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Nursing Theory Grid



February 12, 2012

Athena Brummett

Theorist Selected: Ida Jean Orlando

Description of Theory: Ida Orlando developed the theory of deliberative nursing process. The

focus of this theory is on the patient determining their needs and how to meet their needs. She

wrote about the interaction between the nurse and the patient's perception validation, and the use

of the nursing process to produce positive outcomes. She wanted to define the function of

nursing. She described nursing as unique and independent and the focus was on the patients need

for help. This expressed need for help lead to a reaction in the nurse (Butts & Rich, 2010).

Ida Orlando believed that her theory could be applied to patients with surgical, medical,

obstetric, as well as psychiatric conditions and can be applied to both children and adults who

are treated either at home, in the hospital, or clinic setting (Alligood, 2010).

Theory's Historical background:

Ida Orlando was born in the year of 1926. She earned her nursing degree in 1947 from a school

of nursing at a hospital in New York. She went on to earn her B.S. in 1951 and her M.A. in

mental health in 1954. While working as an associate professor in mental health at Yale

University. She had a desire to learn about the role of nurses in mental health, where she

received a grant to further her project. From this project she theorized that nursing actions were

based on meeting patients needs. She then published her findings about the nursing process

(Tyra, 2008).

Major theory assumptions related to:

Person is described as each person is unique. Their needs and level of needs can change. Their

behavior is verbal and nonverbal. This concept relates to...

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