Free Essay

Multimedia and Graphics

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By dharmmie
Words 742
Pages 3
MULTIMEDIA & GRAPHICS

BSc Computing & Business Information Systems

INTRODUCTION
Suppose you had created a new computer program to display images of geological microscope slides interactively. Your program would offer people without a microscope the chance to examine rock samples under different lighting, rotate them and take measurements How would you provide the people who were going to use your program with instructions about how to operate it?

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

INTRODUCTION

Information can be conveyed in the form of text, still images, Web pages, slideshow presentations, video, sound or interactive tooltips

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

INTRODUCTION
1. 2. Write a tutorial and a reference manual Make use of screenshots and other illustrations

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

INTRODUCTION
3. Create an instructive Web site

4.

Prepare a PowerPoint slide presentation, video and use a tool tip

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

MEDIA
Different media – text, image, sound, video and so on

Distinctive characteristics of media
 Time-based  Static media

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

MEDIA
Time-based media
 Exhibit some change over time  e.g., video, animation and sound  Presentation of media are usually supplied with player controls: start, stop and pause

Static media
 Do not exhibit any change over time  Still images and text

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT IS MULTIMEDIA?
Media may be combined into multimedia

Multimedia is defined by: Combined media such as text, images, sound, animation, and video that has been digitally manipulated is called multimedia.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE?
Interactive multimedia is defined by:

A user able to control what, when, or how, multimedia content is displayed is said to be using interactive multimedia.

For example, a computer game.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE?
Hypermedia is defined by:

If the user is able to navigate between various related elements of multimedia the interactive multimedia can be described as hypermedia.

It is a sub-set of interactive multimedia.

For example, a website.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE?
Passive (non-interactive) multimedia is defined by:

A user unable to control what, when, or how, multimedia content is displayed is said to be using passive multimedia.

For example, a standard television programme.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE?
Multimedia project

The software that comprises of the multimedia content which is presented via a computer or digital display device (e.g. TV screen, projector, etc) is known as a multimedia project.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE?
Linear multimedia project

A non interactive multimedia project. A user would start the project, watch as one would a television programme from beginning to end with no user choices made for the duration of the presentation.
It is the fact of watching from beginning to end that makes the process linear (i.e. in a straight line).

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS



WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE? LINEAR
Film: fixed order of frames defines a single playback sequence
Book: physical arrangement of text and pages implies a linear reading order



MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE?
Non linear multimedia project

If users are given the ability to control what content they see, especially the order in which the multimedia elements are presented they are said to have navigational control.
They are able to pick and choose according to their wishes which means the multimedia is shown non-sequentially i.e. In a nonlinear manner, and it is also interactive (i.e. user choices are made).

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

WHAT KINDS OF MULTIMEDIA ARE THERE? – NON LINEAR


Flash: jumps between frames, controlled by interactivity, permit branching and loops Hypermedia: links between pages permit multiple arbitrary reading orders
MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS



HOW IS MULTIMEDIA CREATED?
Authoring tools

Elements of multimedia are joined together to create a coherent whole in the form of a multimedia project by use of software tools. These tools manage the elements and create user interaction, and are known as authoring tools.

For example, Flash, Photoshop, PowerPoint, etc.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

HOW IS MULTIMEDIA CREATED?
Authoring tool software gives the ability to create interaction, for example, by making Flash buttons. They are also used for creating and editing text and images, playback controls for video, or audio ( Usually audio manipulation is taken care of by stand alone audio manipulator applications.)

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

HOW IS MULTIMEDIA CREATED?
Storyboarding

The process of setting out the navigation between various elements of multimedia content and identifying the relationships between them.

MULTIMEDIA AND GRAPHICS

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Cyber

...Introduction to Multimedia 22 What is Multimedia? Back Close What is Multimedia? Multimedia can have many definitions these include: (A computer system perspective) 23 Multimedia means that computer information can be represented through audio, video, and animation in addition to traditional media (i.e., text, graphics/drawings, images). Back Close General Definition A good general working definition for this module is: 24 Multimedia is the field concerned with the computer controlled integration of text, graphics, drawings, still and moving images (Video), animation, audio, and any other media where every type of information can be represented, stored, transmitted and processed digitally. Back Close Multimedia Application Definition A Multimedia Application is an application which uses a collection of multiple media sources e.g. text, graphics, images, sound/audio, animation and/or video. 25 Back Close What is HyperText and HyperMedia? Hypertext is a text which contains links to other texts. The term was invented by Ted Nelson around 1965. 26 Back Close HyperText Navigation Traversal through pages of hypertext is therefore usually non-linear (as indicated below). 27 This has implications in layout and organisation of material — and depends a lot on the application at hand. Back Close Hypermedia HyperMedia is not constrained to be text-based. It can include other media, e.g., graphics, images,......

