Free Essay

Mormon Exodus

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ColtMarv
Words 2581
Pages 11
Mormon Exodus
Since the founding of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by Joseph Smith on April 6, 1830, its members were often treated harshly by others, due to their beliefs. Such persecution followed the church as they were forced to vacate one state after the next leading to the members settling in and founding Nauvoo, Illinois. Having a population rivaling Chicago at the time, the financial success of the church and its members, polygamy, and a well-armed militia, fueled the intolerance of Mormons in the region. Church leadership was forced to announce they would leave Nauvoo and go west, after the burning of two hundred Mormon homes and farm buildings in 1845, and mob violence in 1846. Due to unforeseen difficulties the trek west was split off into two sections: they would travel in wagon trains from Nauvoo, Illinois to Omaha, Nebraska in 1846; and, Omaha to the Salt Lake Valley of Utah in 1847. By 1856, the number of converts traveling to the valley reached a point that wagon trains were too expensive and the church leader at the time, Brigham Young, decided that handcarts would be cheaper, and faster for such a large number of converts to reach the valley.
The first trek starting in February of 1846 from Nauvoo, Illinois to Omaha, Nebraska was much harsher due to death and tragedy resulting from black scurvy, Cholera, Typhoid Fever, Tuberculosis, and maternal deaths, and the weakening of the body and mind by stress, while February marked harsh weather and winter cold. Due to being practically forced to leave their homes in a hurry most had left important provisions behind and went out with no experience and with no organized leadership. The 500 wagon long train faced miles of axle-deep mud bogs and rough, obscure trails along the way. Yet along the way they became more organized and began to travel in groups of 10s, 50s or 100s. While also improving the trail for the many Mormons who had delayed their departure from Nauvoo, by establishing settlements such as Garden Grove and Mt. Pisgah. By June 13, 1846 it had taken 120 days to cross 265 miles at an average of 2.25 miles per day to reach the Missouri River at Council Bluffs. Some Mormons stayed in Council Bluffs, while others crossed the river and established Winter Quarters in present-day Omaha, Nebraska. In Winter Quarters Brigham Young decided that the original plan, to reach the Rockies by fall, would be impossible, meaning that they would have to stay in Winter Quarters throughout the winter. By December of 1846, Winter Quarters population was close to four thousand and boasted five hundred and thirty-two log homes, eighty-three sod houses, and an untold number of tents and wagons used for shelter. By spring of the next year approximately four hundred died from malaria, scurvy, dysentery, and a host of other unidentified ailments, due to inadequate shelter, food, and weather conditions. Before they would start out on the second part of the trek to the Great Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young would gather all the information he could possibly get his hands on. At one point a Jesuit Missionary, Father Pierre Jean de Smet, passed through Winter Quarters on his way east, being one of the very few white man to ever see the Great Salt Lake. He extended information on routes and the conditions of routes to the Mormons who eagerly anticipated the rest of the trek west. Despite being advised by mountain men about the semi-arid valley, Brigham Young insisted that they settle in a place no one else would want. Brigham Young and one hundred and forty-three men, three women, and two children would leave Winter Quarters and go west on April 5th, 1847. They would take with them seventy-two wagons, ninety-three horses, fifty-two mules, sixty-six oxen, nineteen cows, seventeen dogs, and an unknown amount of chickens. They would also take with them five hundred dollars’ worth of astronomical instruments and other technical equipment to provide accurate trail locations for future companies. The first company would set up support facilities and improve the trial for those to follow. For the first part of the trek from Winter Quarters they would stick to the Oregon trail also known as the Great Platte River Road through Nebraska, then along the Platte River to Fort Casper, then across Wyoming to Fort Bridger. On July, 9th they would leave the Oregon trail at Fort Bridger with 116 miles left to go following the trail the Reed-Donner party had used to try to get to California through Utah the previous year. The last 116 miles would prove to be the hardest part of the journey, the people were filthy and weary and both wagons and livestock were weakened from the previous 1,000 miles of trail. The first part of the company would arrive in the