Free Essay

Net Neutrality - Case Study

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By wangotango
Words 1237
Pages 5
Case Study 5: Net Neutrality
Q2. Do some Internet research to identify the current status of Net Neutrality legislation being considered by Congress. Briefly summarize the content of the legislation.

Net Neutrality in the United States has been an increasingly heated issue since the Internet blossomed. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has power to regulate "interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite and cable in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.S. territories" (FCC, n.d.). It would, therefore, seem a natural fit to include the Internet as another means of regulated communication. Currently, FCC regulations shape Net Neutrality more than laws.
However, the FCC has recently been deemed by the court to lack the authority to enforce Net Neutrality. It's Open Internet Order, a set of policies prohibiting the blocking or charging of services by ISPs, was largely struck down in early 2014 in the ruling of Verizon v. Federal Communications Commission (Weil, 2014). The reasoning of the court was that the FCC cannot regulate the broadband providers because they are defined as data services, not telecommunication services. Since that ruling, the FCC has been considering policies involving tiered Internet access, but has yet to act.
Since the court struck down FCC rule of network neutrality, there have been several attempts to enact laws regarding Net Neutrality. These include:
• S. 1981, The Open Internet Preservation Act
• H.R. 3982, The Open Internet Preservation Act
• H.R. 4070, The Internet Freedom Act
• H.R. 4880, The Online competition and Consumer Choice Act of 2014
• S. 2476, The Online competition and Consumer Choice Act of 2014
Source: Network (Net) Neutrality Legislative History
As of this date, none have been passed into law.
The most recent player in Net Neutrality is President Obama. In November 2014 he issued a statement calling on the FCC to reclassify broadband service as a "telecommunications service" so that Net Neutrality may be enforceable ("Net Neutrality: President Obama's Plan for a Free and Open Internet," n.d.). This would be generally touted as a win by Net Neutrality advocates, but the reclassification of broadband services as Title II would also automatically open Internet access to state and local taxation; much the same as land-line telephone service (Rash, 2014). The Heartland Institute estimates that current telecommunications consumers are currently paying in excess of 17% in service taxes and fees (Pociask, 2014). I’m certain that the government would want to reap additional revenue from the Internet.
If history is any indication, it will be the FCC and not congress that dictates any regulation of the Internet.

Q5. Do you think that Net Neutrality must be maintained to protect freedom of speech and/or preserve democracy? Why or why not?
First, I found it interesting that the word Democracy was mention in the question since the United States is a Republic, not a Democracy. A Republic is governed by laws, while in a Democracy the majority decides what matters ("Is the United States a democracy?," n.d.).
Without Net Neutrality, broadband providers will be able to discriminate at will as to which content they want to serve to you and at what speed. In several instances, they already have.
Comcast has been known to throttle customer traffic based on the type of content (Osborne, 2014). As a result, Netflix was pressured to negotiate a deal with Comcast whereby they will pay Comcast for faster and more reliable access for Comcast subscribers (Watt & Cohen, 2014).
So you see, the providers will be catering to the majority of the people’s wants, just like in a Democracy. Unfortunately, people who are not part of a large enough majority to influence broadband providers will be marginalized, and could suffer censorship at the hands of the faster, preferred, and financially capable majority.

Q6. Do some Internet research on the pros and cons of Net Neutrality. Identify several arguments that should be added to Table C4.1 that are not currently addressed in the table.
One point not addressed is the additional cost that FCC regulation would bring. Reclassification of broadband services as Title II would bring fees along with the FCC regulation (Rash, 2014).
Several other the arguments mentioned in the table could be clarified.
• Pro: NN is consistent with historical communications policies.
• Con: NN is a new concept that has no history or historical precedence.
Isn’t that a bit contradictory? From a historical perspective, the phone company once had the ability to enforce many non-neutral policies upon consumers. In 1938, the ruling of Hush-A-Phone v. United States decided that consumers could attach a cup-like device mouthpiece to a telephone to increase privacy. This ruled against what AT&T desired (Pelkey, n.d.).
Against the wishes of AT&T, the 1968 Carterfone decision by the FCC allowed consumers to connect non-AT&T devices to the AT&T network, as long as they did not cause harm to the system. This allowed a wide variety of consumer devices such as fax machines, modems, and answering machine (Browden, 2012).
I believe it is more than obvious that maintaining neutrality on a communications network is not a historic first.
One issue absent from the argument is that in most regions broadband providers have little, if any competition at all. This veritable monopoly strips from the consumer the ability to look elsewhere for better pricing, faster service, and less censored content (Masnick, 2014).

