Free Essay

Ncaa Football Paper

In: Other Topics

Submitted By apranger8815
Words 1661
Pages 7
NCAA Football
And The
Possible Realignment of
The Teams into
Super Conferences

Mergers and Acquisitions
Anthony Pranger
October 2011
NCAA football is a wonderful and exciting sport, of which I basically know the rules and enjoy watching when I have the time. To be perfectly honest though, this is not a topic that I know much about when it comes to the rankings, divisions and how they determine who will play against who in the upcoming season. Since I lack in knowledge regarding this topic and am not one to back down from a challenge, I have decided to run forward and tackle the topic and research college football, and the inner workings of the sport. This will give me the opportunity to learn more than just accounting and business principles while attaining my master’s degree. First things first, I feel a good description of the sport and its foundation is in order. This will really help put things in perspective, so that I can charge forward and score a touchdown with this paper. NCAA football is also known as College football or pigskin football. Each team is a college (university) and they compete in divisions. The division that has the best teams is called the Division IA and is divided in too many different conferences. The players are amateurs (they do not get paid to play) but they do receive a college scholarship. Each football team can offer a free education to 85 players.
College football is all but clear because it does not have a true championship. There are more than 114 teams and they can’t all play each other during one season. So each team plays a season of 14 games within their conference. Each week a panel of reporters and coaches vote on which team is pretty good and the result is compiled in a top 25. It is a ranking based on impression by humans therefore it is totally unscientific even though complicated formulas are used to come up with the ranking and therefore many discussions are based on their idea why such a team is ranked so high or so low in the top 25.
The post season is a trip to a bowl. Cities that organize bowls invite teams to come compete for a game. Usually teams are selected according to how much money they will bring to the city with their fans. The team that wins the bowl gets a paycheck that can range from $500 thousands to $17 millions! For many years the top 1 and 2 did not play against each other so there was no way to really know which the best team was. But now there is the Bowl Championship Series that is a game where the number one and number two teams play. Division IA and its perspective conferences are essentially a matter of mergers and acquisitions, and as in any M&A there are many stakeholders. Currently, there are just far too many conferences, it is difficult to keep track of which team is in which conference and this causes a lot of speculation on which team could possibly be the best, or worst for that matter. The new trend in the NCAA is, to form super conferences. Super conferences, are where existing conferences add members from other conferences to form even bigger conferences and eventually eliminate the smaller conferences. Looking at the research, I conclude the most likely result could be 4, 16-team super-conferences which are then split into 2 8-team divisions. Divisional winners play for the conference title, and the winners of the 4 super-conference title games will comprise 4 of the 8 teams in the national quarter-finals. This is very similar to the business world of today; many of the big companies are either merging with the smaller companies or eliminating them altogether. Some of the problems that arise from realignment into super conferences lie in the regulations, finances and general risks. Before I go into each of these problems, I feel it is important to identify the stakeholders in the NCAA program.

