Free Essay

Music Technology

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tammymsilvers
Words 1098
Pages 5
Silvers 1
Tammy M. Silvers
Dr. Marc Jensen
MUS Z201 – The History of Rock Music to 1970
19 September 2015

Developments in music technology over the years have substantially impacted the way we listen and appreciate music today Early twentieth century was chalk full of newly developed advances in music technology. These progressions have assisted in the role music has played in our lives over the years and has helped pave the path of how we appreciate music and to how we listen to it today. The early 1900s brought the phonograph. The phonograph was what we would refer to as a record player. The phonograph was able to record and reproduce sound. The phonograph was a step towards the future and aided in music lover’s appreciation. With this new technology, music was easily accessible to all music lovers of all kinds. The phonograph was portable which made it possible for people to listen to all types of music anytime and anywhere. According to Katz (1998), author of Making America More Musical, “today we common people make up the audience. And for all this the talking machine largely has been responsible.” The phonograph was also affordable. In the 1890s, the Edison phonograph could be purchased for $40, however by 1905, Sears was selling the phonograph for a mere $5. The player piano gained popular attention in the early 1900s-1920s, and it still around today. This invention relies on pneumatics (compressed air) or electricity in order to perform. The player piano operates on music that has been pre-programmed within. The pre-programmed music was recorded on perforated paper or in some instances on metallic rolls. One of the first Silvers 2 successful pneumatic piano players was invented by Edwin S. Votey, which was marketed by a company known as the Aeolian Company, however as the piano became more and more popular, several more companies were interested in the marketing the player piano business as well. Unlike the phonograph, the piano player may not have been readily portable, but still easily provided the popular music people wanted to listen and dance to. As popular as the player piano came into existence, it quickly declined in the early 1920s-1930s. According to Fox (1988), author of Day Of The Player Piano, “they sold well during the early 1920s, but by the end of the decade the industry was in a steep decline, and the 1930s saw the old pianos junked or retired to fading amusement arcades.” FM radio was introduced in the 1930s and remains widely popular today as a means to listening to music. FM radio was founded by Edwin Howard Armstrong who was also responsible for many other advancements in radio transmission. In Frost’s (2011) article, Early FM Radio: Incremental Technology In Twentieth-Century America, his introduction points out that even “today, some seventy-five years after its introduction, FM is a solidly mainstream medium – something like 80 percent of all radio audiences today listen to FM stations.” FM radio is also easily accessible in which we can listen to any and all types of music in our cars, at work and even while out taking a walk. FM radio has given people the opportunity to keep up with the latest and greatest in music every day. The latest advancements in music technology is what aids in making music more popular over the years. The invention of the electric guitar in the 1930s brought us a new and unique sound to music. According to Groom (1997), author of Alive and Kicking, “the electric guitar is an instrument at the boundary of music, always blurred or fuzzy at the edges, in the process of Silvers 3 breaking down into mere noise.” The electric guitar gave a new sound to music as it is capable of producing a multitude of different sounds. The electric guitar has been an influential piece in rock and roll music and remains a constant staple today as we can see in the music of widely popular classical bands and singers such as Led Zeppelin, Jimi Hendrix and the ever so popular Slash from Guns ‘N Roses. The electric guitar has brought that edgy cutting sound to the music we all crave and love. The 1940s and 1950s brought about a new way of listening and viewing the popular music sounds of the era- visual music. According to Russell (1994), “the first major effort to distribute visual music to a wide audience came in the late ‘40s in the form of a “video jukebox.” Later on, television would bring another version of visual music. American Bandstand gained extreme popularity amongst the younger generation in 1956. American Bandstand gave the audience the capability of dancing to the popular songs of the 50s and also allowed them to watch bands and singers who sang their beloved music. American Bandstand has made a definite influence on music television today. We continue to rely on television today as a means to keep up on popular music. American Bandstand can be thought of as a stepping stone into visual music technology. The popular television program of the 50s influenced and paved the way for how musicians today advertise their music. With the capability of making music videos, we can now relate stories to the music. Russell points out in her article, that television was a means for young stars to make their way into the music business (para 17). Great strides and advancements in music technology continue through the 21st century. The importance of music technology plays a great role not only in the way we have access to various types of music, but it is also vital in the way we appreciate music. Technology has Silvers 4 provided the capability of listening to music, watching music, and even provided us with ways in which to make music. Technology has played a pivotal role in how we have come to understand and love music.

