Free Essay

North Mid South Colonoies

In: Historical Events

Submitted By hsingh73
Words 697
Pages 3
Simranjit Singh
AP US History
September 8, 2014
New English Vs. Chesapeake Although new England and Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin by 1700, these regions developed differently through the variety of distinct values throughout religion, varied priorities and class structure. Religion had an high impact to immigration. In Document 9, New England migrates from the three centers of English Puritanism. The Puritan church was the most important church in New England, which led settlers to become very different from those of the Chesapeake region. In Document 1, John Winthrop wants to from a "city on a hill" so the colony would be good example to the church of England. Puritans established congregational rule that led to town meeting and gave the New England colonists more control over polities. Also they had state laws that reformed religion teachings. this made England different form the Chesapeake religion because they were more religious. In the ‘New World’ the Pilgrims would work to develop not just a religious society, but one in which all items are shared, as seen in Document 4. The puritans in the New England area felt as though the key to survival and they key to salvation, while working hand in hand, were necessary to create a ‘perfect society’. Compare this to the values brought over to Virginia and highlighted in Document 6 in which John Smith describes a destitute group of colonists who are barely surviving. Their motivation for the journey was to find gold, which was limited in that they came upon a swamp which they began to settle. Smith continues to describe mutinies, death and a decay in moral that seems to be the complete opposite of what the Puritans were establishing at almost the exact same time. Consumed by their lust for gold and riches, refusing to work together set this group on a disastrous path which would create extreme hardships. The colonies differed in the nature of the English settlers they attracted. As the ship's list in Document 2 of those bound for New England shows, entire families of men, women and children came over together. The men were primarily in their thirties and forties and were usually skilled in a profession or craft. These families were wealthy, on the other hand, p2379as the Virginia ship's list in Document 3 shows, those bound for the colony were almost all young, single men in their teens and twenties who came for adventure and to find their fortunes and were not wealthy. Very few women came, and those that did were all young and single with no children. The differences in the distribution of wealth set the two regions apart. In New England, because of the strong Christian foundation of the people it became common to set up communal systems to allow an equitable distribution of wealth. As Document 5 shows, it was common for the New England colonies to set wage and price regulations. These were very similar to the old medieval guilds which restricted merchants from charging excessive prices to raise profits. New Englanders wanted a small profit but nothing that would raise prices too much. They also meant to set wages so that every laborer could earn a decent living. The antithesis of this was Virginia, where every man aspired to become a filthy rich planter with many slaves and a big plantation. The two societies also differed in relation to Indians and other countries. p2390New Englanders got along well with Indians and other countries as their religion asserted as partly directed in Document 7. The Virginia area, on the other hand didn't. They were in constant conflicts with Indians and the Dutch. Governor Berkeley in 1673 and his council were forced to ask the king for help. They used slaves and indentured servants to defend them .In Document 8 Virginia was a distinction in classes, because a rebellion occurred. Farmers angry over the rise of the wealthy estates and irresponsible use of the treasury staged a rebellion led by p2391Roger Bacon known as Bacon's Rebellion, against Gov. Berkeley in 1674. They wanted to be p2392treated fairly as the New Englanders were.

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