Mysticism

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By jmoney0388
Words 1666
Pages 7
Mysticism, according to its history, implies a relation to mystery. Mysticism is the spiritual quest in any religion for the most direct experience of God. Mysticism is widely practiced in Eastern religions and concentrates on prayer, meditation, contemplation, and fasting to produce the attitude necessary for what is believed to be a direct encounter with the spiritual realm (Bouyer, 1981). Typically, mystics, theistic or not, see their mystical experience as part of a larger undertaking aimed at human transformation (Teresa of Avila, Life, Chapter 19) and not as the terminus of their efforts. Mysticism has been an intimate part of human society, as a still-unexplainable part of nature, the divine forces over God’s existences, as well as the supernatural, that has allured and guided many to look as far as into the future for answers and as close as deep into themselves and an exploration of the unconscious mind. The many tools of Mysticism, like the Tarot, numerology, astrology, and dreams, are all used to provide insights into a "deeper consciousness" and a "higher plane of existence," which when properly interpreted could very well shed light into the murkiest situation. In today's societies, Mysticism continues to intrigue, appeal to, entertain and aid people across cultures that force us to question the existence of God and Man and develop a sense of understanding for Man’s relationship to God. Mysticism has made significant changes in reshaping the mines of people towards nature and God and plays a major role in many societies but has impact more so the western world. A favorite distinction of Western philosophers is between theistic experiences, which are purportedly of God, and non-theistic ones. Non-theistic experiences can be allegedly of an ultimate reality other than God or of no reality at all. Numinous theistic experiences are dualistic, where God…...

Similar Documents

Mysticism and Diabolic Witchcraft

...History 200 14 December 2010   1   Mysticism and Diabolic Witchcraft: Female Susceptibility of the Italian Renaissance During the Italian Renaissance, Christianity experienced a heavy resurgence in mysticism. Mysticism was a type of devout faith or spirituality found throughout the convents in Italy and primarily exercised by Christian Italian women (Sheldrake 93-95). These women underwent vivid connections with God which involved an awakening of consciousness and awareness for God’s divine will. In extreme cases, women fell into a transcendental union with God in which they experienced ultimate illumination. In these rare occurrences, women could encounter faith miracles such as stigmatas, ecstasies, or the re-living of Christ’s Passion. During this period, Italy also experienced another intense spiritual movement labeled diabolic witchcraft (Tavuzzi 150). In the case of diabolic witchcraft, again experienced primarily by females, women underwent a concentrated level of worship and contractual relations with Satan. Historical examples show these women developing sexual relations with Satan, as well as maleficia or harmful magic (Tavuzzi 153). The women involved in diabolic witchcraft were pursued by the Church’s legal arm, the Dominican Inquisitors. They were put on trial, accused of heresy, and either imprisoned or killed. Similarly, the Dominican Inquisitors investigated women who were involved in mysticism and upon the examinations performed by the......

Words: 5189 - Pages: 21

Celebration of Discipline Book Review

...disciplines. All three books, however, cite their practice as the solution for carnality and spiritual ineffectiveness of the church. All claim that spiritual disciplines are the means to bring God’s grace to bear on hearts that have become blind and dull of hearing. An implicit message of these books is that the practice of spiritual disciplines has been a hidden truth since Reformation days and that by going back to medieval days and exploring mysticism to find answers has merit. As pointed out in a previous critique of Westerhoff’s book,[4] mysticism, subjectivity, intuition and imaginative reflection weave their way through the descriptions of spiritual disciplines and this is also true, to some extent, in The Celebration of Discipline and The Spirit of the Disciplines. The apparent differences in style and emphasis appear to stem from each author’s religious orientation (i.e., Westerhoff functions as a priest in the Episcopalian Church and is oriented to Roman Catholic mysticism, Foster is a Quaker grounded in the mysticism and intuitive approach of the Friends and Willard is an evangelical Baptist who embraces the spiritual formation movement). They all seem draw heavily from extra-biblical sources and not upon exegesis for their contentions. In Celebration of Discipline Foster lists twelve spiritual disciplines: meditation, prayer, fasting, Bible study, simplicity, solitude, submission, service, confession, worship, guidance and celebration. Ultimately,......

