Free Essay

Music 468

In: Film and Music

Submitted By mrchao6
Words 1211
Pages 5
1. Ben-Hur represented many characteristics typical of the classic film score. This includes broad use of different music, exposure of the full assortment of orchestral colors, credits moods during the opening title and formations of principal themes. Also, there were musical support for dramatic moods, settings, characters and action, and unity through leitmotifs and thematic transformation.
Rozsa exploited a strong brass section, organ, and complete substantial orchestral medley in order to demonstrate the emotions and different plot events, by expansively using music. In addition, he employed distinct musical ideas that can be related with Roman, Hebrew, and early Christian music by maintaining stylistic uniformity and unity.
Leitmotifs were also very important to the movie. Various leitmotifs and themes in the movie were displayed to give characters insight. During the scenes of “The Fall of the House of Hur,” the hate theme appears when Ben-Hur chose to protect his Jewish friends by not backstabbing them by going along with Messala’s ambitions. The Hate theme foreshadowed a twist of fate when Ben-Hur opposed Messala. It was inserted in the 2nd and 3rd measures in the Roman march for Gratus, and was reiterated repeatedly. This became the prominent theme after the accident. Another important theme was Christ’s theme. Christ’s theme involved Jesus, and during Ben Hur’s desert march, music is played to reflect his feeling of distressed and torture. But, when Christ is introduced who offered him water, the music turns somewhat pure and halo.

2. During the 1960s, there were key changes in the way Americans noticed the world and themselves, and thus, adjusting the way leaders in the art world, expressed themselves. The 1960s envisioned an alteration in the thought process. The process of making art become just as significant as the final product itself. Also, the 1960s wanted to take further action and separate serious arts and popular arts, and composers turned to newer, more innovative compositional styles.
The innovative score of Psycho was the responsiveness of Bernard Herrman. He used orchestra to reflect the stark black and white cinematography for the film and not for lyrical manner. Bernard Herrman wrote the music for a string orchestra, choosing to not incorporate a complete variation of colors that are usually provided by wind instruments and chose for the strings to sound unsympathetic. The orchestra was forbidden to play lyrically, thus creating an overall limited orchestral color. This film differs significantly from previous films because they used full orchestral colors.
A unique aspect to the film is the way Herrman created a consistent dissonant unified score. Even though there were contrasts of moods during the film, it was very new and different. He used the percussive sounding string to develop exclusive sounds for the film. Herrman was able to do this by placing a microphone close to the instrument, in order to make the sound more vociferous.
Also, in this new approach there was a lack of contrast in a given cue. Hermann would sometimes juxtapose cues with different qualities, but there would be no gradual shifts within a cue. There were expectations of music increasing the tension when the highway patrol man stops to watch her. Instead, the music remained aloof, and “ continues changing chords in a detached, and neutral manner.” (Pg 263). The score of Psycho primarily functioned to create mood, while avoiding standard Hollywood underscoring.
3. The late 1940s was a time where the initial euphoria, changed from cynicism and pessimism from the victory of WWII, which mirrored the dark cloud that had settled over the Hollywood film industry. Prior to the release of film noir Laura (1944), popular music was mainly reserved for source music, musicals, and comedies in drama films, and usually associated with sophisticated and wealthy youths. Composed by David Raksin, Laura was the origin of popular music extending beyond its typical role. Also, Raksin allowed openings for expanding roles for popular music in future films by using Noir’s popular music to underscore dramatic moments. The Laura theme created by Raksin has established itself as one of the decade’s most popular melodies by creating an overriding mood of pessimism and without using contrasts of mood. American Nationalism is a film produced in the late 1940s that utilized popular music too. The composer most closely associated with this film is Aaron Copland. He worked on films such as The Red Pony and The Heiress. Hugo Friedhofer, a composer whose musical styling included a warm orchestra, syncopated rhythms, non-traditional harmonies, and melodies built on disjunct intervals. His work was much indebted to the works and influence of Aaron Copland’s American nationalistic style. The overall role of popular music in the 1940s, jazz particularly, grew in a number of films such as noirs, particularly Laura and Champion. As we reach the 1950s, film composers continue the jazz theme, but introduce newer jazz sounds and styles to represent moods of sexuality and violence. An example of this would be in the film A Streetcar Named Desire, composed by Alex North. In general, popular music in film has little effect to contrast the mood. But if popular music is used as underscoring, it can be noticed in scenes without dialogue and action in order to maintain a mood that did not necessarily reflect the moods of the characters. In the movie, Alex North used popular music through source music, thus allowing Jazz sounds played throughout the setting to create a sexually charged and luscious atmosphere. Also, Rock and Roll and Musicals had a huge role in popular music in film. Popular rock music with film was able to attract young and wild audiences. Young audiences benefited both singers and production companies. Elvis Presley was the main singer that benefited from Rock and Roll music, and later became a legend of the Rock and Roll era. Later in the 50s, stage adaptions increased dramatically and An American in Paris, Singin’ in the Rain, and Gigi was the most admired. In different ways, other highly acclaimed films incorporated popular music. In Some Like it Hot, popular music cues were used to display a love theme, hot scenes, and a narrow escape of the main characters. In Anatomy of a Murder, Duke Ellington utilized popular music to contribute to the complete sexual theme of the movie. In the late 1950s Henry Mancini introduced Touch of Evil as the film that utilized a large variety of popular musical styles throughout the score. Also, it established the differences between source music and underscoring. During the 1960s, the American society began to go through a huge societal transformation. This was when incorporation popular music in films were favored, and epics were constantly declining. Examples of this include the film West Side Story- composed by Leonard Bernstein, where popular sounds were combined with modernistic harmonies. As film continued to develop in the early 1970s, tensions within countries began to rise. In the movie The Godfather, composed by Nino Rota and Carmine Coppola, eclectic scored were created from modern and popular musical styles being juxtaposed. The music moved “freely from Italian and American popular music to modern dissonances and quotations of Bach.” (Pg. 310) The 70s saw mixtures of modern music and jazz, diverse musical styles involving rock, and the numerous predecessors of eclectic score.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Music & Film 468

