Premium Essay

Music Appreciation a Biography on a Classical Artist: Johan Sabastian Bach

In: Historical Events

Submitted By kaelan1999
Words 735
Pages 3
Born into a musical family, Bach received his earliest instruction from his father. After his father's death in 1695, Bach moved to Ohrdruf, where he lived and studied organ with his older brother Johann Christoph. He also received an education at schools in Eisenach, Ohrdruf, and Lüneburg. Bach's first permanent positions were as organist in Arnstadt (1703-1707) and Mühlhausen (1707-1708). During these years, he performed, composed taught, and developed an interest in organ building. From 1708-1717 he was employed by Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Weimar, first as court organist, and after 1714, as concertmaster. During this period, he composed many of his best organ compositions; in his capacity as concertmaster, he was also expected to produce a cantata each month. In Weimar, Bach's style was influenced by his study of numerous Italian compositions (especially Vivaldi concertos).
Bach's next position, as Music Director for the Prince Leopold of Cüthen (1717-1723), involved entirely different activities. Since the court chapel was Calvinist, there was no need for church compositions; Bach probably used the Cüthen organs only for teaching and practice. His new works were primarily for instrumental solo or ensemble, to be used as court entertainment or for instruction. Among the important compositions at Cüthen were the Brandenburg Concertos, the first volume of Das wohltemperirte Clavier (The Well-Tempered Clavier), the "French" and "English" Suites for harpsichord (although the "English" Suites may be from the Weimar period), and most of the sonatas and suites for other instruments. Bach also composed a few cantatas for special occasions (birthdays and New Years).
In 1723, Bach was appointed cantor at the St. Thomas Church and School, and Director of Music for Leipzig, positions which he retained for the rest of his career. His official duties included the reponsibility…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Child Labour

...Oliver Hardy Fish Blood Groups Potato Hamlin Lourdes Calcutta Hovercraft Scarecrow Shoes - sabot means shoe Toenails German Measles Talc Mona Lisa Page 3 10000 general knowledge questions and answers www.cartiaz.ro No Questions Quiz 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Answers Puccini India George Orwell Shoemaker China Barbara Stanwyck Grenadine Art of Dancing Horses Alexander Dumas Hocus Pocus Louis Bleriot Dr No Silence of the Lambs Addis Ababa Medicine Motorcycle Racing Alaska Berlin MexicoLondon Woody Allen Amnesty International Nelson Mandela Tutankamen tomb Pluto Jackie Joyner-Kersey Jayne Austin Archimedes Johan Sebastian Bach Minnesota twins Your Holiness Edinburgh Tchaikovsky The Deaf Jack Benny Jonah Mrs Doubtfire Bishop Blitzkrieg Cabbage I. Kingdom Brunel Donald Campbell Buick - Chrysler Joseph Heller Netherlands Chess World Champs Chrysanthemum Hit Gong Bordeaux Logarithms IBM FORTRAN Who wrote the Opera Madam Butterfly What links - Goa - Kerula - Assam - Bihar Eric Arthur Blaire was the real name of which author Names - Baker Cook obvious what did Cordwainer do Which country do Sinologists study Rudy Stevens became famous under which name Which non alcoholic cordial is made from pomegranates What is Orchesis - either professional or amateur Taken literally what should you see in a Hippodrome Who wrote the Man in the Iron Mask Which 1993......

Words: 123102 - Pages: 493