Sources
Browden, D. (2012, June 28). Carterfone Case Showed How Regulations Promote Competition - US News. Retrieved from http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/economic-intelligence/2012/06/28/carterfone-case-showed-how-regulations-promote-competition
FCC. (n.d.). What We Do | FCC.gov. Retrieved from http://www.fcc.gov/what-we-doWP http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/16/AR2008021601661.html http://www.computerworld.com/article/2487880/government-it/fcc-will-set-new-net-neutrality-rules.html
Is the United States a democracy? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.thisnation.com/question/011.html
Masnick, M. (2014, September 4). FCC's Tom Wheeler Admits There Isn't Really Broadband Competition. Retrieved from https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20140904/11454828417/fccs-tom-wheeler-admits-there-isnt-really-broadband-competition.shtml
Net Neutrality: President Obama's Plan for a Free and Open Internet. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.whitehouse.gov/net-neutrality
Network (Net) Neutrality Legislative History. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/advocacy/telecom/netneutrality/legislativeactivity
Osborne, C. (2014, January 24). Is your Internet provider throttling BitTorrent traffic? Find out. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/is-your-internet-provider-throttling-bittorrent-traffic-find-out-7000025548/
Pelkey, J. (n.d.). Entrepreneurial Capitalism and Innovation: A History of Computer Communications 1968-1988. Retrieved from http://www.historyofcomputercommunications.info/Book/1/1.2CarterfoneATT_FCC48-67.html
Pociask, S. (2014, July 7). A Perfect Storm: Net Neutrality And The End Of The Internet Tax Moratorium. Retrieved from http://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2014/07/07/a-perfect-storm-net-neutrality-and-the-end-of-the-internet-tax-moratorium/
Rash, W. (2014, November 18). Network Pioneer Metcalfe Warns Net Neutrality Will Bring Web Taxation. Retrieved from http://www.eweek.com/cloud/network-pioneer-metcalfe-warns-net-neutrality-will-bring-web-taxation.html
Watt, E., & Cohen, N. (2014, February 23). Comcast and Netflix Reach Deal on Service. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/24/business/media/comcast-and-netflix-reach-a-streaming-agreement.html

Similar Documents

Free Essay

It Has Been Said That a Smartphone Is “a Microcomputer in Your Hand.” Discuss the Security Implications of This Statement. Most People Are Unaware That Their Cell Phones Are Just as Vulnerable to Cyber Attacks as Their

...Case Study One Read the following case and answer questions below. How Secure Is Your Smartphone? Have you ever purchased antivirus software for your iPhone, Android, or cell phone? Probably not. Many users believe that their iPhones and Androids are unlikely to be hacked into because they think Apple and Google are protecting them from malware apps, and that the carriers like Verizon and AT&T can keep the cellphone network clean from malware just as they do the land phone line system. (Telephone systems are “closed” and therefore not subject to the kinds of the attacks that occur on the open Internet.) Phishing is also a growing smartphone problem. Mobile users are believed to be three times more likely to fall for scams luring them to bogus Web sites where they reveal personal data: Why? Because mobile devices are activated all the time, and small-screen formatting makes the fraud more difficult to detect. So far there has not been a major smartphone hack resulting in millions of dollars in losses, or the breach of millions of credit cards, or the breach of national security. But with 74 million smartphone users in the United States, 91 million people accessing the Internet from mobile devices, business firms increasingly switching their employees to the mobile platform, consumers using their phones for financial transactions and even paying bills, the size and richness of the smartphone target for hackers is growing. In December 2010, one of the first Android botnets,......

