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Mother Teresa of Calcutta

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Mother Teresa of Calcutta
Blessed Teresa of Calcutta was born on August 26, 1910 in Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. Teresa’s real name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Teresa was the youngest daughter of Nikola and Drane Bojaxhiu. Gonxha did her First Communion when she was five years old and her Confirmation a year later. Since the day of her First Communion, Teresa had inside her love for souls. Teresa’s father, Nikola, died when she was eight years old, leaving financial straits. Drane raised her children firmly and lovingly, influencing the character and vocation of Teresa. In her religious formation, Teresa was assisted by the Jesuit parish of the Sacred Hear, in which she was much involved.
On September 1928, when Teresa was eighteen years old, she wanted to be missionary and she left her home to enter Sisters of Loreto Institute on Ireland. Since Gonxha enter the institute, she never again saw her mother and sister. She went to the Sisters of Loreto to learn English. She was admitted as a postulant and on December, 1928 Teresa started her trip by sea to India arriving in Calcutta on January 6, 1929. In Darjeeling, she began her novitiate and learned Bengali, Teresa also was a teacher of Santa Teresa school. After making her vows of poverty, chastity and obedience as a nun on May 24, 1931, she was transferred to the College of St. Mary in Entally, that was in the east of Calcuta. During this time, she chose her name to be Thérèse of Lisieux, same as the missionaries’ saint. A nurse in the convent had already chosen that name, so Gonxha chose the Spanish term of ‘Teresa’. Teresa made her vows by teaching history and geography in the school of Loreto’s convent for about twenty years until she became principal of the school. On 1937, Teresa did her profession becoming, as she said, ‘Jesus’ wife, for all eternity’. Since that moment people started calling her Mother Teresa.

1928, a los 18 años ingresó a la Orden de las Hermanas de Nuestra Señora de Loreto en la India.

1929, inició su viaje hacia India, llegando a Calcuta en enero.

1931, la Madre Teresa tomó el nombre de Teresa en honor a una Monja francesa Thérèse Martin quien fue canonizada

en 1927 con el título de Santa Thérèse de Lisieux.

1937, la Madre Teresa emitió los votos religiosos y enseñó por 20 años en el Colegio Santa María en Calcuta, India.

1946, el 10 de septiembre, recibió otra llamada de Dios, para dar servicio a los más pobres.

1948, el Papa Pío XII le concedió a la Madre Teresa permiso para ejercer su servicio pastoral como monja independiente y empezó a compartir su vida en las calles de Calcuta con los más pobres, los enfermos y los hambrientos.

1950, la Madre Teresa empezó a ayudar a las personas enfermas de lepra. Fundó una orden religiosa femenina llamada las Misioneras de la Caridad. Su trabajo inicial fue el de enseñar a leer a los niños pobres de la calle.

1963, fundó la orden masculina "Hermanos Misioneros de la Caridad" junto a fray Joseph Langford.

1965, el Papa Pablo VI colocó a la congregación de las Misioneras de la Caridad bajo el control del Papado y autorizó a la Madre Teresa a expandir la Orden religiosa en otros países. Alrededor de todo el mundo se abrieron centros para atender leprosos, ancianos, ciegos y personas que padecen del SIDA y se fundaron escuelas y orfanatos para los pobres y niños abandonados.

1979, se le concede el Premio Nobel de la Paz.

1980, viaja a Leganés (Madrid) a fundar una casa para sus Misioneras de la Caridad.

1984, Funda los Padres Misioneros de la Caridad.

1997, muere en Calcuta, India.

http://www.vatican.va/news_services/liturgy/saints/ns_lit_doc_20031019_madre-teresa_sp.html

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