Stakeholders 1. The Fans: The fans of NCAA football, are like the stockholders of a major company, they should all have a vote in how the conferences are setup and be allowed equal opportunities. 2. The players: The players are the ones doing all the work; they are constantly attending practice, traveling for the games and let’s not forget, achieving their college degrees. 3. The coaches: Coaches are developing strategies, counseling the players, and just basically keeping the team in line. The coaches play a major part in this, because realignment can dramatically affect their salaries and how many coaches there are for each team. Coaches will gather together and look at the financial part of their team and proclaim to the conferences that they have decided to be “in play” or looking for bids to be bought out of their current conference. 4. Television networks: These television networks provide a lot of the revenues for the football teams; they set up contracts with the conferences, spend many dollars on coverage of the games, and ensure fans the opportunity to enjoy the games where ever they are. 5. Colleges as a whole: Many of the students who attend these colleges will attend many of the games. If super conferences lead to logistics issues, the student attendance can surely affect the stadium revenues that the teams receive. 6. Conference organizers: These are the administrative and executive members of the conferences. These members of the conferences decide which teams they want to go after. They also decide how many teams they want the conference to expand into. The bigger the conference the more pieces of the pie for revenues. These people are essentially the buyers and the teams are the targets.
The most prominent regulation that comes to mind with the formation of super conferences is that it will lead to a monopoly of all the funds produced by television contracts. This will also lead to a centralization of all the teams with a big followings, hoarding all the funds that come from the fans who attend the games at their perspective stadiums. The FTC would be the branch of the government that would decide if a monopoly could arise. They would thereby step in and stand up for the general consumer, the fans and colleges that will not end up being a part of the super conferences because they have a much smaller following and do not get the television contracts. These colleges and fans are important stakeholders. They cannot just step aside and let this idea become reality. These funds are very important for team member scholarships, uniforms, director’s salaries and overall general needs.
The two most important finances involved are television contract revenues and stadium revenues. Big networks like ESPN, CBS, ABC and the Big Ten network are the major players here. These networks return revenues of billions of dollars which are negotiated with the conferences and trickle down to the teams and provide the ability to finance their general needs. Needs like; salaries for the coaches, uniforms for the players and turn around funds that help pay for the players scholar ships. Stadium revenues come from students of the perspective colleges in one particular game, season ticket holders, and the concessions within those stadiums. These revenues also flow back into the teams and help with their general needs.

Risks As mentioned before, the most prominent risk is the risk of monopolies. If super conferences are formed, most of the stakeholders will follow in the direction of the big games, games of the super powers. Along with this following, will go the revenues that these stakeholders produce. Some of the risks that will evolve otherwise are that smaller schools will fall apart; other sports within each school will lose fans and diminish the funds they would normally receive. Coaches for other sports and football will strive to be a part of the super conferences and take their coaching abilities away from the teams that really need the structure they provide. Colleges across the nation could change dramatically all because of the evolution of these super conferences.
Based on the research I have done for this paper, I lean away from the development of the super conferences. I believe that the smaller universities or teams with less following are a strategic part of the game. All of the teams need opportunity to develop and rebound to better educated and stronger levels. If the super conferences evolve they will gather so much revenue that they buy up all the major teams and produce a clash of the titans. One of the most important stakeholders that I have not really mentioned is the parents and relatives of the players for the smaller and less followed teams. These individuals will rise up and stride against this super conference idea. I feel that the FTC needs to step in at one point and prevent this operation which is essentially against the general public interest. Through all of the research I have done for this paper I have not really seen much disappointment from the general stakeholder on how the program is currently organized. The current conferences are based mostly on logistics and people want to attend games, and watch games that are relatively close because they consider these teams to be their rivals. If the super conferences are allowed in it could lead to development of conferences that are all over the United States and a ridiculous amount of travel time for the teams. In the end my research turned up many of the stakeholders that are disgruntled and against the development of super conferences for the reasons that I have mentioned and for many reasons I have not even begun to describe.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pay for Play

...Pay for Play Short Paper Timothy McGee Southern New Hampshire University January 10, 2015 There are many ways one could answer the age old question should college athletes be paid. The bigger question should be why are student athletes not being paid. I stand firm on the issue that student athlete's should be compensated for the work they put in for the University. I am a former student athlete and I feel strong about the situation because I have seen thing behind the curtain that the normal American public does not see. If people really knew what it was like to be in the shoes of a student athlete they would probably choose to go to school without sport. The lifestyle of a student athlete is demanding. Do to NCAA rules student athletes are unable to work during the school year due to compromising tactics like receive an increased amount of money because you play for a respected program. Many athletes have lost money from being taken advantage of by agents, coaches, and lenders all looking to cash out when the athlete play professionally. There are many rules to keep student athletes in a system where they basically have no control over there future. For example if a student athlete wanted to transfer to a different college they would have to sit out one academic semester no matter the circumstance. If a student athlete wants to transfer the coach can keep them from going to certain programs. Some coaches have the right to even protect players while there......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...The NCAA recently signed a 14 year, $10.8 billion dollar media rights deal for March Madness. Millions of fans tune in to the biggest collegiate sporting events, while thousands of others buy tickets and attend the games. For decades, the NCAA and its member schools have been making millions of dollars off the work of college athletes, and until recently, the amateur economy of campus sports has gone relatively unchallenged. Even now, the NCAA's rules against allowing players to be paid are supported by a majority of Americans, and many justify this clear injustice by arguing that college athletes are already getting the most valuable compensation possible: a "free" education. 10.8 million dollars for a media right deal might seem like a lot of money, but when you look at the amount of sponsors that are willing to put money into these intercollegiate sports tournaments, it might be understandable. Everything about the NCAA March Madness tournaments is branded. Ads from big companies like Coca Cola, AT&T and HP are constantly played during the broadcasts of the games. And it’s not just the NCAA making a lot of money of off the work of these athletes; also the schools are making exorbitant amounts of money. For one of our case studies we looked at some stats from the Northwestern University. The National Labor Relations Board found that Northwestern’s football team $235 million in revenue between 2003 and 2012. (Pepperman & McDonough, 2014) Another interesting......

