Free Essay

Nile Perch

In: Science

Submitted By jeep911
Words 1912
Pages 8
Nile Perch in Lake Victoria

By

Introduction
Lake Victoria is largest lake in Africa, seventh largest in the world by volume. And second largest freshwater lake in the world. (PRINGLE, 2005) The lake is surrounded by three different country’s Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. Figure 1 depicts Lake Victoria and the surrounding countries. All three countries share the lake and its resources, but one of the biggest issues is that the governing laws involving the resources and the lake regulations are different in each country. (Lowe-McConnell, 1994) As an economic stand point the lake produces an annual catch of roughly 400-500,000 tons of fish bringing in around US$250,000-500,000. (Blake, 2005) The lake itself has around 2 million people that either directly or indirectly depend on fishing activities to support their lives. Lake Victoria is the head waters to the Nile River. The Nile perch (Lates niloticus) can be distinguished by their silver coloring and blue tint. They have sharp black eyes which are surrounded by a luminous yellow outer ring. The juvenile Nile perch can be seen with very dark markings beaming from their eyes with extensive dark markings on their body which in time will fade with age. (Blake, 2005) The female Nile perch generally grows larger than the male. Certain bones such as the pre-opercle and pre- orbital are guarded with spines. The Nile perch is known to grow extremely fast during the first year of existence. (Blake, 2005) The growth rate begins to decrease throughout the next four years of life. The Nile perch was introduced into Lake Victoria in the 1950s from lakes Turkana (Kenya) and Albert (Uganda) where it is native. This date is heavily debated. Unlike many introductions, which occur by accident or are made quietly by private citizens, the introduction of Nile perch into Lake Victoria was put in action by the highest levels of the British administration in colonial East Africa. (PRINGLE, 2005)Scientists and ecologist both tried to convince the government that the introduction of the Nile perch would have long terms effects on the ecosystem. The eventual introduction of the Nile perch represents the failure of ecologists to communicate and implement their vision for Lake Victoria. (Schwartz, 2006)Although this failure was at least partially due to the lack of knowledge of the government who wanted to help the economy more than anything. The purpose for the introduction of the Nile perch was to widen the range of a sporting fish, to add edible fish and to strengthen the economic productivity of Lake Victoria's fisheries, which had until then rested on small tilapia and cichlids. (Chege, 1995) The dark side to this introduction was the real purpose of this fish was to wreak havoc on the cichlid population. Within a few years people started to notice that the Nile perch was really started prey ravenously on the haplochromines cichlids. (Furney, 2013) In fact, they did this so efficiently that entire species began to disappear before the eyes of frustrated ichthyologists; many species vanished before they could even be formally described. With the Nile perches has effectively caused the disappearance of about 40% of the roughly 500 haplochromine cichlid species (PRINGLE, 2005). Haplochromine meaning, any cichlid of the tribe Haplochromini. (Dictionary.net) The industrial fishing operations around the lake have sky rocketed. In the early 1990 the Nile perch yields are starting to declined due to intense fishing,
Overfishing
Nile perch stocks in Lake Victoria have declined dramatically since the time of the fish population boom. The main cause for this over fishing is the high amount of industrial fishing plants. Ten factories around the lake have closed and the remaining 25 are operating below capacity, according to the Jinja, a Uganda based inter-governmental organization. At the Department of Economics at University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) several researchers have studied the problem with over fishing in general and the Lake Victoria fisheries in particular. (Blake, 2005)
Economic boost
Introduction of the exotic Nile perch into Africa’s Lake Victoria accelerated decline of the diverse, cichlid species and altered food web structure, but created valuable fisheries. As the Nile perch population expanded and predation rates increased, many of the endemic fish species disappeared, total fishery yield increased nearly fourfold, and fishery-related employment approximately doubled although it is perceived as an ecological disaster by scientists, the introduction of the Nile perch is viewed as an economic booster by successful businessmen and powerful government officials. Hauled by the ton from the open lake by large, commercial boats, the fish are sold to nearby foreign-owned processing plants where they are rapidly cleaned, filleted, boxed and frozen, and sent off to prohibitively expensive restaurants in Nairobi and to the delicacy freezers of stores in the Middle East and Europe. The Nile perch has indeed become a money-spinner. The introduction of the Nile perch has had a significant effect on the fishing industry. Not only has this species produced an increase in complete fishery, it has also helped increase employment with fishery- related jobs as well. Large factory fishing corporations have prospered greatly due to the development of the Nile perch. (Chege, 1995)
Ecological Role: The Nile perch plays a major role on the predation of the remaining fish species in Lake Victoria the Nile perch has had a devastating impact in its initial and introduced habitats. They feed on their own species as well as others, including crustaceans, mollusks and insects. As the fish matures its appetite increases. This ravenous creature now searches for larger fish than the usual minute supply. This ability to prey on different size fish enables it to dominate many habitats and have a catastrophic effect on the many species it encounters as it moves from area to area in search of food.

