Premium Essay

Nurses Beliefs About Family Presence During Resuscitation

In: Science

Submitted By tywuan
Words 745
Pages 3
DR. CRESS THEORY 2

DR. Cress theory of color confrontation explores the practice of White Supremacy.

She sees white supremacy as an organized system to ensure white genetic survival.

According, to Dr. Cress white supremacy is practiced by white in order to ensure the

genetic survival of the so called white race. Dr. Cress believes that whites practice this

form of Supremacy whether they are conscious of it or not to ensure their survival. She

goes on to state, that it is important for people of color to understand the system and

dismantle. This theory theorizes that during slavery, White men realized feelings of

confirmed genetic inferiority as a result of the inherent genetic dominance and biological

inheritance of darker skin over a genetic recessive state such as albinism. Dr. Cress

Color-Confrontation theory postulates that whites desired and still do desire sexual

alliances with non-whites, both male and female, because it is only through this route that

whites can achieve the illusion of being able to produce color. The extreme rage vented

against even the idea of a sexual alliance between Black male and the white female,

which has long been a dominant theme in the white supremacy culture, is viewed by the

Color-Confrontation theory as a result of the white male’s intense fear of the Black

male’s capacity to fulfill the greatest longing of the white female-that of conceiving and

birthing a product of color. The color confrontation theory also explains why Black

male’s testicles were the body parts that white males attacked in most lynchings: the

testicles store powerful color-producing genetic material. Likewise, the repeated and

consistent focus on the size of Black males’ penises...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Knott, A. & Kee, C. C. (2005). Nurses’ Beliefs About Family Presence During Resuscitation. Applied Nursing Research, 18(4), 192-198.

...Staff Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding Family Visitation After Implementation of a Formal Visitation Policy in the PACU Maria Walls, BSN, RN A quality improvement project was created to examine staff attitudes and beliefs regarding visitation after implementation of a formal visitation policy in the PACU. A 10-item questionnaire was distributed and collected from each staff member in the PACU after implementation of the formal policy. Results showed that although 83.7% of staff would want the option to visit their family member in the PACU, only 47% of staff believe that families should have the option to visit in their own PACU. The perceived barriers reported by staff were staffing issues, the possibility of exposure to infection, privacy issues, staff anxiety, the possibility of visitors witnessing resuscitation, and lack of education of families. The survey results show that more existing education is needed. Consequently, the current policy is posted in all waiting areas for families, and a mandatory in-service was created and presented to staff on how to communicate effectively with family members. Keywords: family visitation, staff attitudes, perceived barriers, PACU. Ó 2009 by American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses ALTHOUGH MANY EMERGENCY DEPARTMENTS around the country are allowing family members at the bedside during resuscitations, there is resistance to family visitation in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Family visitation benefits both families and......

Words: 2846 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Why Is It Important for Nurses to Allow Family Presence During Resuscitation Efforts?

...Important for Nurses to Allow Family Presence During Resuscitation Efforts? Cloressa Dizney University of Texas at Arlington College of Nursing Why Is It Important for Nurses to Allow Family Presence During Resuscitation Efforts? The idea of Family Presence During Resuscitation is a controversial topic for sure but has been around for quite some time. Most major health organizations such as the American Heart Association (AHA), the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA), the American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the American College of Emergency Physicians endorse the practice of FPDR and still it is not a widely accepted practice. Why is this? The following three articles will discuss the positive and negative beliefs from the perspectives of both health professionals and the patient’s families. This paper will also support why it is important to offer FPDR and establishing policies to do so. The first article by Jensen and Kosowan (2011) addresses cardiac health care professional’s perspectives on FP during CPR. Some opponents in healthcare argue that FPDR would be too traumatic of an experience for families to watch. Family interference, increased staff stress, and legal action on the resuscitation team were also concerns of healthcare professionals. The article reports research done in several Canadian hospitals regarding the beliefs of health care providers on the topic of FPDR. The research found that......

Words: 1332 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Qualitative Critique

...Burns: Understanding Nursing Research, 4th Edition Critiquing Exercise Knott, A. & Kee, C. C. (2005). Nurses’ beliefs about family presence during resuscitation. Applied Nursing Research, 18(4), 192-198. |STANDARDS/EVALUATION CRITERIA 50|KEY CONCEPTS IN CRITIQUE | |points | | |Descriptive Vividness 5 pts | | |Was the significance of the study adequately described? |1. The significance of the study was adequately described. | | |Family presence (FP) during resuscitation is a matter that | |Was the purpose of the study clearly described? |warrants more investigation as to whether or not it should, or | | |should not be allowed. Furthermore, the study proposes the | |Were the interpretations presented in a descriptive way that |necessity of protocols in place in institutions to guide | |illuminated more than the quotes did? |decisions on this matter. | | | ...

Words: 1867 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Leadership and Patient Centered Care

...Interprofessional Team Development: A Patient and Family Centered Care Western Governor’s University: C158 May 11th, 2016 Interprofessional Team Development: A Patient and Family Centered Care Approach Approach to patient care has changed over the last three decades from patient treatment-focused model to include comforting, engaging, and empowering patients. The new approach implements patient-centered care environments. It has been adopted by care providers, research bodies, funding agencies, and regulatory agencies, among others. To enhance patient-centered care, business practices, regulatory requirements, and reimbursement regulatory procedures have been adopted. This is evident by the regulations of Joint Commission and the provision of services by Medicare Medicaid services (CMS). In this paper, the impact of business practices, regulatory requirements, and reimbursement procedures on patient-centered care is discussed. A multidisciplinary approach on a process improvement enhancing Patient and Family Centered Focus Care is outlined in a hospital located in Arizona. Regulatory Requirements and Healthcare Business In 1996 the Institute of Medicine took on healthcare improvement to resolve unsafe care by ambitiously moving toward quality initiatives. The release of “To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System19 (1999) and Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001)” focused on the fails of the healthcare systems pointing out that over 98,000 patients die in......