Great Salt Lake Valley on July 22,1847, with Brigham Young arriving two days later due to illness that slowed his journey. The Perpetual Emigration Fund was created in 1849 to support the cost of Mormon converts emigrating to the Great Salt Lake Valley. By 1855, thousands of Mormon converts from England and Europe had depleted this fund to the point it could no longer lesson the financial burden on emigrating converts to the valley. Brigham Young decided that it would be easier, and more cost effective for the large number of emigrants to pull handcarts. The use of these two wheeled handcarts was unique to Mormon trail migration. The carts were modeled after carts used by street sweepers in New York, they were six to seven feet long, and the small box on the cart was four feet long and eight inches’ high. A handcart loaded with personal belongings and provisions could weigh up to four or five hundred pounds. Five people were assigned to each cart, and families with small children would use a covered cart. Each adult was allowed seventeen pounds of personal belongings while a child was allowed ten pound…a handcart loaded with personal belongings included family keepsakes, bedding, clothes, cooking utensils, etc. Each individual’s belongings were closely weighed and anything beyond the weight allowed was discarded. Beyond the handcarts a wagon drawn by two oxen was provided for a company of one hundred persons. These wagons would carry extra provisions, such as flour and tents.
Five handcart companies were organized in 1856 to make the thirteen-hundred-mile trip from the end of the railroad at Iowa City, Iowa to Salt Lake City, Utah. The first three companies made it to Salt Lake City faster and with far less problems then the wagon trains had experienced before them. The other two companies, the Willie company and Martin company were entirely different stories. Due to a host of unforeseen delays, the Willie Company left Iowa City, Iowa, on July 15th, and the Martin Company on July 28th, 1856. The Willie Company had five hundred emigrants with one hundred and twenty handcarts, five wagons, twenty-four oxen, and forty-five head of cattle. The Martin Company had five hundred and seventy-six people with one hundred and forty-six handcarts, seven wagons, thirty oxen, and fifty head of cattle. Once they both reached Nebraska both companies held meeting about proceeding onto Salt Lake Valley. Several leaders had expressed that starting so late in the year increased the chance of snow storms while crossing the mountains. A few converts left the companies, but the overwhelming majority stayed and voted to continue to Salt Lake Valley. The Willie Company left Florence on August 17 and the Martin Company on August 27. Two ox-wagon trains, led by Captains W.B. Hodgett and John A. Hunt, followed the Martin Company. Near Wood River, Nebraska a herd of bison caused the Willie companies cattle to stampede, and nearly thirty cattle were lost. Left without cattle to pull the wagons, each handcart was required to carry an extra 100 pounds of flour. In early September, Franklin D. Richards, returning from Europe where he had served as the Church's mission president, passed the emigrant companies. Richards and the 12 returning missionaries who accompanied him, traveling in carriages and light wagons pulled by horses and mules, pressed on to Utah to obtain assistance for the emigrants.
In early October the two companies had reached Fort Laramie, Wyoming, where they expected to be restocked with provisions, but no provisions were there for them. The companies had to cut back food rations, hoping that their supplies would last until help could be sent from Utah. To lighten their loads, the Martin Company cut the luggage allowance to 10 pounds per person, discarding clothing and blankets that soon would be desperately needed. On October 4 the Richards party reached Salt Lake City and conferred with president Brigham Young and other Church leaders. The next morning the Church was meeting in a general conference, where Young and the other speakers called on the Church members to provide wagons, mules, supplies, and teamsters for a rescue mission. On the morning of October 7 the first rescue party left Salt Lake City with 16 wagon-loads of food and supplies, pulled by four-mule teams with 27 young men serving as teamsters and rescuers. The party elected George D. Grant as their captain. Throughout October more wagon trains were assembled, and by the end of the month 250 relief wagons were on the road.