Issues/Problems The introduction of the Nile perch into Lake Victoria has had a catastrophic effect on the ecosystem. The eutrophication of the lake is starting to occur with the decrease of algae eating fish, the algae is growing at an alarming rate, there by choking the lake. The increasing amounts of algae, in turn, increase the amount of dead plant material) that falls to the deeper portions of the lake before decomposing. As a by-product of this the oxygen levels in the deeper layer of water are being depleted which in turn is producing dead zones that are popping up for often. With all the industrial pants hundreds of fish native to the lake have become extinct, by the 1980’s, 300 of these fish were nonexistent. (PRINGLE, 2005) The Nile perch also carries numerous parasites in its gills and different areas of its body, which can lead to the spread of disease among other species resulting in the loss of biodiversity. (Schwartz, 2006) In addition to the degradation that is caused by the Nile perch through competition, predation and parasites, is the increase in deforestation in the region, due to the large quantities of firewood that are required to dry the fish. (Blake, 2005)
Management
Due to their rapid reproduction and dominating force in their habitats I strongly rank this threat as highest priority. According to the IUCN’s Invasive Species Specialist group the Nile Perch is considered one of the world’s worst 100 invasive species. (Blake, 2005) If dramatic measures are not taken to eliminate this species, they will continue to cause ecological disaster.
Control Method Commercial fishing activities are currently the only control method for the Nile perch in Lake Victoria. (Blake, 2005) Recently there have been signs of over fishing. Over the past twenty years, the quantity of the Nile perch caught in Lake Victoria as a percentage of total fish caught have slowly been declining. The average size of the Nile perch has also declined over this period. In addition, several species of fish that were decimated by the introduction of the Nile perch into Lake Victoria are showing increasing populations. (Rapport, 1995) Some off the key aspect of management that need to put in place or continued are as followed
 International cooperation is necessary in order to make Lake Victoria’s resources sustainable. In 1992, representatives of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda formed the Lake Victoria Organization to co-ordinate rescue efforts. One of these efforts is aimed at the cichlids. To save these tiny fish from further extinction. (Chege, 1995)
 Conservation of habitat and biodiversity will only succeed if water quality is improved – Stricter laws on the industrial sites, need to be enforced to help keep the nutrient levels and toxic contamination at a safe limit.
 Stock management strategies linked to regulation of fishing effort are needed. The Nile perch has established itself a top fish food chain in Lake Victoria, and in order for the Nile perch to be a sustainable option for Africans, the fishing regulations need to be controlled better.
 Representative habitats in the lake should be conserved with focus on high diversity areas. The Cichlid species should be the main focusing point. The Cichlid species have adapted too many changes within Lake Victoria, and in order to keep what Cichlids species remain around the conservation of the ideal habitat needs to be protected more.
Conclusion
Ecological changes in this system now occur rapidly, and are due largely to human actions, and have profound socioeconomic effects. There is a lot of the history of the Nile perch in Lake Victoria. Just like most other introduced non-native fish species in a body of water the introduction rate has accelerated greatly over time. Although not all introduced fishes have appreciable effects on their new ecosystems, many exert significant ecological, evolutionary, and economic impacts. For researchers, managers, and policy makers interested in conserving freshwater diversity, understanding the magnitude and array of potential impacts of non-native fish species is of utmost importance. (McConnell, 1994) Although a great deal of knowledge is known about the Nile perch, but this body of knowledge truly dwarfs in comparison to what we still need to learn. Specifically, the need for additional scientific research to fill knowledge gaps