Words: 2351 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Net Neutrality In India

...Abstract: Net neutrality is a sensitive cyber issue which expresses the right to Internet users to have net services without any discrimination on the basis of source, destination, or ownership of any kind of Internet traffic. This idea has laid the foundation for vigorous and high noted debate over public policy and private ownership across the many parts of the world over governmental regulation of the Internet or Internet access. The concept of Net Neutrality is new among Indian netizens (a term frequently used for internet citizens/users) which has become a matter of great concern among them and so has attracted a large media attention in a very short while. Nobody pay for electricity on the basis of which brand of appliances one uses,...

Words: 4915 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Information Management Systems Case Study 4

...Case Study from Chapter 7: Apple, Google, and Microsoft Battle for your Internet Experience Business 5460, Management Information Systems March 30, 2014 Dr. Mical Ramim Provide a one page summary identifying major issues The battle between global giants, Apple, Google and Microsoft, is a fight that has been occurring for many years now. All three companies have been hugely successful in different aspects of their industry. However, as our society’s technology continues to develop each company has had to make drastic changes to adapt to new and upcoming trends. As discussed in the case study, the perfect example of this necessary adaptation is a trending statistic that predicts a majority of users will begin browsing the internet on mobile devices versus the traditional PC. This probable trend has led to a lively battle of innovation as each company struggles to be number one in the consumer internet experience. Throughout this battle to the top each company has experienced their fair share of issues. Microsoft is perhaps one of the most famous and respected companies in the world. The corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates, an inventor known for creating one of the first user-friendly operating systems for personal computers. Over the decades the company has been a huge success, but not without its failures which often seem to be as of late. What once may have been an internet experience that was easily dominated by Microsoft technology is now saturated......

Words: 1052 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Network Neutrality

...teractive Session: Organizations: Should Network Neutrality Continue?Case Study Questions:1. What is network neutrality? Why has the Internet operated under net neutralityup to this point in time? Network neutrality is the idea that Internet service providers must allow customers equalaccess to content and applications regardless of the source or nature of the content.Presently the Internet is indeed neutral: all Internet traffic is treated equally on a first-come, first-serve basis by Internet backbone owners. The Internet is neutral because itwas built on phone lines, which are subject to ‘common carriage’ laws. These lawsrequire phone companies to treat all calls and customers equally. They cannot offer extra benefits to customers willing to pay higher premiums for faster or clearer calls, a modelknows as tiered service. 2. Who’s in favor of network neutrality? Who’s opposed? Why? Those in favor of network neutrality include organizations like MoveOn.org, theChristian Coalition, the American Library Association, every major consumer group,many bloggers and small businesses, and some large Internet companies like Google andAmazon. Some members of the U.S. Congress also support network neutrality. Vint Cerf,a co-inventor of the Internet Protocol also favors network neutrality saying that variableaccess to content would detract from the Internet’s continued ability to thrive. This groupargues that the risk of censorship increases when network operators can selectively......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Technical Report on Achieving Water Neutrality in the Severn Trent Region

...Report on achieving water neutrality in the Severn Trent region Abstract The concept of water neutrality is a rather new but significant concept for water demand management. It is an ambitious concept which targets to make sure that there is enough water to support any development without requiring additional water resources. There are two main reasons because of which the water neutrality becomes an important concept which include the policy of government which aims at a quicker growth in housing keeping a target of over 3 million new houses by 2020. The plan to achieve this growth depends upon existing water management plans and the growth point and eco-towns. The other key factor is the availability of water resources either today or in future which can be used to meet the demand for water in the areas of England and Wales. Most of East midlands area is served by Severn Trent water which is targeting to put a check on the carbon footprint by bringing in water neutrality and improving energy efficiency. Introduction The concept of water neutrality is a vital concept for the purpose of water resource management keeping new development in mind. It can be defined as offset of water demand in the existing community by the means of making the buildings and houses increasingly water efficient. In other words, total water demand should remain same with the new housing development in the region. Most of the studies performed on the subject of water neutrality have been based......