Meanwhile, the Willie and Martin companies were running out of food and encountering bitterly cold temperatures. On October 19 a blizzard struck the region, halting the two companies and the relief party. The Willie Company was along the Sweetwater River approaching the Continental Divide. A scouting party sent ahead by the main rescue party found and greeted the emigrants, gave them a small amount of flour, encouraged them that rescue was near, and then rushed onward to try to locate the Martin Company. The members of the Willie Company had just reached the end of their flour supplies. They began slaughtering the handful of broken-down cattle that still remained while their death toll mounted. On October 20 Captain Willie and Joseph Elder went ahead by mule through the snow to locate the supply train and inform them of the company's desperate situation. They arrived at the rescue party's campsite near South Pass that evening, and by the next evening the rescue party reached the Willie Company and provided them with food and assistance. Half of the rescue party remained to assist the Willie Company while the other half pressed forward to assist the Martin Company. The difficulties of the Willie Company were not yet over. On October 23, the second day after the main rescue party had arrived, the Willie Company faced the most difficult section of the trail—the ascent up Rocky Ridge. The climb took place during a howling snowstorm through knee-deep snow. That night 13 emigrants died.
On October 19, the Martin Company was about 110 miles further east, making its last crossing of the North Platte River near present-day Casper, Wyoming. Shortly after completing the crossing, the blizzard struck. Many members of the company suffered from hypothermia or frostbite after wading through the frigid river. They set up camp at Red Bluffs, unable to continue forward through the snow. Meanwhile, the original scouting party continued eastward until it reached a small vacant fort at Devil's Gate, where they had been instructed to wait for the rest of the rescue party if they had not found the Martin Company. When the main rescue party rejoined them, another scouting party consisting of Joseph Young, Abel Garr, and Daniel Webster Jones was sent forward. The Martin company remained in their camp at Red Bluffs for nine days until the three scouts finally arrived on October 28. By the time the scouts arrived, 56 members of the company had died. The scouts urged the emigrants to begin moving again. Three days later the main rescue party met the Martin Company and the Hodgett and Hunt wagon companies and helped them on to Devil's Gate.
At Devil's Gate the rescue party unloaded the baggage carried in the wagons of the Hodgett and Hunt wagon companies that had been following the Martin Company so the wagons could be used to transport the weakest emigrants. A small group led by Daniel Webster Jones remained at Devil's Gate over the winter to protect the property. On November 4 the company had to cross the Sweetwater River, which was about 2 feet deep and 90 to 120 feet wide. The stream was clogged with floating ice. Some of the men of the rescue party spent hours pulling the carts and carrying many of the emigrants across the river. However, many members of the company crossed the river themselves, some even pulling their own handcarts across. The severe weather forced the Martin Company to halt for another five days at Martin's Cove, a few miles west of Devil's Gate. The rescue parties escorted the emigrants from both companies to Utah through more snow and severe weather while their members continued to suffer death from disease and exposure. The Willie Company arrived in Salt Lake City on November 9; 68 members of the company had lost their lives
Meanwhile, a backup relief party of 77 teams and wagons was making its way east to provide additional assistance to the Martin Company. After passing Fort Bridger the leaders of the backup party concluded that the Martin Company must have wintered east of the Rockies, so they turned back. When word of the returning backup relief party was communicated to Young, he ordered the courier to return and tell them to turn back east and continue until they found the handcart company, but several days had been lost. On November 18 the backup party met the Martin Company with the greatly needed supplies. At last all the members of the handcart party were now able to ride in wagons. The 104 wagons carrying the Martin Company arrived in Salt Lake City on November 30; at least 145 members of the company had lost their lives. Many of the survivors had to have fingers, toes, or limbs amputated due to severe frostbite. After the companies arrived in Utah, the residents generously opened their homes to the arriving emigrants, feeding and caring for them over the winter. The emigrants would eventually go on to settle several towns throughout Utah and the West. The persecution of the members of the church had to go through, as well as the treks and the tragedies that they survived, although largely undocumented by most history books today they were still an important part of American history. Many struggled, felt tragedy and hardship, but eventually found great triumph and success west.

