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Motivation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Maxat
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Motivation

Motivation - is the process encouraging people to work. There are many different aspects of the theory of motivation, and they are:
1. Historically, the early views on motivation to work, such as the policy of "carrot and stick". The adherents of this view think that man is by nature lazy, sly, selfish, wants to give less and get more, hence there is a need to constantly force him to work and systematically encouraged to achieve high results.
2. Content theories of motivation (as an incentive to work discusses the inner satisfaction of man, his needs).
3. Procedural theories of motivation (motivation occurs during labor process).
Let us consider each of the theories. The content theories of motivation include:
• A. Maslow’s theory;
• K. Alderfer's theory;
• D. McClelland theory;
• F. Hertzberg’s theory;
A Maslow (1908-1970) provides the following hierarchy that makes a need for person to work.
And Maslow (1908-1970) offers the following hierarchy inducing the person requirements to work:
• Physiological needs (hunger, thirst)
• Needs for safety, stability and confidence in the future
• Needs for love, participation, communication
• Needs for recognition and self-confirmation
• Needs for self-actualization
A. Maslow assumed that needs for this hierarchy arise gradually. Satisfying primary requirements, the person gradually becomes more motivated. People not simply satisfy one need for another, but move up, changing the importance for these or those needs.
Self-actualization — is the highest degree of motivating the person; his desire and strong-willed actions. Self actualization — means to become a person that individual wants to be, reach the maximum level of realization that potentially available. The problem is that:
• The person often doesn't know about the abilities, mission or talent
• The person knows about the abilities, but...

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