Words: 1565 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Should College Athletes Be Paid

...they should be payed for playing their respective sport. This has been a popular topic among the college ranks whether they should pay these college athletes when they already have a scholarship and get national exposure. Nonetheless, college athletes should not be paid for playing their respective sport because athletes already have positive benefits of being able to be in college and playing a sport. There are many negative aspects of paying college athletes. We can start with financial cost within the NCAA industry. This issue has mainly started with men’s basketball and football players. The issue is that if the NCAA is to pay men’s basketball and football players, they would also have to pay women’s volleyball and soccer players, and every other athlete at these institutions. According to TITLE IX, it must provide equal opportunity to men and women ( Gaines,Cork; 2011.20.Aug). Basically, if the NCAA were to pay the men’s basketball and football players, it would have to include every other athlete in their respective college. Paying college athletes would cost $200 million each year(Gaines). That is an excessive amount of money for paying athletes. Then we would have to think where the money...

Words: 1230 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Division 1 Athletes Should Be Paid

...This paper debates whether Division 1 athletes should be paid or not. I explain the situation to the readers that do not have much background knowledge of the topic. I go on to say that Division 1 players should be paid because they do not have much money to buy necessities. The NCAA does not allow players to get jobs due to the workload required for their particular sport. The athletes also cannot sell their items or autographed items for revenue. My next reason athletes should be paid is because they are the core of the collegiate sports. Without the players, there would be no revenue period. My next point is that the scholarships are not enough to compensate or the time the athletes put into their sport. Although the scholarship helps, it doesn’t help the players any further than paying for tuition, rooming, and books. Should Division 1 Athletes Be Paid? Imagine one having a career that takes up a majority of one’s time, requires one to do rigorous tasks, and causes one to travel to many different states. Their role in their career brings in billions of dollars to the company but one doesn’t get paid one cent. Seems like a lop-sided deal, right? Well this is the position for many Division 1 athletes all across the United States today. Today a hot topic in the collegiate world is whether Division 1 college athletes should be paid for what they do and if there are too many responsibilities put on these young adults’ backs. Some believe that the NCAA......

Words: 1313 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Examining the Laws on Commercial Speech and Free Market Competition

...Examining the Laws on Commercial Speech and Free Market Competition Our society has advanced to where it is today because of the interaction and exchange that fosters innovation and economic progress. We cannot naively rely on the pure goodness of society to insure that trade and business is fair—society depends on institutions for that, more specifically the institution of law. Good laws are intended for society to capture the gains from trade and interaction. This paper will evaluate whether the laws that relate to commercial speech and free market competition are designed with society in the forethought. Commercial speech is speech delivered by a business or someone speaking on behalf of a business to potential consumers. The first amendment in the United States Constitution protects the freedom of speech, but whether it also protects commercial speech has been subject to debate in the past. A case that tackles this issue is Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council. Consumers in Virginia challenged a statute that prohibited licensed pharmacists from disclosing price information on prescription drugs, deeming that to be unprofessional conduct. What makes this case unique is that the ones who brought forth the suit are not the subject of the statute, the pharmacists, but the consumers. The consumers believe that the poor, sick, and elderly are hit the hardest by this statute because “a disproportionate amount of their income tends to be......