Words: 3253 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Mis Net Neutrality

...Interactive Session: Organizations: Should Network Neutrality Continue?Case Study Questions:1. What is network neutrality? Why has the Internet operated under net neutralityup to this point in time?  Network neutrality is the idea that Internet service providers must allow customers equalaccess to content and applications regardless of the source or nature of the content.Presently the Internet is indeed neutral: all Internet traffic is treated equally on a first-come, first-serve basis by Internet backbone owners. The Internet is neutral because itwas built on phone lines, which are subject to ‘common carriage’ laws. These lawsrequire phone companies to treat all calls and customers equally. They cannot offer extra benefits to customers willing to pay higher premiums for faster or clearer calls, a modelknows as tiered service. 2. Who’s in favor of network neutrality? Who’s opposed? Why? Those in favor of network neutrality include organizations like MoveOn.org, theChristian Coalition, the American Library Association, every major consumer group,many bloggers and small businesses, and some large Internet companies like Google andAmazon. Some members of the U.S. Congress also support network neutrality. Vint Cerf,a co-inventor of the Internet Protocol also favors network neutrality saying that variableaccess to content would detract from the Internet’s continued ability to thrive. This groupargues that the risk of censorship increases when network operators can selectively...

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Case Analysis Strat Mgt

...Case Analysis Paper AT&T Vs. Skype Author’s note This analysis will identify the key issues revealed in the case study, “Skype vs. AT&T and the future of telecommunications” (Strickland et al 2011). The analysis will explore the current state of the telecommunications industry with the rapid emergence of the Voice-over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology, wireless communications and the effects on traditional landline or what is known as Publicly Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). This effort will look into current problems and successes with increased focus on AT&T and Skype. Additionally, this paper will attempt to provide a perspective on the key issues with assumptions of what some of the causal factors may have been. Finally, what the companies’ leadership may consider for the future. Prior to examining the key issues of Skype and AT&T, what is Skype vs. AT&T? Skype was currently one of the industry leaders in VoIP and desired to challenge AT&T and other large phone companies. The telecommunication business is certainly going through a technological revolution with increased demands for faster speeds and services. Additionally the infrastructure is in demand to grow with the customer needs. AT&T along with several other landline based companies owned a major portion of the Internet infrastructure. Skype requires access to the Internet by way of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in order for Skype to provide their VoIP......

Words: 1513 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Case Analysis Paper at&T vs. Skype

...Case Analysis Paper AT&T Vs. Skype Elmo Scuby DeVry University Keller School of Business Author’s note This analysis will identify the key issues revealed in the case study, “Skype vs. AT&T and the future of telecommunications” (Strickland et al 2011). The analysis will explore the current state of the telecommunications industry with the rapid emergence of the Voice-over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology, wireless communications and the effects on traditional landline or what is known as Publicly Switched Telephone Network (PSTN). This effort will look into current problems and successes with increased focus on AT&T and Skype. Additionally, this paper will attempt to provide a perspective on the key issues with assumptions of what some of the causal factors may have been. Finally, what the companies’ leadership may consider for the future. Prior to examining the key issues of Skype and AT&T, what is Skype vs. AT&T? Skype was currently one of the industry leaders in VoIP and desired to challenge AT&T and other large phone companies. The telecommunication business is certainly going through a technological revolution with increased demands for faster speeds and services. Additionally the infrastructure is in demand to grow with the customer needs. AT&T along with several other landline based companies owned a major portion of the Internet infrastructure. Skype requires access to the Internet by way of Internet Service Providers (ISPs)...