Work Cited
Eddins, O. Ned. Historical Facts of the Mormon Trail. http://www.thefurtrapper.com/mormon_trail.htm
Eddins, O. Ned. Willie and Martin Handcart Companies. http://www.thefurtrapper.com/martin_handcart.htm
Kimball, Stanley B. The Iowa Trek of 1846: The Brigham Young Route from Nauvoo to Winter Quarters. June, 1972 https://www.lds.org/ensign/1972/06?lang=eng
National Park Service. The 1846 Trek. http://www.nps.gov/mopi/learn/historyculture/history1.htm
National Park Service. The 1847 Trek. http://www.nps.gov/mopi/learn/historyculture/history1.htm

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Bibl 104 Old Testament Paper

...Summary of the books of the Old Testament Exodus The book of Exodus is of the narrative genre initially and then switches to law. This book covers the development of Israel into a real nation, and falls into seven distinct sections. First there is the birth and education of Moses who was born an Israelite, but raised as an Egyptian. During the suffering of Israel, God used a burning bush to show Moses that he was the one to deliver the Israelites out of bondage. Second was Moses confronting the Pharaoh with the ten plagues, which included the observance of the first Passover. Next we read of the parting of the Red Sea and narrative of the journey of Moses guiding the people to Sinai. The fourth section covers the delivery of the Ten Commandments or laws by God on Mt. Sinai. Then we have the section on the building of the tabernacle. The six section covers the renewing of the covenant with God after the sinful actions of the Israelites in worshiping the golden calf. The last section covers the building and dedication of the Tabernacle. Deuteronomy This book’s genre is law, which is actually taken from the Greek word for “the second law.” Before being delivered to the promised land of the Canaan, Moses spoke to the people with forceful presentations of the essential parts of God’s revelation including emphasis on the spiritual principles of the law and its fulfillment. He also sought to teach application of the law to circumstances the Israelites would face in their new...

Words: 830 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Old Testament Summaries

...L23903002 BIBL104 June 19, 2010 Summary of the books of the Old Testament Exodus The book of Exodus consists of the two different genres, narrative and law, and is considered to be known as one of the books in the “Book of the Law”. It was written to record the events of Israel’s deliverance from slavery in Egypt. The overarching theme for Exodus is about God fulfilling the promises he made to the patriarchs making their descendants a great nation. God carried out his promises despite much opposition, which includes the great nation of Egypt and the unbelief and disobedience of God’s people. The book of Exodus shows that the success of the exodus is rendered by the power and character of God, who remembers his promises, punishes sin, and forgives those who are repentant. It also highlights both the faithfulness of Moses, who follows exactly what God commanded, and his prayerfulness. Some other key themes and events include the promises of many offspring, land, blessings for Abraham’s descendants and the nations, Abraham as the covenant mediator, and the covenant presence of the Lord. Some of the key personalities include Moses, Miriam, Pharaoh, Pharaoh’s daughter, Aaron, and Joshua. In the first seven chapters of Exodus we are introduced to Moses and the bondage of the Israelites in Egypt. The setting is about 400 years after Joseph and his families were living in Goshen at the end of Genesis. God protects baby Moses from Pharaoh’s decree of killing Hebrew......

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Passover

...Sermon: The Great Passover Today as we read chapter 12 from the book of Exodus, we will truly find the significance of the meaning of passover. The book of Exodus tells us how Moses was sent to Pharoah to be a deliverer of Israel to set the people of Israel free from persecution and slavery. The Pharoah appealed Moses’ request, thus as a result, setting the stage for a showdown for the God of Israel and the god of Egypt. Ten plagues upon the people of Egypt.The final plague was the death of the first born sons in all of the land of Egypt. God’s instruction were specific. God tells Moses’ on the 14th day of the month, to make sure all the families of Israel sacrifrice an umblemish lamb and smear its blood upon the door post of the house so God would “passed over” the Israelites and so they wouldn’t receive the impending wrath from heaven. (New International Version, Exodus 12: 6-7, 13). We see in here that the Israelites are the exception. They believed in God’s promise of deliverance and who by faith did certain things. It was an act of faith that said "we believe that what God says is true and that God will spare those who trust Him." As part of the passover the Israelites were to eat the meat of the lamb with bitter herbs and unleavened bread (Exodus 12: 8). Now we ask, what is the soul purpose of doing this? The act of doing this was to display the bitterness of their bondage and slavery and unleavened bread representing the Israelites leaving the old leaven or life of......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Religion

...“Passover” Around the time of 1250 B.C.E Moses had a mission to approach the Pharaoh of Egypt to let the Israelites free from Slavery. The Pharaoh of Egypt who refused to abide by this request was plagued by ten supernatural disasters of which one of them took the life of the Pharaohs first born son. During these tragedies the Pharaoh obligated by the suffering of his Egyptian people and the loss of his offspring subdued to Moses request freed the Israelites from Slavery. From this started a Journey lead by Moses for the Israelites to the place Called “The Promised Land’. All of the is now Celebrated till this day by Jewish followers and believers; an event known as “Passed Over” in which now is modern Easter. Moses lead the Israelites out of Egypt and across the Red Sea, at this point they had a hard time thinking how where they going to be able to make it across the Red Sea with no type of tools. They couldn’t go around it because it was time consuming; they couldn’t go over it either. God had spoken to Moses and told him let his stick down and the water shall divide with enough room for the Israelites to pass through across to the other side away from the chase of the Pharaoh. After the Passover threw the Red Sea they made themselves stable at Mount Sinai. This is where Moses walked to the top of the Mountain and received the 10 main rules known as the Ten Commandments. It is a set of religious and moral requirements that were given by God to the people of Israel to......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Contemporary Issues in Western Religions Paper