Work Cited
Chege, N. (1995). Lake Victoria: a sick giant.
Furney, S. (2013). The Plight of the Lake Victoria Cichlids.
HAPLOCHROMINE. (n.d.). Definitions.net. Retrieved April 26, 2013, from http://www.definitions.net/definition/HAPLOCHROMINE
Kaufman, L., 1992. Catastrophic change in species rich freshwater ecosystem: lessons of Lake Victoria. Bioscience 42, 846–858.
Kishe-Machumu, M. A. (2011). The diet of Nile perch, Lates niloticus (L.) after resurgence of Nile Perch. Springerlinks.
Lindeman R. 1942. The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology 23: 399-418.
Lowe-McConnell, R. (1994) The changing ecosystem of Lake Victoria, East Africa. Freshwater Forum 4, 76–89.
NILE PERCH - marketing success or ecological disaster? (1997, May). Seafood International.
Ogutu-Ohwayo, R. (1994) Adjustments in Fish Stocks and in Life History Characteristics of the Nile Perch, Lates niloticus L., in Lakes Victoria, Kyoga, and Nabugabo. PhD Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.
PRINGLE, R. M. (2005). The Origins of the Niue Perch in Lake Victoria. Bioscience, 780-788.
Rapport, D.J. (1995) Ecosystem services and management options as blanket indicators of ecosystem health. J. Aquat. Ecosystem Health 4, 97–105.
Schwartz, J. D. (2006). Effects of Nile perch, Lates niloticus, on functional and. African Journal of Ecology.
Strange, E.M., Fausch, K.D. & Covich, A.P. (1999) Sustaining ecosystem services in human-dominated watersheds: biohydrology and ecosystem processes in the South Platte River Basin. Environ. Manage.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Jackson Is a Crazy Cat

...cat when we went back to California to help family. After all, they have no personalities and just lay around all day with a blank look on their faces. Their cat, his name is Jackson, knows the family routine pretty well. In the morning mom is getting the red headed boy off to school. He also gets fed at that time and the boy too. He will lay on the kitchen floor against an out of the way wall and watch all the running back and forth. When they leave, he comes upstairs and waits on a perch he found next to the stairs. He gets a view of both floors there and the front door is in plain sight. When my wife goes down to get her cup of coffee, he is ready with a paw as she goes down. She is not a real cat fancier, does not hold him or anything and the crazy cat seems to adore her. Every morning he reaches out from his perch next to the stairs and touches her shoulder as she goes down. He was actually petting her! He doesn't know any better, you see, he's crazy.   Jackson also waits on his perch for me to come down and then jumps on the stairs behind me. He then cuts around me blocking my way down. Why is he trying to trip me? That is just plain crazy. I’m the one that lets him out onto the back patio every morning. He had never been let outside before. I...

Words: 1649 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Ernest Hemingway's End of Something

...Hortons Bay had been a lumber town. The sounds from the mill by the lake were always audible. Then, the logs stopped appearing. The machinery was taken out of the mill building. The mill and the complex that surrounded it lay abandoned. Ten years later, only the foundations were still visible to Nick Adams and Marjorie as they row along the lake shore, fishing. Nick says that he can only barely remember the mill working. Marjorie loves nights like these, fishing with Nick. She says the fish are feeding, but Nick counters that they will not strike and be caught. The two pull the boat up on a shore and cut up the perch that they have caught for bait. They go back out to set the lines. Then, the two pull up on shore again. Marjorie asks Nick if something is wrong, but he claims not to know what is bothering him. They make a fire and put down a blanket. She summons him to eat their picnic, even though he says he does not feel like eating. They eat in silence. Then, they make a little conversation. Nick teases Marjorie, and she becomes frustrated. She asks again what is wrong, and, after some prodding, he finally tells her that he is not having fun anymore. She asks whether love is any fun, and he says no. She leaves without a goodbye. Nick lies there for a while. Bill arrives and asks whether she is gone. Nick tells him that she is and that there was no scene. When Bill asks how he feels, Nick tells him to go away. Bill takes a sandwich and goes to inspect the fishing rods. The...