Words: 1485 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Skype vs Att

...partnership with AT&T only fuels the boost usage of Voice- over Internet Protocol usage over land line usage. In the wake of these technology advancements, it became clear to entrepreneurs that offered voice traffic and internet service would be one of the next major applications to take full advantage of Voice-over Internet Protocol. There are more advances than innovations in the VOIP world. That’s because some of the most important developments had more to do with commercial and political maneuvers than with technical creativity. One of the most prominent developments was net net neutrality which enables user access to participating networks that advocates no restrictions to materials throughout the modes of communication allowed online ("The mobile World," 2011, para. 4). Further, this industry also have to consider pressures influenced by the government ( FCC) that could dismantle net neutrality by limited user access as well as decrease the power of big wireless communication giants like AT&T. Still, such maneuvers often helped spread the benefits of VOIP much more than technical innovation. And collectively, the advances brought some already evident trends in the increasing integration of voice with other applications and services, not to mention the intensifying interest in mobile Voice-over Internet Protocol (Hunger & Wheelen, 2007, p. 155). Over the past decade, the greatest growth occurred in developing markets where the demand for mobile-internet......

Words: 2193 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Government Intervention and Internet Regulation

...public has access to the Internet” (“Free Essay”). Internet is filled with a lot of information on almost every topic in the world and anyone can access that information anytime he or she wants and most often that information is available for free. The very fact that everything is so easily available over the internet has become a cause of great concern because people can access information that they are not supposed to view. This has given the rise to a great debate over the use internet regulation versus the concept of net neutrality. “Internet regulation is basically restricting or controlling access to certain aspects or information” (“Internet Regulation”). The proponents of regulation argue that some form of government intervention is necessary to keep a check on the information people access over the internet because that information might be a source of harm for the society in general. Whereas on the other hand, the proponents of concept of net neutrality state that if a person pays for his internet access, then there should be no restrictions on the content that he can view. Because internet is filled with all sorts of information and anyone can access unsuitable information at anytime, some sort of government intervention is necessary in the form of internet...

Words: 2255 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Financial Impact of Streaming Video on Traditional Television

...Financial Impact of Streaming Video on Traditional Television TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT 3 INTRODUCTION 3 Background 6 Traditional Television 4 Television advertising 7 Sub-heading 2 10 Streaming Video 11 Netflix, Roku 12 Net Neutrality 13 Today’s Consumer 19 Viewers by Age Group 20 No-TV homes CONCLUSION 8 WORKS CITED or Bibliography 9 ABSTRACT The introduction of the internet has changed our lives. It has changed the way we communicate. It has given us the ability to choose the way we consume media. One way the internet has changed our options in this regard is streaming video. Gone are the days of racing home to catch your favorite television show at a certain time. Now we can watch them when we want to and in real time using streaming video. People can now view media via computers, iphones, ipads, etc. The number of people viewing traditional television sets is on the decline. Advertising dollars that historically supported broadcast networks are on the decline. The changes in technology have challenged the traditional television industry in many ways. INTRODUCTION Television has been big business since its inception in the 1950’s. It allowed people to view amazing new technology for the first time. People went from listening to the radio sitting around a fireplace to watching a television set. This huge change affected almost everyone at the time. Television and the way......

Words: 1826 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Broadly Bad Internet

...New Year’s Eve 1879 is not a date most people recall from their history classes. However, on this ostensibly unassuming day in my hometown of Edison, NJ, Christie Street became the first street in the entire world to be powered by an incandescent light bulb using a power system designed by Thomas Edison. This was the catalyst to the creation of the modern electric grid and, subsequently, the electric utility corporations we know today. During the earlier years, neither the states nor the federal government regulated the industry. Cities and townships were largely tasked with granting utility companies the right to use public streets. Consequently, regulation for entry into the industry was de facto controlled by municipalities. It was not uncommon for cities to grant these rights to competing companies for the same area. In 1907, states began to pass legislation that granted utility companies localized monopoly power in order to correct for ‘natural monopoly-style’ market failures. The states argued that the cost advantages caused by overwhelming economies of scale allowed the winners to establish monopolies “naturally” threatening public well-being. This idea of a “public interest” and the “greater good” was extended to also regulate other critical public services such as the water and gas utilities. Recently, in January of 2014, a federal appeals court ruled that regulations enacted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) unfairly treated Internet services providers......