...1. The three basic types of music heard in original scores during the silent film era, were adaptations, newly composed music, and arrangements. Adaptations of classical works are usually used in action and dramatic scenes and involve borrowing of a substantial portion of an existing composition for use in a film score. In The Birth of a Nation an example of adaptations was when a composition by Mozart was used for a scene that showed Lincoln’s assassination as well as for the ending of the entire movie. These music was used to portray the tension and violence in these scenes. Adaptations are the most prominent in the film. This type of music is meant to be very recognizable as well as well as true to the original piece. Newly composed music is music that is created to reflect themes that are highly specific to the storyline of the film. This new music is original and is created for the film. D.W. Griffith uses this time of music to create themes that run throughout the story and attach to specific characters and their role in the film. Themes can be altered throughout the film to reflect a change in the story or the mood. Arrangements are a new form of a previously composed melody. In an arrangement the film composer borrows the just the melody from a classic and creates an almost entirely new sound. In The Birth of a Nation, arrangements of well-known melodies are used to stir up emotions. Southern songs such as “Maryland, My Maryland”, “Old Folks at Home”, and “Dixie”......

Words: 546 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Music 468

...Three basic types of music that are heard throughout Birth of a Nation include adaptation, arrangement, and original music. Adapations or the extended quotations of classical music can usually be heard alongside large action scenes. Dramatic scenes are also often related with adaptation. Adaptation can be heard during the assassination of President Lincoln as well as the ending of the movie. The biggest thing about adaptation is that it is most commonly heard throughout the action scenes where a lot of violence is seen. Setting moods and arousing emotions would be very difficult to do without the arrangement of well-known melodies. Melodies such as “Maryland, My Maryland” and “Dixie” can be heard through-out the film. These tunes were used in order to paint a brighter, not so jumpy mood. Newly composed music is the third type of basic music we hear in The Birth of a Nation. This music is put into the film in order to create new themes that represent the aspect of the story. Casablanca is set around a war which forces the director to switch scenes from America to the Middle East quite often. Source music is used in order to identify scenes. There is a sequence of scenes that switch from an American restaurant and a Middle East restaurant. American music can be heard during the scene of the American restaurant, Rick’s Café, while Middle East music can be heard during the scene of the Middle East restaurant, The Blue Parrot Café. Source music is also used in order to......

