Premium Essay

My Words

In: Social Issues

Submitted By rakhiverma
Words 11104
Pages 45
Research on technology and teacher education: current status and future directions.
Author: Willis, Jerry.; Thompson, Ann. Sadera, William. Source: Educational Technology Research and Development v. 47 no4 (1999) p. 29-45 ISSN: 1042-1629 Number: BEDI00000113 Copyright: The magazine publisher is the copyright holder of this article and it is reproduced with permission. Further reproduction of this article in violation of the copyright is prohibited.
Much of the field we call educational technology has links that go back for almost a hundred years, at least to the museum movement in the early part of the 20th century. The museum movement and the success of training and development work during the two world wars were major factors in the development of the field. Educational technology flourished in the 1950s and continues to play an important role in many colleges of education.
The particular subdiscipline of educational technology we will explore in this paper does not have a long history. Information technology and teacher education (ITTE) is now a scholarly and professional discipline, but it has only recently become so. During the 1970s and early 1980s, while most educational technology programs continued to emphasize more traditional concepts and skills such as the systematic design and development of instructional materials, a separate group of graduate programs emerged that provided some of the foundations for ITTE. These programs, usually at the master's level but sometimes at the doctoral level, were generally known as "educational computing" programs. They dealt with skills and concepts needed to support the educational uses of computers in schools (and to some extent in business and industry). During the 1970s, the use of computers for education was quite limited, and many programs attempted to be all things to all people. However, as the field...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

My Word Family

...My Word Family -um Word Family + initial single consonant- sum, yum Word Family + consonant blend- glum, chum Word Family + three letter consonant blend OR consonant digraph- strum Word Family+ inflectional ending- humming Word Family as part of a 2-syllable word- triumph Word Family as part of a 3-syllable word- triumphant Word Family as part of a larger, multisyllabic word- not found For my student, I have chosen to create a phonetic flip chart. He or she will create their own flip chart so that they can have the opportunity to practice while putting it together. As they flip up different tabs on the chart, they will see that they’ve created a new word from our list. This would be a really great tool in working with my emergent reader on the -um word family as well. I have also come up with another method of creating an organizer to help teach my student these words. The organizer I have created is pretty much just like a concept map. The word family, in this case um, goes right in the center of the page. From the center, I have provided pictures that surround the -um family, some that contain -um and some that do not. The student will be asked to color every picture of a -um sound and draw lines from them to the circle in the middle. This helps the student become more familiar with how to recognize the words we have learned while also recognizing words that do not pertain to the -um family. The following text sample was created with the help...

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

My Words, My Words

...The Vroom Expectancy Theory of Motivation The Vroom Expectancy Theory is “based on the premise that felt needs cause human behavior” and that motivation strength depends on an individual's degree of desire to perform a behavior (Certo & Certo, 2008). As an individual recognizes a need, they will more than likely employ an action to satisfy that need. The motivational strength will also fluctuate correspondingly with their desire. If the desire increases, so will the motivation. The opposite is true as well. In equation form, motivation strength equals the perceived result value of performing behavior multiplied by the perceived probability that the result will actually materialize (Certo & Certo, 2008). For example, consider anovice stockbroker in training who was has been given a one-month probationary period to earn a position and make $500 commission from any successful trades. Assuming they really want the job, the motivation strength, or desire would be calculated as their perception of the value of that position with the bonus in relation to their perception of the probability that they can successfully trade during the trial. As the stockbroker’s perceived value of the two rewards and perceived probability that they would be able to achieve increases, their motivation strength to obtain those rewards will also increase. To put it briefly, the key to the Vroom Expectancy Theory is whether the individual perceives a positive relationship between effort,......

Words: 736 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

My Word

...However, upon completing my prior required assignment “Three Day Diet Analysis” and comparing my results to the recommended serving size and amount based on website, I was shocked to find that my eating habits were not all that great despite the fact that I work-out five times a week, doing various physical activities such as, yoga, P90X, hip-hop abs, playing basketball, and running. Within this assignment, I will create a healthy eating plan for myself, implementing my personal recommendations from website and my recommendations from website. Furthermore, I will discuss my current eating habits and ways on how I plan to implement my healthy eating plan into my daily lifestyle. On any given day, I consume on average 2-3 8oz cups of Spanish espresso, way over the recommended daily amount, along with 1 12 oz. regular mountain dew. However, other than that I drink 1 full glass of 2% milk, 4-5 12 oz. bottles of water, 1-2 serving of fruits and vegetables, 4-6 serving of meats and beans and to be honest an unknown amount of fats, oils, and sweets. Other than the obvious no-no foods and drinks that I consume on a daily basis, I feel that my daily diet is not all that terrible. I am a 28 year old African-American female, 5 foot 10 inches tall, and I weight approximately 171 lbs. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute website, based on my current weight, height, and age, my approximate body mass......

