Native Studies

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jamer12
Words 2423
Pages 10
Changes in the Aboriginal
Justice System through Colonialism

Austin Jamieson
Native Studies 107
Ron Laliberte
November 20, 2013

Aboriginal justice system has gone through many changes throughout history. This has mostly been because of Colonialism. Its presence is highly noticed in the formation of cultures and their ways, as well as in the elimination of others cultures and their ways. Colonialism has affected Aboriginal culture in several ways; however, a significant area that has been affected is the traditional Aboriginal justice system. Aboriginal communities had their own sense of justice and punishment prior to the arrival of the Europeans in Canada, Aboriginal communities lost their traditional means of sentences to the implementation of European corporal punishment. In the Western concept of justice, the system punishes the offender through a process of trying to make the offender conform, often locking them away to protect society from the dangers that offender brings to those around them. Aboriginal systems (which varying) try to focus on restoring the peace and harmony of the community. The concept is meant to use the justice system to bring equilibrium into the offender and community, as balance is necessary for kinship and relationships to flourish. Elders within Aboriginal communities began to bring many of these traditional correction techniques back into society to fix the growing numbers of criminal offenders throughout the country nearing the end of the twentieth century. The purpose of this paper will be to first explore the different alternative techniques that are being restored into traditional Aboriginal communities, as discussed in Katherine Chiste’s article, “Getting Tough on Crime the Aboriginal Way: Alternative Justice Initiatives in Canada.” Next the paper will demonstrate critical reasons for the return of…...

Similar Documents

The Natives

...Statement of Problems These study intents to find out how aware are the SEA students regarding cybercrimes. It also aimed to answer the following questions: 1. What is the profile of each respondent regarding their awareness? 2. What influences them to such an act of crime? 3. How can they be protected from any forms of cybercrimes? 4. How can these cybercrimes be prevented? Significance of Study The researchers believes that students, particularly in the School of Engineering and Architecture will be benefited from the findings of this study since the study provides basis for awareness and better understanding regarding cybercrimes. Likewise, gives them a focused and clear perspective that such acts of crimes if they get involved have penalties and punishment s according to Republic Act 10175, an act defining cybercrime, providing for the prevention, investigation, suppression and the imposition of penalties therefore and for other purposes. Furthermore, this study helps them refrain from doing such crimes and hopefully they would not do it again if they have done it before. Lastly, we help them how to be protected from cybercrimes so that they would not be a victim of such crime. Scope and Limitations The scopes of this research are the education of students here in University of Baguio for all year levels. The limitations of this research are only those students who are currently enrolled in the University of Baguio at the School of Engineering and Architecture......

Words: 1234 - Pages: 5

Native Americans

...ago and has been an ongoing process to the current day. This paper examines the origins of their Native Americans. This paper also explores their journey into the Americas as the first Immigrants. Their settlement patterns and ways of life will also be examined. The paper also explores how the Native Americans in the Americas fared during the European conquest of the region that is currently identified as the America. Euro-Indian relations, conflicts and their aftermath is also a focus point of the paper, which culminates into the current state of affairs of the Native American community in the Americas. Origins of the Native Americans There are diverse sources of information on the origins and history of the Native Americans. They include oral history passed down through generations. This oral history is as diverse as the Indian Nations. Different tribes have different folklore to explain their origins. For instance, the Haida who reside in British Columbia say that man was shaken out of a clam shell by a raven. The Navajo of Arizona say they sprung out of the ground after which there was a time of great wandering and searching for a home. Almost all Indian nations have their versions of creation that are hard to harmonize. An alternative source of information on the origin of Native Americans devised and conducted by non-Indians was the use of structural scientific study. This included the utilization of radio carbon dating of Indian archeological sites,......

Words: 2083 - Pages: 9

Natives of the Cloud

...Natives of the Cloud Michael Dimas April 25, 2013 Natives of the Cloud For digital natives technology exists at the core of daily life; therefore, technology coexists for core use in the educational system. By the integration of 21st century technologies into the classrooms and daily curricula and with the enhancement of the traditional instructional methods electronically, the concept of the virtual smart-classroom is the new educational model for stimulating the learning environment. "The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew. We must disenthrall ourselves, and then we shall save our country.” Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865). Technology in the classroom has changed the appearance of traditional education. The benefits of various educational technologies have enhanced the quality of students’ learning and achievements. Teachers have learned how to integrate a multitude of different technologies into the smart and virtual classrooms. The relationship between students and instructors is more dynamic as the digital natives become more interested in learning with technology. A survey indicated that in late 1996, about 65% of the United States educators had access to the Internet at their school, and 14% had Internet access in their classroom (Heaviside, 1997). In addition, more than...