Words: 1457 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Multimedia

...Multimedia refers to any application that combined several elements of multimedia such as text, graphics, animation, audio and video. A combination of text, audio, animation, video, images/graphics, and interactivity define multimedia. Each appeals to a human sense. The degree and manner to which each is used has the potential to increase learning. The mix of video, audio, and high quality graphics afforded by multimedia may grab the attention of students, particularly poor readers, in ways that traditional approaches to instruction would not (Kenworthy, 1993). In multimedia environments, learners construct meaningful knowledge by "selecting words and selecting images from the presented material, organizing words and organizing images into coherent mental representations, and integrating the resulting verbal and visual representations with one another" (Mayer, 1997, p. 4). Sound The sound is used to provide emphasis or highlight the transition from one page to another. Sound synchronization screen, so that teachers can submit a lot of information. Creative use of sounds to become imaginative stimulus; improper use, it has become an obstacle or an annoyance. The distance between the two properties amount - the acoustic frequency in each peak height of these wave patterns - (sometimes referred to as pitch) peaks. The greater the distance, low voice. Representatives, through video visualization capabilities can be direct and powerful. While this is no doubt, it is how we......

Words: 1906 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Comparing Multimedia and Design Career Fields

...Comparing Multimedia and Design Career Fields Ashley Raybuck DeVry University English 227 October 17, 2013 Table of Contents Page Introduction …………………………………………………………………………………………………2 Web Design versus Graphic Design What is the difference? .........................................................................................................3 Skill Sets……………………………………………………………………………………………...3 Work Environment Web Design………………………………………………………………………………………….4 Graphic Design……………………………………………………………………………………..5 Educational Requirements Web Design…………………………………………………………………………………………5 Graphic Design…………………………………………………………………………………….5 Projected Career Outlook Web Design…………………………………………………………………………………………6 Graphic Design…………………………………………………………………………………….6 Salary Web Design………………………………………………………………………………………...6 Graphic Design……………………………………………………………………………………6 Conclusions and Recommendations…………………………………………………………………7 References…………………………………………………………………………………………………8 Introduction When choosing a career path, it can be a bit intimidating. There is lots of information to sift through, such as salary, education needed, what skill sets are required, what is the work environment like, and the list can go on and on. It also can be a bit difficult because each person wants to make sure that not only can they support themselves or their family, but will they be happy with this choice for, sometimes, the rest of their lives? Choosing can be a difficult decision, but with the...

Words: 2083 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Multimedia Principle

...Basic Principles of Multimedia Design and Development find what they want. The best Milestones - Analysis Report, navigation is highly intuitive. Often Outline, Statement of Work web pages provide alternate paths Design Phase (e.g. - buttons, image maps, • Begin Design (Interface, hypertext.) Navigation, Graphics, Text Textual content should be Treatment) designed for accessibility and readability. Depending on the kind • Draft Flowcharts and of project, text may also need to be Storyboards printable and changeable. Detailing what it takes to do it right, During design it is also important to • Review and make any necessary revisions to designs, etc. this article describes some basic consider technology issues, such as: design principles, delineates the • Define and Build Rapid bandwidth, throughput, system phases of development, Prototype(s) requirements, etc. demonstrates appropriate analysis • Conduct Test of Rapid and defines some basic multimedia Development Prototype(s) with typical end terms. Here are the activities involved users during each phase of multimedia As the line between disk and webbased projects continue to blur, it becomes easier to communicate effectively using either or both. Capture and hold attention with multimedia. Combine audio, video and animated graphics with the written word, to deliver interesting, entertaining and compelling messages. Design Interactive design is probably the most exciting......

