Free Essay

Nothing

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By ohjinhee
Words 2274
Pages 10
Shogi - Japanese Chess
Roger Hare 13th September 2003
Revision: Last change: Generated: 39 August 10, 2010 August 10, 2010

1

Attribution

These rules are extracted from Roger Hare’s Shogi site http://www.shogi.net/rjhare/ and reformatted for offline use by Bromsgrove Abstract Game Club. I have also added the Westernised pieces to tie in with Tony Boyles’s set. For the full text and links to many more resources, please see his original pages at the above address.

2

Introduction

Shogi is one of the forms of chess which is generally thought to have developed from the game Shaturanga or Shatranj. It is the Japanese form of the game which is known in the West as ’Chess’ - more correctly, ’International Chess’. Shogi is the Japanese form of the game. There are others, for example Chinese Chess (Xiang-chi). Shogi is similar to International Chess in that it is played between two players (’black’ and ’white’), and that the object is to checkmate the opponents king. Shogi is also very different from International Chess (hereafter called simply Chess). Here are a few of the differences: • There are several forms of Shogi, played on anything from a 7x7 board to a 25x25 board. The most common form is the 9x9 version - Shogi. • Captured pieces may be re-entered by the capturing player. • Most pieces may be promoted under certain circumstances. The bulk of what follows describes the usual 9x9 form of shogi...

3

The Board

The board is 9 ’squares’ by 9. In fact, the ’squares’ are slightly larger in the vertical direction than the horizontal. The circular points are to mark promotion zones and to enable you to visually divide the board up easily. The letters and numbers are for notational purposes - eg: the top right square is 1a, the bottom left is 9i, and so on. As we will see later, black plays ’up’ the board, and white plays ’down’ the board. Note: All graphics in the basic shogi pages were developed using programs written in the Icon language - an enthusiasm of mine... (RH) I’ve replaced the pieces by GNU Shogi’s to show the Western pieces as well as the Japanese. (CJS) 1

Figure 1: The Shogi 9x9 board

4

The Pieces

Shogi pieces are usually wedge shaped and pointed. There is no difference between blacks pieces and whites because captured pieces need to be able to be re-entered after capture. In the actual game, the direction in which a piece points indicates which side it is on. The pieces are identified with (usually) two Japanese characters. It is usual in diagrams to show only the top character. In what follows, the moves of the pieces are described as if the piece were ’black’, ie: playing ’up’ the board. To get the move for the white move, simply rotate all directions (and the piece!) through 180 degrees.

4.1

The King

Each player has 1 king. The king is the most important piece on the board in the sense that the object of the game is to checkmate the king in the same manner as in International chess. The king occupies the centre of the first rank, ie: black’s king is on 5i, and white’s is on 5a. The king may move 1 square in any direction like the king in chess, that is, one square in a n, n-e, e, s-e, s, s-w, w, n-w direction. The king does not promote.

2

4.2

The Gold

Each player has 2 golds. The golds occupy the 2 positions either side of the king, ie: black’s golds are on 4i and 6i, and white’s are on 4a and 6a. The gold moves one square in any direction except the two rearward diagonal squares, that is, one square in a n-w, n, ne, s, w, e direction. The gold does not promote.

4.3

The Silver

Each player has 2 silvers. The silvers occupy the 2 positions either side of the golds, ie: black’s silvers are on 3i and 7i, and white’s are on 3a and 7a. The silver moves one square in any direction except orthogonally left, right or backwards, that is, one square in a n-w, n, n-e, s-w, s-e direction. The silver may promote to gold once it has entered the promotion zone and the promoted silver looks like this:

4.4

The Knight

Each player has 2 knights. The knights occupy the 2 positions either side of the silvers, ie: black’s knights are on 2i and 8i, and white’s are on 2a and 8a. The knight moves one square forward and then one square diagonally, left or right (ie: a restricted form of the knights move in Chess), that is, one square n followed by one square n-w or n-e. Pieces on the intervening squares are ignored. The knight is the only piece which may jump other pieces in this way. The knight may promote to gold once it has entered the promotion zone and the promoted knight looks like this:

4.5

The Lance

3

Each player has 2 lances to start with. They occupy the corners of the board, ie: black’s lances are on 1i and 9i, and white’s are on 1a and 9a. The lance moves any number of squares forward, that is, any number of squares n. When it enters the opponents promotion zone (the furthest away third of the board), the lance may promote to gold if desired and the promoted lance looks like this:

4.6

The Bishop

Each player has one bishop which occupies 8h (black) and 2b (white) at the start of the game. The bishops move is the same as that in Chess - any number of squares in any of the diagonal directions, that is, n-w, n-e, s-e, s-w. The bishop may promote and acquire the extra power to move one square only in any of the orthogonal directions, that is, one square n, e, s, w. The promoted bishop looks like this:

4.7

The Rook

Each player has one rook which occupies 2h (black) and 8b (white) at the start of the game. The rooks move is the same as that in Chess - any number of squares in any of the orthogonal directions, that is, n, e, s, w. The rook may promote and acquire the extra power to move one square only in any of the orthogonal directions, that is, one square n-e, s-e, s-w, n-w. The promoted rook looks like this:

4.8

The Pawn

The pawns occupy the third rank on each side. Each player has 9 pawns to start with. The pawn moves one square forward, that is, one square n.

4

When it enters the opponents promotion zone, the pawn may promote to gold if desired. The promoted pawn looks like this:

5

The Setup
Figure 2: At the start of play, the board is set up like this

5.1

Notation

This would seem a useful place to introduce the Shogi notation scheme. The most useful scheme is probably that which is part descriptive, part algebraic. In this scheme, a piece is named and the destination square named also. For example (referring to the starting setup), P-7f.

5

It should be clear what this means, but note the abbreviations: P - pawn, L - lance, N - knight, S - silver, G - gold, R - rook, B - bishop, K - king. Capture is indicated by a ’x’, eg: Px1c - note the captured piece is not explicitly named in the notation. When a piece is promoted after the move, a ’+’ is appended, eg: Px1c+. When a promoted piece is subsequently moved, it is prepended with a ’+’, eg: +P-2b. Strictly, if a piece does not promote when it could, an ’=’ should be appended to the move, eg: Px1c=. A ’drop’ of a captured piece which is ’in hand’ is designated with a ’*’, eg: L*9d. In cases of ambiguity, the starting square of the piece being moved is indicated, eg: (considering the starting set-up), G6i-5h. Each playes individual moves are numbered in Japanese games, unlike international chess where moves are numbered in pairs, thus: 1. c3-c4 3. c1-d2 2.b7-b6 4.g7-g6 etc.

6
6.1

The Rules
The Players

Shogi is a game for two players (’black’ and ’white’). In diagrams, black traditionally plays ’up’ the board, white ’down’. Black plays first.

6.2

The Object

The object of the game is as in western chess to checkmate the opposing king. Check in general is given by threatening the king with capture. The threatened player may escape check by moving the king, by capturing the threatening piece, by moving a piece between the threatening piece and the king, by dropping a piece between the threatening piece and the king. Checkmate is achieved when the king cannot escape. A game may end in two other ways - a player may resign if their position is seen to be hopeless, or, a draw may occur. This is rare in shogi. There is no stalemate in shogi.

6.3

Moves & Capture

Moves of the individual pieces are described elsewhere, but (fairly obviously) a player may not move a piece onto another square if it is already occupied by another of that players pieces. If the square is occupied by other players piece is captured. below for details of promotion), as an alternative to a move (see a piece belonging to the other player, the move is legal and the Once a piece is captured, it reverts to its unpromoted state (see and is retained by the capturing player, who may drop the piece below for details of drops).

With the exception of the knight, no jumps are allowed in any move.

