Free Essay

Nhs Internet Services Research

In: English and Literature

Submitted By WytHat
Words 3004
Pages 13
NHS Internet Services Research: An Annotated Bibliography

First technology solutions: Satellite Internet
Business Internet: Select Plans. (n.d.). Retrieved November 24, 2014, from
The HughesNet website explains the viability of satellite internet service for businesses. The information provided demonstrates how the HughesNet Gen4 service can provide high speed internet access for multiple remote branch offices. HughesNet demonstrates how it compares favorably to other services such as cable or DSL (digital subscriber line) internet.
Satellite Internet has the ability to synchronously transmit and receive data from a small client satellite dish on Earth and communicate with an orbiting satellite above Earth's equator. The orbiting satellite transmits and receives its information to a ground server on Earth called the Network Operations Center (NOC). The NOC is connected to the Internet or private network. All communication made from a satellite dish connection to the Internet must flow through the ground server.
HughesNet satellite service has the flexible capabilities of reaching every office in the NHS network as well as any new locations that NHS may add as they expand their operations. Satellite service provides speeds of up to 15 Mbps, which exceeds the necessary speed required to transfer large 100MB files between each NHS office and their partner in New York City. HughesNet Gen4 service can provide end-to-end secure and encrypted data through connections with virtual private networks (VPN). However, Satellite service is vulnerable to interference from both solar flares and inclement weather. Based on the locations of the NHS offices, this may prove to be a significant concern.

Kruse, H. (n.d.) Satellite Services for Internet Access in Rural Area. Retrieved November 24, 2014, from
This paper offers a discussion regarding the ability of satellite internet service to fill the need for high speed internet in rural areas. This paper thoroughly demonstrates the capabilities of satellite technology and its design to enable faster service to rural areas. The author explains how satellite internet service has matured to the point where it can be used to fill in needs of rural areas with a practical internet access infrastructure.
Satellite internet access is provided through communications between a series of satellites. Satellite Internet service is characteristically supplied to users through geostationary satellites that can offer high data speeds. The technology uses satellites to transmit signals from ground servers up to an orbiting satellite and back down to a satellite on the client-side and vice versa. The communication of data is made achievable regardless of the client’s geographic location.
This technology meets the needs of NHS by assuring network internet connectivity throughout its locations and its partner location in New York City. Satellite internet can provide the throughput to enable the transmission of large files such as the 100MB image files NHS transfer between offices. The technology enables secure end-to-end communication of data with encryption and private connections. The only flaw is that it is susceptible to bad weather conditions and solar flare ups which can hinder communication.
Second technology solutions: Fiber Optic Internet
Black Box Network Services. (2010). Fiber Optic Technology: Principles and Advantages When is fiber the ideal choice for your network? [White paper] Retrieved November 24, 2014, from
This white paper by Black Box Network Services gives a technical overview of how fiber optic technology works and the advantages in implanting it in a network. Black Box demonstrates how fiber optic cable is one of the fastest-growing transmission mediums for new cabling installations and upgrades, including backbone, horizontal, and even desktop applications. It works very well in applications that need high bandwidth, long distances, and complete immunity to electrical interference.
Fiber optics is synchronous technology uses conventional electrical data signals that are converted into a modulated light beam, introduced into the fiber and transported via a very small diameter glass or plastic fiber to a receiver that converts the light back into electrical signals. That makes it ideal for high-data-rate systems any other network that requires the transfer of large, bandwidth-consuming data files, mainly over long distances.
Implementing fiber optics for NHS would allow it to reach all its remote branches as well as its partners in New York City, which can be provided by local telecom companies. The ability that fiber optics has to deliver secure end-to-end, high speeds ranging from 100 Mbps up to 10 Gbps more than delivers the speed required to send large files of 100MB in size. The technology involved with fiber optics allows it to be immune from interference or down time obstacles often associated with solar flares and bad weather.
Corning Inc. (2005, June 1). Broadband Technology Overview: Fiber Optics [White paper]. Retrieved November 25, 2014, from
The white paper reviews the benefits and advantages of fiber broadband connectivity for consumers. The paper explains how fiber meets the requirements for future emerging technologies. The differences in performances between fiber optics and its competitors are examined to show the advantages over rival technologies.
Fiber optic internet is broadband internet delivered over fiber optic lines which are made of extruded glass or silica core. The fiber optic lines use light to transmit data signals at far faster speeds over longer distances than traditional copper wires or coaxial cable. The technology has speeds of 100 Mbps and possibly up to 10 Gbps in both upward and downward directions. Most internet and cable backbones already use fiber for their backend infrastructure and are now offering fiber for the final delivery of their services.
Fiber optics broadband is reachable to all NHS locations. There are telephone and cable providers within the locations areas that offer fiber optic broadband service. Fiber optics offers more than enough of the speeds required to deliver image files of up to 100MB throughout all its locations including its partners in New York City. The technology offers a high level of security for end to end service. The reliability due to its immunity to electro-magnetic interference and other hindrances such as bad weather and solar flares make fiber optics a dependable option with a high up time.

