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There are many routing protocols in use today. Each protocol serves a different purpose that it is designed to address.

Routing protocols serve 3 main purposes:
1.They learn the identity of other routers on the network to effectively transfer data from point to point.
2.They stockpile the destination possibilities inside their databases, as well as the pathway data.
3.They decide exactly where the send network messages based off the two other functions mentioned above.

There are 5 main routing protocols implemented and widely used in todays networking environment:

1. RIP V1 & V2 (Routing Information Protocol)-
-RIP contains support for 15 hops. RIP operates by messaging nearby devices asking for the routing tables it needs.
-These RIP devices …show more content…
OSPF (Open Shortest Path First)-

-OSPF overcomes the 15 hop count limit that RIP imposes allowing for more hops per request.
-OSPF does not suffer network spikes that arise due to the RIP periodic request for routing table data.
-OSPF is able to organize networks based on importance, performance, and manageability to increase performance abroad.
-OSPF does not request the entire routing table, but only the information it needs at time of request.

3. IS-IS (Intermediate System to Intermediate System)-
-The IS-IS protocol is very similar to OSPF and while OSPF is more popular, IS-IS may be more adaptable to some networking schemes.
-IS-IS uses its own addressing type as opposed to the standard of Internet Protocol (IP) to run its processes.

4. IGRP & EIGRP (Internet Gateway Routing Protocol & Enhanced IGRP)-
-IGRP has been wide-scale replaced with EIGRP due to increased efficiency and classless IP subnet support.
-EIGRP is generally seen as maintaining simpler configuration and better performance than that of OSPF.
-EIGRP was introduced by Cisco to replace RIP, but doesn't offer hierarchy support that some other protocols do.

5. EGP & BGP (External Gateway Protocol & Border Gateway Protocol)-
-BGP is the standard for EGP used for Internet

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