Words: 1932 - Pages: 8

Philosophy

...conversation completes a full circle with the final idea that “piety is intimately bound up with what the gods like (Plato 15a).” The article on Jewish Mysticism explains that what varies between Jewish Mysticism and other religions is the interpretation of the experiences through the attempt to communicate it, and the ability to make others see the significance of the event (Jones Pg 156). Jewish Mysticism is a larger element of myth and folklore than Christian Mysticism. Gnostical movements had a lot of influence on Jewish Mysticism (Jones Pg 157). Kabbalism, the most important contribution to Jewish Mysticism, is a discipline and school of thought. It is the teachings that explain the relationships between an unchanging and eternal Ein Sof and the mortal universe or his universe. Kabbalism “set out to preserve god and to blaze a new and glorious trail to Him, but encountered mythology on its way and was tempted to lose itself in its labyrinth.” These thoughts came about by persons who had mystical experiences. There are several types of Jewish Mysticism. The first type being Merkabah Mysticism was aimed to contemplate the visions of God’s Throne, not of god himself. This idea stated that “God himself is too remote, too wholly Other, for them to expect to attain a mystical union with him (Jones Pg 158).” Another type of Jewish Mysticism is Hasidism what had two diverse periods one early and another in the twelfth century. This movement aimed for a complete serenity of......

Words: 1384 - Pages: 6

Spanish Artists

...subconscious mind, delusions, fantasies and charged with erotic meaning. Influence on fashion, design, advertising, fantasy books, comics, Walt Disney… Paranoiac-critical mysticism (1950) Meeting with Father Bruno de Jesus-Marie, French Carmelite monk, expert on Catholic mysticism. Showed him a picture of St John of the Cross-’ Crucifixion. Lecture at the Ateneu in Barcelona: “Why I was sacrilegious, why I am mystic” (1950) “The Moral position of Surrealism” (1930) Madonna of Port Lligat (1950) Renaissance style Trinity Shell Rhino – Chastity Christ of St John of the Cross (1951) St John of the Cross (1542-1591) Dali claimed he had a cosmic dream and predicted that the triangle formed by the head and arms of the Christ and the horizontal bar of the cross was the structure of the internal part of the atom. Nuclear mysticism (1952): combination of atomic age physics and Catholic doctrine. * “The explosion of the atomic bomb on 6 August 1945 sent a seismic shock through me. Since then, the atom has been central to my thinking.” (Dali) * Principally based on the advances of modern science * Metaphysical spirituality of quantum mechanics * Form as the result of an inquisitorial process * In the Renaissance style Three sphinxes of Bikini (1947) Nuclear mysticism Lecture Tour (1952) Kansas City woman asked a question about aesthetics. Dali understood anesthetics… FUNNY EXPLANATION. Leda atomica (1949) Nuclear fission Atomic......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Yeats and Symbolism

...Yeats and Symbolism Born in 1865, William Butler Yeats was an Irish poet and playwright and one of the twentieth century’s foremost literary masters. Yeats is partly credited with the Irish Literary Revival and was awarded a Nobel Prize in Literature. Even though he rejected Christianity, Yeats was spiritual; he developed a unique, philosophical belief system that emphasized fate, historical determinism, and the notion that history is cyclical; Yeats eventually began using the image of a gyre to represent his spiritual canon. Yeats believed that the era he lived in was the end of the Christian-Cycle of the world and the beginning of the Human-Cycle. Much of Yeat’s inspiration was derived from mythologies, mysticism, and the occult of Ireland and other cultures, Christianity included; other inspiration, in his later years, developed from the Irish Rebellion, the Russian Revolution, World War I, and other political matters of his era. Much of the symbolism Yeats uses draws heavily from his metaphysical beliefs; he used well-known symbols to get his point across as well as cryptic and ambiguous symbols to keep his works relevant throughout time. In the poems “The Second Coming” and “Sailing to Byzantium”, Yeats uses symbolism to make poignant, haunting statements on the contemporary issues of his time involving society and human existence that, by his own design, are still relevant today. In the poem “The Second Coming”, Yeats is waxing poetic over the chaos created by war...

