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Table A: National Laws No. | Title | Salient Features | Republic Act No. 8172 | An Act for Salt Iodization Nationwide (ASIN) | It is hereby declared the policy of the State to protect and promote the health of the people, to maintain an effective food regulatory system, and to provide the entire population especially women and children with proper nutrition. For this purpose, the State shall promote the nutritional fortification of food to combat micronutrient malnutrition as a priority health program for the nation. | Republic Act No. 8048 | Coconut Preservation Act of 1995 | Considering the importance of the coconut industry in nation building being one of the principal industries and one of the largest income earners of the country, it becomes mandatory for the Government to step-in and regulate the unabated and indiscriminate cutting of the coconut trees. For reasons of national interest, it is hereby declared the policy of the State to provide for the growth of the industry by embarking on a sustainable and efficient replanting program. | Republic Act No. 8041 | National Water Crisis Act of 1995 | It is hereby declared the policy of the State to adopt urgent and effective measures to address the nationwide water crisis which adversely allocate the health and well-being of the population, food production and industrialization process. | Republic Act No. 7942 | Philippine Mining Act of 1995 | All mineral resources in public and private lands within the territory and exclusive economic zone of the Republic of the Philippines are owned by the State. It shall be the responsibility of the State to promote their rational exploration, development, utilization and conservation through the combined efforts of government and the private sector in order to enhance national growth in a way that effectively safeguards the environment and protect the rights of affected communities. | Republic Act No. 7907 | Amendment to the Agrarian reform Code | This Act amends the Republic Act No. 3844 in several sections; the government through its Presidential Agrarian reform Council (PARC) shall provide funds to pay all bonds and other obligations incurred by the Bank of the Philippines as compensation to the landowners (sect. 2). Section 4 of the Act relates to the capital stock of the bank whereas there are also provisions relating to the membership of the board of directors (sect. 5). | REPUBLIC ACT NO. 7900 | High-Value Crops Development Act of 1995 | It is hereby declared the policy of the State to accelerate the growth and development of agriculture in general, enhance productivity and incomes of farmers and the rural population, improve investment climate, competencies and efficiency of agribusiness and develop high-value crops as export crops that will significantly augment the foreign exchange earnings of the country, through an all-out promotion of the production, processing, marketing, and distribution of high-value crops in suitable areas of the country.The State shall be guided by the principles that land has a social function and land ownership has a social responsibility. As such, owners and lessees of agricultural land, being stewards, have the obligation to cultivate the lands they own or lease and make the land economically productive on a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner. The State has the right to expropriate lands not utilized for the benefit of the community and the country as a whole. | Republic Act 7611 | Strategic Environmental Plan (SEP) for Palawan Act | It shall support and promote the sustainable development goals for the provinces through proper conservation, utilization and development of natural resources to provide optimum yields on a continuing basis. With specific reference to forest resources, the State shall pursue and implement forest conservation and protection through the imposition of a total commercial logging ban as hereinafter provided. It shall also adopt the necessary measures leading to the creation of institutional machinery including among others, fiscal and financial programs to ensure the effective and efficient implementation of environmental plans, programs and projects. | Republic Act No. 7586 | National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 1992 | Cognizant of the profound impact of man's activities on all components of the natural environment particularly the effect of increasing population, resource exploitation and industrial advancement and recognizing the critical importance of protecting and maintaining the natural biological and physical diversities of the environment notably on areas with biologically unique features to sustain human life and development, as well as plant and animal life, it is hereby declared the policy of the State to secure for the Filipino people of present and future generations the perpetual existence of all native plants and animals through the establishment of a comprehensive system of integrated protected areas within the classification of national park as provided for in the Constitution. It is hereby recognized that these areas, although distinct in features, possess common ecological values that may be