Words: 1458 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Web 240 Team Assignment

...Kelsey Schools School administrations have a responsibility in making sure that information about its schools is made available to the public as well as to students, faculty, and parents. The Kelsey School District is no exception. Kelsey School District’s current is poorly designed and put together which makes getting information very difficult to website visitors. A review of the website for the Kelsey School District was conducted to help find ways to improve it. Several categories were chosen and examined to help improve the functionality of the Kelsey School District website. The categories that were chosen are Page Layout, Browser Compatibility, Navigation, Color and Graphics, Multimedia, Content Presentation, Functionality, and Accessibility. These categories provide a good overview of what makes a website easy to access as well as help it be memorable to those that do access it. The following table breaks apart the categories even more as well as provides a comparison of the Kelsey School District to two other school district websites. Questions Kelsey 1st Website Comparison 2nd Website Comparison Page Layout Is the site appealing to the eye? Clean layout, no over-crowding of link and information. A few relevant yet excessive links on page. Must scroll to see whole page. Must scroll to see whole page. Some duplicate information crowding up page. Is text easy to read? Can you find key items and links? Text is clearly separated from pictures and has a...

Words: 1225 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Mewo

...Visual Programming MCQ For BCS 8. 1. The visual language includes ___________ for representing visual sentences a. Visual language b. Icons c. Both a & b d. None of these 2. GUI stands for a. b. c. d. Graphics user interaction Graphical user interface Graphics usual interface None of these 4. 3. The icons are the_______ image of an object a. Physical b. Logical c. Both a & b d. None of these Operation icons are also known as a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. Program icons Process icons Visual icons None of these Visual programming Visual language Multidimensional language None of these Visual programming Visual language Multidimensional language None of these Visual programming Visual language Multidimensional language None of these Visual programming Visual language Multidimensional language None of these 5. It refers to computing with visual objects such as images which are inherently visual because of their key representation are called 6. It refers to an idea that communication occurs through visual symbols, as opposed to verbal symbols or words are called 7. It refers to programming by visual methods 8. It refers to an language that consists of generalized icons and operators 9. It refers to an symbols that are used to denote operations and are usually context-dependent a. b. c. d. Visual programming Operation icons Multidimensional language None of these 9. ___________are operators that involve......

Words: 1173 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Management with Multimedia

...Lesson 1-What is Multimedia? Overview Introduction to multimedia. Applications of multimedia. Virtual reality (VR). Introduction to Multimedia Multimedia is a combination of text, art, sound, animation, and video. Text Graphic/ Image Animation Video Audio/ Sound It is delivered to the user by electronic or digitally manipulated means. A multimedia project development requires creative, technical, organizational, and business skills. Introduction to Multimedia Multimedia becomes interactive multimedia when a user is given the option of controlling the elements. Interactive multimedia is called hypermedia when a user is provided a structure of linked elements for navigation. Multimedia developers develop multimedia projects. Introduction to Multimedia The software vehicle, the messages, and the content together constitute a multimedia project. A multimedia project shipped to end-users with or without instructions is called a multimedia title. A project can be Stand-alone or launched on the Web. Introduction to Multimedia Multimedia projects can be linear or nonlinear. Projects that are not interactive are called linear. Example: Power Point Slides, Watching a movie, listening to a story etc., Projects where users are given navigational control are called non-linear and user-interactive. Introduction to Multimedia Authoring tools are used to merge multimedia elements into a project. The software used for building multimedia......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Types of Information

...speech. Other forms of physical representation, such as diagrams, graphs and charts are also types of visual representation. Written information may come from a wide variety of sources including newpapers, books, trade journals and government publications. Updating knowledge, sending feedback too employees in the company. Advertisement also Internal finance, trade groupings On-Screen TV , video, graphics On screen information may be produced on-screen. This can be seen in multimedia TV and CD-ROMs that combine text, graphics, animation, audio and video. This is where information can be processed on screen. To promote the product. Adverts on screens everywhere External marketing, communicating sales promo Multimedia CD roms DVDs, projectors Multimedia information can be text, graphics, audio, animation, video, data and many more. It is media and content that uses a combination of different content forms. The term multimedia means multiple forms of media integrated in one informing future developments External Web-based The internet Web based information displays many forms of multimedia tech, using networks such as broadband, Wi-Fietc. inviting support for activities...

