Premium Essay

Motivation & Productivity

In: Social Issues

Submitted By lopitus
Words 7952
Pages 32
Technology and Motivation: are we able to measure its interaction?

Tecnología y Motivación: ¿somos capaces de medir su interacción?

Vicente Antonio López Rodríguez & Antonio Hidalgo Nuchera

Departamento de Ingeniería de Organización,
Administración de Empresas y Estadística
Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid vlopezr@etsii.upm.es; ahidalgo@etsii.upm.es

Abstract

Taking into consideration that work motivation can be enhanced not only by increasing the levels of responsibility, meaningfulness and feedback that are built into job (intrinsic motivation), but also by improving the workers relationships, the working conditions, and the incentives (extrinsic motivation), four groups of concrete motivators have been introduced in our motivational model. For these groups of concrete motivators, a number of core dimensions have been derived, measured and evaluated given us the opportunity to establish the relationship, in terms of indicators, between the installed technology and the motivation it inspires. There have been carried out two applications of the proposed model: one in the conditions of a university in Cuba and the other in several Mexican institutions. The results obtained show the validity of the model for determining the motivational quality of working environments.

Resumen
Tomando en consideración que la motivación en el trabajo puede mejorarse no solamente por el incremento de los niveles de responsabilidad, significado y retroalimentación que están incorporados en el trabajo (motivación intrínseca) sino también por el mejoramiento de las relaciones entre los trabajadores, las condiciones de trabajo y los incentivos (motivación extrínseca), se han desarrollado cuatro grupos de motivadores concretos los cuales conforman nuestro modelo motivacional. Para estos cuatro grupos de motivadores...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Effect of Motivation and Training on the Productivity of an Organization

...EFFECT OF MOTIVATION AND TRAINING ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF AN ORGANIZATION TABLE OF CONTENT Title Page - - - - - - - - - - i Certification- - - - - - - - - - ii Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iii Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - iv Table of contents - - - - - - - - - v Abstract - - - - - - - - - - vi CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study - - - - - - - 1 – 3 1.2 Statement of the problem - - - - - - - 3 – 4 1.3 Objectives of the study - - - - - - - 5 1.4 Research Questions - - - - - - - - 5 1.5 Hypothesis - - - - - - - - - 6 1.6 Significance of the study - - - - - - - 6 1.7 Scope of the study - - - - - - - - 7 1.8 Limitation of the study - - - - - - - 7 – 10 1.9 Plan of the study - - - - - - - - 10 – 11 1.9.1 Definition of terms - - - - - - - 11 CHAPTER TWO : LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 8 2.2 Concept of motivation and training - - - - - 12 – 15 2.3 Theories of motivation - - - - - - - - 16 – 21 2.3.1 Motivation in Nigerian banking industry - - - - 21 – 23 2.4 Factors that trigger training - - - - - - - 23 – 24 2.5 Aims of training - - - - - - - - 24 2.6 Benefits of training to organization - - - - - 24 – 26 2.7 Benefits of training to employees - - - - - - 26 2.8 Types of training - - - - - - - - 27 – 30 2.9 Appraisal of training- - - - - - - - - 30 2.10 Methods of evaluation - - - - - - - 31 CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 31 3.2 Population - - - - - - - - - 31 3.3......

Words: 10423 - Pages: 42

Free Essay

Productivity Improvement of an Apparel Industry by Applying Motivational Concepts

...CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Motivation is very important for the managers & officers to know and understand why people behave differently at workplace and how to manipulate their behavior so that they exert their best efforts to achieve organizational goals. It is the goal of managers at every strategy to have employees motivated so that work can progress at desired rate, pace & time. Many managers in this sub-sector do not try to grasp grandiose amount of work, such as compliance of labor laws, conducting the so-called social audits, compliance of code of conduct etc. now being conducted are aimed at employee motivation. Improvement of workplace, enhancement of working conditions is not the goals themselves. The goal of these activities is increasing productivity by way of lending job satisfaction at workplace & improving the life style & living condition of the working people. Once the employees are hired, trained and remunerated they need to be motivated for better performance. A basic principle is that the performance of an individual depends on his or her ability backed by motivation. Stated algebraically the principle is Performance = (ability X motivation). Ability refers to the skill and competence of the person to complete a given task. However as we see ability alone is not enough. Motivation in simple terms may be understood as the set of forces that cause people to behave in certain ways [1]. The......