incorporated into a holistic plan representative of our natural heritage; that effective administration of this area is possible only through cooperation among national government, local government and concerned private organizations; that the use and enjoyment of these protected areas must be consistent with the principles of biological diversity and sustainable development. | Republic Act No. 7308 | Seed Industry Development Act of 1992 | It is hereby declared the policy of the State to promote and accelerate the development of the seed industry and for this purpose, the Government shall:a) conserve, preserve and develop the plant genetic resources of the nation;b) encourage and hasten the organization of all sectors engaged in the industry, integrate all their activities and provide assistance to them;c) consider the seed industry as a preferred area of investment;d) encourage the private sector to engage in seed research and development and in mass production and distribution of good quality seeds; ande) provide the local industry protection against unfair competition from imported seeds. | Republic Act No. 7161 | Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines | The incorporated and numbered Sections 68 to 76 of Presidential Decree No. 705, as amended, are hereby placed under a new subtitle of Chapter III (Utilization and Management) which shall be Subtitle II. | Republic Act No. 7076 | People's Small-scale Mining Act of 1991 | It is hereby declared of the State to promote, develop, protect and rationalize viable small-scale mining activities in order to generate more employment opportunities and provide an equitable sharing of the nation's wealth and natural resources, giving due regard to existing rights as herein provided. | Republic Act No. 6969 | Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990 | It is the policy of the State to regulate, restrict or prohibit the importation, manufacture, processing, sale, distribution, use and disposal of chemical substances and mixtures that present unreasonable risk and/or injury to health or the environment; to prohibit the entry, even in transit, of hazardous and nuclear wastes and their disposal into the Philippine territorial limits for whatever purpose; and to provide advancement and facilitate research and studies on toxic chemicals. This Act shall cover the importation, manufacture, processing, handling, storage, transportation, sale, distribution, use and disposal of all unregulated chemical substances and mixtures in the Philippines, including the entry, even in transit as well as the keeping or storage and disposal of hazardous and nuclear wastes into the country for whatever purpose. | Republic Act No. 4850 | An Act Creating the Laguna Lake Development Authority | It is hereby declared to be the national policy to promote, and accelerate the development and balanced growth of the Laguna Lake area and the surrounding provinces, cities and towns hereinafter referred to as the region, within the context of the national and regional plans and policies for social and economic development and to carry out the development of the Laguna Lake region with due regard and adequate provisions for environmental management and control, preservation of the quality of human life and ecological systems, and the prevention of undue ecological disturbances, deterioration and pollution. | Proclamation No. 926 | Subic Water shed Forest Reserve Law | The said parcel of land shall be part of the watershed reservation and remain under the executive control and administration of the Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources who is hereby directed to take all necessary actions within his authority to administer and protect the above mentioned resources of the said reservation. Any person who shall collect, cut, gather any forest products, wildlife from the said watershed area and/or in any manner destroy the biological of the resource natural features therein or interfere with the sustainable functioning of the water resource shall be punished in accordance with the penalties prescribed under existing laws, rules and regulations. | Proclamation No. 2146 | Proclaiming certain areas and types of projects as environmentally critical and within the scope of the environmental impact statement system established under Presidential Decree No. 1586 | Whereas, it is the national policy to attain and maintain a rational and orderly balance between socio-economic growth and environmental conservation and protection; Whereas, there is an urgent need to bring about an intensive, integrated program of environmental protection through a requirement of environmental impact assessments and statements; Whereas, the environmental impact statement system established under Presidential Decree No, 1586 calls for the proper management of environmentally critical areas. | Bureau of Forest Development Circular No. 08 | Bureau of Forest Development Circular no. 08 regarding Regulations for the Conservation of Marine Turtles in the Philippines. | These rules restrict the issuing of new permits for collecting, gathering, utilising, possessing, of marine turtles, turtle eggs and its by-products in specified areas. Licenses or