6.4

Promotion

Most pieces (pawn, lance, knight, silver, rook, bishop) may be promoted on reaching the promotion zone (the furthest away three ranks of the board). Pieces are promoted by turning them 6

over so that their promoted characters are visible. Pawn, lance, knight and silver promote to gold. Rook and bishop have their powers enhanced by being allowed to move one square in a diagonal (rook) or orthogonal (bishop) direction. Note that promotion is not mandatory, and there are some strategic situations in which it may be disadvantageous to do so. Note however, that when a piece would no longer have a valid move after the current one, it must promote - that is, when a lance or pawn reaches the last rank, or when a knight reaches either of the last two ranks. Once promoted, a piece may not be ’unpromoted’. Finally, remember that although the discussion above assumes that promotion takes place (or not) when a piece first enters the promotion zone, in fact, a piece may be promoted in the course of a normal move as it enters or leaves the promotion zone or as part of a move entirely within the promotion zone. Pieces may not ’un-promote’.

6.5

Drops

A player may elect to ’drop’ a captured piece instead of moving a piece. This is one of the features which makes shogi so different from chess. Basically a piece may be dropped anywhere with the provisos that: • It is forbidden to have more than one unpromoted pawn on the same file • A pawn may not be dropped to give direct checkmate • A piece may not be dropped where it does not have a legal move (ie: a lance or pawn on the last rank, or a knight on either of the last two ranks) • A piece may not be promoted as it is dropped (a dropped piece may only be promoted after it has actually moved).

6.6

Handicapping

In Japan, players are graded. There are in fact two grading systems, one for professional and one for amateur players. The amateur scheme goes from about 15 kyu (beginner) to 6 dan. An amateur 6 dan is about equal to a professional 4 dan. Shogi allows for a handicapping scheme when the difference in grades of the two players is known: • 1 grade - stronger player plays white and forfeits left lance (on 1a) before play starts. • 2 grades - play a 2 game series. 1st game as above, second game stronger player plays white and forfeits bishop. • 3 grades - stronger player plays white and forfeits bishop. • 4 grades - stronger player plays white and forfeits rook. • 5 grades - stronger player plays white and forfeits rook and left lance. • 6 grades - play a 2 game series. 1st game as above, second game stronger player forfeits rook and bishop. • 7 grades - stronger player plays white and forfeits rook and bishop.

7

6.7

Repetition

If the same game position occurs more than three times in a single game, the game is declared a no-contest. The same position means, same players turn, same disposition of pieces on the board and in hand. If a repeated position occurs as a result of repeated checks, the player giving check must not do so a fourth time otherwise that player forfeits the game.

6.8

Proverbs

Shogi has spawned a rich literature of proverbs. here is a random selection: • Exchanging your Rook Pawn gives a four-fold advantage • Without Pawns the game is lost • A Pawn-anchored Gold is as solid as a Rook • Ranging Rook needs a Static Bishop • A four piece mating net will always catch its prey • Bring the Horse back to camp • The stab in the back is the best way to get a Gold in hand • 5e is a strategic point

8

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Nothing

...There's nothing to say about nothing. Still, some people make a fuss about it. Among spiritual seekers, there's a lot of talk about "becoming nothing". On this site about nothing, we're not going to talk about "nothing", because "nothing" can't be talked about. When people talk about "nothing", they're not really talking about nothing, they're talking about something. It's not a real nothing, it's a "nothing" they can hold in their mind. It's a nothing that feels like something, perhaps a black hole, perhaps a lonely place. They have words for it, perhaps "void", "emptiness", "nothingness". Nothingness is not nothing. It comes and it goes, so it's got to be something. You can look at it. You can hold it. You can throw it out. And when you throw it out, what's left?... ...And that's all we're going to say about that. This little introduction has nothing to do with the articles on the site. It's just here to confuse the philosophers and perhaps intrigue a few people with a genuine interest in nothing. This is a site about nothing. We hope you enjoy it. Perhaps you'd like to start with a 25-second playful video clip about a show about nothing? love numbers. And I have always loved computing. That's the whole reason computers have had such a strong pull on me since 1981, when my mom's boyfriend decided I should have my first computer: a Sinclair ZX 81. I would like this section to be about numbers, computing and computers. At the moment, it's all about computers...