...Jewish Holy Day Douglas A. McDaniel REL/134 June 17, 2013 Marilyn Flege Jewish Holy Day That Jewish holy day that this student will be writing about in this paper is Passover. The Hebrew word for Passover is Pesach which means to jump or to pass over. Historical origin of the holy day would be included in this paper. As well the time of year of the holy day with religious practice associate with this day. And, the cultural differences that might lead to different observance of this holy day. The origin of this day began around 3000 years ago. This would have been the time of Moses and freeing his people. As the story goes, Moses was tending sheep when God had appeared to him as a burning bush. God had told him to go to the Pharaoh and tell him to release his people or God will release 10 plagues against him. But the last plague will turn out to be the worst plague. This is where God intended to take the firstborn from error every household that did not have the blood of a sacrificial lamb around the door. With the blood around the door God would skip that household and not taking the firstborn this would be known as Passover. God did tell Moses he would do this on the 14th day of the first month of the lunar year. God did instruct Moses what to do with the sacrificial lamb so it does not go to waste. And to this day the Jewish faith still carries the tradition of this day. Even Jesus had practice this tradition. Jesus was crucified on this day as well, in the......

Words: 588 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

That's Not What I Believe

...Lake City a news reporter went around to public places in Utah and interviewed as many Mormons as he could to try and get an idea of what Mormons “really believe.” I distinctly recall how surprised I was when everyone he interviewed, despite all being Mormon, described beliefs that were very different from my own and even different from each other. My mom, sister and I stood around the TV frustrated. How could these people get it so wrong? Didn’t any of them pay attention in church? This was a lesson I wouldn’t internalize until years later. Like many ex-Mormons, I’m guilty as charged when it comes to digging up amusing, factually wrong or plain absurd things that Mormon leaders have said or comment on absurd or destructive teachings. Even so, just because the church teaches something doesn’t mean all Mormons believe a certain way. A really poignant example is the godmakers cartoon, which I should point out is not and never was “banned.” The cartoon suffers from two problems. First, it’s old, and reflects teachings of the church from the 1960s and 70s. It was released in 1982, and of course the exact date that any given teaching was abandoned is rather fuzzy since the leaders don’t exactly go to the pulpit and say “we no longer believe this.” They just stop talking about it. The second problem with that cartoon is that while the church did legitimately teach everything they mention, even Mormons that are old enough to remember being taught the abandoned beliefs and might......

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Old Testement Bible 101

...Summary of the books of the Old Testament Books Exodus The book of Exodus is a law and narrative genre. Exodus sets the foundation theology where God reveals his name, his attributes, his redemption, his law and how he is to be worshiped. A few of the major events that took place were, the birth and call of Moses, the Israelites leave Egypt, and the Ten Commandments. Moses was born and delivered to the family of Pharaoh. Moses was raised by the Pharaohs daughter who treated him as his son. While he was trying to protect a Jewish slave he killed an Egyptian guard. Moses then escaped to Midian where he met his wife Zipporah. While in Midian, God appears to Moses in a burning bush and instructed him that he was the chosen one to free his people from Egypt. Moses and his brother Arron go to Egypt and make one simple demand of the Pharaoh “ Let my people go” Pharaoh resists Moses' request, until God wreaks the Ten Plagues on Egypt, after which the children of Israel escape and the people were let go. The Pharaoh deceded to attack the Israelites that live near the Red Sea. Moses with God powers parted the water and allowed the Israelites to cross. While on their jouney Moses meets with God on Mount Sinai to recvie the Ten Commandments. These Ten Commandments summarized the absolutes of spiritual and moral living that God intended for his people. Numbers The book of Numbers is a law genre. Numbers was written to the people of Israel to document their journey to......

