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Nt1430 Linux

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Submitted By gjose805
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1. What is free software? List three characteristics of free software.
a. Free software, also known as software libre, or open source software, is a type of software that can be used and modified by the software owner, as well as redistributed.
b. Free software is not synonymous with "freeware," which is software that is available for use free of charge, but may or may not be modified. This software is sometimes also free of charge, but sometimes requires a fee to purchase; the "free" in the name refers to the fact that it may be freely used and changed.

2. Why is Linux popular? Why is it popular in academia?
a. It is very fast, easy to use and reliable. Writing programs and scripting on Linux is often times much easier than doing so on Windows as many of the users are that use Linux are computer savy but also because the framework that makes up Linux is completely open source, thus allowing programmers to program with Linux not around it.
b. Students understand the source code for the operating system and how Linux works without complications.
3. What are multiuser systems? Why are they successful?
a. A multi-user operating system is a computer operating system (OS) that allows multiple users on different computers or terminals to access a single system with one OS on it.
b. Because you can add a user to your computer and have a different profile then another user, instead of buying another computer. This makes it cost effective.

4. What is the Free Software Foundation/GNU? What is Linux? Which parts of the Linux operating system did each provide? Who else has helped build and refine this operating system?
a. The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a nonprofit with a worldwide mission to promote computer user freedom and to defend the rights of all free software users.
b. It is the software on a computer that enables applications and the computer operator to access the devices on the computer to perform desired functions. Linux is the name of the operating system kernel developed by Linus Torvalds, which has since been expanded and improved by thousands of people on the Internet.
c. Torvalds’s kernel and GNU’s tools work together as the Linux operating system.

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