Words: 310 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Midterm 1

... Music 468 Spring, 2015 Short Essays You will write three essays in all. The essays should be typed with double-spaces. For the 10-point essays, think of a paragraph or two, and for the 20-point essays aim for three or more paragraphs. Since this is an exam, I am limited in the answers that I can give if you have questions. All of these points are covered in the book and addressed during lecture. 1) Describe the three basic types of music heard in original scores during the silent film era and cites specific examples from The Birth of a Nation. (10 points) The three basic types of music heard in original scores during the silent film era were Adaptations of classical works, arrangements of well-known melodies, and newly composed music. Adaptions of classical works borrow a substantial portion of an existing composition for use in a film. In the Birth of a Nation, classical music is in dramatic and action scenes. Classical works are played during Lincoln's assassination, and also during violent and action scenes in the movie. Arrangements of well-known melodies borrow melodies to create emotions, disposition, and set the mood. An example of an arrangement from The Birth of a Nation would be works such as tunes such as “Maryland, My Maryland” and “Dixie.” Newly composed music uses new music to create themes that stand for the aspect of the story. 2) What is the role of source music in Casablanca? (10 points) The role of source music in......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Business Plan

...Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary .................................................................................................................................. 4 1.1 Business Overview .............................................................................................................................. 4 1.2 Business Model ................................................................................................................................... 4 1.3 Market Analysis ................................................................................................................................... 4 1.4 Financial Projections ........................................................................................................................... 5 1.5 Financial Needs ................................................................................................................................... 5 1.6 Debt Repayment Plan ......................................................................................................................... 5 2. Business Overview ................................................................................................................................... 6 2.1 Vision and Goals .................................................................................................................................. 6 2.2 Business Location .......................................................................................

Words: 9643 - Pages: 39

Free Essay

Math

...Organization:                                            Phone #: |Hospice of San Joaquin |(209) 957-3888 | |Gospel Center Rescue Mission  |(209) 466-2138 | |Mary Graham Children's Shelter |(209) 468-6966 | |St.Joseph’s Foundation |(209) 467-6347 | |Community Center for the Blind |(209) 466-3836 | |Goodwill Industries of San Joaquin |(209) 466-2311 | |American Red Cross - San Joaquin Chapter  |(209) 466-6971 | |Senior Service Agency, Brown Adult Health |(209) 468-1000 | |Care Center  |(209) 948-8762 | |Women's Center of San Joaquin  |(209) 931-4543...

Words: 276 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Music

...Nkechinye Enurah, MPA 2158 CUMBERLAND PARKWAY APT 8405( ATLANTA, GA 30339 ( 678-468-5325 ( CHINYE_1@YAHOO.COM EDUCATION Troy University Troy, Alabama August 2010 Master’s of Public Administration Clayton State University Morrow, GA May 2006 Bachelor of Arts, Communication Core Competencies |PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT |Program Facilitation | |Student Development Theory |Recruitment, Orientation Programming | |Administrative Functions |Corporate Relation | |Media Relation |Volunteer Management | |Project Management |Public Speaking | |Leadership Development |Social Networking | |Strategic Project Development |Interpersonal Communications ......

Words: 1350 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Case Exemplar

...Everyone will have to deal with the death of a family member or friend, as well as his or her own mortality. The certainty of the end of life can be very stressful and overwhelming. Many aspects of caregiving, treatment, and pain management are all part of the journey towards the end of one’s life. Many people are unclear about pain and symptom management during the end of life. Some believe that if you choose to medicate for pain then they are hastening or responsible for the death of their loved one. Others believe that all measures should be taken to help prolong their loved one’s life. No all deaths are the same. Some people pass away peacefully, while others will have difficulty transitioning through the end of life stages and have difficulty with pain. Individual beliefs, religions and cultures are also a large piece of what we must consider in order to plan the appropriate care for the dying patient. Unfortunately, in many instances, patients usually have not had discussions regarding end of life preferences with their doctors, caregivers, and family members. This sometimes leads to decisions being made at the end of life that are not the treatment preferences of the dying person. Hospice is a philosophy that allows nature to take its course, with focus on the greatest quality of life until the end of life. The goal is to provide physical, emotional, and spiritual comfort to the patient as well as provide support to the caregivers. Educating caregivers......

Words: 1363 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Starship Troopers

...Marco Jimenez 19 April 2015 Mus 468 sec: 02 Starship Troopers Basil Poledouris was hired to compose the scores for “Starship Troopers” because of his previous work on “Conan the Barbarian” and “Robocop”. During his time with the film of “Starship Troopers,” Poledouris’ music had to adapt to Verhoeven screen writing in able to fit properly because the director was seeking bombastic, rousing music that was wildly hyperactive which lacked centralized development, being said it was defined as “thrill of the moment” score. The music that Poledouris created for Starship Trooper was explosive with power and extremely heavy on the brass that is straight forward and in your face and pulls away. The beginning of the movie, the music that opens up is the Federation’s March, demonstrating a militaristic tone of using the drumline as a march. The trumpets enter for that good news that the good guys here, for high motivation then it slowly descends to a softer tone of the trumpets and violin describing a good manner of what the Federation has in store of heroes. Ending it with drumline of a demonstration of militarism. Also giving a nice introduction about propaganda. Klendathu Drop, the first battle of the War against the Arachnids which the Federation and daring hero Johnny Rico will set foot on Bugs Territory. As the soldiers embark in their cargo ships, the tone of the music gives you this anticipation of action and violence soon to happen. The instruments that began were......