Third technology solutions: Cable Internet
MacDonald, B. (2014, January 10). Understanding the differences between DSL and cable high- speed internet as your business grows in 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2014, from center/2014/01/understanding_the_differences.html
The article points out the advantages that a business can have by using cable high-speed internet for its enterprise. The author makes comparisons between cable internet and DSL internet to draw out the cons and pros of each technology. The overall information regarding cable internet details it as a better solution for small business functionality.
Cable Internet is an asynchronous data communication that requires a cable modem on the user's end and a cable modem termination system at the cable operator's facility. These two systems are connected using coaxial cable, the same kind that cable television infrastructure uses. The distance between the modem and the facility can be up to 100 miles for larger facilities and most nationwide cable providers operate out of several different hubs. High-speed cable can deliver download times of 100 Mbps and 5 Mbps upload.
Cable internet can provide service to all of the NHS rural office locations since all locations are within distance of local cable providers. The speeds of business cable internet ranging up to 100 Mbps and 5 Mbps upload can support the transfer of large file of 100MB in size between each office and their partner in New York City. Secure end to end communication can be provided with site-to-site connectivity over a virtual private network (VPN) using your Internet connection. It encrypts data exchange among sites and enables remote users to securely connect to the NHS network. Cable internet service is not vulnerable to bad weather conditions, but can be susceptible to electromagnetic interference from solar flares.