Words: 1682 - Pages: 7

The Native America

...The Native America Just the other day in a routine walk to work I overheard a person use the term “A typical American like me”. This stayed with me and had my head spinning the whole day. It kept me wondering, what really can classify a person as a “typical American”, can it be the color of their skin, or the fact that they were born here. In a sense all of us originate from immigrants, the only people that come to mind that were here originally are the Native of Americans. This is a very diverse and multicultural country that has no official religion, culture, or ancestry. It all a melting pot that has a little bit of everything and from and to everybody. What we must take in great consideration that is the origins of America it begins with settlers, arriving to this land and encountering Natives. It is believed that during an Ice Age they traveled a land-bridge across the Bering Sound, from Siberia to what is now known as Alaska today. It is due to Christopher Columbus that they are known as “Indians” this is due to the fact the he believed he had arrived in the Indies. The interaction and trades with the settlers paved the way of nations to born in this continent and with help of Native of Americans the development of these nations. There is a great contribution to the birth of this country be the Native of Americans. However not just to birth but to the development and endurance of time. In the beginning it was Sacajawea who helped Lewis and Clark reached the west...

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Native American

...Imagine being raised in a Native tribe off the East Coast of America. The year is 1398, surrounding you is a rich abundant land full of wild plants and animals. A close knit family where everyone shares, and greed is almost non existent. Day to day survival is what keeps the mind going, but it is never threatened. As you grow up you learn only of your people, and how the world was made for you and you must return the favor with respect. No one tells you your right or wrong, and there is no doubt in your beliefs being false. On a morning just like any other, you take to your hunting trail. It is very common land and you can walk this with your eyes closed without running into vegetation. The birds whistle a common tune, and you can feel and understand what kind of mood they are in. It is quite, but you can still hear and comprehend so many things as the world talks to you. Movement catches your eye and suddenly a great whitetail bucks jumps across the ravine in a non challant manor chasing does. This buck is known in the tribe, and a kill would bring great spiritual power to the people. The buck pauses as he encounters a new scent, thus creating a opportunity to srike. The crisp red oak bow bends to a rate of optimal power, the arrow which took a day to create is perfection as it sits on the stand. The release is smooth and the feathers cut through the air speeding to the target. It is a clean kill, a sacrificed to be made that does not go un appreciative. The 180lb......

Words: 2970 - Pages: 12


...short story collection, Uncle Tom's Children (1938), won first prize for the Story magazine contest open to Federal Writer's Project authors for best book-length manuscript. Harper's published this collection with "Fire and Cloud," "Long Black Song," "Down by the Riverside," and "Big Boy Leaves Home"; in 1940 the story "Bright and Morning Star" was added, and the book was reissued. Native Son followed in 1940, the first bestselling novel by a black American writer and the first Book-of-the-Month Club selection by an African-American writer. It sold 215,000 copies in its first three weeks of publication. Native Son made Wright the most respected and wealthiest black writer in America; he was awarded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's prestigious Spingarn Medal in 1941. After Uncle Tom's Children, Wright declared in "How Bigger Was Born" that he needed to write a book that bankers' daughters would not be able to "read and feel good about," that would "be so hard and deep that they would have to face it without the consolation of tears"; Native Son is uncompromising. In Native Son, Wright presents his guilt-of-the-nation thesis. His main character, Bigger Thomas, is a nineteen-year-old edgy small-time criminal from Chicago's South Side ghetto. The novel races with no stops in between the three parts: Book I, Fear; Book II, Flight; and Book III, Fate. When Bigger is offered a job as a chauffeur for a wealthy white family, he imagines himself in......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Native Delicacies

...known in the world as one of the most beautiful places to visit. People from the different countries and overseas Filipinos are enjoying the serving foods and are attracted to the unique products and services catered to them. According to the Department of Tourism and Department of Agriculture in the province visitors are captivated with the place and the food that are served to them. Based on the recent study of the Department of Tourism visitors are looking for pasalubong especially native delicacy products that can be a present to be brought for their family, friends and relatives. HEY! K-STOP Native Delicacies, with its unique offering that customer will surely love can answer the need of any traveler as they return from a trip. They will bring with them the popular delicacies that will suite their taste at an affordable price. They may take a sit and have a taste of their chosen food from the menu in order to satisfy their curiosity. Everyone will surely be enticed to taste these delicacies and bring it home for their family members to taste the food as well. HEY! K-STOP Native Delicacies will surely bring pride to Siquijodnons because assurance of good products and services will definitely be attained....

