Native Studies

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jamer12
Words 2423
Pages 10
Changes in the Aboriginal
Justice System through Colonialism

Austin Jamieson
Native Studies 107
Ron Laliberte
November 20, 2013

Aboriginal justice system has gone through many changes throughout history. This has mostly been because of Colonialism. Its presence is highly noticed in the formation of cultures and their ways, as well as in the elimination of others cultures and their ways. Colonialism has affected Aboriginal culture in several ways; however, a significant area that has been affected is the traditional Aboriginal justice system. Aboriginal communities had their own sense of justice and punishment prior to the arrival of the Europeans in Canada, Aboriginal communities lost their traditional means of sentences to the implementation of European corporal punishment. In the Western concept of justice, the system punishes the offender through a process of trying to make the offender conform, often locking them away to protect society from the dangers that offender brings to those around them. Aboriginal systems (which varying) try to focus on restoring the peace and harmony of the community. The concept is meant to use the justice system to bring equilibrium into the offender and community, as balance is necessary for kinship and relationships to flourish. Elders within Aboriginal communities began to bring many of these traditional correction techniques back into society to fix the growing numbers of criminal offenders throughout the country nearing the end of the twentieth century. The purpose of this paper will be to first explore the different alternative techniques that are being restored into traditional Aboriginal communities, as discussed in Katherine Chiste’s article, “Getting Tough on Crime the Aboriginal Way: Alternative Justice Initiatives in Canada.” Next the paper will demonstrate critical reasons for the return of…...

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