Tooley, M., & Bowman, D. (2010, January 14). An Overview of the DOCSIS (Cable Internet) Platform. Retrieved November 25, 2014, from on_01.14.10.pdf
The document created by Sandvine Inc., explains an overview of how cable internet networks provides solutions for business and home data internet connectivity. The designs and implementations of coaxial networks are shown to demonstrate their benefits for delivering the service to customers, giving a high level insight as how coaxial based networks work. The benefits, limits and specifications to coaxial line network are detailed to explain how it is an ideal choice for an internet connectivity medium.
Coax data transfer is asynchronous, which makes it a good choice for companies that rely on large amounts of incoming data, but may have less bandwidth-intensive on outbound data. Coax cables comprise copper cores that are surrounded by a dielectric insulator, then a woven copper shield, and finally a plastic covering. This shielded design that allows the copper core to transmit data quickly, without interference or damage from environmental factors.
A cable (coaxial) internet solution can provide service to all NHS locations and its partner location in New York City since all locations are within a close proximity to cable service providers. The technology can transmit the data files of sizes up to 100MB quickly of speeds up to 100 Mbps download and 5 Mbps upload. Cable Service can provide secure connections between locations with virtual private networks and security features with data terminating devices. Cable service has an average of 99 percent uptime. Coaxial cable can withstand weather interference, but service can be compromised from electromagnetic pulses from solar flares and data signals can be compromised on the data transfer medium.
Fourth technology solutions: Digital subscriber line (DSL) Internet
Allied Telesis. (2007). DSL White Paper [White paper]. Retrieved November 26, 2014, from
This article discusses the benefits of DSL service over dial-up internet connections. An overview of how DSL can provide a broadband connectivity using the same telephone line as dial-up to supply homes and small businesses with high-speed data transmissions. The white paper explains how different types of DSL technology can be suited to accommodate a variety of customers’ needs.
A Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) is a broadband connection that uses the existing telephone line. DSL provides high-speed data transmissions over the twisted copper wire, that connects a customer’s home or office to their local telephone company Central Offices. An Asymmetrical DSL line or ADSL which is the most used DSL technology for small businesses can reach speeds of up to 15 Mbps downstream and 1 Mbps upstream.
A DSL service could be provided to every location in the NHS Company due to all locations being within close proximity to local telephone company wiring. Data transfer speeds for a DSL service can provide the ability to upload and download 100MB size files between all locations including those partnering in New York City. Solutions for securing the data transfers can be provided with DSL services with supplemental technologies. Service can be provided without troubles from bad weather. A weakness however it’s signaling over telephone lines can be impacted by solar flares at some of NHS locations.
Zimmerman, M., Atwell, K., Oron, M., Bolton, G., Abbas, S., Harris, S., ... Mosley, T. (2000, January 1). DSL Anywhere. Retrieved November 26, 2014, from
The article discusses the use of DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) technology as a way to encourage service providers to search for more solutions to expand DSL service to more customers. The authors present a technical argument to the benefits of servicing subscribers who may be in need of a DSL solution for their internet service. Viable cases for business services in need of DSL as a solution are made with explanations on how and if implemented can fulfill the needs of these businesses.
DSL is a high-speed connection that uses the same wires as a regular telephone line. The connection is faster for receiving data than it is for sending data over the Internet. The asynchronous speeds are estimated download up to 15 Mbps and upload to 1 Mbps. A DSL modem terminates communication on the clients and connects to the telephone system to allow interconnectivity.
Local phone companies can provide DSL service to all location in the NHS network including rural areas and metropolitan partners like New York City. A DSL provider can offer an efficient service to allow the for file transfer of sizes up to 100MB, however upload speeds will be slower than download. The speeds are also distance sensitive, meaning the farther the telephone’s companies central office are located the slower the speeds will transmit. A secure end to end service connection can be provided with a DSL service line with implementation of security devices, protocols and encryptions. A DSL provider can offer service without problems from bad weather; however, signaling over telephone lines can be impacted by solar flares at some of NHS locations.
Fifth technology solutions: Fixed Wireless Broadband Internet
Fixed Wireless Broadband – The Better Option | High Speed Link. (2014, January 14). Retrieved November 25, 2014, from better-option/
The websites discusses the benefits of Fixed Wireless Broadband as better solution to those seeking broadband in rural areas. The site gives an overview of information on the technology, weather effect, latency, data caps, costs and services. The overall pitch is to suggest that Fixed Wireless Broadband as an option over its main competitor satellite internet, with detailed service comparisons.
Fixed wireless broadband is a type of high-speed Internet access where fixed point-to-point connections are made from the client antenna to the service providers fixed wireless tower stations that are land based. The use of encrypted radio signals between the points is used to transmit the data and communicate with between client and service provider. Fixed wireless services generally supports between 1 Mbps to 10 Mbps with a 99 percent service uptime.
All of NHS branch office can be reached with a fixed wireless broadband network. Many of the land based towers can reach antennas up to 10 miles away. The land based towers can provide secure en to end encrypted connectivity to between all locations and partner locations including New York City. The data transfer speeds are satisfactory to be able to delivery large 100MB files across the NHS network. Weather conditions such as rain and snowfall and solar flares do not interfere with the fixed wireless network.
Larsen, M. (2011, January 1). America’s Broadband Heroes: Fixed Wireless Broadband Providers. Retrieved November 25, 2014, from content/uploads/2011/10/americas-broadband-heroes-fixed-wireless-2011.pdf
This paper was written in support of an alternative like fixed wireless broadband as a solution to those rural customers who are unable to obtain access to broadband services. There is sufficient evidence shown to demonstrate how fixed wireless can provide a service equal if not better than other options such as DSL or cable to rural customers. The author gives a technical and economic overview of the advantages of fixed terrestrial wireless systems. Fixed wireless broadband utilizes transmission towers ground stations that communicate with each other and with the client’s location. These ground stations are maintained by Internet providers. Clients install transceiver equipment on their building to communicate with the fixed wireless ground stations. Fixed wireless transceivers communicate only with ground stations using encrypted radio waves.
The technology of fixed wireless broadband can be able to reach all of NHS rural location offices. The technology was designed to service rural areas. The data transfer rate ranges from 1 Mbps to 10 Mbps, these speeds can provide the transfer of large files up to 100MB in size. The speed varies by the distance between the two fixed points. The technology also allows for encrypted data to travel through the network securely with a 99 percent service uptime, including locations like partner site in New York City. Fixed wireless is also less open to interference by bad weather and solar flares compare to other broadband technologies.

