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Neurocognitive Disorders

In: Other Topics

Submitted By DeJongh
Words 2826
Pages 12
Department of Psychology
- PYC4802

Aneesa De Jongh
Student #: 58419268

Cognitive Disorders
Assignment 03- 719207

Critically discuss the various factors that need to be considered when diagnosing a patient with Neurocognitive Disorder. Your discussion should include but not be limited to the two most prominent Neurocognitive Disorders namely Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer’s
Dementia, the various domains that can be affected as well as the cross- cultural factors to take into consideration




Introduction: Neurocognitive Disorders (NCD)/ Dementia


Mild and Major NCD criteria


Diagnosing a patient with Vascular Dementia


Diagnostic criteria for Alzheimer’s Dementia


Delirium (acute confusional state/ acute brain syndrome)

Cross- cultural and contextual perspectives of health



- India
- Egypt
- Islam




Neurocognitive Disorders/ Dementia
Neurocognitive disorders (NCD) are a group of disorders in the DSM-5 classification system. These disorders involve the impairment of an individual’s cognitive abilities that involve tasks such as, memory, judgement, problem solving and perception (Burke. A, 2014). Only disorders that show evidence of cognitive deficiencies are classified as
NCDs. To name a few, these cognitive deficiencies can be a result of;
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), HIV/AIDS or substance abuse (Burke. A,
The DSM-5 classifies Neurocognitive disorders into three categories, namely, Delirium and Major or Mild NCD. “Within each group, there are further subgroups which are organised according to their aetiology”
(Burke. A, 2014: 244) and pathology.

As the DSM-5 refer to such disorders as NCD, the ICD-10, still uses the term, Dementia to refer to disorders affecting cognitive…...

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