly important in life” (Hosmer, p. 12). To make the decision to lie to Devon and request proprietary information is something which we know to be against not only the law, but our morals and judgment. In making our decision we first looked at how we would morally feel about lying to an individual, none of us felt this to be proper in a business context. However, knowing this to be something common to Martha’s profession we knew that if we were in her position we may need to bend the truth at times. However, what solidifies our decision to not interview further Devon and to ultimately leave the Industrial Analysis Division is that in getting the proprietary information we would break the law. Breaking the law to Hosmer would be going against a set of rules which have been established by society to govern our behavior in order to maintain a standard of rightness and to “guide to moral choice” (Hosmer, p. 59). By us not doing the interview for the proprietary information and by leaving......

Words: 450 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ethical Reflection

...appropriate and what is allowable on the job. Ethics by itself is really a relative idea: everything that could be seen as ethical within one culture may not be regarded as so in another. Likewise, everything that may be authorized in 1 nation may not be legitimate in another. Integrity could be affected by financial situations, ethnic circumstance, background and additional factors. For an example, price fixing is definitely an unlawful practice within our nation (USLegal, 2010,) however in several nations around the world it is still authorized as well as morally okay. It ought to be cleared up though that legitimateness isn't a test regarding integrity: there are numerous procedures that are lawful, however obviously not ethical. Moral views are generally categorized in 4 groups: personality; responsibility; outcomes; and also fairness. Personality describes performing what's appropriate, instead of performing what you can do (Copp, 2005). Responsibility describes determining whether or not activities are wrong or right, rather than considering whether or not the outcomes are positive or negative (Copp, 2005). An outcome is about the thought that an action's ethical worth will be assessed from the enjoyment and also pleasure this...

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Reflexión Ética

...adquirir tintes de responsabilidad con el medio ambiente: como reciclar el agua, separación de la basura, ahorro de energía, entre otros, y con la sociedad, para ser consideradas empresas socialmente responsables, con el fin de convertirse en una estructura integra ante sus clientes, sus competidores y empresas que podrían ser posibles aliadas. El ser una empresa ética implica trabajar en equipo arduamente estableciendo en todos los departamentos de la organización una serie de principios como la integridad, el reconocimiento de lo que es un valor y la lealtad a la organización. Las empresas deben de establecer un código de conducta por el cuál todos los trabajadores deben de regir su comportamiento y desplazar el oportunismo, la doble moral, revelar secretos de la empresa, recibir regalos a cambio de favores, etc. En el código de valores se debe de tener en cuenta el trabajo en equipo para lograr objetivos comunes y personales, cumplir con la filosofía de la empresa, tener la actitud para trabajar, cumplir las tareas, desarrollar capacidad de liderazgo, participar en las capacitaciones que la empresa disponga, cuidar los bienes, maquinaria y equipo de la empresa, el respeto a los demás y así mismo, aceptar evaluaciones relacionadas con el dominio y conocimiento de su...

Words: 442 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Comport

...amiento OrganizacionalDISYUNTIVA ÉTICA: Manejo de las emociones en el trabajo En la última década han aumentado rápidamente nuestros conocimientos de las emociones de los empleados. Por ejemplo las compañías qu3 quieren crear lugares abiertos y cordiales para trabajar recurren a procesos de selección para descartar a los solicitantes que no son sociables ni entusiastas y capacitan a los empleados para que aprendan a sonreír y a mostrarse animados. Algunas organizaciones tratan incluso de producir entornos de trabajo “emocionalmente humanistas” mediante la conformación de las emociones que sienten los empleados en su trato diario con los clientes, la selección de los solicitantes con mucha inteligencia emocional, el control de la atmósfera emocional de equipos y grupos y otras prácticas de manejo de emociones. Una vez se mofaba Groucho Marx diciendo que “el secreto del éxito en el negocio del espectáculo es la honestidad y la sinceridad. Cuando uno aprende a fingirlas, ya la hizo”. En muchas organizaciones actuales de servicios se aplica el comentario de Groucho. Por ejemplo, en diversas compañías aseguradoras se capacita al personal de ventas por teléfono para despertar sentimientos positivos en los clientes, para que sea más fácil que contesten “si”. Se enseña a los empleados a evitar palabras con connotaciones negativas y a cambiarlas por otras que levanten el ánimo y fomenten la confianza, como “sin duda”, “tenga la seguridad”, “de inmediato” y “excelente”. Además, se......

Words: 363 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Celulas Madres

...Células Madre Embrionarias La vida comienza desde el momento en que el espermatozoide se une con el óvulo. Por lo que el problema recae en que tras la obtención de células madres embrionarias, esta produce que muchos embriones sean sacrificados. Entonces seria una acción injustificable, ya que estarían matando o destruyendo vidas humanas. Pero hay puntos en contra, acerca de que no está claro que la vida de una persona inicie desde el momento de la fecundación. Por lo que muchos piensan que la vida de un individuo inicia a partir de la introducción del embrión, que es cuando ya se considera un ser humano, según doctores. Viéndolo moralmente esta mal, ya que estas destruyendo un embrión humano, no por el hecho de ayudar a otros se puede justificar el matar o destruir una vida humana en progreso. Y por la pregunta desde cuando inicia la vida humana, puedo decir que al entrar el espermatozoide se da pie al comienzo de una vida humana, ya que entre el óvulo y el espermatozoide forman uno solo, que va en desarrollo. No se necesita que pase cierto tiempo para considerarlo un individuo, al momento de la unión, es el inicio de la vida. Además que tras años de estudio no ha habido grandes avances en este sector, por lo que deberían buscar caminos alternativos para dichos problemas. Últimamente se han logrado hallazgos en nuevos métodos que eliminarían el problema ético hacia la destrucción de embriones, tal es el caso de células madre adultas que pueden generar grandes......

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Relativism and Morality

...not universal since they only represent the view point of a few, the minority, majority or imposition of a dictator (Baghramian, 2004).       When conceptualized within the context of morality it impinges on the framework that truth is applicable only as it pertains to specific guidelines and adaptations. Hence, if morality then becomes as issue in determining truth; it is sieving intentions to decipher purity and whether they are based on justice or outcomes that are beneficial to all.       Therefore, this section of my presentation will focus on Lenn Goodman’s (2010) ‘Some Moral Minima:’ A Perspective. Also, a discussion on whether the conceptual framework advanced by this author challenges relativism will be embraced as well as a personal analysis of the themes. Lenn Goodman- ‘Some Moral Minima:’ A Perspective       Lenn Goodman (2010) as any social scientist has to justify the morals of society. To say otherwise is to be deemed anti- social and immoral from the point of view of the ruling politic. Hence, his views of ‘some things are wrong’ well deserve agreement, especially, when it appears to be hurting the individual making the judgment (Goodman,...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2