Words: 1034 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Paschal Mystery and the Passover

...prepared in John 19: 14, Jesus’ disciples were instructed to go to the city where a man will meet them caring a jar of water and he will lead them to wherever he enters and they must go to the master of the house and ask where they may eat the Passover with their disciples, he will show them a large upper room and they will prepare there (Mark 14: 12-16). In the Passover, all food is available thru Jesus’ Eucharistic undertones (John 6: 51-55). The Passover commemorates the story of Exodus, which the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. The Bible tells that God helped the Children of Israel escape slavery in Egypt by inflicting ten plagues upon the Egyptians before the Pharaoh would release his Israelite slaves, the tenth plague was the worst, it involved having the death of the Egyptian first born. “Each family must raise a lamb that is a year old. Slaughter it on the 18th day the blood is taken and spread on the doorpost allowing the pharaoh’s army to Passover the house hold” (Exodus 12: 1-6). The Passover is also known as the feast of unleavened bread, it is said that they left in such a hurry that they could not wait for bread dough to leaven. So for the two day duration of Passover, no leavened bread is eaten (Mark 14:...

Words: 319 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Effective Ways a Student Resist Peer Pressure

...Many of your peers, though, urge you to join them in these activities. Have they thought about those matters and made their own decision? Not likely. By and large, they “He that is walking with wise persons will become wise, but He that is having dealings with the stupid ones will fare badly.” -Proverbs 13-20 have yielded to the influence of others. They want to be accepted, so they allow others to shape what they believe. Do you? Or do you have the courage to stand up for your convictions? Moses’ brother, Aaron, gave in to pressure- at least in one instance. When the Israelites surrounded him and urged him to make a god for them, he did just what they told him to do! (Exodus 32:1-4) Imagine-this was the man who had confronted Pharaoh, boldly declaring God’s message to him. (Exodus 7:1,2,16) But when his fellow Israelites poured on the pressure Aaron caved in. Evidently he found it easier to stand up to the king of Egypt than to stand up to his peers! What about you? Do you find it hard to stand up for what to know is right? Would you like to be able to resist peer pressure without appearing tense and afraid? You can! The key is to see the pressure coming and decide in advance how you will respond to it. The four steps below will help you to do this. 1. Anticipate. (Proverbs 22: 3) Often, you can see trouble in advance. For example, you see a group of your schoolmates up ahead, and they’re smoking. How...

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Abusing Self Defense

...are found guilty of the killing. So in other words murdering someone is a taboo. Sometime the defendant would pled either not guilty, or guilty, on rare occasion they would pled insanity or self-defense. Self-defense stood out the most for me and it was the Jodi Arias and Travis Alexander case, Was it really self-defense or was it just pure jealousy? To start with, I was channel surfing when I stopped on CNN news channel. Nancy Grace was shouting at someone giving their opinion about something as she always do. I was about to change the channel when I saw a gruesome crime scene photo of a shower filled with blood. I wanted to know more about the bloody shower. Come to find out the shower and the blood in it belongs to Travis Alexander, a Mormon. Travis Alexander was murdered on June 4, 2008 by his ex-girlfriend Jodi Arias in his house. Alexander was stab nearly around 30 times and was shot in the head and his throat had been slit. Travis’s body was left in that shower for five days, decomposing and was later found by his friend. Jodi Arias was suspect for the killing of Travis’s death. Arias had three scenarios she told the cop when she was being...

Words: 1933 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Kissy Princess

...hostility, massacring some and leading into slavery the wives and children of others.” Based on the aforementioned excerpt the Hyksos didn’t come to Egypt in peace. Egypt was disunited during this time so the Hyksos gradually conquered more and more of Egypt.   Further evidence that the Hyksos weren’t slaves and that they were conquerors can be shown in their name since we now know the meaning of the word “Hyksos.” Hyksos was thought to mean “Shepard Kings” is more accurately translated to “the rulers of foreign countries”[1] which highly suggest that they used their war technologies; horse led chariots, the composite bow, the kepesh[2] and bronze made armor for the purpose of conquering territories, they certainly weren’t slaves as the Exodus claims....