Words: 284 - Pages: 2

Native Indians

...Native American Indians Tina Green-Burress HIS/145 November 10, 2014 Danny Scott Native American Indians There is no doubt that our history books have left out a great deal of information about American people and their lives, many black authors have tried to tell the true story of African Americans. But we must not forget American is a melting pot and Native American Indians played an important part in American history. The 1960s brought on changes for Native Indians in America and where they have come from and where they are now cannot be overlooked in American history. From the Beginning "Somewhere, these young men started the American Indian Movement. And they came to our reservation and they turned that light on inside. And it's getting bigger, now we can see things" an Oglala (ElderRedhawk (2002). The elder spoke of three men from the Minneapolis-St. Paul in 1968. The men were Dennis Banks, Clyde Bellecourt, and George Miller, and they were responsible for founding AIM (American Indian Movement). The men were an activist American Indian group concerned with the civil rights of American Indians. These three Ojibwa ex-cons were tired of the poverty and despair their fellow brothers and sisters were going through. Though Indians have always been thought of as a peaceful people, you can only get pushed so much until something is done. In the 1960s and 1970s American Indians became more aggressive with the civil rights movement taking......

Words: 867 - Pages: 4

Native American

...Native American Indian 1 Native American Candace Schneider Axia College of the University of Phoenix Native American Indian 2 My ethnic group that I belong is Native American, but to be more specific I am part of the Chippewa Band of Indians which is part of the tribe Ojibwa. My tribal reservation is the Turtle Mountain Reservation. The history of my people date back a long time ago on this continent of North America. Native Americans of all tribes have been on this continent before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock and before Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean blue in 1492. Native Americans lived, hunted, endure hardships of war, encountered foreign visitors and many other situations as they lived on this land. According to the book Through Indians Eyes (1995) the first people to migrate to North America arrived long before 4000 B.C. by crossing Beringia which is a land bridge that connected Siberia to Alaska (page 12-13). These people spread out all over the land. The people survived by hunting mammoths, mastodons and other large animals during that period of time. People stopped migrating here after the Ice Age ended and the bridge of the Beringia became flooded over by the rising sea. As time went by, these people started to become more advanced by having trade centers, development of weapons, and series of routes to trail on that connected to each other. This is how Native Americans came to be on this land. On this continent the people that......

Words: 877 - Pages: 4


...michael Biondo World History Native Americans Ever since I was a little boy I was always interested in the Native Americans. Not only because I found them cooler than pilgrims but because they are so down to earth and were basically the founders of the United States. Native Americans have been around so long and have so many different kinds of tribes and cultural beliefs. Over the years they sort of have been diminished and sometimes made fun of as well. I respect the Native Americans for how they fought for their rights and independents. Even though many Americans think Indians are “Savages” and “Scalpers” I think of them as a strong people. In this paper I would like to explain the impacts that Native Americans have on our country as a whole and the As I stated before Native Americans have been around as far back as the pilgrims “found” America. They had their own villages and tribes around the North American continent, all the way from Canada to the bottom tips of Mexico. The Native American were a free people living off the land, Hunting, not only deer but buffalo. Buffalo were around and not scarce like they are today. In the 1800’s there were more than “60 million free ranging buffalo on Americas Great Plains and in its mountains” (Yellowstone 1). The Native Americans used the buffalo for more than just food. They were very resourceful they used the skin and fur of the buffalo to make their teepees and make their clothing out of it as well too. Not only......

Words: 824 - Pages: 4

Native American

...Native American R1A Name: KAIDI AN Understanding of Native Americans from a personal view Originated from a particular land, local to an area, and naturally belonging to this place…that is what “indigenous” stands for and comes into my mind immediately. This word takes the Native Americans hundreds of years to protect and struggle for, because these people, who from historical perspective are the most legit and original owners of America, have an extraordinary strong bond with this broad land. However, with the migration of Europeans to the America since the end of 15th century, this formerly harmonious society has been broken into pieces and forced to gradually adjust to the control of new rules and disciplines conducted by the exotic invaders. Whenever the word “Indians” which is a self-identification of the Native Americans, is brought up, the most common phrase I can ever think of is about slavery and discrimination. Indians have been enslaved for a long time during the history of mankind. From the textbook, we learned a lot about European colonialism and its victimization of Africans and Indians followed as the dominant paradigm. Indians are commonly depicted as succumbing in large numbers to survivors with the survivors facing with the dispossession of their lands and their assets. Indians, treated as the commodities by bargaining, or even the livestock, were flogged and whipped by the colonists and slaveholders. They didn’t own the human rights or dignities...