Words: 1067 - Pages: 5

Myrmidon of Motif, Myth & Mysticism

...Tris-tridha Myrmidon of Motif, Myth & Mysticism ‘9 is the number of the mythic Lords of Time.’ - Arguelles, The Mayan Factor The Ennead, or nine pointed star, is an ancient and sacred symbol. It comprises three trinities. The Egyptian, Celtic, Greek and Christian myths all have an ennead of nine gods and goddesses, representing the entire archetypal range of principles. In Hinduism - 3 is a symbol of both the unification of the mind, body and spirit and the triad or the trinity, represented by the Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva or the Supreme Mother in the form of Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswathi. 9 is said to be the magic number of Maya. Indian classical dance, often refers to the ‘rasas’ that are also nine in number, having been derived from the three basic gunas: Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. Tristridha or 3 * 3 (3 times 3), assumes even more significance as it represents both the number nine as well the triple triad. Tristridha also signifies an arithmetic progression: though we have chosen to characterize just 5 of Her manifestations, typifying the myths we believe in and the motifs and mystical practices that we abide by; the Supreme Mother in Her infinite manifestations knows no boundaries. Tris-tridha, : Myrmidon of Motif, myth & mysticism represents us, the followers who carry the recurring & unifying idea with conviction through symbols, traditional & mythological stories and numinous practices; with religious tendency and desire of a union with the......

Words: 957 - Pages: 4

Middle Eastern South Asian Conflict

...Sufism ideology helped spread Islam in South Asia because it is an amalgamation of the spiritual and mysticism of Islam that was appealing to Indians whose native religion focused on both of those aspects. Sufism is a spiritual tradition which originated within Islam, its development paralleled that of Islam but it focused more on the spirtual development of the individual and G-d. Sufism was influenced by cultures of peoples and itself influenced the culture, a fusion of traditions and religion came to define how Sufism created grassroots of Islam in northern India. Sufism paved the way for Islam in northern India because it acted as the intimidate stage by converting non-believers toward the path of Islam that allowed for future Islamic missionaries to convert faster. The fundamental tenets that make up Sufism deal with a spiritual focus of Islam rather than the dictated and systematic understanding of religion. Sufism developed a form of Islam that historinan Jonathan Berkey claims was “…graft[ed] onto ascetic traditions with a mystical dimension… that lead to a distinctly mystical approach to religious understanding.” (Berkey, 2003: p.156). This merging of mysticism, defined as “the spiritual apprehension of knowledge inaccessible to the intellect, attained through contemplation and self-surrender…”, produced a form Islam that connected an individual not with the material world but the spiritual world. This connection between an individual and G-d, seems intoxicating to...

Words: 1336 - Pages: 6

Mysticism in Philosophy

...article is that Mysticism does indeed exist. Stacie is trying to prove that the existence of mysticism cannot be denied and that it is not just some worthless delusion. He states that human beings cannot deny the existence of mysticism because it is beyond the confines of human understanding. One of the main concepts is that Mysticism is Independent of all our senses such as our physical senses of hearing, seeing or smelling. It also excludes any concepts or thoughts. Therefore whatever seems to deviate from our normal way of perceiving things such as having precognitions and visions are indeed not mystical occurrences because they still involve the senses. A man may claim to have a precognition of a neighbour’s death but he still pictured in his mind the image of a coffin and therefore this is not a mystical occurrence. Stacey advances several concepts to try and convince us that mysticism exist. One of his underlying arguments is that even though mystical experiences have different interpretations in different parts of the world, they have common characteristics which are agreed upon by those who practice it. One of the most important of these central characteristics is the existence of an ultimate unity in all things which they call a One or oneness and which is beyond our sensory intellectual consciousness. Stace further states that there are two main types of mystical experiences found in all higher cultures Extrovertive Mysticism and Introvertive mysticism.......