Words: 1744 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Syllabus for Media

...| Course Syllabus College of Humanities HUM/186 Version 3 Media Influences on American Culture WCFYS0712 | Copyright © 2012, 2011, 2009 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved. Course Start Date: Tuesday, 8/28/2012 Week 2: Tuesday, 9/4/2012 Week 3: Tuesday, 9/11/2012 Week 4: Tuesday, 9/18/2012 Week 5: Tuesday, 9/25/2012 Course End Date: Tuesday, 9/25/2012 Facilitator Information                                                                                                Ststeve Headley sheadley@email.phoenix.edu (University of Phoenix faculty) Steve.Headley@phoenix.edu (work) 727-642-4993 (cell) 513-551-5144 (Work) Course Description The course provides an introduction to the most prominent forms of media that influence and impact social, business, political, and popular culture in contemporary America. It explores the unique aspects of each medium as well as interactions across various media that combine to create rich environments for information sharing, entertainment, business, and social interaction in the United States and around the world. Policies Faculty and students/learners will be held responsible for understanding and adhering to all policies contained within the following two documents: University policies: You must be logged into the student website to view this document. Instructor policies: This document is posted in the Course Materials forum. University policies......

Words: 2484 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Icc2

...Intellectual Capitalism 2 Verizon Q1: How can this video inform your company president based on the contents of his letter? (video) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yd98Naz8jvQ One of the key focal points of Verizon’s strategic position is exploring the Internet of Things. Understanding and creating solutions on this new platform will be paramount to staying ahead of direct competitors. To address this topic and the challenges and opportunities that lie therein, Chad Jones, formerly of Xively by LogMeIn, delivered the above-linked lecture at the Harvard Innovation Lab entitled “The Business of the Internet of Things”. The Internet of Things (aka Internet of Everything, Industrial Internet) is viewed as the next great technological revolution that will transform how we experience our daily life. The exploration of this new frontier has captivated many different industries, such as energy, health care, manufacturing, construction, and transportation. Many have begun to “connect” devices by incorporating sensors or software that can be remotely monitored, enabling seamless communication in real-time between computer networks and the physical world. Estimates are that by the end of 2014, there were 1.2 billion connections in Internet of Things, and future projections have that number leaping by as much as 5 times by 2020 with the potential to boast nearly 1 trillion connections by 2025. The economic impact is being estimated at $4.6 trillion by 2020, at which point......

Words: 2360 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Wallace Iso1 Im 02

...Chapter 2 Information Systems and Strategy Learning Objectives Describe Porter’s five competitive forces that shape industry competition. * Explain how disruptive innovations, government policies, complementary products and services, and other factors affect how the competitive forces operate. * Identify the components of the value chain and explain its extended version. * Describe how information systems apply to competitive strategies for business. * Explain how information systems apply to strategy for nonprofit organizations and governments. * Explain why the role of information systems in organizations shifts depending on whether the systems are deployed to run, grow, or transform the business. * Solutions to Chapter Review Questions 1. What are the five competitive forces that shape industry competition? How are these forces interrelated? The five forces that influence industry competition are (1) threat of new entrants, (2) power of buyers, (3) power of suppliers, (4) threat of substitutes, and (5) rivalry among existing competitors. The five forces determine industry structure and how profitable companies in the industry will be. The five interrelated forces are “internal” to the industry. 2. How do disruptive innovations, government policies, complementary products and services, and environmental events affect how the competitive forces operate? Disruptive innovations, government policies, complimentary products and services, and...

Words: 4713 - Pages: 19