Premium Essay

Number System Tutorial

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By omerahm
Words 8000
Pages 32
NUMBER SYSTEMS TUTORIAL

Courtesy of: thevbprogrammer.com

Number Systems

Number Systems Concepts
The study of number systems is useful to the student of computing due to the fact that number systems other than the familiar decimal (base 10) number system are used in the computer field. Digital computers internally use the binary (base 2) number system to represent data and perform arithmetic calculations. The binary number system is very efficient for computers, but not for humans. Representing even relatively small numbers with the binary system requires working with long strings of ones and zeroes. The hexadecimal (base 16) number system (often called "hex" for short) provides us with a shorthand method of working with binary numbers. One digit in hex corresponds to four binary digits (bits), so the internal representation of one byte can be represented either by eight binary digits or two hexadecimal digits. Less commonly used is the octal (base 8) number system, where one digit in octal corresponds to three binary digits (bits). In the event that a computer user (programmer, operator, end user, etc.) needs to examine a display of the internal representation of computer data (such a display is called a "dump"), viewing the data in a "shorthand" representation (such as hex or octal) is less tedious than viewing the data in binary representation. The binary, hexadecimal , and octal number systems will be looked at in the following pages. The decimal number system that we are all familiar with is a positional number system. The actual number of symbols used in a positional number system depends on its base (also called the radix). The highest numerical symbol always has a value of one less than the base. The decimal number system has a base of 10, so the numeral with the highest value is 9; the octal number system has a base of 8, so the numeral with the...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Reflection of Life

...all the whole numbers between 1 and n, where n must always be positive. For example 0! is a special case factorial. This is special because there are no positive numbers less than zero and we defined a factorial as a product of the numbers between n and 1. We say that 0! = 1 by claiming that the product of no numbers is 1. The reasoning and mathematics behind this is complicated and beyond the scope of this page, so let's just accept 0! as equal to 1. This works out to be mathematically true and allows us to redefine n! as follows: For example The above allows us to manipulate factorials and break them up, which is useful in combinations and permutations. Useful Factorial Properties The last two properties are important to remember. The factorial sign DOES NOT distribute across addition and subtraction. Permutations and Combinations Permutations and Combinations in mathematics both refer to different ways of arranging a given set of variables. Permutations are not strict when it comes to the order of things while Combinations are. For example; given the letters abc The Permutations are listed as follows Combinations on the other hand are considered different, all the above are considered the same since they have the exact same letters only arranged different. In other words, in combination, you can't just rearrange the same letters and then claim to have a completely different combination. Combinations are done differently: Given abc, we can make a number of......

Words: 895 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Diploma

...: 5 Hours (3 Hours Lecture + 2 Hour Tutorial/Practical) Independent Self-Learning : 160 Hours Prerequisite : Not Available Consultation Hours : Every Wednesday (02:00pm-5:00pm) (Subject to pre-arrangement only) COURSE OBJECTIVE This course is a comprehensive introduction to the realm of Principles of Information Technology. This is an introductory module to the current and evolving technologies in today’s computer systems. It introduces information technology concepts and principles. This module explains major components of information systems and demonstrates applications of information systems in business. Students are provided with sophisticated knowledge and necessary skills of information technology. Principles of Information Technology is a course that will provide students with computer skills necessary to be successful in “real world” personal and business situations. Students will use Microsoft Office to learn word processing, desktop publishing, presentation software, spreadsheets, and databases. COURSE OUTCOMES On completion of the course, students will be able to: 1. Demonstrate an understanding of basic information technology concepts and principles 2. Describe major components of information systems 3. Discuss business applications of information systems 4. Use Office application software and apply the computer skills effectively METHODS OF TEACHING Lectures and tutorials/lab practices INSTRUCTIONAL......

Words: 1347 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Thesis

...Tutorial for Preschoolers (Alphabet, Numbers, Shapes, Colors and Animals) SERVDAD, REYCHELLE A. CRUZ, MARY JOY B. RAMIREZ, CHERRY A. A project submitted to the Mr. Ronel E. Asas of the Department of Computer Studies, Imus Campus, Cavite State University, Imus, Cavite in partial fulfillment of the final requirements for the subject ITEC55- System Analysis and Design. INTRODUCTION Preschool is a time for developing good learning habits and positive self-esteem. The skills learned at this stage may seem simple but it will set a preschooler for a lifetime of learning. People around them must be aware that they are still trying to figure out the world and everyone must understand them for being distracted and unfocussed with their tutorials. The tutorial is designed to provide opportunities for users to learn essential information. (Meade,2011) Learning from preschool software can start as soon as children can effectively handle a mouse. Usually, around three or four years of age, preschoolers can readily spend up to a half an hour per day on the computer. Children like the independence and stimulation of interacting with computerize activities. If they are able to use a mouse, that was an indication that they are ready to get started. While using a computerize tutorial, children would not just sit and watch; they will laugh, learn, participate and explore. Parents will see smiles and hear giggles. It is an indication that their children are having fun and when......