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Psu Scandal

...Abstract This paper will delve into the scandal that took the sports world by storm and led to a number of firings and lawsuits by both athletic coaches and even a president of a college university. The former Defensive Coordinator at Penn State Jerry Sandusky was accused and convicted of sexual abuse of multiple minors. This tragedy, better known as the Jerry Sandusky scandal, showcased a number of mistakes made by high ranking officials within Penn State University along with the former Head Football coach and former leader in wins at the NCAA level. Not only was there a lack of institutional control on behalf of the Head Coach, Athletic Director, and president, there were also a number of signs that were ignored. There are a number of theories as to why this scandal became what it was. Did it become this way due to employees fear repercussion for uncovering the truth? Or perhaps the culture was so controlled by a 85 year old Head Football Coach? The goal of this paper is to look at the facts presented in the case discover what truly led to the downfall of one of the most well-known NCAA Football programs in history. In 2011, news began to break of a disturbing incident that had taken place at one of the most well-known universities in the nation. Former Penn State University Assistant Head Coach and Defensive Coordinator Gerald “Jerry” Sandusky was accused of sexually abusing a number of young boys while employed by the university as well as after his......

Words: 1140 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...Imagine being Dean at Miami University and the NCAA violations committee came into the office, saying an investigation has started into all sports programs. The NCAA has questions the unethical actions of coaches and administrators alike. The bad ethics at many colleges around the nation reside at many different levels. There are many examples of unethical action like Academic fraud, which ranges from changing grades, doing a student’s online assignments, writing papers, and even projects for that student. Then comes player compensation, and it is when a player accepts money to play at a university, sells ones apparel or equipment for money or services, and even taking money to help family is illegal and unethical. Coaches make most of the unethical decisions from hiding information, not disclosing injures such as concussions, or even interfering with players when not allowed to do so. Unethical action in college sports plague the nation and are ruining the legacies of the great universities in this nation. When a grade is changed or a paper is written for someone else’s benefit, it is considered unethical. This is an example of academic fraud. Many universities have hidden the fact that has been going on from the nation. Florida State University had sixty-one cases of academic fraud. It involved many people including; a learning specialist, academic advisor, and tutor who all took tests, wrote papers, and created projects for athletes. Florida State officials are still......

Words: 1081 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Down Side of College Sport

...for many years. An unfortunate by-product of college athletics has been the exploitation of student-athletes. This paper will discuss the disappointing reasons in which student-athletes have been exploited and why reforms are needed in college athletics. Which explores the effect of money on college sports programs and the way in which college sports programs can distract everyone from academics. It will discuss some of the methods the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) has employed in an attempt to cure this exploitation. This will fairly compensate student-athletes for their work while preserving the amateur nature of college athletics. It will show 3 reason why it is most disappointing, and about how college sports operate. One thing that disappointing about college sport is that they don’t get pay for playing their sport. Dan Zirin believe that colleges needs to start giving back to the athletes who make the money for the colleges. The athletes are the one who bring in the huge profits to their schools but they don’t receive nothing in return. I think the athletes that play the sport should get a little of money because there working hard for their team to won and bringing money to the schools. Even though they have media attention and promotional commercials many people don’t know that they player aren’t getting pay at all. The president of NCAA Mark Emmert said that he expect college athletes to play as part of their educational experience and for their......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Should College Players Get Paid to Play were approved by the NCAA in 1950’s. A college graduate can in fact make a great deal more money over a lifetime when compared to non-graduates. For instance, a “full athletic scholarships” do not provide a “free” education (as it does not cover all costs incurred from matriculation to graduation. In many cases, the university does not live up to its end of the bargain of providing an education; as evidenced by the dismal number in the graduation rates, especially among African Americans. Furthermore, the athletic scholarship is only a one-year (renewable) agreement that can be terminated by the coach or university in any given year for any reason. In debating the pay-for-play issue in college athletics, the history of the governing body (i.e., currently the NCAA), their mission and view of amateurism, the past history of college athletes benefitting financially, and the degree to which athletes benefit from the university experience must all be examined. The counter point section of this paper addresses each point made by my colleague. Using the Eitzen (12) analogy comparing the NCAA and big-time athletic programs to the old southern plantation system will be the underpinning wellspring for the subject of athlete exploitation and the financial benefits enjoyed by the university derived from that plantation-like exploitation. An economic viewpoint will be presented to demonstrate the cartel-like atmosphere held by the NCAA while maintaining the illusion of......