permits shall be issued by the Bureau of Forest Development to collect, gather, utilise and dispose of marine turtles, turtle eggs and its by-products, provided that the allowable quantity shall be specified in the permit by the Director of Forest Development and provided, further, that such harvest, except turtle eggs, shall be sold only to agencies to be authorized by the Minister of Natural. The Government shall then utilise and dispose of these harvests in support of the Pawikan Conservation Program particularly to assure the immediate setting up of turtle sanctuaries and to maintain and increase the breeding population. | Executive Order No. 927 | Further defining certain functions and powers of the Laguna Lake Development Authority. | WHEREAS, the land and the waters of the Laguna Lake Region are limited natural resources requiring judicious management for their optimal utilization to insure renewability and to preserve the ecological balance;WHEREAS, the increasing pressure of urban growth and development dictate the need for a more rational allocation of the limited land and lake resources of the region responsive to the demands of the various beneficial users thereof;WHEREAS, the competing options for the use of such resources and conflicting jurisdictions over such uses are creating undue constraints on the institutional capabilities of LLDA in the light of the limited powers vested in it by its charter;WHEREAS, for LLDA to effectively perform its role, a thorough corporate reorganization aimed at: regrouping its various units for better administrative control and direction; expansion of its field offices; strengthening of the linkages with other government and private institutions; broadening of its financial base and revenue generations; and, enlarging its prerogatives of monitoring, licensing and enforcement, would be necessary. | Resolution No. 33 Series of 1996 | Approving the rules and regulations implementing the environmental user free system in the Laguna De Bay region. | WHEREAS, Republic Act No. 4850, as amended, empowers the Laguna Lake Development Authority to issue such rules and regulations as may be necessary to effectively carry out its mandated functions and purposes;WHEREAS, the Environmental User Fee System was approved, under Board Resolution No. 25, Series of 1996,for implementation in the Laguna de Bay Region to enhance the lake’s water quality by providing the lake users with an incentive to reduce pollution and allocate their prevention and abatement resources efficiently;WHEREAS, for the proper and effective implementation of the aforementioned system, the Laguna Lake Development Authority has formulated the Rules and Regulations Implementing the Environmental User Fee System;NOW, THEREFORE, foregoing premises considered and pursuant to the provisionsof Republic Act No. 4850, as amended by Presidential Decree No. 813, Executive Order No. 927 and Presidential Decree No. 984, BEIT RESOLVED, as it is hereby RESOLVED, to adopt thefollowing Rules and Regulations Implementing the Environmental User Fee System in theLaguna de Bay Region. | Republic Act No. 4190 | An Act declaring certain places in the province of Lanao Del Sur as National Parks. | SECTION 1. The following places in the Province of Lanao del Sur are hereby declared as national parks: a. Rungkunan Park, located in the Municipality of Ramain;b. Lake Dapao, located in the Municipality of Pualas;c. Lake Butig, located in the municipality of Butig;d. Sacred Mountain together with all the lands therein, located in Marawi City;e. Salikata Park, located in the Municipality of Lumba Bayabao; andf. Pantuwaraua Lake, located in Saguiaran. SECTION 2. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. | Republic Act No. 3931 | National Water & Air Pollution Control Commission Act | It is hereby declared a national policy to maintain reasonable standards of purity for the waters and air of this country with their utilization for domestic, agricultural, industrial and other legitimate purposes. | Republic Act No. 3571 | Prohibition against cutting trees in public roads, plazas, etc. | In order to promote and conserve the beauty of objects of scenic and ornamental value along public places and help preserve cool,fresh and healthful climate, it is the policy of the Government to cherish, protect and conserve planted or growing trees, flowering plants and shrubs or plants of ornamental value along public roads, in plazas, parks, school premises or in any public ground. | Batas Pambansa Bilang 701 | An Act amending Section 36 of PD No. 705, otherwise known as “The revised forestry code of the Philippines.” | Section 1. Section thirty-six of Presidential Decree Numbered Seven hundred five is amended by adding another paragraph after paragraph (h) to read as follows: "In addition to the incentives under this section, private landowners who engage in tree farming on areas fifty hectares or below by planting their lands with Ipil-Ipil and other fast-growing trees shall be exempt from the inventory requirement and other requirements before harvest as provided in this Decree for lessees of forest lands of the public domain: Provided, That the transport of trees cut shall be accompanied by the corresponding certificate of origin duly issued by the authorized forest officer." Sec. 2. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. | Batas Pambansa Bilang 58 | An Act amending RA No. 5474, as amended by RA No. 6145 (Re: Prohibiting the catching, selling, offering to sell, purchasing any of the fish species called “Gobiidae” or “Ipon” | Section 1. Section one of Republic Act Numbered Fifty-four hundred and seventy-four, as amended by Republic Act Numbered Sixty-one hundred and forty-five, is further amended to read as follows: "Section 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, association or corporation to catch or cause to be caught, any of the fish specie called "gobiidae" or "ipon" or to sell, offer to sell, purchase, or have in possession, except for propagation, scientific or educational purposes, any of such fish specie caught during such period or periods of the year as may be declared as a close season by the Minister of Natural Resources, upon the recommendation of the Director of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, jointly with the Provincial Governor or City Mayor, as the case may be, and taking into account the spawning period and the need for conservation and ecological balance." Any declaration of the close season under the provisions of this Act shall take effect only after sixty days from publication thereof in at least two newspapers of general circulation in the place affected by the declaration. Sec. 2. The title of Republic Act No. 5474 is hereby amended to read as follows:"AN ACT MAKING IT UNLAWFUL FOR ANY PERSON, ASSOCIATION OR CORPORATION TO CATCH OR CAUSE TO BE CAUGHT, SELL, OFFER TO SELL, PURCHASE, OR HAVE IN POSSESSION ANY OF THE FISH SPECIE CALLED "GOBIIDAE" OR "IPON" DURING A CLOSE SEASON." Sec. 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval. | Presidential Decree No. 2001 | Withdrawal of Lead in Gasoline | WHEREAS, Tetraethyl (TEL) is an additive to gasoline used to reduce or prevent engine knock on gasoline-fed vehicles by increasing octane number and, as an imported item, requires annual expenditures of approximately two hundred million pesos. WHEREAS, it has been established that TEL is a poisonous compound of lead that, when expelled from the exhaust pipes of motor vehicles as particulates and inhaled, is readily absorbed into the body leading to lead poisoning and various illnesses and, setting quickly out of the air, it contaminates the soil resulting in increased danger to health;WHEREAS, scientific investigations have conclusively shown that lead pollution in the Philippines is serious and that the adverse consequences of lead intoxication attributable to TEL in gasoline is grievous, thus increasing concerned in the Philippines about the detrimental effects of free lead in the atmosphere;WHEREAS, medical investigations in the Philippines have shown that in the urban areas Filipino children have been exposed to lead poisoning beyond tolerable medical limits; WHEREAS, it is imperative for the Philippines to adopt a national program designed to arrest the dangers posed by TEL nationwide;WHEREAS, various chemical compounds can be used for blending with gasoline to reduce and/or eliminate TEL in gasoline without posing danger to health and at the same time improve octane ratings, among which substitutes is ethanol which is the only one that can be produced locally in sufficient quantity and quality, indicating that ethanol is the best choice in the Philippines to replace TEL as a gasoline additive;WHEREAS, technical duties have shown that ethanol may be produced efficiently from sugar cane and in existing sugar districts so that, considering the plight of the sugar industry which resulted from the depressed world prices of sugar, the early implementation of an ethanol program will produce an additional benefit of providing a new market for the local sugar industry. | Presidential Decree No. 1899 | Small-scale Mining Law | WHEREAS, the Philippine mining industry has always been dominated by large-scale mining operations; prevailing statutes, policies, incentives and financing are generally addressed to the large-scale sector of the industry; and capital intensity with high debt-equity ratio, mechanization and heavy energy requirements characterize such type of operations, whose main attraction is the attainment of economies of scale through low cost but large tonnage operations;WHEREAS, the advent of inflation, volatile commodity prices, multiple increases of oil and fuel prices, stringent environmental control measures and high cost of capital proved to be most disastrous for Philippine large-scale mines.WHEREAS, abundance of cheap labor in the Philippines, relative flexibility and simplicity of operations, minimum capital requirements, less fuel dependent operations and minimal effects on the environment are among the arguments that lend support to the development of small-scale mining;WHEREAS, there exist small mineral deposits that are being or could be worked profitably at small tonnages requiring minimal capital investments utilizing manual labor; andWHEREAS, the development of these small mineral deposits will generate more employment opportunities, thereby alleviating the