Words: 326 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

My Last Words

...My Last Words: Qin Shihuangdi Reginald Leron Butler HUM 111 Dr. Aurello D. Givens November 26, 2014 My Last Words: Qin Shihuangdi My life began over 2,000 years ago in the seven states known today as China. At the age of 13 I took the throne as emperor, but due to my youth and lack of leadership, I had to relinquish power to my father figure, Prime Minister Lu Buwei. Lu Buwei was a very successful business man in Qin who introduced a sustainable tax system to the land as well as manufacturing and trade. Buwei efforts along with his involvement with the powers that be at the time brought great fortune to Qin which also created an economic climate for war. Buwei reign would last for 8 years until he was caught trying to take my throne, in an assassination attempt, when I was just 24 years of age. Lu Buwei latter took his own life in fear that I would come after him in his exile (Szczepanski, 2013). In the wake of the Prime Ministers death, I was able to take full control of my kingdom and in doing so I made some changes to the legislation. Because there were many assassination attempts on my life, paranoia took its toll on me, shaping my thoughts and actions. Due to this revelation, I had to make a change in legislation to fit my needs. First I banished all scholars from my court. Next I took away all freedom of expression of those that would oppose me. I even change the currency so that instead of many coins being accepted by merchants there would now only......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

My Own Words

...The two items I picked to experiment was spreading my belongings so as to occupy too much space and standing and talking with other people and not occupying too much space. In my algebra class, 3 of us sit at a table, with just enough personal space for our textbooks and notebooks. When I arrived to class, the other two people were already at the table, they are a brother and sister. I haven’t spoke too much with them because the class just started 3 weeks ago and with lecture going on, there isn’t much time to talk. After I sat down, I pulled my textbook, notebook and calculator out and placed them on the table. As the lecture started, I appeared to be writing notes in my notebook and reading from the textbook. As I did this, I intentionally moved them out to occupy more of the space from the guy sitting next to me. I noticed as I moved them inch by inch, he would move his items back away inch by inch, giving me more space. Over the next hour, I did this more and more, until I occupied at least half of his space. He occasionally started throwing me dirty looks, but didn’t say much. I could tell he was getting irritated. As I moved my items another couple inches towards him, he finally asked me what my problem was. I said sorry and that I didn’t realize my books were so far in his area. He said that he wondered how I couldn’t of noticed that, he was getting squished. I then explained the experiment to him, and he laughed and said that he was really starting to get pissed off...

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

My Bible Is My Word Essay

...There is enough information in this Book or My Bible for any elect person who takes in enough of the information to get saved while they are on the earth if they are intelligent enough to understand. There is enough proof that My Bible is the way I want it. Anyone who is intelligent enough could figure out by reading this Book and checking enough Codes if they were able to that My Bible on the Code Site is the way I want it. Even so, there is plenty of other proof that My Bible is My Word. Ralph had not known about the Code Site until right around the time he first started typing this Book. He has been a prophet since the tail end of 97 and a sky talk prophet since 98. Nonetheless, it was not until 2009 that I had told him that he is in...

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

My Attitude to Word Writing

...writing, my attitude is instinctual negative. I never feel confident when I am faced with a variety of writing task in and outside of class. Since middle school I realized, that writing, no matter in what language, is one of my weakest subjects in school. Especially academic writing represents always a challenge for me. It is not only time consuming, but also a lot of work. For example, when writing about topics I am not familiar with, I have to do research, that takes a lot of time and energy. Since there are many rules to follow, I as well must worry about how to use words and sentences wisely, written in certain tenses and structures. Furthermore, my resistance toward writing is also influenced by various types of fear. For example, the feeling of fear, not to meet my and the professor's expectation inhibits my mind and unable me to clearly express myself by using words; leaving the paper blank. Moreover, I am getting nervous and anxious, when I need to write essays under time pressure due to deadlines. The pressure is overwhelming. I definite enjoy reading more than academic writing. Reading allows me to be creative; stimulate my imagination/able to picture images in my mind, without any pressure. Nevertheless, fact is that I lack of creativity when it comes to academic writing with all its boundaries and limitations. Even though, I know that I don't have much confidence in my writing skills just yet, I believe the more writing I do; the more comfortable I get with my......