Works Cited
Fox, Joseph. “Day Of The Player Piano.” American Heritage 39.4 (1988): 90 Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Sept. 2015.
Frost, Gary. “Early FM Radio: Incremental Technology In Twentieth-Century America.” Business History Review 85.2 (2011): 413-415. Academic Search Premier. Web. 10 Sept. 2015
Groom, Nick. “Alive And Kicking.” Tls 4894 (1997): Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Sept. 2015
Katz, Mark. “Making America More Musical Through The Phonograph, 1900-1930.” American Music 16.4 (1998): 448. Academic Search Premier. Web. 11 Sept. 2015
Russell, Deborah. “Video Kills The Radio Star.” Billboard 106.44 (1994): 193. Academic Search Premier. Web. 19 Sept. 2015

Similar Documents

Free Essay

How Technology Changed Jazz Music

...How Technology Changes Jazz Music Throughout history, jazz has been a crucial block in the establishment of music. Generations of artists found inspiration in each other’s work, and a variety of collection was thus created. Despite the varying styles in different artists’ work, the core of the music always belonged to the jazz genre. The genre of Jazz has evolved throughout the ages and a lot of that change wouldn’t be possible without the development and integration of new technology. Technological advances within Jazz music have allowed new instruments and computer equipment to emerge in Jazz music. This new knowledge has changed the genre in ways people never could have imagined. Things such as the radio and new recording methods were also apart of this new technology that allowed jazz music to change and improve. The phase of music that we are experiencing more of now is involving computers that allow the musicians to create synthesizers that weren’t possible before this new technology. “MARSALIS: Well, I'm not gonna put that on his head because he can do stuff Hendrix never thought of doing.” What Marsalis is talking about is the musical icon Prince and how you can’t compare him to Jimi Hendrix because technology was so different between their times. Jimi Hendrix came from a time where live music was the main way people could listen to their favorite artist. As the electric microphone made advances in its technology, it changed the development within the recording......

Words: 1087 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Managing Technology

...Technology, Information Technology included, have changed our lives in so many ways. It changed how we recorded our thoughts into written words, how we communicate with one another, how we shop, bank, how we keep our memories, most aspect of our lives. It significantly changed the manufacture industry and touched almost every single industry. The first computer was invented in 1939 by Hewlett-Packard in a garage in Palo Alto, California. It was mostly used in military/government and universities/science lab. It took 40+ years for the first personal computer to be created by IBM (1981). The first personal computer (PC) ran on a 4.77 Mhz Intel 8088 microprocessor [1]. After that computer world has advanced leap and bound, hardware as well as software. Some of the laptops today run on a 4.0 Ghz (almost 1000 times more powerful). According to US census, in 2012, 80% of all house hold had a computer at home in the US [2]. Technology changed the way we recorded our written words. For hundreds (if not thousands) of years, we used pen and pencil to write on paper. We later used type writer to type on paper, then type into computer. Now, with the help of some software, we don’t even have to type. We can “speak” or “talk” for computer (or other devices like smart phone, tablet, etc) to “type” for us. Thanks to technology, we now have “text-to-speech”, “talk-to-type”, and “talk-to-text”. As technology changes, businesses had to change to survive the IT impact...

Words: 1487 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Manufactured Musicians

...Manufactured Musicians When we look at the history of music we can see a major difference in what we hear now and what was heard in the past. Music has the power to change people and the way they see things, and the power to bring a group of people together. Many years ago, music was perceived as more of an art form. Sadly, it is slowly losing its characteristic as an art form. Music has always been seen similar to any other art form; a creative expression of the person creating it and solely created by themselves unless collaborated on. When we compare that to what we hear today, it is almost completely the opposite. Very rarely do we hear songs on the radio that are created solely and originally by that artist, and very rarely are the sounds and voices we hear completely that artist alone. Many of these artists heard on the radio are what I refer to as “manufactured musicians.” Looking back to the early days of music, there were few people aspiring to be musicians and to write songs just for the money they could earn. Professional entertainers were not common, and they were not there to solely make money. Now, it seems like that is all they want to do. Performers back then were not focused on the money they could make from entertaining. They were focused on expressing themselves as artists and showing what they believe in through their artistry. Nowadays, we can plainly see that these modern pop artists are solely focused on the money they can earn. They are not...