Words: 1382 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Amaz

...Electronic Commerce Amazon -Amazon.com opened to the public on the World Wide Web in July 1995 -Offers a variety of items from books, electronics, computers, music, movies, apparel, toys, computers, etc… -Amazon. has six global websites: Amazon.com, Amacon.co.uk, amazon.de, amazon.fr, amazon.co.jp and amazon.ca -Amazon was incorporated in 1994 in the state of Washington and reincorporated in 1996 in the state of Delaware -Has been available to the public on the stock market since May of 1997 -Amazon.com works with companies such as Nordstrom’s, Gap, Eddie Bauer, Urban Outfitters, Osh Kosh, Footlocker Barnes & Noble 1873: From his home is Wheaton, Illinois Charles M. Barnes starts a small book business 1917: William Barnes, Charles’s son travels to New York to negotiate with G. Clifford Noble and from a partnership, then opening the first Barnes and Noble 1987: Barnes and Noble acquires B. Dalton 1991: Barnes and Noble pioneers the super store concept that has huge location, wide selections of titles, experienced bookstore staff, warm atmosphere and cafes in stores 1993: Barnes and Noble goes public on the stock exchange on September28, 1993 In May 1997 Barnes and Noble opens it public site on the world wide web barnesandnoble.com 1999: barnesandnoble.com goes public on the stock exchange and raised $468 million and unprecedented amount for an internet company Business Models -Amazon.com’s business model is still being proven to this day -Barnes......

Words: 1185 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Caring Theory

...of nursing is caring for a person (Alderson, Huynh, & Thompson, 2008). Watson’s caring theory has a philosophical, moral and spiritual source that addresses a person’s health with a holistic approach focusing on the mind, body, and soul. According to Watson (2009), “nurses and practitioners who are literate with caring relationships are capable of having loving, caring, kind, and sensitively meaningful, personal connections with an increasingly enlightened public: a public seeking wholeness and spiritual connections for their wellbeing, not just sterile, depersonalized, medical technological interventions, void of human-to-human caring relationships” (p. 468). Modern technology results in a cultural “void of humanity and authentic human caring relationships, and void of meaningful communication and connections” (p. 468). Nursing has evolved since Nightingale’s time. Nursing, in this era, uses both evidence-based practice and theory-driven care to provide patients with safety all while optimizing health outcomes (Britt, 2007). Using Watson’s Care theory, nurses can improve patient’s health outcome by focusing on the mind, body, and soul. Last year, I had a patient diagnosed with a terminal lung cancer. This patient was 37 years old with no immediate family still alive. This patient was not married and did not have any children. This patient’s mother and father died in a car accident three years ago. He stayed on the unit for over four months. He did not have a place to......

Words: 1654 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Music

...Jocelyn Batalla Midterm 1. March 3, 2015 Music 468 Midterm 1 Essays Essay 1. The music played in the silent film era included three types of different music, Adaptations of classics, Arrangements of tunes and newly composed. These three types of music played a part in the film “The Birth of Nation”. The different types of music were used in the film to represent the changes of the story in the film and its themes. The Birth of Nation change the way people viewed films. The Birth of Nation is a dramatic movie that contains no sound, thus the music played gives and helps the public understand the scenes and the drama that this film contains such as the drama of the assassinations and the violent scenes in the film as well as the ending of the film. Essay 2. Source music is a type of music that refers to drama. This type of music is part of a fictional setting that is heard by the characters of a film. Casablanca is a film that contains romance and drama, it is a film that is taken place during war. Source music plays a big part of the Casablanca film because it helps identify the scenes and the mood of the characters especially during war. This music is used to identify the settings such as Ricky’s café and other settings in the film. The music used in Casablanca helps rise the tension of the scenes like the drama and also the romance. Essay...