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

File Formats

...Video File Formats 3GPP Multimedia File (3gp) | Is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services. It is used on 3G mobile phones but can also be played on some 2G and 4Gphones. | Advanced Systems Format File (asf) | File format that wraps various content bit streams; data types can include audio, video, script command, JPEG-compressed still images, binary, and other streams defined by developers. This description is focused on the use of the format for audio and video. | Audio Video Interleave File (avi) | Is a multimedia container format that can contain both audio and video data in a file container that allows synchronous audio-with-video playback. Like the DVD video format, AVI files support multiple streaming audio and video, although these features are seldom used. | Flash Video File (flv) | Is container file format used to deliver video over the internet using Adobe Flash Player version 6-11. | iTunes Video File (m4v) | Is a video format and file extension extremely resembling traditional and common MP4 (MPEG-4 Video File). M4V video file format is developed by Apple Inc., who uses it to flag as a video file and attach it to iTunes, by encoding TV episodes, movies, and music videos in the iTunes Store under official DRM copy protection. | Apple QuickTime Movie (mov) | Is a common multimedia format often used for saving movies and other video files, using a proprietary compression......

Words: 1237 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Introduction to Multimedia Systems

...Introduction to Multimedia Systems This Page Intentionally Left Blank Introduction to Multimedia Systems Editors Gaurav Bhatnagar Shikha Mehta Sugata Mitra Centre for Research in Cognitive Systems (CRCS) NIITUd. New Delhi, India ACADEMIC PRESS A Harcourt Science and Technology Company San Diego San Francisco New York Boston London Sydney Tokyo Cover art: © 2001 John Foxx Images This book is printed on acid-free paper, w Copyright © 2002 by ACADEMIC PRESS All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Requests for permission to make copies of any part of the work should be mailed to: Permissions Department, Harcourt Inc., 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, Florida 32887-6777 Explicit permission from Academic Press is not required to reproduce a maximum of two figures or tables from an Academic Press chapter in another scientific or research publication provided that the material has not been credited to another source and that full credit to the Academic Press chapter is given. Academic Press A division of Harcourt, Inc. 525 B Street, Suite 1900, San Diego, Cahfomia 92101-4495, USA http://www.academicpress.com Academic Press Harcourt Place, 32 Jamestown Road, London NWl 7BY, UK http ://www.......

Words: 60427 - Pages: 242

Free Essay

Praxis

...1. D. The top priority of any software designer is to design a program that is useful to the end user. 2. C. Spreadsheets are too complicated for young children. As a result, it is typically more appropriate to start them out with a simpler file format such as a database. 3. A. Students should be familiar with common phishing ploys as well as the process of authenticating websites. 4. C. A peripheral is a device outside of the computer that either brings information into the system or allows the system to create an output. 5. B. Students can learn new computer programs much faster when they are allowed to participate and make progress through trial and error. 6. D. In the early years of school, children should only use software that reinforces the concepts that they have acquired through traditional instruction. 7. A. A virus hidden in a seemingly harmless program is known as a Trojan horse. Students should learn how to scan programs with anti-virus software to minimize the risk of Trojan horses. 8. B. Students need to work together in order to obtain all of the social and cognitive benefits that technology offers. 9. B. Social networking sites, blogs, and wikis are all considered to be part of Web 2.0. 10. D. Websites that are created and updated by users on their own browsers are typically called wikis. The best known wiki is Wikipedia, the user-generated encyclopedia. However, it is important to remember that the information on wikis is not always......

Words: 5636 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Mobile Ad Hoc Network Comlete Seminar Report File

...MC1704 Computer Graphics and Multimedia System 2 Marks Questions 1. What is scan conversion? A major task of the display processor is digitizing a picture definition given in an application program into a set of pixel-intensity values for storage in the frame buffer. This digitization process is called scan conversion. 2. Write the properties of video display devices? Properties of video display devices are persistence, resolution, and aspect ratio. 3. What is rasterization? The process of determining the appropriate pixels for representing picture or graphics object is known as rasterization. 4. Define Computer graphics. Computer graphics remains one of the most existing and rapidly growing computer fields. Computer graphics may be defined as a pictorial representation or graphical representation of objects in a computer. 5. Name any four input devices. Four input devices are keyboard, mouse, image scanners, and trackball. 6. Write the two techniques for producing color displays with a CRT? Beam penetration method, shadow mask method 7. What is vertical retrace of the electron beam? In raster scan display, at the end of one frame, the electron beam returns to the left top corner of the screen to start the next frame, is called vertical retrace of the electron beam. 8. Short notes on video controller? Video controller is used to control the operation of the display device. A fixed area of the system is reserved for the frame buffer, and the video......