Words: 3482 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Assignment

...Database Management Systems Tutorial Week 1 Weight 1% The tutorial assessment each week is generally based on your understanding of the week’s course content, your written answers to each week’s tutorial questions, your group interaction in discussing your answers, and your presentation to the class. You are required to provide written answers to each week’s tutorial questions. The due date for providing answers to each week’s tutorial tasks is by the beginning of your following week’s tutorial session. Make sure to submit your answers to the tutorial questions by its due date electronically using Moodle; and to take with you a printed/hand-written copy of your answers to the next tutorial session.. For some questions your tutor may randomly select students to share their answers with the class. For some other questions, your tutor may invite students to discuss their written answers in groups and may ask you to present your group’s collective responses to the class. Due to some particular circumstances, if you are not able to attend a tutorial session, make sure to: a) let your tutor know asap the reason(s) you missed the class by email; b) submit your answers to the tutorial questions by its due date electronically using Moodle. Before attempting the following tutorial activities, you need to learn this week’s lecture slides. To gain more understanding of the topics covered in this week read Chapter 1 of your textbook. ASSESSABLE TASKS OF THE WEEK ...

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Annual Report

...(revaluation, impairment) – accounting for intangible assets – a comprehensive coverage of consolidation issues – equity investments. Research School of Accounting and Business Information Systems 2 Lecture outcomes • Outcome 1: An understanding of the regulatory environment in which the companies are formed and operate in Australia. • Outcome 2: A solid foundation in accounting and reporting requirements of the Corporations Act and relevant Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) accounting standards. • Outcome 3: A comprehensive understanding of the advanced issues in accounting for assets, liabilities and owner’s equity. • Outcome 4: The ability to account for income taxes. • Outcome 5: The ability to account for leases. Research School of Accounting and Business Information Systems 3 1 Lecture outcomes • Outcome 6: The ability to account for intangible assets. • Outcome 7: An understanding of the accounting requirements for a corporate group and familiarity with the theory underlying the methods used to account for intercompany investments. • Outcome 8: The ability to prepare consolidated accounts for a corporate group. • Outcome 9: An understanding of the basic principles of accounting for investments in associates. Research School of Accounting and Business Information Systems 4 Course administration • Students taking this course are expected to commit at least 10 hours a week to completing the work. • This...

Words: 3537 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Nios-Multicore Accelerator

...Creating Multiprocessor Nios II Systems Tutorial Creating Multiprocessor Nios II Systems Tutorial 101 Innovation Drive San Jose, CA 95134 www.altera.com TU-N2033005-2.0 Document last updated for Altera Complete Design Suite version: Document publication date: 11.0 June 2011 Subscribe © 2011 Altera Corporation. All rights reserved. ALTERA, ARRIA, CYCLONE, HARDCOPY, MAX, MEGACORE, NIOS, QUARTUS and STRATIX are Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. and/or trademarks of Altera Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective holders as described at www.altera.com/common/legal.html. Altera warrants performance of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera’s standard warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of the application or use of any information, product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to obtain the latest version of device specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services. Creating Multiprocessor Nios II Systems Tutorial June 2011 Altera Corporation Contents Chapter 1. Creating Multiprocessor Nios II Systems Introduction to Nios II Multiprocessor Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...

Words: 12538 - Pages: 51

Premium Essay

Sexyshubham

...BCO1102 Information Systems for Business 2014 Semester 1 Prepared by Paul Darbyshire Prepared by Paul Darbyshire Welcome Welcome to BCO1102 Information Systems for Business for Semester 1, 2014. For the vast majority of you it will be a compulsory unit of study as it is part of the Business Core in all undergraduate Bachelor of Business degrees. The major focus of this unit is on how computer- based information systems can support decision making in organizations and businesses. Those decisions often need to be made by professionals who come from discipline areas you are studying such as accounting, management, information systems or marketing. One of the most important elements of an information system is people, so all of us need to know what role we can play and what role information and communication technologies (ICT) can play in supporting decisions. This unit will look at the theoretical side of information systems as well as personal productivity tools such as spread sheets and databases. In addition we will look at global trends in information systems and in particular the emerging use of Cloud Computing and Social Networking, which is sometimes called Web 2.0. The unit of study requires the textbook Introduction to Information Systems by Rainer, Prince and Cegielski 5th Edition. The textbook is used for the theory and some of the practical work in tutorials. All reading for this subject during the semester is assigned from this textbook. Feedback from......