living conditions the rural areas and will contribute additional foreign exchange earnings. | Presidential Decree No. 1755 | Amendment to the Revised Forestry Code | WHEREAS, criminal administration of justice against forestry law violators should be speedily dispensed with the "Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines" further strengthened by making it more responsive to present realities;lawphil.netWHEREAS, it is of common knowledge that only few criminal cases are being filed against violators of the forestry laws, rules and regulations because of the apparent lack of manpower in the prosecuting arm of the Bureau of Forestry Development which predicament could not be feasibly augmented due to the present economic situation of the country;WHEREAS, Section 80 of the "Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines", or any other law, rule and regulation does not authorize members of the PhilippineConstabulary/Integrated National Police to file complaints against forestry law violators except when they are lawfully deputized by the Minister of Agriculture and Natural Resources pursuant to the said Code. | Presidential Decree No. 1775 | Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines | WHEREAS, criminal administration of justice against forestry law violators should be speedily dispensed with the "Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines" further strengthened by making it more responsive to present realities;WHEREAS, it is of common knowledge that only few criminal cases are being filed against violators of the forestry laws, rules and regulations because of the apparent lack of manpower in the prosecuting arm of the Bureau of Forestry Development which predicament could not be feasibly augmented due to the present economic situation of the country; | Presidential Decree No. 1586 | Environmental Impact Statement System | WHEREAS, the pursuit of a comprehensive and integrated environment protection program necessitates the establishment and institutionalization of a system whereby the exigencies of socio-economic undertakings can be reconciled with the requirements of environmental quality;WHEREAS, the regulatory requirements of environmental Impact Statements and Assessments instituted in pursuit of this national environmental protection program have to be worked into their full regulatory and procedural details in a manner consistent with the goals of the program. | Presidential Decree No. 1433 | Plant Quarantine Law of 1978 | WHEREAS, economic losses due to injury on agricultural crops brought about by plant pests have become increasingly significant; WHEREAS, the prevention of introduction, incursion, establishment and subsequent spread of plant pests by regulating the international and domestic movements of plants and plant products, is considered more practical and economical than any other method of plant pest control;WHEREAS, modern means of transportation and handling of imports and exports have favored the expeditious and extensive movements of plants and plant products, thereby, increasing the risk of plant pest introduction and/or incursion;WHEREAS, plant quarantine is basically and essentially a preventive measure, it being the actual frontline defense against the introduction or incursion into the country of plant pests which are destructive to our agricultural crops; | Presidential Decree No. 1219 | The Coral Resources Development and Conservation Decree | It is hereby declared the policy of the State to conserve, protect and manage caves and cave resources as part of the country's natural wealth. Towards this end, the State shall strengthen cooperation and exchange of information between governmental authorities and people who utilize caves and cave resources for scientific, educational, recreational, tourism and other purposes. | Presidential Decree No. 1152 | Philippine Environment Code | WHEREAS, the broad spectrum of environment has become a matter of vital concern to the government;WHEREAS, such a program can assume tangible and meaningful significance only by establishing specific environment management policies and prescribing environment quality standards in a Philippine Environment Code: | Presidential Decree no. 1151 | Philippine Environmental Policy | It is hereby declared a continuing policy of the State:a. to create, develop, maintain, and improve conditions under which man and nature can thrive in productive and enjoyable harmony with each other; b. to fulfill the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations of Filipino; and c. to insure the attainment of an environmental quality that is conducive to a life of dignity and well-being. | Presidential Decree No. 984 | National Pollution Control Commission | It is hereby declared a national policy to prevent, abate and control pollution of water, air and land for the more effective utilization of the resources of this country. | Presidential Decree No. 979 | Marine Pollution Decree of 1976 | It is hereby declared a national policy to prevent and control the pollution of seas by the dumping of wastes and other matter which create hazards to human health, harm living resources and marine life, damage amenities, or interfere