After reviewing all possible technologies for Northeaster Health Service, Inc., I have concluded that Fiber Optic High-Speed Internet service is the optimal choice to meet all the business needs for NHS. Fiber Optic broadband services are able to offer the fastest speeds in comparison to its competitors. Fiber networks can provide dedicated access to the Internet with synchronous transfer of large files, meaning that the same speed is constant for uploads or downloads. Fiber Optics offers a high level of security with encryption and data that is transmitted in light signals so it cannot be easily stolen or spoofed. The biggest advantage to a fiber network is the amount of data it can transmit without interference over very long distances. NHS branches are all located within reach of telephone service providers which offer Fiber Optic broadband, for example Verizon FiOS.
Northeaster Health Services Inc., tend to fall on the early adopters side of the bell curve. NHS is seeking to service its patients by providing state-of-the-art health services. NHS plans to provide rural areas with the same health services that can be obtained hundreds of miles in a large metropolitan city. These are business goals set by a company who is looking forward to new innovative ways to doing business. The company is willing to embrace new technology, but still selective about which to start using this makes them clearly early adopters. Based on the NHS’s business goals, progressive attitude and desire for the latest technology I believe NHS will be accept the recommendation of Fiber Optics as the solution for their high-speed internet needs.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Mis Project

...Applied Research Project Topic Selection: Review the list of possible topics and consider which you would like to research. Identify a company or which the topic would apply. You can use the Week 1 Q&A thread to pose any questions you may have about the research project. Post your chosen topic for my approval in the (required but ungraded) Discussion topic entitled "Applied Research Project" in Week2. You will be given feedback to make sure that you're on the right track for this assignment. If there are still questions regarding the project, the Q&A discussion in Week 3 will accommodate our continued discussion about the project. Applied Research Project Submission: Submit your assignment to the Week 6 Research Paper Dropbox located on the silver tab at the top of this page. (200 points) Dropbox | For instructions on how to use the Dropbox, please click here.See Syllabus/"Due Dates for Assignments & Exams" for due date information. | | | Topic Selection | | Week 1 Applied Research Paper Assignment: Topic Review  Read the following description and possible topic choices. Week 2 Applied Research Paper Assignment: Topic Selection (ungraded but required) Choose your research project topic and prepare a brief description of your proposed topic. Post your proposed title and brief description in the Week 2 Applied Research Project discussion topic. Your description will be reviewed, and you will then receive feedback and approval of your topic......

Words: 2482 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Test Exam be here in APA format. If you have problems with APA format and/or articulation, you can contact Center for Writing Excellence and they came help you with that. LYT2 Task 2 Task 2 Scenario: Northeastern Health Services, Inc. (NHS), a fictional health services company, was created to address the health and welfare needs of underserved patients in rural Maine and its environs. Despite the remote locations of its clinics in small townships along the Canadian border, NHS’s goal is to provide state-of-the-art health services to its client base, including offering complete medical imaging services with rapid turnaround of results and diagnoses. This is accomplished by partnering with the medical imaging analysis unit of a major hospital in the greater New York area. This requires the rapid transmission of electronic imaging files that can be extremely large in size, upwards of 100 MB each, via a secure, encrypted Internet connection. Lately, as NHS has built out its network of clinics to the remotest areas of northern Maine, it has faced increasing difficulty in procuring the high-speed Internet services that are required to transmit the large imaging files. Because of this, they have asked your consulting firm to evaluate its options for bringing Internet connectivity to these remote locations. Your initial review of the locations has revealed a number of facts: All locations are within reach of landline Telephone Company wiring. • All locations are served by a......

Words: 3467 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Utilizing Social Networking

...Running Head: UTILIZING SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES Utilizing Social Networking Sites Michelle Rosas BSHS 352 March 21st, 2011 Erika Kelly Social Networking Business and Human Services organizations all over the world try to look for different ways to improve and be successful. One of the ways organizations have been able to maintain success is by networking and linking themselves with similar organizations. A website that provides organizations with this type of networking is LinkedIn. In week two I was given the task to research and understand why such sites as LinkedIn help human service organizations stay connected with their professional community and other human service professionals. In addition researching how these sites enhance more quality services and support and how additional training keeps you up to date and competitive against other organizations. History of LinkedIn LinkedIn is a site used by business professionals all over the world. This site provides business professionals and other types of organizations the ability to exchange information and other networking types of opportunities. Created by five founders, LinkedIn’s website officially took off in 2003 (, 2011). The five founders asked 350 of their closest contacts to join their site and within the first month had over 4500 members in the network (LinkedIn, 2011). By the end of 2003 they had over 81000 members and now present day has over...

