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Motivational Theories and Motivational Plan Essay

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Motivation Theories and Motivational Plan Essay
Cristie M. Roach
Grand Canyon University: EDA575
March 29, 2014

Motivation Theories and Plans within an Organization
In his book Raising Positive Kids in a Negative World, motivation guru Zig Ziglar said, “Of course motivation is not permanent. But then, neither is bathing; but it is something you should do on a regular basis” (Goodreads, 2014). Motivation is the ability to get a person to commit to and actively participate in reaching the agreed upon goals. Motivation is a never-ending, daily process that takes time and careful thought. Motivation requires different strategies to produce different result at different times. There is “no single strategy that can produce guaranteed favorable results all the time” (Halepota, 2005).
One of the difficulties in motivating a group of people is that they are individuals that often react differently to the same kind of change or action. Managers can work hard at creating a positive motivational atmosphere with the goal to achieve greater productivity, but they will probably not motivate everyone, because everyone is motivated by different things (Halepota, 2005).
Motivational Theories
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a psychological theory that helps to understand human behavior and to select motivational strategies appropriate to each individual within the group. Understanding this theory helps to differentiate workers and their needs. Recognizing that several people within the group may be at the same level in Maslow’s pyramid helps to limit the number of required motivational strategies. Using this knowledge, a manager can create “meaningful rewards for good performance” (Halepota, 2005) individualized for each member of the team.
The Expectancy Theory of Motivation posits that the expectation for reward is different for each person and therefore it is...

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