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nothing

...------------------------------------------------- Philosophy Western philosophy Some would consider the study of "nothing" to be foolish, a typical response of this type is voiced by Giacomo Casanova (1725–1798) in conversation with his landlord, one Dr. Gozzi, who also happens to be a priest, “ | As everything, for him, was an article of faith, nothing, to his mind, was difficult to understand: the Great Flood had covered the entire world; before, men had the misfortune of living a thousand years; God conversed with them; Noah had taken one hundred years to build the ark; while the earth, suspended in air, stood firmly at the center of the universe that God had created out of nothingness. When I said to him, and proved to him, that the existence of nothingness was absurd, he cut me short, calling me silly.[3] | ” | However, "nothingness" has been treated as a serious subject worthy of research for a very long time. In philosophy, to avoid linguistic traps over the meaning of "nothing", a phrase such as not-being is oftenemployed to unambiguously make clear what is being discussed. Parmenides One of the earliest western philosophers to consider nothing as a concept was Parmenides (5th century BC) who was a Greek philosopher of the monist school. He argued that "nothing" cannot exist by the following line of reasoning: To speak of a thing, one has to speak of a thing that exists. Since we can speak of a thing in the past, it must still exist (in some sense) now and......

Words: 2165 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

King Lear Nothing

...Hermesmann 1 Anna Hermesmann Nothing From Nothing: Concepts of Justice in King Lear Ex nihilio nihilfit—“nothing comes from nothing.” In the pre-Christian world of Shakespeare‟s King Lear, this doctrine rules as the actions of the characters prove futile and tragedy results. Lear fails to maintain order in his kingdom and his family; Gloucester loses his sight; and Cordelia, the only one who really loves her father, dies. Critics such as Samuel Johnson have argued that because of Cordelia‟s death, Shakespeare‟s ending is flawed, that he fails to follow the “natural ideas of justice” by allowing “Cordelia to perish in a just cause.” In 1689, approximately eighty years after Shakespeare completed the first text of King Lear, Nahum Tate published an alternate ending to the play in which Cordelia lives and eventually goes on to rule in her father‟s place. While this “happy” ending was performed as if it were Shakespeare‟s original for decades afterwards, it actually runs contrary to the original version of King Lear by applying Judeo-Christian human concepts of justice to a world that is not governed by a just God. In the nihilistic world Shakespeare creates, there is no just force to establish an objective morality, and therefore, the rules of right and wrong, and the consequences of each, are obsolete. Thus, because King Lear is set in a world in which the generally accepted rules of justice do not apply, Shakespeare‟s ending, including the death of the only truly virtuous......

Words: 3397 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Loweel System, Know Nothings, Samuel Morse

...cuts and fills which were required to enable the canal to pass through hills and over valleys, stone aqueducts were necessary to carry it across streams and eighty-eight locks of heavy masonry with great wooden gates were needed to permit ascents and descents. It became an immediate financial success. 5) Factory System—most of the manufacturing occurred in households with people making things by hand or simple machines, technology improved. Entrepreneurs begin to make use of new and larger machines driven by water power that allowed them to bring textile operations together under one roof. The factory system spread rapidly in the 1820’s. 6) Know-Nothings-a strict code of secrecy, which included the secret password, used in lodges across the country, “I know nothing”. Members of this movement became know as the Know Nothings. They turned their attention to party politics and...

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Import Java

...import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; import javax.swing.*; class Calculator extends JFrame implements ActionListener { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; TextField txt=new TextField(15); JButton btn1 = new JButton("1"); JButton btn2 = new JButton("2"); JButton btn3 = new JButton("3"); JButton btn4 = new JButton("4"); JButton btn_arti = new JButton("+"); JButton btn5 = new JButton("5"); JButton btn6 = new JButton("6"); JButton btn7 = new JButton("7"); JButton btn8 = new JButton("8"); JButton btn_eksi = new JButton("-"); JButton btn9 = new JButton("9"); JButton btn0 = new JButton("0"); JButton btn_clr = new JButton("CLR"); JButton btn_carpi = new JButton("*"); JButton btn_bolu = new JButton("/"); JButton btn_esit = new JButton("="); String str_number = ""; int operation = 0; double int_number1 = 0; double int_number2 = 0; double result = 0; public Calculator() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("CALCULATOR"); frame.setSize(320,320); frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setResizable(false); frame.setVisible(true); frame.setLayout(new BorderLayout()); JPanel HeadPanel = new JPanel(); JPanel NumberPanel = new JPanel(); JPanel LabelPanel = new JPanel(); LabelPanel.setBackground(Color.WHITE); HeadPanel.setBackground(Color.BLACK); NumberPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(3,3)); LabelPanel.setLayout(new......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Expressive Writing