Words: 1640 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ethical and Moral Issues in Business

...(ESPN vs. OSU, 2011) (George, 2010) Ethical and Moral Issues in Business Timothy E. Shaw MGT/216 July-27, 2011 Ms. SHANNON MATHIS-ROBERTS Ethical and Moral Issues in Business Ethics and morals are rules on how we as individuals and as a society should follow. These rules, both written and implied, are how we are viewed and judged. This paper will discuss the differences between ethical issues and moral issues, the differences between personal ethics and business ethics, and show how a violation of these rules brought down one of the Goliaths of college football and caused a premature end to the era Jim Tressel at The Ohio State University. Ethics and morals are sometimes used interchangeably. Ethics is defined as a systematic attempt to make sense of our individual and social moral experience, in such a way as to determine the rules that ought to govern human conduct [ (George, 2010) ]. A moral is the distinction of right from wrong. The difference between the two is very slim and marginal. Morals are what define our personal character, whereas ethics lean on the side of how society is supposed to act [ (wisegeek) ]. As close as ethics and morals are, the margin of difference between personal ethics and business ethics is even more narrow. Business ethics is how people conduct themselves in the workplace and how the company produces goods or perform services to increase their overall worth and profits. Personal ethics are principles of good behavior and a......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Glory Road

...Book Review After getting this assignment I was in a little panic because I had no idea what I wanted to do. Doing a reaction paper to a movie that deals with diversity/race is not something I do everyday, but I decided to buckle down and get it done. There are tons of movies that deal with diversity, but a lot of those movies aren’t movies I’m interested in, this made my decision a lot harder. While looking through my movie collection I came across a few movies that fit the assignment description, Guess Whose Coming to Dinner, Glory Road, Guess Who, Remember the Titans, The Great Debaters, etc. After finding all these movies I decided I wanted to do something that deals with something I can closely relate to, after some great thought I went with the Disney movie, Glory Road. Glory Road is a movie that is based on a true story that happened at the University of Texas El Paso in 1966. It addresses the events that the players and coaches faced during this time period due to racism. Once a girl’s high school basketball coach, Don Haskins was recruited by UTEP to be the head coach of the men’s basketball program. At the time of taking the job, Coach Haskins had no idea what he got himself in to. He walked himself into a program with a non-existent recruiting budget. With no money to recruit Coach Haskins was not able to attract the more popular and well-known white player to UTEP. Not willing to give up on his winning tendencies he decides to change it up by recruiting......

Words: 1522 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Ncaa Monopoly

...Edgar Galvan NCAA as a Monopoly After over a century of existence, the National Collegiate Athletic Association stands today as a multi-million dollar organization, one of the largest and most successful organizations in the nation. The NCAA is in charge of overlooking every college athletic competition in the United States. Every year millions of fans watch NCAA organized games and follow the top prospects of every sport. However, all schools and players involved with the NCAA are obligated to follow a strict set of rules to be eligible to compete at the college level. The NCAA holds college athletes specifically to a very strict set of rules. Under the NCAA all athletes are considered amateurs. The term amateur is used to describe a person or group of people who participate in any form of activity for their own pleasure or entertainment, often distant from those who participate in the same activity for a financial benefit. They NCAA uses the term amateurs to distinguish college athletes from professional athletes. The official NCAA website states that “Maintaining amateurism is crucial to preserving an academic environment in which acquiring a quality education is the first priority”(“Amateurism”). They believe that by labeling them as amateurs they set them apart as student-athletes and everything that the students do for their own respective sport is part of extracurricular activities they are taking a part of. Their website emphasizes this point and declare, “In the......