Words: 298 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Stereotyping

...involves the Mormon religion and the assumption that anyone from Utah is Mormon. Studies indicate there are not nearly as many Mormons in Utah as most people think. When developing stereotypes, one must be able to recognize traits and characteristics of a group. Stereotypes are not permanent and do have the potential to be changed. This process does take time since they are developed through experiences and observation. Individuals are not always aware of their participation in the use of stereotypes. Many people associate individuals with them unconsciously. Stereotypes are not always negative and can often benefit social situations when used in a positive manner. Stereotyping A stereotype is a belief developed regarding people in general. These beliefs result in categorizing people based on assumptions and the beliefs do not allow for individuality. Stereotypes can be positive or negative depending on the situation. These beliefs result from consistent traits that are noticeable in a group and which are easily recognizable. Stereotypes can be changed, but this can take a great amount of time and convincing. Many people have opinions related to stereotypes without the realization they are contributing to said stereotype. Stereotypes take time to develop and result in social experiences and exposure over time. Utah Stereotype The most common stereotype individuals are faced with in Utah is the Mormon......

Words: 2830 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

The Mormon Faith

...The Mormon Faith Robin Miller Strayer University World Religions 212, Professor Keyes The Mormon Faith The Mormon faith founded by Joseph Smith in 1844 is considered a new religion. The Mormons believe in the Bible, but they also believe in another scripture that was found in New York by Joseph Smith. I have discovered that the Book of Mormons is supposedly written accounts taught by Jesus to several lost tribes from Israel who had crossed the ocean beforehand. Jesus showed himself to them after his death and resurrection. He told them how to live and it was recorded in the Book of Mormons. This book was accepted as authentic by Joseph Smith and he began his quest to teach true Christianity as opposed to the apostasy which he and his followers felt characterized the Christian churches. The Mormons believe that all people, including Jesus, lived in a premortal existence before birth. One thing that I have learned about the Mormon Faith after listening to the Podcast “Inside Mormon Faith” with Krista Tippet and her guest Mormon scholar, Mr. Robert Millet, is that this theory makes family ties and all ties to all people very important to the Mormons. Since they believe that everyone lived a premortal existence, they also believe that everyone continues to exist after death. Because of this, deceased relatives are not gone and children are highly respected because, in sense, they are not actually children. Everyone is a brother or a sister to everyone else before birth,...

Words: 379 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sociology 101

...Part 1: Sociological imagination refers to the ability for people with similar problems to bring these problems together and create change by making it a public issue. For example, the McDonald’s on the corner of my block is constantly giving bad service. I know that I am not the only one receiving bad service there. In talking with my neighbors, they too have had problems with bad service at this same McDonald’s. We have two options: either we stop going to this McDonald’s altogether, or as a group, we can come up with a way to improve the quality of service. We can say something to the store manager directly, and hope that if enough of us speak up that change will happen, or if that doesn’t work, we can take it to the next level of authority. Sooner or later, the noise we make will cause a change. The previous example might seem small compared to other examples that I could have used, but the point still stands. According to our textbook, C. Wright Mills coined the term “sociological imagination.” His definition of sociological imagination is: the ability to create change by transforming personal problems into public issues (Macionis, page 7). Understanding the concept behind this term is very important for several reasons. First if we don’t understand that our problems are shared by many other people, we will start to feel lost and alone. This could lead to any number of outcomes: mental illness, and or even suicide. Secondly, once we do understand that our......

Words: 759 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Mormon

...Mormons What is Mormonism? Who is a Mormon? And what place does Mormonism have in the religious tradition of the United States today? This paper will attempt to give readers a better understanding of the Mormon religion by detailing the history of the religion from its beginnings to today. It will also describe what a typical church or “temple” (as Mormons call their place of worship) service is like. It will also describe any holidays the Mormon people celebrate that correspond with the Christian holidays of other Christian sects. It will not attempt to judge the Mormon religion, as either good or bad, as has been so frequently done in the popular media. Rather than judging it, this paper will attempt to achieve a greater understanding of the religion in its context in the Christian religious tradition and the American religious tradition. In 1820, according to the Mormon faith, Joseph Smith (1806-1844) prayed to God to ask him for a sign that would tell him what church he ought to join. Instead, Jesus Christ and God appeared to the young man and told him he ought to found what the Mormon Church is today. Smith was fourteen at the time, a farmer from the region of western New York known as the "burned-over district" because of its unrelenting religious enthusiasm. (All About Mormons Website) Mormons believe that this revelation to Smith was similar to that of God to Saul. They refer to Smith as “The Prophet” because his revelation was transmitted......

Words: 2989 - Pages: 12