Words: 1012 - Pages: 5

Jewish Mysticism

...Jewish Mysticism Essay #1 Reality is an illusion; the world around us is created merely by our reaction to its existence. Without the world, we would have no perception of its being, and without perception, we would have no understanding of the world. Thus, reality exists outside of our human minds, and it is how we construct, through our senses, our surroundings and the roles we play within them that determine our beliefs, behaviors, and teachings. Through this lens, it is beneficial to view a society as a map, and its peoples’ practices, standards, and conduct as their means of direction, allowing them to transport to their designated place in society and perform tasks expected of them. However, a map only represents an abstraction of reality, portraying only the necessary points, lines, and information required to fulfill its purpose, and the directions used to travel this map are products of this abstraction. Similarly, people’s perception of the society they inhabit are abstract, and entirely dependent on the eyes of the perceivers; so, the norms regarding beliefs and behavior are also products of an abstraction, and can be adjusted in response to varying contexts. This assertion has arguably held true for all of time, and can help explain the indisputable relationship between religion, culture, and society that has materialized throughout history. In particular, the development and discourse of medieval Kabbalah is attributable to the cultural context of the medieval...

Words: 2796 - Pages: 12

Kabir Das and Communcation

...also among common man and youth. This article is an attempt to throw light on the various dimensions of Kabir Das’s literature and how it is still effectively communicated and in turn is used for effective communication. This paper contemplates on the varied aspects of kabir’s literature. Kabir’s literature is known for elements of mysticism, spirituality, concept of love, his objectivity in imparting moral education, his attack on vices of human behavior, hypocrisy and materialistic attitude. All these aspects are dominantly reflected in his literary works and are still relevant in today’s social scenarios which are well communicated in the form of his well remembered ‘Dohas’ and poetry. Hence, it is concluded that Kabir’s literature, in spite of being so old and classical is timeless and well applicable and connected with today’s era. His ‘Dohas’ makes an integral part of our day to day communication. Hence, it can be said that, Kabir Das has communicated with the society and is still communicating and will continue to do so through his literature which will never loose its relevance in any of the ages Keywords: Kabir’s literature, mysticism, objectivity, value education, attack on vices of society, communicator, timeless. Introduction: जिन खोजा तिन पाइया गहरे पानी पैठ, मैं बपुरा बूडन डरा रहा किनारे बैठ। This famous ‘Doha’, explaining the importance of hard work, was tweeted by world’s most dynamic leader, and the Indian Prime......

Words: 3877 - Pages: 16

The Mystical Within an Embodied Experience

...that within mysticism, the embodied experience a person can undergo is not a result of a deeply thought out process but rather, of an out of body feeling wherein a person can truly sense becoming connected to a higher level within his or herself. He further elaborates these notions when he discusses religion as not just a bunch of ideas we debate, but as an idea we can use to have a better life. His book describes religion as any feeling, act, and experience that a person has in solitude as long as it is related to what they consider divine. He has moved from the idea Schleiermacher portrayed wherein a subjective emotional self has a religious experience that is as intuitive as religion itself to a more progressive notion that there is a need to celebrate the individual as the acting person who is more active but still subjective and individual. Despite one author expanding and elaborating the views of the other, both believe that in essence, religion is an experience that is had by an individual who feels a connection to a higher level through their emotional and intuitive characteristics. In the writings of Rudolf Otto, a theologian in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, one can see that his writing regards religions as more developed, not just in the sense that they exemplify advanced moral ideas, but also that they are associated with the belief of God and the afterlife. By including the notion of God and the afterlife, Otto is straying for the basic mysticism......