Words: 575 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Report on Fishing

...Government of Uganda MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE ANIMAL INDUSTRY & FISHERIES DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES RESOURCES ANNUAL REPORT 2010/2011 Final Draft i Table of Contents LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES ............................................................................................... iv LIST OF ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................... v FOREWORD .................................................................................................................................. vi EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................. 1 1. INTRODUCTIONp .................................................................................................................. 4 1.1 Vision of DFR .................................................................................................................. 5 1.2 Mandate of DFR ............................................................................................................... 5 1.3 Functions of DFR ............................................................................................................. 5 1.4 Legal Policy and Institutional Framework ....................................................................... 6 2. CAPTURE FISHERIES ........................................................................................................... 7 2...

Words: 14382 - Pages: 58

Premium Essay

The Great Pyraminds

...mystery which is still being debated. It is no mystery who built the Great Pyramids, the pharaoh Khufu, but how he accomplished this has been debated over and over. There are several theories to how they were constructed. They range from cranes, ramps, to today’s theory of space aliens, held by some. However, of the many theories offered, the most logical of them are the use of cranes or ramps. One earliest recorded theory put forward by Herodotus, the Greek historian, mentioned the use of "machines" used to raise the blocks, which has been taken to mean cranes. Supporters of this theory believe that cranes were used in the construction. “Egyptians farmers have long used wooden crane-like devices called a shadoufs to raise water from the Nile for irrigation” (Brier, 2007). It is believed that hundreds of these cranes at different levels on the pyramid were used to lift the blocks. The problem with this theory is that Egypt did not have forests to provide the large amount of timber need to accomplish the constructions and importing it would have been too costly and impractical. The second theory is that a ramp was built on one side of the pyramid which allowed workers to haul the blocks to the top of the pyramid. However, the problem with this theory is that, if the ramp was position only on one side, it would have to be...

Words: 486 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gke 1 Task 1

...Egypt over 7000 years ago was the importance of the Nile River. None of the achievements of the remarkable ancient Egyptian civilizations would have been possible without the Nile. (ushistory, n.d.) It's population was contained, yet protected by a narrow 1,000 mile long stretch of highly fertile land. The Nile valley and the people that lived there were protected by geographical features. To the east and the west of the Nile were impassable deserts. North and south were protected by rugged highlands and deeply eroded valleys providing extra protection from outside forces.The Nile provided a means of food for early peoples being an area rich with fruit trees, vegetation and fish. It later became a center for agriculture. Having a fertile soil and long growing season the people of the area became excellent farmers. The Nile also provided a means of trade. Not only could goods be exported but lumber was able to be imported from Syria and the Lebanese woods that contributed to the great architectural structures of the period. (Orlin, 2007) The Nile was a central factor in the early Egyptian culture. It was so significant that the calendar was developed around the flood cycle. Not only did the Nile provide food, water and transportation. The reeds from the Nile were used to make papyrus, an early form of paper. Reeds were also used to make boats, baskets and ropes, even sandals. (ushistory, n.d.) With all the provisions of the Nile and the protection of their geological......

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Giza

...“How” were monuments constructed at Giza Vanita Johnson Jennifer Adrienne HUM 111 October 25, 2011 Over the years many scientists and archaeologists have wondered, “How” did the ancient Egyptians construct these tombs of such a great size without the help of machinery. The main reason for this question was because each pyramid was composed of millions of limestone blocks each weighing 25 to 80 tons each and was located on the west side of the Nile. Experts have also talked a lot about the methods by which each block was raised into position. It was theory that wooden and bronze levers were used to move the blocks, a system of ramps, terrestrials or just millions of workers. There was also debate on how did they get these huge stones from the quarries into the middle of the desert. Some archaeologists believed that they used large boats, traveling the Nile or just simply rolled and drug them. I believe the theory of a million of workers is possible but whether they dragged, lifted or even rolled each stone into place is not.The Greeks believed slaves was used, but modern Egyptologists accept that it was thousands of skilled workers. Verner posited that the labor was organized into a hierarchy, consisting of two gangs of 100,000 men, divided into five groups of 20,000 men each, which may have been further divided according to the skills of the workers. So through research I believe these men may have used a system of ramps. Most archaeologists agreed that a system......