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Vt - Commercial 2010

...advancement of cutting edge technology on the Virginia Tech campus. In today’s world, technology and innovation are vital in order to remain competitive globally. The United States is falling behind in exports and has begun to question its educational system and its ability to produce future innovators who will help us remain a competitive global force. Virginia Tech’s commercial has its finger on the pulse of that concern offering hope and excitement about the future of technology in America. Through the pathos form of persuasion the audience is awed by the incredible images of advancement in technology. Powerful, large and impressive pieces of technology are shown. The viewer sees a horse running on a treadmill, a racecar bouncing on a hydraulic lift, and a student strapped into a simulator. The viewer sees these pieces of equipment in motion, which heightens the viewer’s interest. The excitement generated by these striking images grabs the viewer’s attention, impresses the audience and relays the message that Virginia Tech is a leader in technology and groundbreaking research. The music in this commercial starts out slow and easy while images of small groups of students are shown interacting throughout campus. The music picks up the minute the images change to visuals of technology in motion. The tempo and sound increase with the visual image of a student in a cockpit simulator. The camera angle puts the viewer in the cockpit with the student. The music,......

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Week 2 Assigment

... | |What is meant by the term media |Media Coverage compared to technology is defined as a process of combining together the | |convergence with regard to technology, |telecommunications and computers and turning them into one electric or digital form. This | |and how has it affected everyday life? |affects our everyday lives more than we know. Media coverage gives us the ability to watch| | |television, listen to music, and shop online. This also allows us to do such things as | | |email or video chat on the computer, this removes having to use the telephone almost | | |completely. Other things such as myspace, twitter, facebook, and Instagram also allows you| | |to keep up with your family and friends by using the internet. Media coverage has also | | |replaced such things as hard back books by introducing e-books that can be downloaded from| | |your computer. | |What is meant by the term media |Media convergence, with regards to technology, refers to the tendency of different | |convergence with regard to business, and|technologies to eventually inhabit familiar utility. Smartphones are the best example of ......

Words: 599 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Dromology and Convergence

...Howard Billings Research Paper Dig 3286 Dromology and Convergence In today’s world of instant digital information and communication technology is constantly advancing. Inventors are constantly working to produce new awe-inspiring products. The goal of all these new products is to work faster than the ones that came before it. Of course, technical advancement is nothing new. Whether it was the car, the microwave, or a vacuum cleaner all were produced to increase the speed at which we do things. The difference is that digital technology is increasing not only the speed of the new products, but the speed at which these new products are being produced. Either way it is safe to say that technology and the world revolve around speed. The main goal of every industry is to do things fast and efficiently. Accessing information and communication is already faster than one could have ever imagined. The quest now is to become even faster. Push technology to its limits. In fact, the quest now is to set new limits. Is it plausible to think that we could one day communicate faster than the speed of light? Olympic track athlete Usain Bolt is a good comparison to where we are today as a technological society. His record breaking 100 meters times have reached mythical proportions. It used to be that taller heavier athletes were at a disadvantage in the 100 meters. Their height and weight would work against them, allowing the smaller runner to jump out to a lead that could not be......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Questions to Consider

...mean when they say, “Music is universal, but it is not a universal language”? A) Ethnomusicologist believes that music transcends many cultures differently. All societies have music or some sort whether it’s through dance, rituals, chants, or instrumental. Ethnomusicologists argue that music from a language standpoint of communication it can’t be mutually understood due to the complex music systems. 2) What are the potential problems in classifying music as “classical,” folk, “or “popular”? The potential problems of a classifying music as classical folk or popular are that the terms used carried a different set of meanings and attitude in the different eras. For example folk carries a lot of the Romantic Era and it creates problems when discussed with non-European music. Classical associates with music form Ancient Greece and Rome but at times describe the highest value of something. Popular may refer to music that is adopted on a broad base of media outlets. 3) How might an ethnomusicologist approach the study of Western classical music differently from a musicologist? An Ethnomusicologist approach would to examine and study the culture. To enhance their study, they would try to get firsthand experience in one the cultures rituals or ceremonies. A musicologist approach would to create musicals scores close to the original content from primary sources. 4) What is “fieldwork”? What is its importance to the study of world Music? Fieldwork is......