Words: 2153 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...Running head: PROS AND CONS Pros and Cons of Compensation for NCAA Division I Student Athletes Mark Dunkley PEP 461 Student The College at Brockport Abstract This paper weighs in the pros and cons for the compensation of Division I college student athletes. This paper also introduces a plan that would allow monetary compensation of college athletes in the United States. A survey was distributed to 14 males of the Suny College at Brockport basketball team Pros and Cons of Compensation for NCAA Division I Student Athletes The exploits of student-athletes in sports have variously been advanced as generating a lot of dollars in forms of revenues for their respective institutions, which has generally raised the question as to why they shouldn’t be compensated for their sporting prowess. Student-athletes generate tens of millions of dollars for their respective athletic departments and ideally then should be reimbursed. However, as per the guidelines of the National Collegiate Athletics Associations (NCAA), athletes are not supposed to receive any commercial use of their personas and likenesses and are indeed not expected to gain any monetary compensation for their sporting engagements. This has generally been interpreted to mean that they cannot enter into agreements for endorsements in their sporting activities as has been the case with professional engagements. Instead, students are expected to benefit from the payment for tuition fees from their sporting......

Words: 2163 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Ncaa Football Pay to Play

...Table of Contents 1 The Ethical Issue – Whether to Pay NCAA Football Student-Athletes 3 1.1 The Case For Maintaining the Current System - Not Paying NCAA Football Student-Athletes 4 1.2 The Case For Paying NCAA Football Student-Athletes 6 1.3 Conclusion 11 1.4 References 13 The Ethical Issue – Whether to Pay NCAA Football Student-Athletes Top college football programs make hundreds of millions of dollars in revenues each year, all without having to pay the people who actually play the game. Is it ethical for colleges to not pay their football stars for playing their hearts out on the field, building popular branding images for themselves and their school, and for the collective big-money earnings and prestige that often comes to their schools? Or is indirect payment to these players in the form of a free undergraduate education and college degree through an athletic scholarship sufficient enough? In the 2012 NFL season, 1,947 players played in at least one game. Of those, 62% attended college at one of the five “power conferences” in the U.S., and only one of those players did not attend college at all.[i] Donald Remy, the NCAA chief legal officer has said, “The NCAA’s rules do not force athletes who wish to be professionals to enroll in school,”[ii] yet premier NCAA schools clearly offer the best path to fulfilling these hopeful football players’ dreams. Nevertheless, despite the more opportunistic path of attending a......

Words: 4619 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Literature Study

...influence as a major factor in the development of students studying habit and academic performance. .NCAA Division I athletic programs are usually the largest and best funded. Many of the student-athletes receive full or partial scholarships. NCAA Division I programs also have high regional, and often high national, visibility. Athletes in these programs face a great deal of public scrutiny. These are usually high-power programs and some of the issues of student-athletes may bring to the sport psychologist includes worries over maintaining scholarships, pressures from coaches, and exposure in the media. NCAA Division I schools are often “pressure cookers” for athletes, especially in the revenue sports of football, basketball and baseball. Many schools also specialize in one or two nonrevenue sports and pressures on athletes in those sports can be substantial. Working with College Student-Athletes for many students-athletes, starting college brings about substantial psychological change and adjustment (Gould & Finch, 1991). The demands placed on students-athletes (e. g., academic pressures, sport performance, training, travel) usually exceed the demands experienced by non-athlete students. Students-athletes face a variety of developmental issues and have a number of special pressures, including maintaining academic eligibility and staying in compliance with the myriad regulations of NCAA. Developmental Issues Intercollegiate athletes usually range in age from 17-23.......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4