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SOC 578- Week 9

In the article of ‘From discipline to flexibilisation’, the transformation from fordist mode of regulation to postfordist disciplinary is explained. During this transformation the mode of social regulation in social, economic and political evolved until today by influence of globalisation.
Fordism is a modern economic and social systems based on industrialized, standardized mass production and mass consumption. The concept is used in social, economic, and management theory about production, working conditions, consumption, and related phenomena, especially regarding the 20th century. Fordist accumulation mechanism did not influence only economic issues. It also regulated social, cultural, political issues in society through advertising, mass media and mass entertainment.
Fordist mode of regulation comprised some disciplines to hold society together and proceed properly. It aimed to control individual from their family and community life to work place. Rational control expanded in almost all social areas such as household management, social work, psychotherapy, industrial psychology, etc. Furthermore, the social regulations were concentrated within a national frame. All social areas are controlled and bounded nationally. Thirdly, it was encouraged individuals to be more rational and autonomous for their own decisions through instutions such as family, school, psychology, workplace.
In the post-89 era of postfordist globalisation, firstly, there was a major shift to denationalization and transnationalization in terms of social interactions. The social regulations and policies such as banking regulation, labor standards, environmental regulation and counterterrorism started to regulate at transnational and international levels.
Secondly, there was also a process of desocialization at the same time. Countries found themselves international competition with other countries by the influence of globalisation.
In this way, fordist welfare state transformed to a postfordist ‘competition state’. In this context, states opened their market for massive and transnational flows of capital and new investments.
In meanwhile, they made some new regulations like cutting taxes, eliminating red tape, etc in order to make their markets more attractive for new investments. Due to extent of such this kind of projects, the zone of (national) social regulations in fordist welfare state was destructured and decentralised.
In progress of time, social regulations became more privatised and dispersed by influence of globalisation. Globalisation and neo-liberalism acted as forces which drived change in economic, social and political during last two decades. In ‘Dissolving the public realm? The Logic and Limits of Neo-Liberalism’ the main argument was the process of dissolution of the public realm and transforms to privatisation by influence of neoliberalism and globalisation.
In welfare capitalism, there was certain distinction between private and public realm which involved the division of instutions, activities, etc. Private and public realm were two different poles that involved different instutions and needed each other to define their boundaries. Public realm involved market, state, politics and bureaucracy. In other respect, private realm involved individual, family and domestic instutions.
The distinctions between private and public realm were disappeared due to globalisation acted as a major driving force. As a result of that, many advanced capitalist society had an extent and scale of change in public realm.
The idea of private and process of privatisation came up with Thatcherite conservative party in UK. Their mission was to break ‘shackles of socialism’. As a solution, they shift from the public to private sector. They claim that there is no general public interest, there are only private choices. Individuals can reach the best service, product, education, healthcare and life style that they desire for their life with private provision and private choices.
In this context, neoliberal strategy acted against public realm. The conception of public interest was replaced by rule of private interest. Some institutions such as economic, military, cultural and political had some radical changes. Monopoly providers of these institutions replaced by efficient suppliers disciplined by the competitive realities of the market. The shift from public sector to private sector is legitimised as a reason that the market becomes more dynamic, innovation and flexible.

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