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

My Words To Live By Are By Maya Angelou

...My words to live by are by Maya Angelou. She once asserted “ We should know that diversity makes for a rich tapestry and we must understand that all the threads of the tapestry are equal in value no matter what their color.”. These words have been a guiding path for me for as long as I could remember. It reminds me that our diversity is what makes us valuable. We should embrace our differences and make ourselves aware of them.This world is made up of people of different ethnicities, cultures, social classes, genders, sexualities and opinions. We should be able to appreciate and respect them all. In order to appreciate diversity, we must embrace the concept of fairness. When we treat people fairly we’re able to look beyond who they are on...

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Lie: My Favorite Word and Why

...Lie: My Favorite Word and Why At one point, people lie about something they have done or they did not do as expected. Lie is a word that my friends and I have used frequently and continue to use in our lifetime. Basically, the usefulness of lie in both bad and good situations is the rationale behind why it is my favorite word. During my childhood, I have used lie in both occasions: in bad and good situations. For instance, I once lied to my teacher that I was unable to make it to school in time because my mum car broke down about two kilometers away in order to avoid punishment. Again, I lied to my friends that I would not attend their party because I was not feeling well; however, the main aim was to prepare myself in the upcoming examinations. This essay paper reviews the lie as my favorite word and rationale behind by preference towards it. Lie is a three-letter word which is simple to pronounce, write and remember. According to Shaw, Wolfe and Salbu (1996), a lie is a deliberate false statement directed to other people to deceive them. Notably, it is profoundly surprising that people use lie frequently without much thought on the impact it has on others. Through my childhood, I can attest that the word lie has a huge impact on events and scenario it creates. For instance, our friends lied to us that will not be attending my brother’s birthday just two hours before the event. Their lie caused anxiety, dejection and worry to my family. However, they came few......

Words: 694 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...course may be a bit difficult for you, however please don't worry as I am always here to help you. This week we are putting our focuses on the "Word Power" conference. This conference has been set up for students to participate in a fun new way of introducing new words and phrases. These words and phrases are English culture specific and may be difficult to learn, however with my help I am hoping you will understand the definition of the word as well as understand the phrases that this word provokes. In this conference we are discussing the word "Joe". Joe is a simple word, yet is used in so many ways to refer to so much. The word "Joe" in its simplest form is a noun and refers to a person, place or thing. Its most common reference is to a person; "Joe" is a name or nickname. It has become an easy way to refer to other phrases that mean more than just a name. The word is very informal and is used in a casual context. The military community has also adopted the word "Joe" and it used to refer to a cup of coffee, "May I have a cup of Joe to go with my breakfast?" In addition the Armed Forces use the word to refer to a United States soldier anywhere in the world (G.I. Joe), again this is a very informal way of addressing a military personnel. The abbreviation to "G.I." stands for Government Issued. While these are the most common use of the word there are many more....

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Journey to the World of Words

...BASBAS, BEVERLY GARABILES BS Accountancy Journey to the World of Words “Not to know is bad, not to wish to know is worse.” We can relate the proverb above to the significance of knowing something. Something that is worthy to be learned and discovered. Something that takes a very important role in our daily intellectual intercourse. Something that you are actually using as part of your everyday lives but in the end of the day, we’re not even reminiscing all of those if they were used effectively or unconsciously hurt someone’s feelings. ---- “WORDS!” Every word that comes from our mouth is part of our personal and social responsibility as a human. So, with this great accountability we must consider ourselves to be an instrument in studying the meaning of words that we are exploiting every second. Should I say, we must give importance to SEMANTICS which focuses on the relations between signifiers such as words, phrases, signs and symbols and what they stand for or their denotation. The word semantics itself denotes a range of ideas, from the popular to the highly technical. It is often used in ordinary language to denote a problem of understanding that comes down to word selection or connotation. When I was in high school, I had a hard time in choosing the appropriate word for my sentence from a couple of somewhat synonymous words. For me, this is not just an ordinary problem because I am chosen as the editor-in-chief of our school paper and often selected to be the......

