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Nsvd

In: People

Submitted By rosehazelyn12
Words 3862
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INTRODUCTION
Pregnancy, the state of carrying a developing embryo or fetuswithin the female body. This condition can be indicated by positive resultson an over-the-counter urine test, and confirmed through a blood test,ultrasound, detection of fetal heartbeat, or an X-ray. Pregnancy lasts forabout nine months, measured from the date of the woman's lastmenstrual period (LMP). It is conventionally divided into three trimesters,each roughly three months long.When gestation has completed, it goes through a processcalled delivery, where the developed fetus is expelled from the mother’swomb. There are two options of delivery: Cesarean section and NSVD ornormal spontaneous vaginal delivery. A cesarean section is a surgicalincision through the mother’s abdomen and uterus to deliver one or morefetuses. NSVD or normal spontaneous vaginal delivery is the delivery of the baby through vaginal route. It can also be called NSD or normalspontaneous delivery, or SVD or spontaneous vaginal delivery, where themother delivers the baby with effort and force exertion.Normal labor is defined as the gradual subjugation anddilatation of the uterine cervix as a result of rhythmic uterine contractionsleading to the expulsion of the products of conception: the delivery of thefetus, membranes, umbilical cord, and placenta. Laboring cannot that beeasy; thereby implicating that there are processes and stages to beundertaken to achieve spontaneous delivery. Through which, Obstetricshave divided labor into four (4) stages thereby explaining this continuousprocess. STAGE 1:
It is usually the longest part of labor. It begins withregular uterine contractions and ends with complete cervical dilatation at10 centimeters. This stage is broken down into three (3) phases: the
Early phase, where the contractions are usually very light and maybeapproximately 20 minutes or more apart from the...

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