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New Zealand and India Forest Resources

In: Science

Submitted By rizalsariol
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Internet Assignment 1
New Zealand Forest Resources
New Zealand is a widely diverse ecoregion which is made up of 7 contiguous ecoregions. These regions are spread over 170,000 sq. km (or, 65,500 sq. miles). With only 5 major temperate rainforests in the world, the temperate forests of the South Island of New Zealand are some of the largest areas of native vegetation in the country. The New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) belongs to the ancient conifer family, Araucariaceae, one of the largest and longest-living trees in the world. The most southern-growing species, New Zealand kauri, is restricted to the sub-tropical forests in areas north of latitude 38°.
The Afforestation Grant Scheme (AGS) helps growers establish new forest plantations. Producing 100% of its products from plantation forests; the New Zealand plantation forests and wood products industry is based on wholly renewable resources, the industry is predominantly based on sustainable plantations of Monterey pine or New Zealand pine, and Pinus radiata, commonly known as radiata pine. Douglas-fir and various eucalyptus and cypress trees are also grown for timber. FOA members manage around two-thirds of the plantation forests of New Zealand’s 1.79 m ha plantation forestry estate. Over 94% of the plantation forests are privately owned and over 90% of New Zealand’s planted forests are pinus radiata.
Forestry in New Zealand is geared to both domestic and export demand. About 44% of the harvested logs and various percentages of processed forest products are destined for world markets. Apart from logs, exports include sawn timber, wood chips, panels, pulp and paper and other products. 2014, saw 84% of all logs harvested in New Zealand were used for quality production or export. Timber was New Zealand’s third highest export industry. Log exports have grown substantially, from 14.9 million m3 in 2012, to...

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