Words: 1173 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...information is presented influence the attitudes, thoughts and behaviour of people 6 2. TASK 2 – LO2 – Analysis of a case study where a health related Moral Panic was created by the media 7 2.1 America's Moral Panic over Obesity 7 2.2 Assessing the accuracy and validity of health and social care information presented in the media 8 4. TASK 4 – Contemporary Issue – UK National Health Service crisis of 2015 9 4.1 To what extent does the local attitude reflect those found at a national level 9 4.2 Evaluation of the validity of public attitudes and behavior in relation to NHS UK 10 4.3 Justification of the possible consequence of contemporary thinking in the health and social care provisions and services industry 10 5. CONCLUSION 11 6. REFERENCES 12 INTRODUCTION Health and Social Care is generally describes all the services which health and social care providing firms specialise in. This is a very significant industry in the UK, and can be used to refer to the whole industry of healthcare provision, both the public and private sector combined. Typically referred to as “Human Services” in both the United States and Canada, there is a wide variety of qualifications based on this subject. Media can affect the public image about Health and Social Care heavily. As Ben Crang rightly point out, “There is nothing unique about social work. Mistakes are made in all professions and, if we are honest, always will be. However, what is unique is the public & media......

Words: 3183 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Organisational Environment

...organization competes. The competitive environment is analysed in detail in Chapter 3. The general environment, in contrast, is often referred to as the macro-environment. This is because changes that occur here will have an effect that transcends firms and specific industries. Figure 2.1 shows the relationship between the general environment, the competitive environment, and the organization. It should be noted that, other things being equal, it is the competitive environment that has the most direct and immediate impact on the organization. 2 The General Environment Political The Competitive Environment Potential Entrants Economic Power of Buyers The Organization Power of Suppliers Competitive Rivalry Substitute Products/Services Social Technological figure 2.1 The organization and its external environment That said, organizations must continually scan and monitor their general environment for signals, often weak or barely perceptible, which might indicate a change in their competitive environment. For example, firms in the industry that produced typewriters would have been unwise not to scan the general environment for signs of change, in this case technological change. The advent of micro-technologies was a the general environment 39 clear threat to the typewriter industry, ushering in as it did the era of the word processor. It is easy to forget that individuals who relied upon the use of the typewriter were initially sceptical......

Words: 10963 - Pages: 44

Free Essay

Study Skills

...questionnaire to determine what type of learner I am. I will do this by describing the questionnaire and I shall explain how I used the information to increase my learning. How I managed my time to study effectively around university and placement will also be discussed. To prepare myself for writing this essay, I decided to discover what my learning style was in a study skills guide recommended by the university. There were four different learning styles and to help you decide which one you were there was a list of the characteristics, learning strengths and the areas that the individual needed to develop to enhance their learning. I decided that I was the Dreamer. The Dreamer is a person that thinks a lot about the topic, likes to research everything thoroughly, likes to delay starting the task and time goes quickly without the person realising. (Cottrell, 2003). I knew I needed to make my learning more effective as I had been studying but without any results. I decided to set myself targets to achieve and sit down for two hours each evening to focus on learning and writing my essay. I also prepared my work area and made sure I had all the equipment I would need. After a week of this routine I realised it was working and I was achieving my goals each evening. After reading the study guide, I considered my note making would be more effective following the advice given. Before reading the guide I would write everything word for word from books and in......

Words: 2033 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Pestle Analysis

...using the PESTLE framework. The impact of the macro - environment is evaluated. 2.1 The PESTLE is a management tool that involves identification of the political, economic, sociological, technological, legal, environmental factors that had an impact on an organisation in the past, and could affect organisation in the future. Carry out PESTLE along with SWOT analysis, assist in strategic decision- making, and setting realistic objectives. 2.2 The PESTLE analysis is attached as Appendix 1. 2.3 The SWOT analysis is attached as Appendix 2. 2.4 The evaluation of high impact environmental factors based on PESTLE analysis. 2.5.1 The Department of Health is making provisions to a number of changes to the NHS dental contract, based on capitation, quality and registration, rather than UDA system. The two prototype contracts will begin operating in 2015-2016 for a two year trial, before a general new contract is introduced for everyone, in consequence it is difficult to predict a full impact on our organisation until the trial is finished. This requires contract monitoring for the time being. 2.5.2 Due to providing assurance and reporting to the commissionaires in line with CQC and GDC requirements, our practice has been forced to invest over £100000 to meet mandatory standards by the end of 2012. This involved building of an extension and allocation of separate decontamination room, along with a staff training. Failing in......