Words: 11744 - Pages: 47

Free Essay

Workplace Environmen

...have been duly acknowledged. I hereby verify this research has not been submitted in substance for any other degree. Signature:‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ Date: ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ Supervisor Name: Mr. Iqbal Singh Kaundali Signature:‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ Date: ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ iii APPLICATION TO CONDUCT RESEARCH PAPER PART A: STUDENT PARTICULAR 1. Name Student’s Number : Nowier Mohammed Al-Anzi : 51060418 PART B: PARTICULARS ABOUT THE PROJECT 1. Title of the project : Workplace Environment and Its Impact on Employee Performance : To determine the impact of work environment on employees’ productivity 2. Research Objective 3. Proposed Research Method Research Design : Questionnaire PART C: FUCULITY'S INPUTS 1. Topic chosen: Acceptable/Not acceptable: 2. Suggested supervisor for the student: Mr. Iqbal Singh iv Kaundali RESEARCH PROPOSAL SUBMISSION FORM Project Paper Title: Workplace Environment and Its Impact...

Words: 25542 - Pages: 103

Premium Essay

Recent Unrest in the Rmg Sector of Bangladesh: Is This an Outcome of Poor Labour Practices?

...www.ccsenet.org/ijbm International Journal of Business and Management Vol. 7, No. 3; February 2012 Recent Unrest in the RMG Sector of Bangladesh: Is this an Outcome of Poor Labour Practices? Chowdhury Golam Hossan (Corresponding author) Assistant Professor of Management College of Business Administrations, Abu Dhabi University Abu Dhabi, UAE Tel: 972-501-5710 E-mail: Chowdhury.Hossan@adu.ac.ae Md. Atiqur Rahman Sarker (Lecturer) Department of Business Administration, East West University 43 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh Tel: 88-017-4427-0243 E-mail: mars@ewubd.edu Rumana Afroze (Lecturer) Department of Business Administration, East West University 43 Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh Tel: 880-181-888-3767 Received: July 2, 2011 doi:10.5539/ijbm.v7n3p206 Abstract The RMG sector of Bangladesh has experienced disputes and violent protest by the workers in recent times. This study explores the reasons for recent unrest in the garment sector. Since managers are mainly responsible for applying human resource practices, this paper has given particular attention to their views on recent attitude changes of workers. Results show that mutual understanding among workers and managers is absent in the RMG sector. This study also states that high-work load, poor behaviour of line managers, low skills and low wage rates are the notable reasons for high job turnover and social unrest. Poor relationship between workers and supervisors is the main source of conflict. This......

Words: 9644 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Productivity Measurement

...Productivity measurement Productivity is a measure of output from a production process per unit of input. Productivity is a measure of the effective use of resources, usually expressed as the ratio of output to input. Productivity is the value of outputs produced (Goods & Services) divided y the value of input resources. It is the quantitative relationship between what we produced and the resources used. So in shortly we can say: Productivity = In general sense productivity is an economic measure of efficiency that summarizes the value of outputs relative to the value of inputs used to create them. In economic sense, productivity is a measure of production output per unit of production input. This refers, to the ratio of output and input in the production process. Importance of Productivity 1. Productivity is an important device for comparison of performance for various organizations. 2. Productivity increases the rate of low cost per unit and results in lower price. 3. Education, Research and Development, technology are positively correlated to productivity 4. reduction of poverty 5. It helps companies in measuring their strength and weakness. 6. it helps to know the contribution of different input factor used in conversion process 7. it is an indicator of how well the factors the production are utilized 8. it is an indicator of competitive position of an organization 9. it partially determines the peoples standard of living within a......

Words: 3053 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Job Satisfaction

...company to understand the attitude of its workers and measure the job satisfaction of its employees, as job satisfaction is essential for productivity. Introduction Worker attitude and job satisfaction deals with how an organization behaves. It involves the management directing employees into improving organizational and personal effectiveness. It plays an enormous role in determining the attitudes of employees and their job satisfaction. When an employee is happy, it is usually because they are satisfied with their work. This also improves the quality of their work. Attitude and job satisfaction may not fall completely on the management but also on the employees. If employees enjoy their work, they will not need external motivation from management, but instead the satisfaction they attain from completing their work will motivate them (Robbins, 2004). Job satisfaction is an individual’s contentment with their work. Its effect on productivity is either positive or negative. The relationship between job satisfaction and job productivity is however not consistent. An individual may still obtain high job productivity without having the satisfaction in the work. This happens mostly when money is their motivation. Another motivator is improving in his or her work in order to receive a promotion. Other employees may increase their productivity due to the satisfaction they get from their work. A reason for job satisfaction may also come from an employee getting a good salary. It......