...Boom Boom Boom!! Sounded the fastness of my heavy heart as I gingerly took the letter from my dad and uttered not a word as I backtracked without a backwards glance to my haven. A mixture of apprehension, fear and anger crashed over me like a tidal wave crashing against my skull, how dare she contact me yet again and put me through all this pain. Slowly, Slowly I open the letter and gingerly remove it from its personal surroundings. This wasn’t the first letter and certainly wasn’t to be the last letter from my mum who was once more asking for reconciliation, forgiveness on my part and offering explanations on hers. A feeling of emptiness laid heavy as I knew that however many letters, texts I received from my mum there was absolutely nothing I could do about contacting her in any possible way because of the...

Words: 638 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Much Ado About Nothing

...Christine Joy A. Tag at BSEDE-II Reflection Paper on Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing Without any idea of what Much Ado About Nothing is all about, I just let myself absorb whatever thoughts and ideas I could get as the movie started to play. The movie which is originally a play written by Shakespeare is a comedy drama but not pure humor as what most audience would expect in a comedy. I really find the work a genius one, with how the story evolves. And unlike any love stories, its plot is a very unique one. The theme is obviously full of deceptions. This act of deceiving is not at all what I know as a bad act. As from the drama, deception could sometimes lead the characters to goodness like how Don Pedro and Claudio intentionally let Benedict eavesdrop to their conversation about Beatrice’s love for him. Hero and her company also did the same to Beatrice. It ended up that Beatrice and Benedict really loved each other after all their ‘wars’. On the other hand, deception could be a bad act. When Don John planned to ruin the wedding by making Claudio and Don Pedro believe that ‘Hero’ is an unfaithful maiden and not anymore a virgin, the plan went out as it is which made Hero be publicly humiliated by Claudio. This only showed that purity of woman is very precious and the only honor that she could have. But whether deception is bad or good, I would first prefer not to believe easily what I hear or see or what others will tell to me. I must not depend on the......

Words: 416 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Much Ado About Nothing

...MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING Title As a title, Much Ado About Nothing fits neatly with those of Shakespeare’s other plays written around the same time: the titles seem whimsical and even flippant. Twelfth Night was alternatively titled What You Will, and As You Like It seems a much less informative title than, say, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Still, the capricious titles are actually as reflective of their content as any history or tragedy title. The plot of Much Ado About Nothing centers on a lot of hubbub over little misunderstandings; there’s a whole lot of fuss about stuff that ultimately isn’t that important. For the bigger issues in the play, though, we turn to the fact that, in Shakespeare’s day, "nothing" was often pronounced the same way as "noting." The play is built around the process of "noting," which has myriad meanings. It can mean "to take notice of" something, to eavesdrop, to observe, or to write something down – but these notings aren’t necessarily accurate. A person can misunderstand a meaning, or mishear, or misreport something, in the process of noting too. The foibles that result from noting (and misnoting) are central to keeping the play spinning. If that wasn’t interesting enough for you, you might want to note that "nothing" was also an Elizabethan slang term for the vagina. "Much Ado About Vagina" makes sense as a title, right? After all, the highs and lows of the play revolve around men and their relationships with, suspicion of,......

Words: 3038 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Much Ado About Nothing

...Much Ado About Nothing Love Story Shakespeare My first impression of Much Ado About Nothing is that it would be a love story. Although it is categorised as a Shakespearean comedy, I found the many "funny" parts of the play were foggy and required you to read the scene over a few times before you understood them. But then again, I had to read the whole scene over again a few times to understand anything. All of the characters in Much Ado About Nothing seemed to develop a personality of their own from the very first scene. It also helped that I saw the movie version of Much Ado About Nothing before we read the play so I could almost get a picture in my head as to what each character looked like. As the character's had their own personality, so did the two love relationships in the play. Benedick and Beatrice seemed to hate each other so much from the very start of the play that as the play carried on it almost seemed like the two went full circle in their relationship. But their relationship might not have changed for the better without help from Claudio, Don Pedro, Leonato, Ursula or Hero. In Claudio's and Hero's relationship seemed to be much more conventional in the way they came together. Claudio first saw Hero and instantly fell in love with her, while Hero stood by and took orders from her father, Leonato. Only when Don John devised his deception to break Claudio and Hero apart that I felt the relationship was in trouble, but......