Words: 407 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Review of God Dies by the Nile

...“She advanced between the two stretches of green and brown with the same swinging movement starting from the hips and thighs. Overhead, the black night withdrew gradually as the crimson hue of dawn spread out, then, after a while, changed into a glaring orange light. Suddenly, over the edge of the earth a point shone out, grew slowly to become a disc of fire, then climbed up into the sky. But before the light of day had chased away the night, Zakeya had already reached her field, tied the buffalo to the water-wheel beside the stream, removed her black shawl and put it on the ground, rolled up her sleeves, and tied the tail of her galabeya around her waist.” This passage is so simple yet so beautifully written, such a poetic description of a woman making her way to work, at sun rise. The writing is vivid and evocative; it makes me rather feel as if I am reading a fable. I didn’t make it through the entire book this week because I was beset with a bunch of issues, including a recurrence of the hives that I’ve been plagued with since the beginning of the summer semester. It is difficult to concentrate on reading when you are itching and irritable; however having made it through more than half of the book, I can see that GOD Dies is full of fascinating characters such as Metwalli and Fatheya. Saadawi writes so strongly and vividly that I can imagine myself as part of the story. She writes a portrait of cruelty and corruption that is at times difficult to take in, to......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Case

...Nature or Nurture? A A few years ago, in one of the most fascinating and disturbing experiments in behavioural psychology, Stanley Milgram of Yale University tested 40 subjects from all walks of life for their willingness to obey instructions given by a 'leader' in a situation in which the subjects might feel a personal distaste for the actions they were called upon to perform. Specifically, Milgram told each volunteer 'teacher-subject' that the experiment was in the noble cause of education, and was designed to test whether or not punishing pupils for their mistakes would have a positive effect on the pupils' ability to learn. B Milgram's experimental set-up involved placing the teacher-subject before a panel of thirty switches with labels ranging from '15 volts of electricity (slight shock)' to '450 volts (danger - severe shock)' in steps of 15 volts each. The teacher-subject was told that whenever the pupil gave the wrong answer to a question, a shock was to be administered, beginning at the lowest level and increasing in severity with each successive wrong answer. The supposed 'pupil' was in reality an actor hired by Milgram to simulate receiving the shocks by emitting a spectrum of groans, screams and writhings together with an assortment of statements and expletives denouncing both the experiment and the experimenter. Milgram told the teacher-subject to ignore the reactions of the pupil, and to administer whatever level of shock was called for, as per the rule......

Words: 1851 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Gke Task1

...GKE1 Task1 Student 320979 A. One significant environmental factor in the development of the Egyptian society is the Nile River. The Nile River made it possible for the Egyptian people “to form the first nation by 3000 BCE” (The Gift of the Nile, n.d.) From its rise to its fall the Egyptian civilization depended on the Nile River. The Nile focus created a more positive point of view for Egyptian society “for it could be seen as a source of never-failing bounty to be thankfully received, rather than a menacing cause of floods” (Guisepi, n.d.). The Nile River flooded yearly when the snow melted off of the East African mountains. The violent flow of water would turn up silt, fragments of plants and soil, and deposit them along its banks. The nutrient laden silt allowed the Egyptians to plant and cultivate crops. This natural resource created a vital ecological dynamic that aloud them to build an empire around. The Nile River also provided them a way to transfer goods and connect with others. “These contacts spread certain Egyptian influences, notably in monumental architecture, to other areas” (Guisepi, n.d.). The Egyptian people used the environment along the Nile River to their benefit and not only developed the land, but their culture as well. B. The first reference to charioteers in the civilized world comes from Syria around 1800 BCE (Plubins, 2013). Over the next 400 years the advancement, “either by direct migration of steppe people or by diffusion,” (Plubins, 2013)...

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Culture Shock. Psychological Reactions to Unfamiliar Environments.

...water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques(Amir,2014). The government of Egypt must look to alternative and sustainable methods to secure their water supplies. There are two options- a: find a new water resource - groundwater extraction. b.develop water-saving supply programme - Aswan Dam.  2. Background Generally, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Egypt was worth 271.97 billion US dollars in 2014. The GDP value of Egypt represents 0.44 percent of the world economy(Trading, 2015). Move onto the geographical and natural environment, Egypt is one of top ten countries at risk of water shortages due to these following reasons: Egypt is bordered by Libya to the west, the Sudan to the south, nevertheless, part from the Nile Valley, the majority of Egypt's landscape is desert. In addition, Egypt has an unusually hot, sunny and dry climate for the majority areas are tropical desert climate. Another two factors lead to Egypt water shortage are Inefficient Irrigation and pollution. The water risk certainly caused a lot of problem in different aspects like It is estimated that each year about 17,000 children die from diarrhea(WIKI, 2014).  One reason is that drinking water quality is often...