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Information Technology

...Caleb Rosenberger BIS/220 Information Technology Acts Paper Bruce Yates 04/02/2013 Information Technology Acts In today’s society we rely on technology more than ever. As the world keeps growing, more innovative ideas for technological advances are created. In the United States as the technology further grows we put different acts in place to kind of control that technology. Two acts that are interesting in technology today are the No Electronic Theft Act (1997) and the Children’s Internet Protection Act (1988). The NET Act is in place to stop the reproduction, sharing, or distributing of copyrighted movies, songs, or even software programs. Before this Act was in place, people would still make money off reproducing original copyrights and sale them for more money than there worth. Not all people were in this for a gain but more rather wanted a free movie or song. Today when you watch movies, most of the time you will see the screen that says the result that will happen when you reproduce this movie. If people actually try and make profit for reproducing or distributing it can lead up to three years in prison and a 250,000 dollar fine. The first films that were available online were shot from cam recorders and were not the actual copy right. Just a little stat was between 2000 and 2003 when the sales in the music industry dropped 31 percent (In House of Representatives, June 2004); this was due to a lot of people downloading music for free on the internet. The......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Electronic and Digital Media

...Digital Media Matthew McCormick Course # Com/225 May 20, 2013 Maurice Nelson Digital Media Technology has molded the electronic and digital industry into what it is today. Society is dependent and addicted to technology and the potential to make life easier through it. Research for school projects is no longer spent with hours in the library, reading and taking notes, or combing through dictionaries and encyclopedias. Students now have the internet, where with one click they have access to a whole world of information, and they can do it anywhere in the world. Road trips are traveled by GPS not through hours of route planning in a map. Television is sought at more now than ever by kids in place of playing outside. Photography has made major improvements when discussing technology. In 1826, Joseph Niepce, a French inventor, discovered the first way to capture images. Using a pewter plate and some light sensitive materials, he was able to capture the first picture. It took 8 hours of sun light exposure to capture the first picture, the courtyard of his home (Karwatka, 2007). Today, you can take a high quality digital picture instantly, virtually anywhere, with almost any electronic device. Recording sound has also had to evolve with technology. Thomas Edison invented the first recording device in 1877. He named his device the phonograph, meaning sound writer (Lerner, 2008). He used a cylinder wrapped in tinfoil that rotated as someone shouted into a......

Words: 955 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Controversy and Twentieth Century Music

...Controversy and Twentieth Century Music Controversy and Twentieth Century Music The music has presented ever-changing throughout history. A variety of musicians has passed through each century leaving a lasting impression on the world. Each musician gave you a piece of him or her and how he or she saw the world of music and life through his or her eyes (Kamien, 2011). The write will elaborate on two well-known musicians of the 20th century, and then contrast and compare a 20th century musician song and a modern day song which both had aspects of controversial issues within each work. Ravels lacked emotion within his music. His music had extended harmonies. In his time, Ravels music was seen as very controversy. It seems as if his music had no feeling. The music seemed just to play. There was no intimacy or remembrance by it. When Ravels wrote this piece, it was as if he separated himself from everything around him. Although his music was bland, Ravels stayed true to his form of music. His music put a person in the mind of elevator music that has vague melodies. One can forget that the music is playing in the background after a while. Stravinsky music was unpredictable. It was as if he created a box around him and said, "This is what I am going to play, and you can either like or dislike, because I do not care and will play it." Stravinsky broke away from the romantic period and any other period. He created his own period. The Romantic period had a wide range of......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sherry Turkle

...social studies of science and technology at the massaachusetts institute of technology, wrote the article “The Flight From Conversation. In this article, Turkle mainly discussed all aspects on how much impact technology has in the world today. One of the many examples that Turkle stated in her article focused on the convenience that technology has made on communication between families and friends. Everywhere people go, they mostly text or check their email via phones on the go. Even when people are actually hanging out with their friends, they still manage to keep some of their attention on their phones. Improving technologies also directly improves the daily routines, such as work, school, or just personal interest. In today's workplace a lot of people, especially younger people, show up to work listening to their music through their earphones. They often use their phone to hold conversations with friends while working. Some employers feel this dual-task reduce work production. However, some students argue that there is ways people can improve their ability to text while maintaining eye contact with other people; but no research has been conducted to prove this scenario. As technology evolves, people become more dependent and dedicate most of their time on the latest communication devices to do most of the communicating and moving away from talking face-to-face with the person next to them. Sherry Turkle exposes and explains the effects technology has on human communication......