Words: 2175 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Assessment of Productivity

...Assessment of Productivity At Exotic Design Company Limited Presented by: In partial fulfillment of the course Bsc (Hons) Management University of Mauritius [pic] Faculty of Law and Management Submission date: March 2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Numbers List of Tables v List of Figures vi Acknowledgement viii Declaration Form Dedication Abstract ix List of Abbreviations x Chapter One: Introduction 1.1 Introduction 1 1.2 Company Profile 1 1.3 Background of the Research 3 1.4 Problem Statement 4 1.5 Research Objectives 4 1.6 Research Questions 5 1.7 Aims of the Study 5 1.8 Significance of the Research 5 1.9 Phases of the Dissertation 6 1.10 Conclusion 7 Chapter Two: Literature Review 2.1 Introduction 8 2.2 Concept of Productivity 8 2.2.1 What is Productivity? 9 2.2.2 Importance of Productivity 11 2.2.3 Measurement of Productivity 11 2.3 Productivity Improvement 13 2.3.1 Productivity Improvement Factors 14 2.3.1.1 Internal Factors 15 2.3.1.1.1 Hard Factors 16 2.3.1.1.2 Soft Factors 17 2.4 Factors Affecting...

Words: 16307 - Pages: 66

Premium Essay

Operations

...MANAGING EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY Week 11 Dr Pieris Chourides Productivity • A measure of performance. • Broadly a ratio of output to input, i.e. comparing amount produced (output) with resources used (input) • Materials, machinery, labour, capital, energy --- a combination • What improvements have there been over the last 50 years in – construction productivity – payroll processing – Car servicing – banking • How do we evaluate productivity levels and identify areas for improvement? Managing Productivity • Productivity – An economic measure of efficiency that summarizes the value of outputs relative to the value of the resources used to produce them. Levels of Productivity • The unit of analysis used to calculate or define: – Aggregate productivity—the total level of productivity for a country. – Industry productivity—the total productivity of all the firms in an industry. – Company productivity—the level of productivity of a single company. – Unit productivity—the productivity level of a unit or department. – Individual productivity—the productivity attained by a single person. Forms of Productivity • Total factor productivity–an overall indicator of how well an organization uses all of its resources (i.e., labor, capital, materials, and energy) to create all of its products and services. Outputs Productivity = Inputs Forms of Productivity • Labor productivity–a partial productivity ratio that uses only......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Analysis of Group Behavior in Organizations- Nursing Homes

...Introduction The goal of nursing home is to provide the best care for the people as well as nourishing the spirit of the residents and staffs in a similar manner. It is also true that nursing homes are places that undergo regular changes where residents and workers come and go, equipment are modernized frequently; staffs adopt new ways of delivering better care, and new regulations are introduced. Nursing home organization are home-based health care and social services, by formal and informal caregivers using appropriate technology within a balanced and affordable continuum of care (Mitchell, 1989). Thus, to improve the performance of nursing home organization means adapting to changes and learning the new ways of service delivery as a team and as an organization. In response to interest of nursing home in a research focusing on the group behavior of their organization, it is appropriate to develop a survey on patient safety. Patient safety becomes a critical component of home-based health care quality. As nursing home organizations continue to work towards improvement of their services, there is a need to recognize the importance of establishing a safety culture. Achieving the safety culture requires an understanding of the values and what is important to the organization, as well as appropriate attitude and behavior related to patient safety. A safety culture is a product of group values and patterns of behavior determining their commitment to an organization’s......

Words: 2172 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Productivity Measurement

...Productivity measurement Productivity is a measure of output from a production process per unit of input. Productivity is a measure of the effective use of resources, usually expressed as the ratio of output to input. Productivity is the value of outputs produced (Goods & Services) divided y the value of input resources. It is the quantitative relationship between what we produced and the resources used. So in shortly we can say: Productivity = [pic] In general sense productivity is an economic measure of efficiency that summarizes the value of outputs relative to the value of inputs used to create them. In economic sense, productivity is a measure of production output per unit of production input. This refers, to the ratio of output and input in the production process. Importance of Productivity 1. Productivity is an important device for comparison of performance for various organizations. 2. Productivity increases the rate of low cost per unit and results in lower price. 3. Education, Research and Development, technology are positively correlated to productivity 4. reduction of poverty 5. It helps companies in measuring their strength and weakness. 6. it helps to know the contribution of different input factor used in conversion process 7. it is an indicator of how well the factors the production are utilized 8. it is an indicator of competitive position of an organization 9. it partially determines the......