Words: 4538 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Business Development

...BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL FOR NH HOTEL START-UP IN BELGRADE by STEFAN MATKOVIC LSC STUDENT ID: 0010GZGZ0913 Presented as part of the requirement for the award of MBA at Cardiff Metropolitan University (CMU) May 2015 1 BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL Supervisor Declaration Form Student Name: Stefan Matkovic Supervisors Name: Vlada Botoric I acknowledge that the above named student has regularly attended the planned meetings and actively engaged in the supervision process. They have provided regular timely draft chapters of the BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL and followed given guidance. I confirm that I have approved the BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL title specified below. Title of BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL: BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL FOR NH HOTEL START-UP IN BELGRADE Signed by Supervisor ……………………………………. Date ……………………………………… 2 Layout of Declaration/Statements page DECLARATION This work being submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of .................................MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION....................................... And has not previously been accepted in substance for any degree and is not being concurrently submitted in candidature for any degree. Signed..............................................................................................

Words: 11069 - Pages: 45

Premium Essay

Trial Business Plan

...where digitalisation has become a key priority in the quest to improving healthcare outcomes for patients. Market Overview The importance of technology and information technology (IT) systems in meeting the challenges placed on the health care system is becoming increasingly apparent. The NHS is currently driving a technological revolution with the vision of becoming paperless by 2018. As a result, there is an increase in demand for SME’s like PathWay to contribute to increasing efficiency and working systems in the NHS by providing technological solutions. Our aim is to launch our product one hospital at a time, beginning with UCLH. PathWay will address the problems faced in monitoring patient’s results in a busy healthcare setting. It will improve efficacy and resolve dependability on having to log on at selected terminals to receive patient results. As a result, it will allow healthcare professionals to provide immediate and timely care to patients at risk. This concept will be of great benefit not only to the product users, but also to patients as it improves healthcare outcomes by improving efficiency in the NHS. There is a great potential for growth for PathWay in the market of this NHS technological revolution. Product Overview PathWay is an integrated mobile phone application that will provide a platform for capturing real-time patient information and to live-stream patient data to a clinician, allowing them to interpret and respond to information remotely. As......

Words: 4039 - Pages: 17

Free Essay


...National Broadband Plan The article referred to broadband infrastructure and networks of deployed telecommunication equipment and technologies necessary to provide high speed internet access and other advance telecommunications services for private homes, business, commercial establishments, schools and public institutions. In the United States, broadband infrastructure is constructed, and maintained primary by the private sector including telephone, cable, satellite, wireless, fiber optics and other information technologies including cable modem, DSL (copper wire) wireless system, fiber and satellite. Although broadband is deployed by private-sector providers, Federal and State regulation of the telecommunication industry as well as the government financial assistance programs can have a significant impact on private sector decision to invest in and deploy broadband infrastructure to particularly in underserved and underserved areas of the nation. Retrieved from Federal Communication Commission. (2013). Getting Broadband. The article describes five of the most common internet access technologies currently being used. It describes Digital subscriber line (DSL) uses telephone lines but does not stop the use of the same line for voice over IP communications. Cable broadband is described as being a service offered by cable television providers like Comcast that share among customers within a specific region or area. The article also explained that throughput is not the only......

Words: 2439 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Jobs in Science

...Modern pathology and biomedical work entail complex investigations, requiring a keen eye for detail and the ability to provide a quality service despite pressure from tight deadlines and a high volume of work. The ability to work effectively as part of a team is an important personal quality for the role. Biomedical scientist: Salary and conditions More in this section Job description Salary and conditions Entry requirements Training Career development Employers and vacancy … Related jobs Print all pages in this section Case studies Biomedical scientist: Ann Thomas Biomedical scientist: Kathryn Owen Biomedical scientist: Roslyn Cooke •Salary scales are based on the Agenda for Change Pay Rates . Biomedical scientists start at Band 5: £21,388 - £27,901 and progress to team leader or specialist roles which are at Band 6: £25,783 - £34,530. •The range of typical salaries at senior level/with experience, e.g. for a team manager or advanced practitioner (Band 7) is £30,764 - £40,558. Higher salaries may be available after this with further progression. •Pay may be increased by additional allowances for night and weekend cover. •Private sector salaries are similar to those in the NHS, but benefits are generally better. •The type of work carried out in private sector laboratories is similar to that required in the NHS. •In some posts, there is a requirement to take a share of emergency overnight on-call cover and out-of-hours work. •Work is......