Words: 3033 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Ma Ba3201 Final

...[pic] Managerial Accounting BA3201 |Puganeswary Thirumalai Naidu |307254805 |BABHM | |Tan Lian Ping |11001200428010 |BABHM | |Yasmin Lim Binti Mohd.Arifin |307147803 |BBA MKT | |Herry Abubakar Mshihiri |609687502 |BBA IB | Question1 | |Task 1 : Sales and Labour Budgets : University | | | | | | | | | |1 (a) | | | | | ...

Words: 1871 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Maths for Social

...TUTORIALS Each student must attend one tutorial per week. Assignments will be given for each tutorial and they must be prepared prior to attendance at the tutorial. Most of the assignments will be divided into two Sections A and B. The problems in Section A are to be prepared for the tutorials; those in Section B are intended for additional practice, and not for discussion, however, if you have difficulties with any of them, then you may seek your tutor’s or lecturer’s assistance. EXAMINATIONS Midterm: 40% Final: 60% Examination Date: October 11 and 12th, 2013 - 2:00 – 4:00 p.m. on both days (tentative) TOPICS TO BE COVERED 1. Sets Sets of numbers; real numbers; integers; rational numbers; natural numbers; irrational numbers; Sets and Subsets: set notation; finite and infinite sets; equality of sets; null sets; subsets; proper subsets; comparability of sets; universal sets; power set; disjoint sets; Venn diagrams. Set Operations: Union; intersection; difference; complement, operations on Comparable sets; algebra of sets; cartesian (cross) product of sets. 2. Relations/Functions Relations; domain and range of a relation; relations as sets of ordered pairs; inverse relations. Functions Mappings; domain and range of a function; equality of functions; one-to-one functions; many-to-one functions; constant functions; into functions; onto functions. 3. Sequences and Series Terms of a sequence; terms of a series; the arithmetic series; the geometric series. 4.......

Words: 397 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Marketing

...Module Study Guide Information and Communication Technology The Claude Littner Business School The Claude Littner Business School Information and Communication Technology Module Study Guide |Module Code |BA40019E | |Level |4 | |Credits |20 | AY2014-2015 Version No 1 © UWL 2014 Location/Paragon Information and Communication Technology Module Study Guide |Contents |Page No. | |Module Leader and Teaching Team Details…………………… 4 | | | | | |Facts and figures | | | | | |Section A Overview and Content | | |1 Welcome and Introduction to the Module………6 ...

Words: 4674 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Infotech 3i

...ITtestPapers.com – Placement Papers, Interview Questions and Tutorials ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3i-Infotech Technical Paper – 9 1. A 2MB PCM(pulse code modulation) has a) 32 channels b) 30 voice channels & 1 signalling channel. c) 31 voice channels & 1 signalling channel. d) 32 channels out of which 30 voice channels, 1 signalling channel, & 1 Synchronizatio channel. Ans: (c) 2. Time taken for 1 satellite hop in voice communication is a) 1/2 second b) 1 seconds c) 4 seconds d) 2 seconds Ans: (a) 3. A dishonest shopkeeper professes to sell pulses at the cost price, but he uses a false weight of 950gm. for a kg. His gain is ...%. 4. Max number of satellite hops allowed in voice communication is : a) only one b) more than one c) two hops d) four hops Ans: (c) 5. Conditional results after execution of an instruction in a micro processor is stored ina) register b) accumulator c) flag register d) flag register part of PSW(Program Status Word) Ans: (d) 6. Frequency at which VOICE is sampled is a) 4 Khz b) 8 Khz c) 16 Khz d) 64 Khz Ans: (a) 7. Line of Sight is a) Straight Line b) Parabolic c) Tx & Rx should be visible to each other d) none Ans: (c) 8. Purpose of PC(Program Counter) in a MicroProcessor is a) To store address of TOS(Top Of Stack) b) To store address of next instruction to be executed. c) count the number of instructions. d) to store base address of the stack.......