with the legitimate uses of the sea within the territorial jurisdiction of the Philippines. | Presidential Decree No. 856 | Code on Sanitation of the Philippines | WHEREAS, the health of the people, being of paramount importance, all efforts of public services should be directed towards the protection and promotion of health; andWHEREAS, with the advance in the field of sanitation in recent years, there arises the need for updating and codifying our scattered sanitary laws to ensure that they are in keeping with modern standards of sanitation and provide a handy reference and guide for their enforcement; | Presidential Decree No. 825 | Penalty for Improper Waste Disposal | Any provision of existing laws to the contrary notwithstanding, all citizens and residents of the Philippines; all universities, colleges and schools and other similar institutions, private as well as public; all commercial and industrial establishments such as hotels, restaurants, hospitals, cinema houses, public markets, department stores, groceries and the like; all public conveyances; all residential houses; and all other establishments of any kinds, shall undertake the cleaning of their own surroundings, their yards and gardens, as well as the canals, roads or streets in their immediate premises.All garbages, filth and other waste matters, shall be placed in the proper receptacles for the disposition thereof by garbage collectors. | Presidential Decree No. 813 | Laguna Lake Development Authority Act of 1966 | is hereby declared to be the national policy to promote, and accelerate the development and balanced growth of the Laguna Lake area and the surrounding provinces, cities and towns hereinafter referred to as the region, within the context of the national and regional plans and policies for social and economic development and to carry out the development of the Laguna Lake region with due regard and adequate provisions for environmental management and control, preservation of the quality of human life and ecological systems, and the prevention of undue ecological disturbances, deterioration and pollution. | Executive Order No. 542 | Task Force Pawikan | WHEREAS, there is an urgent need for the conservation of the economically important marine turtles now in the verge of total depletion;WHEREAS, a greater national involvement is necessary to ensure the survival and development of industries related to specific marine resources;WHEREAS, the factors related to the causes of over exploitation situation is not met with a concerted effort of concerned agencies it is inevitable that these valuable marine resources will be lost as a major source of livelihood of Filipinos, especially the seafaring tribes and Muslims;WHEREAS, in order to initiate and generate an aggressive conservation movement, to create substitute avocations for seafaring tribes, so as to attain a balance necessary to perpetuate the existence and sustained yield of marine turtle resources to contribute their optimum share in the economy of the country. | Proclamation No. 2146 | Environmental Impact Statement System - Areas/Types of Projects | WHEREAS, it is the national policy to attain and maintain a rational and orderly balance between socio-economic growth and environmental conservation and protection; WHEREAS, there is an urgent need to bring about an intensive, integrated program of environmental protection through a requirement of environmental impact assessments and statements; WHEREAS, the environmental impact statement system established under Presidential Decree No. 1586 calls for the proper management of environmentally critical areas; WHEREAS, the pursuit of a comprehensive and integrated environmental protection program necessitates the establishment and institutionalization of a system whereby the exigencies of socio-economic undertakings can be reconciles with the requirements of environmental protection and conservation; WHEREAS, the national leadership mandates the establishment of such a system to regulate and minimize the environmental impacts of projects and undertakings which may significantly affect the quality of the environment in Presidential Decree No. 1586; and WHEREAS, in the effective implementation of such a system, there arises the need to identify and declare certain projects determined to be environmentally critical. | PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 705 | Revised Forestry Code of the Philippines | a. The multiple uses of forest lands shall be oriented to the development and progress requirements of the country, the advancement of science and technology, and the public welfare;b. Land classification and survey shall be systematized and hastened;c. The establishment of wood-processing plants shall be encouraged and rationalized; andd. The protection, development and rehabilitation of forest lands shall be emphasized so as to ensure their continuity in productive condition. | PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 704 | REVISING AND CONSOLIDATING ALL LAWS AND DECREES AFFECTING FISHING AND FISHERIES | a.) The government shall promote and encourage the organization of, provide assistance to, and help integrate the activities of, persons, associations, cooperatives