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Mr. Jim

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Treatment Types for Oncologic Pain
James Skelton
Mercy College of Health Sciences

Treatment Types for Oncologic Pain
Nearly all those who are diagnosed with cancer will have some kind of pain associated with the disease process. This pain may be visceral, neuropathic, procedural, or psychological in nature. This paper is a discussion of the different procedural guidelines that are currently used by the World Health Organization in the treatment of oncologic pain. This is also a look at alternative therapies that may be used in conjunction with the previously accepted pharmacological treatment of Western medicine.
Article Summary One The article written by Fielding, Sanford, and Davis (2013) is a review of the current step-by-step guidelines the WHO has had in place for some time along with a comprehensive assessment of pain, the use of opioids and their adverse affects, the role of adjuvants, and non-pharmacological means of cancer pain treatment. The WHO bases its algorhythm on simplistic, broad categories such as mild, moderate, and severe pain. The article itself is geared towards nurses because they have a unique role in advocating for the patient. The WHO has had a three step analgesic ladder that it has used as a basis for cancer pain treatment for nearly 30 years now. Fielding, et al. (2013), stated that health professionals need to go beyond this three step ladder that focuses primarily on physical pain. Cancer pain is not just a physical but a biopsychosocial experience. It is important that a holistic assessment is done that addresses the psychosocial aspect of cancer pain also. “Nurses are in the ideal position to obtain the most comprehensive pain history by virtue of their multimodal training and frequent patient observation and interaction”(Fielding, et al. 2013. p.585). This assessment includes location, intensity, what exacerbates...

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