Words: 3061 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Management Something to Do

...C H A P T E R Operations and Productivity 1 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. The text suggests four reasons to study OM. We want to understand (1) how people organize themselves for productive enterprise, (2) how goods and services are produced, (3) what operations managers do, and (4) this costly part of our economy and most enterprises. 2. Possible responses include: Adam Smith (work specialization/ division of labor), Charles Babbage (work specialization/ division of labor), Frederick W. Taylor (scientific management), Walter Shewart (statistical sampling and quality control), Henry Ford (moving assembly line), Charles Sorensen (moving assembly line), Frank and Lillian Gilbreth (motion study), Eli Whitney (standardization). 3. See references in the answer to question 2. 4. The actual charts will differ, depending on the specific organization the student chooses to describe. The important thing is for students to recognize that all organizations require, to a greater or lesser extent, (a) the three primary functions of operations, finance/accounting, and marketing; and (b) that the emphasis or detailed breakdown of these functions is dependent on the specific competitive strategy employed by the firm. 5. The answer to this question may be similar to that for question 4. Here, however, the student should be encouraged to utilize a more detailed knowledge of a past employer and indicate on the chart additional information such as the number of persons employed to perform the...

Words: 3148 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Times Spent Working in the Workplace and Their Work Performance

...Abstract The purpose of this study is to analyse the argumentative issue between the times spent working in the workplace and their work performance. This study is not specifically mentioned which relevant industry it’s referred to. The initial perception of being in this study is there is a positive correlation between the times spent working in the workplace and the work performance. This study also analyse about the working productivity between the two countries which possess a very distinct working culture - Japan and Malaysia. There are some factors that influence the employee behaviour in the workplace, and this includes the influence from social media and the work-life balance of the respective employees. Apart from that, the factors such as job satisfaction and remuneration, career growth and job satisfaction are chosen as the main motivators for the employees in this study. Background of the Issue Hardworking is being associated as an attribute in which every employer crave in every of their employees. Hardworking in the eyes of the employer means the employee must be willing to do the extra mile on their job - means their working hours being extended beyond their usual. But along this case lies the question underneath. Is the extra hour spent in the workplace increase the work performance of the employee? Or employee can just simply stay around in their workplace for the sake of showing that they are hardworking, whereas they are not doing anything......

Words: 2864 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Organizational Psychology

...Organizational Psychology Gilda McCarty PSY/428 May 07, 2012 Sally D. Williams, Ph. D. Organizational Psychology As organizations began to grow and expand their services to a global level, the growing number of business competitors who offer the same services and products becomes greater. Organizational psychologists play an important role in an organization and can be beneficial to the organizations success, regardless of its size. Organizational psychologist can produce ideas that are fresh and innovative through the research and scientific study of individual and group behavior in the workplace. One step deemed to be important in understanding the individuals within an organization is to understand their behavior. How individuals behave in the workplace influence their lives, the lives of their co-workers, and the life and success of the organization. The purpose of this paper is to define organizational psychology, explain the role that research and statistics play, and describe how organizational psychology may be used in an organizational setting. Definition of Organizational Psychology “Organizational psychology is......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Information Sharingand Innovation Goals

...the teams (Antonoaie & Antonoaie, 2014). The values and decision making is informed by all information that can be shared (Antonoaie & Antonoaie, 2014). This type of organization will function optimally in an organic design. Having an organic design typically means that the organization adapts to a changing environment, an adaptive culture, and has an innovation strategy (Daft, 2013). In a learning organization with everyone receiving information from all areas, empowered roles are better suited than tasks that are narrowly defined to a person (Daft, 2013). The strategic emphasis is on innovation instead of efficiency as is the case in an efficient performance organization. The efficient performance organization is focused on labor productivity and ways to improve efficiency (Daft, 2013). This type of organization focuses on a centralized structure that is hierarchical. Knowledge and control of activities are centralized to make sure all process are optimized for efficiency (Daft, 2013). In this organization tasks are assigned to specific people for further follow up and execution. Communication is this organization is from the top management to the bottom and vice versa. Information is controlled by the top and flows all...

Words: 1515 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Boosting Employee Moral and Productivity in the Workplace

...Boosting Employee Moral and Productivity in the Workplace Temisha Walston-Harding Bryant and Stratton College ENGL 305 Research and Writing III December 10, 2011 Professor K. Nelson TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGES INTRODUCTION 3 Professional and Personal Development 5 A SENSE OF BELONGING 6 RECOGNITION AND APPRECIATION……………………………………………. 7 CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………………. 9 SAMPLE SURVEY QUESTIONS……………………………………………………. 10 REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………… 12 Boosting Employee Morale and Productivity in the Workplace Introduction For many, going to work is not just a job but an adventure. Productivity and morale in the work place is just not what it used to be. The current climate of the world’s economic condition has made work life a problematic situation for many. Through the use of surveys and interviews, I have found three areas of concern that should be addressed in order to modify the turbulent climate in the work place. 1. Professional and personal development. Many industries have a poor track record of nurturing employee development beyond the duties of what they are employed for. A large opportunity to develop exists by mentoring, coaching and offering continuing education incentives to employees. 2. A sense of belonging. One of the recurring themes in the surveys taken showed that......

Words: 2290 - Pages: 10