and corporations engaged in the industry so that the nation may achieve the maximum economic utilization of its fishery resources. In this connection, the fishery industry shall be considered as a preferred area of investment.b.) The government shall also encourage and promote the exportation of fish and fishery aquatic products to enable the fishery industry to contribute positively to the development and growth of the national economy.c.) The private sector's privilege to utilize a fishery resources shall be exercised or continued to be exercised only under the basic concept that the grantee, licensee or permitee thereof shall not only be a privileged beneficiary of the State, but also an active participant and partner of the government in the conservation and development of the fishery resources of the country. | PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 601 | REVISED COAST GUARD LAW OF 1974 | a) To enforce or assist in the enforcement of all applicable laws upon the high seas and territorial waters of the Philippines including all ports, customs zones, waterways and other inland waters;b) To enforce laws, promulgate and administer regulations for the promotion of safety of life and property within the maritime jurisdiction of the Philippines;c) To develop, establish, maintain and operate with due regard to the requirements of national defense aids to maritime navigation for the promotion of safety on over high seas and territorial waters of the Philippines;d) To promulgate, administer and enforce rules and regulations, operate rescue facilities and participate in behalf of the Philippine government in international conferences for regional cooperation relative to the promotion of safety of life and property at sea;e) To provide necessary assistance to government agencies promoting the economic development of the maritime industry in the Philippines; andf) To enforce laws, promulgate and administer regulations for marine environmental protection of the territorial waters of the Philippines. | PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 274 | PERTAINING TO THE PRESERVATION, BEAUTIFICATION, IMPROVEMENT AND GAINFUL UTILIZATION OF THE PASIG RIVER, PROVIDING FOR THE REGULATION AND CONTROL OF POLLUTION OF THE RIVER AND ITS BANKS IN ORDER TO ENHANCE ITS DEVELOPMENT, THEREBY MAXIMIZING ITS UTILIZATION FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC PURPOSES. | a.)To impose levies in the form of local tax o­n all industrial and commercial users of the Pasig River proper and its tributaries as well as the esteros branching from and draining into the Pasig River.b.) To institute penal actions o­n any person or legal entity committing acts or omissions in violation of the rules and regulations promulgated by the National Government as exemplified and enumerated under Sec.6 of R.A. 3931 otherwise known as the Pollution Control Law and as implemented by National Water and Air Pollution Control Commission, specifically the rules and regulations relevant to the Pasig River Development Program. It is hereby provided that in cases of persons who are convicted by the appropriate courts, a maximum fine of Php10,000.00 and / or imprisonment from six to twelve years or both shall be imposed at the discretion of the court, it is further provided that in case of acts or omissions committed by other legal or juridical entities the manager thereof shall be held liable, with an accessory penalty of suspension for a reasonable period of time of its permit to operate for the first offense, and the cancellation of the permit to operate for the second offense. | EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 54 | CREATING THE PASIG RIVER REHABILITATION COMMISSION | a) Draw up an updated and integrated Master Plan o­n the Rehabilitation of the Pasig River, taking into account its potential for transportation, recreation and tourism; b) Ensure that the easements provided for in the Civil Code and other related laws are observed including all the esteros and waterways that drain into the Pasig River; c) Integrate and coordinate all programs related to the rehabilitation of the Pasig River, such as, but not limited to, the Pasig River Development Program (P.D. No. 274), Proclamation No. 704, series of 1995 and the Pasig River Environmental Management and Rehabilitation Sector Development Program, a continuation of the Pasig River Rehabilitation Program; d) Abate the dumping of untreated industrial wastewater and sewerage into the river including all acts and omission in e) Relocate settlers, squatters and other unauthorized or unlawful occupants along its banks; f) Undertake civil works for the purpose, such as dredging, clearing of structures, cleaning of the River and all the esteros and waterways that drain into it; g) Submit regular reports to the Office of the President o­n the status of the government’s efforts o­n the rehabilitation and development of the Pasig River; h) Coordinate with all government agencies and offices, including local government units, regarding the necessary measures to implement this Order; i) The Commission shall formulate and adopt its implementing rules and regulations; | EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 