Words: 1341 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

The Civilizations and Cultures of Mesopotamia and Egypt

...the first civilization, forming around 2500 BC, but there was also another civilization being formed around the same time; the Egyptian civilization was formed by 3000 BC along the Nile River. Both civilizations were strongly influenced by geography, natural resources, and social class. The development of two great early civilizations were guided by the geography, natural resources, and social classes but these broad categories branched off in different directions for each civilization. Geography had a large impact on the successful development of these two civilizations. Both largely depended on nearby rivers for their success and were called the river civilizations. Mesopotamia translates to “land between rivers” which is exactly what it was. It was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. These rivers provided for the Sumerians to develop an extensive irrigation system. They were also able to use the flooding of the rivers to their benefit, and all of these developments lead to them having things to trade which they also used the rivers to do. Goods were able to move from place to place along the river along with ideas. Similarly, the Egyptian civilization was strongly dependent on their river, the Nile, and they would have not made nearly as much advancement without it. When the Nile flooded it helped farming and agriculture by providing silt, helping the soil. Their irrigation system, called the shaduf, helped provide food and water for farmers and their......

Words: 531 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pyramid Mummification

...Giza were built? Or how the Egyptians mummified the dead? Or, even simpler, how they lived their daily lives? Well, according to David Macaulay in the book Pyramid, life was fairly simple. Most Egyptians were farmers. Since the Nile flooded for a time from July to November, farmers were drafted for pyramid building since farming was impossible. Pyramids were constructed for a pharaoh so that when he dies, he is mummified and put into a sarcophagus inside the pyramid along with everything else that belonged to him including is pets, servants, and possibly even his wife. But in order for a pharaoh to get his desired afterlife, he has to go through a series of mummification steps. Most...

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Why Did The Nile River Shaped Ancient Egypt

...the floods that the Nile river had caused. The Nile river is the world's longest river which was in Egypt. The Nile river was so important to the Egyptians that they named it the giver of life. Though this is just a river, it shaped the lives for all the Egyptians by being used for transportation, farming and irrigation, and the seasons. One reason that the Nile river shaped ancient Egypt was because they used the Nile for transportation. They went on boats to go south for trading. When they were low on resources and had a surplus of another thing, they would trade with another tribe to get it. They did not only use the river for trading but they also used the river for traveling to go to new places. They would go to new places if they needed to visit someone, if they needed to move away, or to find more recourses such as copper,granite,iron,or gold. Another reason that the Nile river shaped ancient Egypt was because of farming and irrigation. The Nile helped farming and irrigation because of the rich soil the farmers could plant their crops. The Nile also...

Words: 515 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Ancient Americas Research Paper

...Skylar Holly IAS8 Ancient Americas To what extent were civilization of the Americas shaped their environment? I will be focusing on three different civilizations, the Incas, the Aztec empire and the mound builders. Each civilization had different environmental settings that shaped their way of life. Hence, the civilizations of the Americas were largely shaped by their environment. The Mound Builders, a North American tribe, were known for building mounds out of mud. These mounds were valued and served as temples and houses. They also used complex earthwork mounds to build river systems for food and agriculture. They made use of their environment by having their diets consist mostly of fish and deer, as well as available plants. This shows...

Words: 413 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Role Of Trade In Ancient Egypt

...Trade was kind of harder you have to give the people that had to trade had to go Through War and Maybe their enemies You. They were trading Maybe and push them so it was Dangerous. I bet some kids want out and want and had to trade and fight in the war that maybe an Another Tribe did not trade how they want like they want it to.the Egyptians started out by building pyramids that were the government and all of the People that live in the cities had to work for them and one family had to come out and Get me for the architects.and all once a year not good. Add Farms they had to trade that had the meal get the weeds every single day and work for us all that they lived laws by the Ancient Egypt were made up of the good and the geek gods and some...

Words: 265 - Pages: 2