Words: 9745 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Legal Indenties

...consider using a courier service; DHL, Omega or TNT etc. Flames will allow the NHS to be able to buy on credit and hold a credit period of 3 months. Pricing Power As the product can be sold to the NHS, Flames will not want to make much profit from them. Our reason is because we would wish to be seen, in the public’s eye, as a good caring company. This will help us indirectly from a PR point of view. As my jackets can be brought by everyone, Flames will be pushing their product to the skiers who on average spend £130. (see appendix) The pricing that Flames will use to sell their products is as follows: we will produce our jackets for £13 then with the labor and the heat pad costs the jacket will cost £45. Short term |Item |Price |Profit | | |£45.00 |£5.00 | |NHS Jacket | | | |Skiing Jacket |£120 |£94 | In the long run we will get our goods imported at a lower price. Long Term |Item |Price |Profit | |NHS Jacket ......

Words: 3233 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Equity Analysis Two European Hotels

...  of  the  Hospitality  Industry  .......................................................................  5   Future  of  the  Hospitality  Industry   .....................................................................................  5   Financial  Results  in  2005  .................................................................................................................   6   International  Financial  Reporting  Standards  ...............................................................  6   Accord  ............................................................................................................................................  7   NH  Hotels  .....................................................................................................................................  8   Financial  Analysis  &  Valuation  ...................................................................................................  10   Price  Earnings  &  Market  to  Book  Ratios   .......................................................................  10   Return  on  Equity  .....................................................................................................................  13   Debt  to  Equity  Ratio ......

Words: 5725 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Linux Lab

...India (Center for Railway Information Systems Website, Introduction A Saturday afternoon at the Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS) fter working in various capacities as an Indian Railway officer, A.V. Ramasundar joined the CRIS as its administrative head in 2004.1 Since its inception in A 1986, CRIS has been entrusted with the job of developing, implementing, and maintaining centralized IT applications for the Indian Railways (IR). With over 350 personnel, CRIS has its headquarters in New Delhi, the capital of India, along with five other regional offices spread evenly across the nation. This document is authorized for use only by Christi Florence Calina in Intro to IT IT602A-Summer-NH-2 taught by Norval Hodges, Valparaiso University from June 2015 to December 2015. For the exclusive use of C. Calina, 2015. Modernization of passenger reservation system SC Srivastava et al 433 Looking outside through the clear windowpanes of his office, Ramasundar realized that the next few months were going to be tough for him. From the day Ramasundar joined CRIS, the turn of events in the nation (India) and the organization (IR) had been rapidly changing, which had now precipitated into a difficult situation for him. He was currently struggling with the options available before him to decide the future course of action for the IR’s passenger reservation system (PRS), one of the largest and most important......

Words: 6480 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Aproaches to Self Managed Learning

...are the approaches to self-managed learning. APPROACHES TO SELF-MANAGED LEARNING Individual could learn through the research they will be doing that could be either been issued by the university or college even at work place, people could learn different techniques used in doing the research also the information about example problems associated in UK business people could learn what’s going on in business environment. SEMINARS AND CONFERENCES People could learn through seminars, conferences what they have experienced over there and make changes for the future. Seminars and conferences gives people the opportunity to present their knowledge about something to other people who end up learning new things. Seminars and conferences helps people becoming confident in speaking in the public and develops presentation skills which are needed in the organisation SOCIAL NETWORKS There are different social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, My year book etc where people spend more than two hours a day chatting with friends learning new things about other peoples’ information also people could learn through use of bulletin boards, internet and new groups. People can learn how social networks owners such as Mark Zuckerberg how he became successful, individual could learn and find their means of succeeding in their careers. INTERNET Individual can learn through internet such as different articles written by different authors concerning management studies, strategic, risk......

Words: 2603 - Pages: 11