Free Essay

Nunya

In: Business and Management

Submitted By lamo
Words 467
Pages 2
The Perfect Tenses

The Basics

Perfect tenses make use of two verbs: haber + the past participle of the verb expressing completed action
There are four perfect tenses in Spanish: present (have done), past (had done), future (will have done), and conditional (would have done). There are also other subjunctive forms that you will use later. The equivalent English structures include I have eaten, they had gone, she would have called, etc. In both languages, these constructions share one past participle form. In Spanish, the difference between each is the conjugation of the verb haber. As you previously learned, haber is an auxiliary (helping) verb meaning “to have” in English, as in “to have done something.”
Remember, it does not mean the same thing as the verb tener.
Conjugations of Haber
Here are the four different conjugations of haber you will need to be familiar with.
Present Tense he hemos

Future Tense habré habremos

has

habéis

habrás

habréis

ha han Past Tense había habíamos

habrá habrán Conditional Tense habría habríamos

habías

habíais

habrías

habríais

había

habían

habría

habrían

The Past Participle
Remember that in English, the past participle is the verb form that usually ends in “-en” or “-ed.”
To form the past participle in Spanish, add the ending -ado to -ar verb stems and -ido to -er and ir verb stems, like this:
Infinitive

Participle

English

hablar

hablado

spoken

comer

comido

eaten

vivir

vivido

lived

© 2015 Middlebury Interactive Languages. All rights reserved. This material is intended for the exclusive use of registered users only.
No portion of these materials may be reproduced or redistributed in any form without the express permission of Middlebury
Interactive Languages.

The Perfect Tenses

Here is a list of the irregular past participles:

Infinitive

Participle

English

Infinitive

Participle

English

abrir

abierto

opened

morir

muerto

died

cubrir

cubierto

covered

poner

puesto

put, placed

decir

dicho

said, told

resolver

resuelto

resolved

escribir

escrito

written

romper

roto

broken

freír

frito

fried

ver

visto

seen

hacer

hecho

done, made

volver

vuelto

returned

Remember that when used with the verb haber, past participles will always remain in the masculine singular form.
The Perfect Tenses
Now that you have seen the four forms of haber, let's combine them with the past participle and talk more about meaning.
Present perfect:
He estudiado español.
Past perfect:
Había estudiado español.
Future perfect:
Habré estudiado español.
Conditional perfect:
Habría estudiado español.

I have studied Spanish.
I had studied Spanish.
I will have studied Spanish.
I would have studied Spanish.

Here are a few other examples:
¿Has visto las ruinas en Guatemala?
Cuando tenía 16 años, Mara ya se había graduado de la secundaria.
Para el lunes, habremos estado aquí un mes.
Sara y Ana habrían venido a la fiesta, pero tenían otros planes.

The Perfect Tenses

© 2015 Middlebury Interactive Languages.

Page 2

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Nunya

...I'm not sending in anything heres a yahoo news article: There has been a long-lived bit of Apollo moon landing folklore that now appears to be a dead-end affair: microbes on the moon. The lunar mystery swirls around the Apollo 12 moon landing and the return to Earth by moonwalkers of a camera that was part of an early NASA robotic lander – the Surveyor 3 probe. On Nov. 19, 1969, Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean made a precision landing on the lunar surface in Oceanus Procellarum, Latin for the Ocean of Storms. Their touchdown point was a mere 535 feet (163 meters) from the Surveyor 3 lander -- and an easy stroll to the hardware that had soft-landed on the lunar terrain years before, on April 20, 1967. [Video: Apollo 12 Visits Surveyor 3 Probe] The Surveyor 3 camera was easy pickings and brought back to Earth under sterile conditions by the Apollo 12 crew. When scientists analyzed the parts in a clean room, they found evidence of microorganisms inside the camera. In short, a small colony of common bacteria -- Streptococcus Mitis -- had stowed away on the device. The astrobiological upshot as deduced from the unplanned experiment was that 50 to 100 of the microbes appeared to have survived launch, the harsh vacuum of space, three years of exposure to the moon's radiation environment, the lunar deep-freeze at an average temperature of minus 253 degrees Celsius, not to mention no access to nutrients, water or an energy source. [Photos: Our Changing Moon] Now...

Words: 842 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Ldr 531 Final Exam Prep

...LDR/531 isn’t available until Sep. 03 and has 30 questions. LDR 531 FINAL EXAM PREP 1) Mintzberg concluded that managers perform 10 different, highly interrelated roles. Which of the following is one of the broad categories into which these roles might be grouped? A) intrapersonal B) institutional C) decisional D) affective E) reflective 2) Over the past two decades, business schools have added required courses on people skills to many of their curricula. Why have they done this? A. Managers no longer need technical skills in subjects such as economics and accounting to succeed. B. Managers need to understand human behavior if they are to be effective. C. These skills enable managers to effectively lead human resources departments. D. A manager with good interpersonal skills can help create a pleasant workplace 3) Which of the following is best defined as a consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people, which functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals? A. Party B. Unit C. Community D. Organization 4) Which of the following is not one of the four primary management functions? A) controlling  B) planning  C) staffing  D) organizing  E) leading 5) Determining how tasks are to be grouped is part of which management function? A. Leading B. Planning C. Controlling D. Organizing E. Contemplating 6) Which of the following is least likely to be considered a manager? A. A lieutenant leading an infantry...

Words: 96939 - Pages: 388