Words: 2873 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Strayer

...and Password on the login page. Your user name is the 1st letter of your first name + all of your last name + the last four digits of your social security # Example: John Doe’s social security number is 123-45-6789, so his User Name would be “JDoe6789” Your first login password is the last four digits of your social security # Example: John Doe’s initial password will be “6789” Once you have successfully logged into Ceridian Self-Service for the first time, the system will prompt you to change your password. Your password must be a minimum of 6 characters and maximum of 20 characters. It must be a combination of numeric and alpha characters, no spaces or apostrophes are allowed, and it is case sensitive. Be sure to enter a hint phrase in case you forget your password. Q. What should I do after I log in? After you log in, you will see the Ceridian Self Service home page with different areas that you can visit. Please take a few moments and complete the following in the order indicated: While the site is user-friendly and intuitive, there is an on-line Tutorial available to get you started. From the Home page, click Tutorial near the top of the page to begin the Tutorial. Click on the “Change your address” link under personal information. Confirm that your address and telephone number is correct. Under...

Words: 511 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Acfi 2005 Source Outline

...Course Outline Newcastle Business School ACFI2005 Finance Semester 2, 2011 Callaghan Campus Unit Weighting: 10 Units Lecturer and Course Coordinator: Paul Docherty CONTENTS 1. Teaching Staff 3 2. Contact Hours and Teaching Methods 3 3. Blackboard 3 4. Student Email 4 GENERAL COURSE INFORMATION 4 5. Brief Course Description 4 6. Assumed Knowledge 4 7. Course Objectives / Learning Outcomes 5 8. Link to Graduate Attributes 5 9. Course Content 5 10. Continuous Course Evaluation and Improvement 6 TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES/READINGS 6 11. Textbooks and Readings 6 12. Prescribed Text 6 13. Recommended Texts/Readings 6 TOPIC AND LECTURE OUTLINE 7 14. Course Schedule 7 ASSESSMENT DETAILS AND POLICIES 8 15. Types and Due Dates of Assessment 8 16. Details of Assessment 8 17. Penalties 9 18. Academic Integrity, Plagiarism and Turnitin 9 19. Cover Sheets for Assessment 10 Assessment Grades and Percentages 10 ACADEMIC SKILLS RESOURCES 10 20. Academic Skills Resources 10 UNIVERSITY POLICIES AND GENERAL INFORMATION 11 21. Extension of Time for Assessment Items, Deferred Assessment and Special Consideration 11 22. Students with a Disability or Chronic Illness 12 23. Changing Your Enrolment 12 24. Other Policies Related to Your Enrolment 13 25. Alteration of this Course 13 26...

Words: 4834 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Similarities Between Consequentalist and Non Consequential Theory of Ethics

... * Assessment * Mid semester examination * Final examination | * Ice breaking * Entrance Survey * Blended Learning Requirement * Coursework requirement * Lecture & discussion (F2F) | Main text - Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 1 | 4 | Topic 1: Introduction to Ethics * The Concept of Ethics * Ethics & Morality * Sources of Morality * Ethics & Reason * The Importance of Study Ethics | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 2 | 4 | Topic 2: Ethical Theories * Consequentialism & Non-Consequentialism * Ethical Egoism * Utilitarianism | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 3 | 4 | Topic 2: Ethical Theories * Kant’s Moral Theory * Natural Law Theory * Virtue Ethics | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed....

Words: 2956 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Tree Value

...student to effectively interact with the new technology. Our goal is to integrate these two objectives in a supplement for the text Finite Mathematics and Its Applications, by Goldstein, Schneider, and Siegel. The package consists of interactive tutorials and projects in an Excel workbook format. The software platform used is the Microsoft Excel 5.0 spreadsheet. It was chosen for the following reasons: • • • suited to applications encountered in a finite math course widespread use outside of academia ease of creating reports with a professional look Use of Excel 5.0 was put into effect in the author's sections of the Finite Mathematics II course in the Spring 1996 semester. It was expanded to cover the Finite Mathematics I course for the Fall semester of 1996. Using a combination of specially designed projects and tutorials, students are able to analyze data, draw conclusions, and present their analysis in a professional format. The mathematical and computer skills learned with such an approach is an asset that they can carry with them to other courses as well as to their future places of employment. 2 Scope of supplement The package is divided into three portions - introduction to the software platform, interactive tutorials to reinforce ideas, and projects of more complexity. Introduction to the software Worksheets which...

Words: 3176 - Pages: 13