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Marketing and Wellness Prevention

...One of the most common ethical issues facing healthcare marketing managers, is the issue of effectively ensuring that the item that they are marketing is commensurate with the health and safety of the individuals who will be utilizing the product, due to the fact that many healthcare organizations engage in marketing products that have not been thoroughly tested, and this could cause tremendous safety implications for the general public. So it is imperative that marketing managers seek to ensure that the products that they are marketing to the public at large are actually safe for the consumer to utilize. Another ethical issue facing marketing managers is the issue of marketing the products to the individuals that are most in need of those products, instead of marketing these products to the mass population, as a means by which to increase the profitability of their healthcare organization. Although any individual has the right to purchase a product that is marketed, many individuals do not have the knowledge that is needed to ascertain whether or not the product is absolutely necessary for them, which makes it imperative that marketing managers seek to focus their marketing to those individuals that are in need of the products that they are advertising. A methodology that could be utilized to effectively ensure that the products that marketing managers are marketing are safe for the public, is to ensure that the drugs or other healthcare related products have been approved......

Words: 1246 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Citation

...Harvard Citation Style Examples for UWA Material Types: Books and eBooks Journal Articles Internet/ Websites Cases and legislation Company information Conference papers and proceedings Newspapers Multimedia Standards and patents CMO Lecture notes Theses Personal Communication Citing information someone else has cited Books & eBooks Material Type Book: Single Author In-Text Example (Holt 1997) or Holt (1997) wrote that... (McCarthy, William & Pascale 1997) Reference List Example Holt, DH 1997, Management principles and practices, Prentice-Hall, Sydney. Book: 2 or 3 Authors McCarthey, EJ, William, DP & Pascale, GQ 1997, Basic marketing, Irwin, Sydney. Book: More Than 3 Authors (Bond et al. 1996) Bond, WR, Smith, JT, Brown, KL & George, M 1996, Management of small firms, McGraw-Hill, Sydney. Book: No Author (A history of Greece 1994) A history of Greece 1994, Irwin, Sydney. Book: Editor (ed. Jones 1998) Jones, MD (ed.) 1998, Management in Australia, Academic Press, London. Book: 2 or More Editors (eds Bullinger & Warnecke 1985) Bullinger, HJ & Warnecke HJ (eds) 1985, Toward the factory of the future, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. Book: Translator & Author (trans. Smith 2006) Colorado, JA 2006, Economic theory in the Mexican context: recent developments on the ground, trans. K Smith, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Book: Organisation as Author (Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource......

Words: 1560 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Micromax

...Project Report – Marketing Management | MICROMAX | – A study of the India’s fastest growing domestic mobile handset-maker | TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 3 Industry Overview 3 Company Overview 6 Key Strengths 8 Key Challenges (Weaknesses) 8 Key Opportunities 9 Key Threats 10 Key Strategies 10 Marketing Strategies of Micromax and Competitor Responses 11 Promotion 11 Product 12 After Sales Service 12 Distribution Network 13 Future Focus 14 The Road ahead 15 References 16 Appendix 17 Key Micromax Models 17 Manufacturing Plans for Indian Handset Players: 18 Introduction In this short project report, we've attempted to explore the strategies adopted by Micromax, the leading domestic handset maker of India, which enabled them to penetrate into the Indian mobile handset market and mark a niche for themselves. We've presented a brief overview about the Indian mobile handset industry and a background about the company taken for study (Micromax). A SWOT analysis has been done and we tried to bring out the key strengths, weaknesses, opportunities & threats as a result of that analysis. We also did a comparative study of Micromax along with two major competitors, (one established player – Nokia & one upcoming player – Karbonn), in aspects including their promotion strategies, product varieties, distribution network and after sales service. We attempted to conclude this study by presenting the road ahead for Micromax......

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Private Nuisance

...Private Nuisance in Tort Law The imprecise boundaries of what exactly constitutes private nuisance makes the task of providing an exhaustive definition of the tort almost impossible. The presently accepted definition of private nuisance that speaks only of substantial interference and unreasonableness is simplistic and inadequate. But through this assignment I would like to bring a focused analysis of the tort of private nuisance, following from some landmark decisions and other authorities intends to clarify what kind of situations make for a valid standing of private nuisance in court. Requirements of a valid claim for Private nuisance: Private nuisance, broadly, takes three forms, namely; encroachment on the land of the neighbour, direct physical injury to the land and interference with the enjoyment of the land by the neighbour. Collectively, the situations encompassed by the three aforementioned faults are almost infinite. It may vary from the inconvenience caused by unpleasant noise of automobile and smell of cattle to the damage caused to structures by vibrations. But this does not mean that every slight and trivial annoyance is enforceable under the tort of private nuisance. In order for a fault to qualify as private nuisance, it must primarily interfere with the use or enjoyment of one’s land and must be unreasonable in its effect on the plaintiff. Other secondary requirements of private nuisance, like the quality of recurrence et al are subsequently discussed......

Words: 1596 - Pages: 7