Words: 2499 - Pages: 10

Bus and Societyty

...Greek and Indian art has the same similarities and difference. Greek sculptors were particularly concerned with proportion, poise, and the idealized perfection of the human body, and their figures in stone and bronze have become some of the most recognizable pieces of art ever produced by any civilization. Indian Sculpture of India has its roots from the planet’s oldest Indus Valley Civilization to globally celebrated modern sculpture art influenced by colonial culture. Magnificence, spirituality, mysticism and elegance define sculpture of India. The very brilliance and finesse of Indian sculpture murmurs the tales of the most civilized history while demonstrating the eroticism and spirituality, the mysticism and passion of Indian art form. Even though they lived far away and had different beliefs, their depicted the same topics: Gods and goddesses, animals, royalty, myths, everyday life, and sports. In sculpture, Greeks mostly used stone, and Indians used a variety of materials. Their paintings were also very similar. Architecture was quite different. Greek architecture used the golden ratio, and their buildings were usually made of marble. They used Doric and Ionic columns to hold the roof of the building up. Indian buildings had elaborate designs carved in them, like people dancing, or gods and goddess. Theater was performed a lot in Greece, but not as much in India. Plays in India and Greece were usually about myths. Masks were a must in theater. In India,......

Words: 255 - Pages: 2

‘I Have Had a Religious Experience’ Explain What This Means to the Believer (30 Marks)

...which he had love and union ‘our heart our restless till they rest in thee’ this is what Happold described as 1 of 2 mystical experiences, love and union, the other was knowledge and understanding, this means the believer has a sense of unity with God and a love for everything. ‘I was lead into learning the incomprehensible’ said Nicholas of Cusa who had a mystical experience in which he the believer gained a sense of knowledge and understanding. He further said that a believer will have 1 of 3 mystical experiences, the first is a soul mysticism in which the believer does not deal with the concept of God as such but rather sees the soul as something that is hidden or numinous, and they want to find soul fulfilment. St. Francis of Assisi preached to the animals, this is a form of nature mysticism which is the belief that God is immanent, he is everywhere and can be found in everything so the individual will find God in nature. The final is God mysticism is in the souls of us who desire to return to their ‘immortal and indicate found, which is God’ the souls become God while remaining itself. This is the closest an individual can come to God. Individuals are said to gain knowledge of ‘ultimate reality’ a sense of freedom from the limitations of time space and human ego is experienced, as a sense of oneness or unity with the divine and a sense of serenity is experienced. R.A Gilbert said that to the individual the experience will ‘serve to illustrate the extreme difficulty of......

Words: 1198 - Pages: 5

Gothic Cathedrals, Compare and Contrast Two

...introduced by the Romanesque style of building. Romanesque style only lasted for nearly one hundred years before the Gothic style replaced it entirely. Abbot Suger was the founder of the Gothic style. One great form of Gothic architecture was the Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral that was built in France between 1145 and 1513. Another form is the Bourges cathedral, located in Bourges, France. Both works of art show extraordinary style and detail. Although similar in many ways, they both have different features. The Gothic style architecture began around 1145. Cathedrals styles were changing from round arches to pointed arches. Gothic cathedrals were expressions of a new age of faith that grew out of medieval Christian theology and mysticism, (Frank, Patrick). Abbot Suger was the first to create the Gothic style. He wanted to create a church to honor God by illuminating light using the stained glass. Suger believed beauty could help transform one to a heavenly world, and colored or stained glass was considered a surrogate for precious gems, (AIU Multimedia). Two cathedrals that portray Suger’s idea are the Bourges cathedral and the Notre Dame de Chartres. The Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral was constructed between 1145 and 1513 in France by architect Guy Nicot. Because it is architecture it is considered three-dimensional. The Notre Dame de Chartres cathedral was constructed with bearing masonry and stone. In the construction of the Chartres cathedral the......

Words: 846 - Pages: 4

Hum 130 Appendix C Vocabulary Quiz

...traditional or bureaucratic authority | |20. Absolutists |Absolutists one who believes in absolute rights and wrongs | |21. Charisma |Charisma magnetic charm | |22. Fundamentalism |Fundamentalism reducing a religion to its most fundamental tenets | |23. Phenomenology |Phenomenology philosophy based on the intuitive experience phenomena | |24. Liberal |Liberal permissive, or favoring social freedom | |25. Mysticism |Mysticism belief of spiritual intuition or occult mysteries | |26. Heretic |Heretic someone who doesn't believe in the religion they claim to believe in | |27. Sacred |Devoted or dedicated to a deity or to some religious purpose; consecrated. | |28. Soul |Soul the life spirit or energy of a living thing, usually related to humans |...

Words: 338 - Pages: 2