Words: 379 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Muc Ado About Nothing

... “Trickery or Deceit” Much Ado about Nothing, is one of Shakespeare’s, romantic comedies. I chose, Trickery or Deceit, as my title, because, sometimes in true life it’s difficult to determine the two. In this play deceit plays a major role. It first starts one week before the wedding. Hero and her friends decided that Beatrice and Benedick argue too much and did indeed share feelings for each other, And so they plotted a trick to make them fall in love, they included everyone in it, Don Pedro, Hero, Claudio pretended to say things about Beatrice loving Benedick so, that Benedict could hear. And then also pretended to speak alone in the garden, knowing of Beatrice’s presence they continued to say things of Benedick’s Love for Beatrice, which wooed the both of them and they both fell in love, but, had no idea they were being Deceived. But every ones happiness is to soon come to an end, as Don Jon plots to ruin their wedding.. He has Borachio pretend to court and make gestures at Hero, while Claudio and Don Pedro watched, when indeed it was Margaret whom he courted and had sex with. During my research of “Much Ado about Nothing”, I found that this is a perfect example of” Trickery or Deceit”, or both? My studies show that the author has an open mind and left the decision to be made by the audience. In the play Much Ado about Nothing, the word Nothing in the play’s title, pronounced in the Elizabeth English. Suggests a......

Words: 1107 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

None

...import java.awt.*; import java.awt.event.*; import javax.swing.*; class Calculator extends JFrame implements ActionListener { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; TextField txt=new TextField(15); JButton btn1 = new JButton("1"); JButton btn2 = new JButton("2"); JButton btn3 = new JButton("3"); JButton btn4 = new JButton("4"); JButton btn_arti = new JButton("+"); JButton btn5 = new JButton("5"); JButton btn6 = new JButton("6"); JButton btn7 = new JButton("7"); JButton btn8 = new JButton("8"); JButton btn_eksi = new JButton("-"); JButton btn9 = new JButton("9"); JButton btn0 = new JButton("0"); JButton btn_clr = new JButton("CLR"); JButton btn_carpi = new JButton("*"); JButton btn_bolu = new JButton("/"); JButton btn_esit = new JButton("="); String str_number = ""; int operation = 0; double int_number1 = 0; double int_number2 = 0; double result = 0; public Calculator() { JFrame frame = new JFrame("CALCULATOR"); frame.setSize(320,320); frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE); frame.setResizable(false); frame.setVisible(true); frame.setLayout(new BorderLayout()); JPanel HeadPanel = new JPanel(); JPanel NumberPanel = new JPanel(); JPanel LabelPanel = new JPanel(); LabelPanel.setBackground(Color.WHITE); HeadPanel.setBackground(Color.BLACK); NumberPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(3,3)); LabelPanel.setLayout(new......

Words: 793 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Beatrice, Much Ado About Nothing

...Beatrice is a strong-willed, independent woman. How far do you agree with this statement? I would agree for the most part with this statement. Beatrice is indeed strong-willed, but her independence has its limitations. As with many Shakespearean characters, appearance can be deceptive, and what we see is only a facade, a mask to hide their true character or feelings. I believe that Beatrice uses her cleverness and quick wit to hide her real feelings, and that although she is independent to a certain extent, she is aware that she has limitations because of her gender. Although Beatrice states ‘I would rather hear my dog bark at a crow than hear a man swear he loves me’ she is ultimately fooled into believing that Benedick loves her. The fact that she is tricked so easily, and subsequently admits her reciprocal love, tells us that she views marriage in a more favourable light than she had previously led us to believe. Whether she gave in to the ‘social construct’ demanded by the patriarchal society in which she lived is questionable. What we do know is that Shakespeare has presented her as a wilful, self-confident, autonomous woman who appears to revel in her single status. In contrast we have Hero, the antithesis of Beatrice. She is meek, obedient and completely dominated by the men in her life. She is the perfect foil for Beatrice, her willingness to please further enhancing Beatrice’s character. It is clear from the start of the play that Beatrice is not an...