Words: 857 - Pages: 4

Native Americans

...only time you can now view that watch is during business hours through thick glass? Allowing museums to possess Native American artifacts infringes on that culture’s right to preserve their heritage. First I will explain who has the right to ownership; second I will analyze what the artifacts in the museum symbolize, and finally assess the extent to which their heritage is being stolen. Ownership can be defined as the legal right to possession. This is not always the person who actually possesses the item, rather the person that should possess the item. In 1990 the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was passed. The act states: federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding  to return Native American "cultural items" to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawaiian organizations. Cultural items include human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony. (1) Although this act is not easy to enforce, it clearly gives the right of ownership of these items to the Native Americans. Lame Deer’s gun can be described as a “sacred object” and it is justifiable that this item is returned. Regardless that the gun is not his current possession, he has the right of ownership. Keeping items such as Lame Deer’s gun hostage in a museum carries symbolism. When a Native artifact is placed in a museum it carries a multitudinous amount of memories with it. Most of these......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Native American Studies

...Indians, who was the aborigines of Americas, have suffered from the war and colonization for many years. After the found of the United States of America, Indians became the citizen of the USA, but they didn’t have the same rights as other race. So, someone did a lot of job to make it change. Throughout the history, the most famous stuff is Marshall Trilogy. John Marshall, the longest serving Chief Justice in Supreme Court history and played a significant role in the development of the American legal system and federal Indian law, has been credited with cementing the position of the American judiciary as an independent and influential branch of government. He made some decisions about the US government, and his decisions were about the Indians’ rights and laws. So, these decisions were regard as Marshall Trilogy. Three parts of the Marshall Trilogy are: Johnson v. M’Intosh in 1823, Cherokee Nation v. Georgia in 1831, and Worcester v. Georgia in 1832. The first one is Johnson v. M’Intosh, this case related to land issues and the interpretation of the Doctrine of Discovery in the United States. Johnson and M’Intosh wanted to obtain the same land, but the government stood on the side of M’Intosh, and it said Indians did not own land outright, but they could occupy the land, only the US can solve those land conflicts. Indians could not sell the lands. In a word, only the US government can communicate with the Indians about land problems. The second one is Cherokee Nation v.......

Words: 689 - Pages: 3

Natives and Explorers

...Natives and Explorers In this day, we often wonder why study Native American literature? Could it be because we instinctively feel it is because they were the first settlers of America? I will be explaining why Native American literature is America through history of the Native Americans and through literature written by the Native Americans. It is to be believed that the history of North America initiated when the ancestors of Native Americans made their way across a bridge that was once from the Bering Sea and connected Asia to North America. Native Americans believe that their ancestors originated in America and oral accounts of their foundation have been passed down from generation to generation. The Native Americans were very useful with using natural resources and adjusted well to the climate changes of where they lived. They for example, used wood that was collecting in the forest to build houses, boats, and tools. They utilized all of their natural resources including animal hide, bone as well as many other resources to sustain their way of life. Their diet depended on primarily on hunting and was supplemented with farming. When the European explorers began to reach their destination of the land the Native Americans have settled on, they were faced with new challenges. These challenges had some Native Americans coexisting with Europeans and trading and adapting to the new technologies the Europeans had to offer. This was a difficult concept...

Words: 910 - Pages: 4

Native American

...the years the Native American mascot debate is one that has gotten major press. Native Americans are very angry and want to be heard. The tribal names that these natives go by are something that mean very much to them. School boards, and sports teams around the country have used these mascots, and names to define who the team, and or school is. Today, many people see using Native American names for mascots to be racist. These mascots and cultural figures are part of the Native American culture. To go and generalize these people into a sports team that have nothing to do with who they are, is being very prejudice, misleading, and in many ways wrong. Native Americans deserve the right to be heard and understood that their names, tribal figures, and beliefs are theirs. Mascots used to define them bring nothing but racism, shame, stereotyping, and generalization. Many sports teams, schools, and universities in the US have adopted some incarnation of the Native American warrior as their mascot. However, many people, of Native American heritage as well as non-Indians, believe that the portrayals of Native Americans in this manner is a harmful, racist aspect of our culture, and one that we should take strong measures to prevent. It is not wrong for one to say that racism all around the world needs to be put to an end. We as Americans hold ourselves to high standards of being accepting to all ethnicities. It is hard to understand how we are unable to relate to Native Americans and......

Words: 2659 - Pages: 11