Words: 1040 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Robert Frost

...Definition of CONFUSED WORDS FOLLOWING, IN THE RULES SECTION, ARE SOME COMMONLY CONFUSED OR MISUSED WORDS AND SOME SIMPLE RULES TO HELP YOU USE EACH WORD CORRECTLY. CONFUSED WORDS starting with A a, an Examples: Use a before a word that begins with a consonant (a party) or a consonant sound (a one o’clock meeting—“w” sound) a long u sound (a union) or a pronounced h (a history class) Use an before a word that begins with a silent h (an hour) or a vowel or vowel sound other than a long u (an usher) Use of a or an before an abbreviation depends upon how the abbreviation is pronounced (a M .A.D.D. m em ber —pronounced as one word, with an initial consonant sound, m ) or (an M .D.—read as two separate letters, with an initial vowel sound [em-dee]) adapt, adopt, adept Examples: Read the sentence and mentally substitute modify, take over/take on, or skillful. If you can substitute modify, use the word adapt. (We need to m odify/ adapt the rules.) If you can substitute take over or take on, use adopt. (We need to tak e on/ adopt a new policy in the unit.) If you can substitute skillful, use adept. (Sara is sk illful/ adept at handling problems.) adverse, averse Examples: Adverse means opposing or contrary. (Curfews had an adverse effect on crime; the crime rate went up.) Averse means unwilling or reluctant. (Julie will never be promoted; she is averse to working late.) affect, effect Examples: Affect is usually used as a verb; effect is a noun. Read...

Words: 4850 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Literacy Narrative

...Alcohol Has Influenced My Literacy Not everyone really remembers how or when they learned to read and write. In fact, most people do not. I am one of those people that do not. So, this is not so much a story of “how” as much as it is a story of some recollections of my journey through literacy as a whole. From my first big kid book, to learning a new language, and everything in between. Not all of these recollections are necessarily positive ones, though. My father had a lot of negative influence on me when I was younger, and I believe he is the reason I am still not the greatest student. Once when I was in first grade, my class was taking our weekly spelling test. None of the words were particularly difficult, considering we were only in first grade. In fact, I specifically remember the word “pie” being one of the words. For whatever reason, though, I could not seem to keep up with my teacher as she called out the words. She would call out a word, and before I could finish writing, she had already called out the next, and the next, and the next. Eventually, being the cry baby I am, I started sobbing uncontrollably because I was sure I was going to fail. In the middle of the test! Once she realized I was crying, she turns to me and asks, “What’s wrong?” I felt way too embarrassed to tell her and the whole class that I could not keep up with them, so I ended up blurting out, “I just miss my dad.” My dad had been in and out of jail due to DUIs for most of my childhood,......

Words: 1617 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Week 5

...with the word e-mail. I originally left out the hyphen in between the ‘e’ and the ‘m.’ I was unaware that was needed. Another mistake I made was the use of a phrasal verb ‘find out.’ A phrasal verb is two words together that mean something different from their individual meanings. Leaving a space after a comma was another mistake I incurred. Although it is just a simple mistake that I overlooked, it still affects the professionalism of my paper. It was also revealed that you do not capitalize the word president unless you are referring a specific president or stating the President of the United States. I also learned that if two words function as an adjective, they should be connected with a hyphen. For example, real time should be real-time. My review from WritePoint was better than I thought regarding my editing changes. Regarding the revision changes, according to WritePoint brought out that I use the passive voice. When writing an essay the passive voice can tend to agitate the reader because your paragraphs become officious and tedious. You must remain consistent with the active voice while writing. For example I wrote, “Within the same study it was indicated that 35% of Americans watched political videos online.” To remain consistent with an active voice throughout the sentence the writer should write, “Within the same study statistic revealed that 35% of Americans watched political videos online.” Replacing “it was indicated” with “statistics revealed” allowed my......

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Free Essay


...| TEFL 4- Active with words | Home assignments | | | | Nelsi van Cleef | 2012/2013 | | Home assignment I: ICT Using ICT to teach/practice/test vocabulary This website offers a broad range of subjects for pupils, from History, Turkish and Math, to English. The pupils can click on “Engels” and then on “oefenen”, where they can practice everything that has to do with the English language, for example reading,listening and speaking. Since this is about vocabulary they can click on “woordenschat”. In the vocabulary section they get 4 choices : woordengroepen, spreekwoorden en gezegden, schoolboeken and WRTS-lijsten. In each of these sections they can practice their vocabulary. The “spreekwoorden en gezegden” section especially appealed to me. This section gives a lot of English proverbs with the Dutch translation, by alphabet. Since there are a lot of sayings in Dutch, and the pupils probably know them, they can also learn them in English. As a teacher the teacher can write down a new proverb every day on the board and start the lesson with elaborating on this, for example: “A man’s home is is castle”. The way the teacher can elaborate on this is by putting this proverb in context, asking the pupils what this proverb may be in Dutch (Eigen haard is goud waard), and asking pupils to give an example by using it. This website is a non-profit website that supports the United Nations World Food Programme...

Words: 1785 - Pages: 8