Words: 1365 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Major Themes in 'Much Ado About Nothing'

...Major Themes in 'Much Ado About Nothing' Shakespeare’s treatment of love in Much Ado About Nothing differs from his other romantic comedies. Sure, it shares the same stagy plot, which finishes with the lovers finally getting back together, but Shakespeare also mocks the conventions of courtly love which was popular at the time. Although Claudio and Hero’s courtly marriage is central to the plot, their relationship is the least interesting thing in the play. Instead, our attention is drawn to Benedick and Beatrice’s unromantic backbiting – it is this relationship that seems more believable and enduring. By contrasting these two different types of love, Shakespeare manages to poke fun at the conventions of courtly, romantic love. Claudio uses highly contrived language when speaking of love, which is undermined by Benedick and Beatrice’s banter: “Can the world buy such a Jewel?” says Claudio of Hero. “My dear Lady disdain! Are you yet living?” says Benedick of Beatrice. As an audience, we are supposed to share Benedick’s frustration with Claudio’s transparent, pompous rhetoric of love: “He was wont to speak plain and to the purpose, like an honest man and a soldier … His words are a very fantastical banquet, just so many strange dishes.” Deception As the title suggests, there is a lot of fuss over very little in the play – after all, if Claudio wasn’t so impetuous, Don John’s rather weak plan wouldn’t have worked at all! What makes the plot so intricate is the use of......

Words: 491 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Much Ado About Nothing: a Love Story

...Shakespeare My first impression of Much Ado About Nothing is that it would be a love story. Although it is categorised as a Shakespearean comedy, I found the many "funny" parts of the play were foggy and required you to read the scene over a few times before you understood them. But then again, I had to read the whole scene over again a few times to understand anything. All of the characters in Much Ado About Nothing seemed to develop a personality of their own from the very first scene. It also helped that I saw the movie version of Much Ado About Nothing before we read the play so I could almost get a picture in my head as to what each character looked like. As the character's had their own personality, so did the two love relationships in the play. Benedick and Beatrice seemed to hate each other so much from the very start of the play that as the play carried on it almost seemed like the two went full circle in their relationship. But their relationship might not have changed for the better without help from Claudio, Don Pedro, Leonato, Ursula or Hero. In Claudio's and Hero's relationship seemed to be much more conventional in the way they came together. Claudio first saw Hero and instantly fell in love with her, while Hero stood by and took orders from her father, Leonato. Only when Don John devised his deception to break Claudio and Hero apart that I felt the relationship was in trouble, but even then I felt there was hope. In Act...

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Gender Collisions in Much Ado About Nothing

...Gender Collisions in Much Ado about Nothing Some of Shakespeare’s plays are related to the love between male and female, such as, Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth Night, Much Ado about Nothing and etc. Shakespeare’s focuses in these plays varied from different periods in his life. I’m going to analyze the gender collisions in the following couples in Much Ado about Nothing: Hero and her father Signor Leonato, Hero and Claudio, Benedick and Beatrice. I. Hero and her father Signor Leonato Hero and Leonato’s relationship is the typical father-daughter relationship in the feudal patriarchy. Signor Leonato, the father, is an arbitrary male chauvinist, loves his daughter superficially but never truly care about Hero. Hero, like most women in that time, follows everything what her father says. Obedience is rooted in her life. Marriage and obedience are the only two things she could use to please her father. As a “useless” girl in feudal society, Hero accepts her fate. All these factors result in the chaos in wedding. When Claudio doubted Hero’S chastity and dishonored Hero, Leonato’S first response is feeling humiliated for himself, worrying about his reputation and wanting to kill his daughter to save his fame. Hero just cried and even cried to faint. The only thing she could do is sitting, crying and saying “no”. She never thought stand up, and tell her father Claudio bravely “No! You are wrong! I am innocent!” The arbitrary and arrogant father and the coward daughter are still......

Words: 585 - Pages: 3