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Mr Rodway

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Submitted By Rodway
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Social work Law
This assignment will explain the reason for subdivisions into specialism within the variety of social work settings, and then go on to look at some key pieces of legislation and examine how they relate to some specific areas of social work. It will consider the use of each piece of legislation and its likely impact upon each area.
The debate between the opposing principles of genericism and specialism within social work has been a significant issue in the last forty years. In the early days of social work (the 1950’s), it was assumed that each area required specialized preparation, and in was not until the late 1960’s that generic social work had major political support. The Sebohm Report (1968) was commissioned to examine the organisation and role of social work. It stated that the unified departments that would be created should ‘provide a more co-ordinate and comprehensive approach to the problems of individuals, families and communities’ (Sebohm Report 1968 para 9). However, according to Kate Wilson et al (2008) ‘as the financial situation of social services worsened through the 1970’s, the universalist aspirations of the reforms receded. In an attempt to manage pressures on available resources, the unified departments had to consider mechanisms that could be used to make their services more efficient to deliver’. The structure of social services changed in April 2006 with the creation of separate Children’s Trusts and Adult Social Care Departments, and all local authorities are now split into sub divisions with different areas of specialism.
Octavia Hill stated that the need for specialism are to identify intensity of needs, and to engage with children and adults. She argued that childcare practice is so complex that it can only be done by a specialist social worker. ( Smith 2000). When training to qualify as a social worker, we...

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