Words: 559 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Product Development

...Exploring Innovation in Action: The Changing Nature of the Music Industry Can you map the different kinds of innovation in the case study? Which were incremental and which radical/discontinuous? Why? Give examples to support your answer. One of the innovations in this case study is e-tailing. E-tailing or Electronic retailing is a channel where business-to-business and business-to-consumer sale goods and services through the internet in which revenue can come from the sale of products and services, through subscriptions to website content, or through advertising (Investopedia). In this case study, the ‘e-tailing’ channel obtained the latest hard copy CD’s you can imagine. CD’s were one of the greatest technologies where one can listen to music and enjoy tunes. Although when CD’s were a big hit, most of the albums were purchased through online. As technology became more advances the music innovations increase and tailoring of the music purchasing service and demonstrate some of the ‘richness/reach’ economic shifts of the new Internet game (Tidd 46). It also changed the distribution of CD’s by converting music to an MP3 format in which files can easily be moved through the internet quickly and be shared amongst other users. Another great thing about MP3’s, Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG), used a powerful algorithm for managing one of the big problems in transmitting audio music files compression. Normal audio files cover a wide range of frequencies and are thus very......

Words: 633 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Composition Ii: Research "Over Usage of Technology"

...and reliability of technology Research outline: I. Is the world relying too much on technology for their basic and educational needs? a. With the world ever advancing in technology with Computers, Vehicles, Medical advancements, Weapons, Information, Education and Social connection, we need to brace ourselves for a world change that will make way for a new life that we have only read or seen in Science Fiction. i. What are the benefits of a high Technological society? ii. What may happen if we are no longer co-dependent? iii. What if machines make their own decisions? b. Will mankind survive the technology they build, or bring life to our own demise? II. Advancing the technology for the benefit of our needs and wants. a. What are the benefits of a high technological society? i. Moore’s Law. ii. Ending disability, disease, and time waiting. III. How far is too far? a. What may happen if we are no longer co-dependent? i. Laziness of the mind and body. ii. A.I. iii. Losing our humanity. IV. Is the science fiction a warning? Or, just a coincidence? a. What if machines make their own decisions? i. The Ghost in the Machine. ii. Literature and Music. iii. Conspiracy theory. V. Will our decisions of which direction we take our creativity of technology to, take us towards a brighter future we can only dream about? Or, will it take us down a nightmarish path of our own destruction and eventual extinction? Over usage and reliability of technology The world......

Words: 1266 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

World Music Chapter 5

...Chapter 1: Questions To Consider 1. Music is universal in the sense that music is heard everywhere, all around the world there is music. Music is not a universal language because it does not follow the strict rules that languages follow when carrying certain meanings. Music is not as black and white as language, different people from different cultures might interpret different feelings and emotions from a piece of music then someone from some where across the globe. 2. When you classify music as “classical”, “folk”, or “popular”, you are inevitably categorizing music and valuing one genre higher than another. It is hard to have a neutral categorizing system to identify such a broad subject. 3. An ethnomusicologist might approach the study of Western classical music music more in depth than a musicologist would. An ethnomusicologist has phases and they must go through extensively when studying one type of music. A musicologist might just study the artifacts used to make that music. 4. Fieldwork is the first-hand study of music at its origin. Fieldwork is very important to ethnomusicologists because they throw themselves in to the culture, recording, photographing, living, eating the life where a certain music originated. This way that can have the best understanding of the deep complex culture of music they are studying. 5. You must have an interdisciplinary approach when studying World Music because there is so much music from so many different cultures that......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Achieving Healthful Digital Diet

...According to the article “Achieving a Healthful Digital Diet”, parents should balance the limitation of using digital devices for their kids. An expert suggested that parents should not provide children with screens to quiet them up. The article says that, the digital use for children is basically used for entertainment. There should be a balanced diet for the young people between entertainment use and educational use. It is also important to limit multitasking while studying. Multitasking is not helpful at all, because it prevents young people from being focused. Finally, one expert suggests that young kids shouldn’t be given smartphones just to keep them quiet, and even elder ones should just be given simple phones. The most significant idea of this passage is that digital use for entertainment is causing many problems for children’s education. Children are obsessed by the screen nowadays. For instance, when my little four year old nephew starts making noise at home, my sister give him the iPad to play with games so he can quiet up. He likes to play video games and watch videos from YouTube. If my sister doesn’t give him the iPad he would make a lot of noise which is not good for neighborhoods around us. I think my sister should find a different way to stop him from making noise not just by handing him the iPad. However, parents should have big role to prevent their children from using screens for entertainment. Children should be more focused on education. The author......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3