65 | AMENDING EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 54, SERIES OF 1999 | The Commission shall be composed of the following:The Secretary of the Department of Budget and Management or his duly authorized representative who shall act as its Chairman;The Chairman of the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) or his duly authorized representative who shall act as its Co-Chairman;The Secretaries and Heads of the following agencies or their respective representatives as members:1. Department of Public Works and Highways2. Department of Environment and Natural Resources3. Department of Tourism4. Department of Transportation and Communications5. Department of Finance6. Department of Trade and Industry7. Department of National Defense8. Department of the Interior and Local Government9. Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council10. Office of the Executive Secretary Three (3) representatives from the Private Sector | REPUBLIC ACT NO. 4062 | REPUBLIC ACT NO. 4062 - AN ACT GRANTING A FRANCHISE FOR AN ELECTRIC LIGHT, HEAT AND POWER SYSTEM IN THE CERTAIN MUNICIPALITIES IN THE PROVINCE OF NEGROS ORIENTAL | In the event that any of the municipalities above-mentioned shall purchase and secure from the National Power Corporation electric heat and power, the latter is hereby authorized to negotiate and transact for the benefit and in behalf of the public consumers with reference to rates. | ACT NO. 4003 | Fisheries Act | All ordinances, rules or regulations pertaining to fishing or fisheries promulgated or enacted by provincial boards, municipal boards or councils, or municipal district councils shall be submitted to the Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources for approval and shall have full force and effect unless notice in writing of their disapproval is communicated by the secretary to the board or council concerned within thirty days after submission of the ordinance, rule, or regulations. | ACT NO. 3983 | AN ACT TO PROTECT WILD FLOWERS AND PLANTS IN THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS AND TO PRESCRIBE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THEY MAY BE COLLECTED, KEPT, SOLD, EXPORTED, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES | A permit may be granted by the Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources free of charge to any person of good repute of legal age, permitting the holder to collect specimens of protected wild plants for scientific or educational purposes. Such permits shall be in force for a period of one year only and shall be subject to such conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources may deem wise to impose for the proper carrying out of the purposes of this Act. Upon proof that the holder of such permit has taken, killed or destroyed any protected wild plant in whole or in part for other than a scientific or educational purpose, he shall be subject to the same penalty as if he had no permit.b.) No license or permit shall be granted under the provisions of this Act except to citizens of the Philippine Islands or of the United States, or to associations or corporations that are duly registered or incorporated under the laws of the Philippine Islands or of the United States or of any State thereof and authorized to transact business in the Philippine Islands and sixty-one per cent of whose capital stock or interest in said capital stock is owned wholly by citizens of the Philippine Islands or of the United States, or to citizens of countries the laws of which allow similar rights to citizens of the Philippine Islands. | ACT NO. 3572 | AN ACT TO PROHIBIT THE CUTTING OF TINDALO, AKLE OR MOLAVE TREES, UNDER CERTAIN CONDITIONS, AND TO PENALIZE VIOLATIONS THEREOF | Any person, company or corporation violating the provisions of this Act shall be punished by a fine of not more than fifty pesos or imprisonment for not more than fifteen days, or both, and to pay, besides, two times the amount of the tax on the timber cut: Provided, That in the case of a company or corporation, the president or manager shall be directly responsible for the acts of his employees or laborers if it proven that the latter acted with his knowledge; otherwise the responsibility will extend only as far as fine is concerned: Provided, Further, That all tindalo, akle, or molave timber cutin violation of this Act shall be forfeited to the Government. | EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 247 | PRESCRIBING GUIDELINES AND ESTABLISHING A REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROSPECTING OF BIOLOGICAL AND GENETIC RESOURCES, THEY'RE BY PRODUCT AND DERIVATIVES, FOR SCIENTIFIC AND COMMERCIAL PURPOSES; AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. | a. Prospecting of biological and genetic resources shall be allowed within the ancestral lands and domains of indigenous cultural communities only with the prior informed consent of such communities; obtained in accordance with the customary laws of the concerned community.b. Prospecting of biological and genetic resources shall be allowed only with the prior informed consent of the concerned local communities. |

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