Words: 8037 - Pages: 33

Free Essay

Aseel

...Technology Course: Multimedia (5402351) Semester and Year: Su/ 2011/2012 Pre-requisites: Object Oriented Programming 1 (5402211) Lecturer: Evon M. Abu-Taieh Course Description The purpose of this course is to introduce the basic concepts of multimedia including text, graphics, sound, animation and video. Multimedia related hardware and software issues are discussed. The students will be introduced to the development stages and the required skills (skill set) for producing multimedia titles. Methods and techniques required for delivering Web-based multimedia are also presented. Intended Learning Outcomes: The intended learning outcomes of this course are: A- Knowledge and Understanding: Students should … A1) Understand how multimedia titles are made and their development process. A2) Know the different types of skills required to make multimedia titles A3) Understand the basic principles for creating different types of multimedia elements including text, graphics, sound, animation and video. A4) Know about different types of hardware and software tools used for developing multimedia. B- Intellectual skills: with the ability to … B1) Distinguish between the tasks of different multimedia development team members B2) Distinguish between linear multimedia, nonlinear multimedia and hypermedia B3) Use production software tools to produce primitive multimedia elements B4) Use authoring software tools to produce a multimedia title C-......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Case Study

...Anx.31 J - M Sc CS (SDE) 2007-08 with MQP Page 1 of 16 Annexure No. SCAA Dated BHARATHIAR UNIVERSITY, COIMBATORE – 641 046 M. Sc COMPUTER SCIENCE For School of Distance Education (Effective from the academic Year 2007-2008) Scheme of Examinations 31 J 29.02.2008 Year Subject and Paper I Paper I Paper II Paper III Paper IV Practical I Paper V Paper VI Paper VII Practical II Project Advanced Computer Architecture Computer Graphics & Multimedia Software Engineering Computer Networks Computer Graphics and Multimedia Lab Advanced Operating System Internet programming and Web Design Data Mining and Warehousing Internet programming and Web Design Lab Project Work and Viva Voce Total University Examinations Durations Max in Hrs Marks 3 100 3 100 3 100 3 100 3 100 3 3 3 3 100 100 100 100 100 1000 II For project work and viva voce (External) Breakup: Project Evaluation : 75 Viva Voce : 25 1 Anx.31 J - M Sc CS (SDE) 2007-08 with MQP Page 2 of 16 YEAR – I PAPER I: ADVANCED COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE Subject Description: This paper presents the concept of parallel processing, solving problem in parallel processing, Parallel algorithms and different types of processors. Goal: To enable the students to learn the Architecture of the Computer. Objectives: On successful completion of the course the students should have: Understand the concept of Parallel Processing. Learnt the different types of Processors. Learnt the Parallel algorithms. Content: Unit......

Words: 3613 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Design Job Offer

...com Middleweight graphic designer UXUS is a global strategic design consultancy specializing in consumer experiences. We merge art x design, producing immersive experiences that enable companies to create brand desire. Working together with our clients to solve needs and those that seek reinvention. Working with leading global brands including Selfridges, Bloomingdale’s, H&M, P&G, Nike, Tate Modern, McDonald’s and many other valued brands. We are looking for a talented graphic designer to join our offices in Amsterdam. Job description: Candidates need to show robust knowledge of how to develop graphic brand identities into 3D environments and/or objects, and demonstrate knowledge of three-dimensional thinking in terms of interior applications and fabrication techniques. An understanding of location strategies for placing environmental graphics within a built environment is also expected. Other tasks might involve creation of logos, printed collateral, direct mail templates, webpage design, product packaging and POS displays. On a typical project you will be asked to develop visual concepts and designs that reflect the business and creative requirements from a strategy or brief. The job will also include assisting in the development of creative strategies for specific projects. Typical tasks: * creation of original graphic/multimedia concepts related to an existing or new brand identity * creation of environmental interior graphics, typically......

Words: 431 - Pages: 2