Words: 3231 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Sepsis

...Overview Health And Social Care Essay ukessays.com /essays/health-and-social-care/sepsis-an-overview-health-and-social-careessay.php Sepsis is an infection of the bloodstream. The infection tends to spread quickly and often is difficult to recognize. One of our roles as a nurse is that of patient advocate, and as such we are closest to the patient, placing us in a key position to identify any subtle changes at their earliest onset and prevent the spread of severe infection. Knowledge of the signs and symptoms of SIRS, sepsis, and septic shock is key to early recognition. Early recognition allows for appropriate treatment to begin sooner, decreasing the likelihood of septic shock and life-threatening organ failure. Once sepsis is diagnosed, early and aggressive treatment can begin, which greatly reduces mortality rates associated with sepsis. sep•sis (ˈsep-səs) n. Sometimes called blood poisoning, sepsis is the body's often deadly response to infection or injury (Merriam-Webster, 2011) Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the immune system's reaction to an infection; it is the leading cause of death in intensive care units (Mayo Clinic Staff, Mayo Clinic 2010). It is defined by the presence of 2 or more SIRS (systemic inflammatory response syndrome) criteria in the setting of a documented or presumed infection (Rivers, McIntyre, Morro, Rivers, 2005 pg 1054). Chemicals that are released into the blood to fight infection trigger widespread......

Words: 3635 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Case Study

...From Chronic to Critical: A Latino Family Confronts End-of-Life Decisions By Karen Peterson-Iyer Gabriela Rivera is an 80-year-old Puerto Rican immigrant, who lives alone in her rent-controlled apartment in New York City. She has lived in the United States for almost 40 years and speaks some English, albeit somewhat hesitantly. Her primary language is Spanish. Although she is now retired, for years Gabriela worked in a factory where she was exposed to a variety of industrial chemicals now considered toxic. Gabriela's husband died four years ago of a massive heart attack. She has six adult children, three of whom now live out of state. Gabriela is a devoted mother, calling her children as often as she can afford and even sending them homemade sweets. She raised her children through their teenage years in the same apartment in which she lives today. She is loath to leave it, although she now pays the rent only with great difficulty and substantial financial help from her children. Gabriela has long suffered from high blood pressure, which she controls with medication. She also has type-2 diabetes. When she was originally diagnosed with diabetes, she met once with a nurse who advised her on diet, exercise, and weight control, but Gabriela has found it difficult to adapt her traditional tastes in food and her lifestyle to the recommendations the nurse offered. Subsequently, Gabriela's doctor prescribed medication to help keep her diabetes under control. She tries to take her......

Words: 6862 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Aft Task 4

...Nightingale Executive Summary Western Governor’s University Nightingale Executive Summary Nightingale Community Hospital is a 180 bed hospital that provides acute care and a range of services to their community. Nightingale has four core values that consist of safety, community, teamwork, and accountability. Communication is a key concept in achieving and defining those values. According to the National Patient Safety Goal Data in regards to communication for Nightingale Community Hospital there is not consistency and goals are not being met for the following: reporting critical results within 60 minutes as evidenced by documentation, verbal orders/read-backs, unacceptable abbreviations, and time out hospital wide. Critical Results Within 60 Minutes Nightingale Hospital has showed variations in compliance with reporting critical results within 60 minutes for the months of January through December. Compliance went from 63% in January to 80% in December. In between this time there have been significant variances. As noted there from the data there was only 56% and 57% compliance for the months of June and July. Reporting of Critical Results with 60 minutes should be at 100% compliance. Verbal Orders/Read-Backs The ED met 100% compliance with verbal order/read-back audits for the fiscal year to date. Ortho is at 62% compliance. The other departments at Nightingale Hospital are ranging from 91% to 99%. For JCAHO standards the departments should be at......

Words: 6555 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Michael Ignatieff's "Deficits"

...Case report Cultural differences in truth-telling to cancer patients: Chinese and American approaches to the disclosure of ‘bad news’ Dong Xue1, Jane L Wheeler 2, Amy P Abernethy 2 Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Peking University School of Oncology, Beijing Cancer Hospital, Beijing Institute for Cancer Research, Beijing, PR China, 2Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA A central challenge of the palliative care clinician, and of the oncologist who sees patients with advance disease, is that of ‘breaking bad news’. As this conversation requires that the clinician divulge extremely sensitive and personal information, and usually incurs an emotional response from the patient, truth-telling to advanced cancer patients is not only a challenging task but also one likely to be handled differently in cultures according to differing norms for interpersonal behavior and communication. China and the United States, with their deepset communitarian vs. individualistic ethics, respectively, typify divergent cultures. This paper discusses cross-cultural differences in norms of truth-telling to cancer patients, that is, the extent to which physicians inform patients themselves of their disease status when prognosis is poor; China and the US are used to illustrating potential differences in approach and......

Words: 5891 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Test Notes for Nursing Student

...NRSG240 Final Test note CARDIAC NURSING 4 AMI 4 Definition (3marks)- very detailed needed. 4 Clinical manifestations of AMI. (5marks) 4 Nursing Interventions and Rationale for Managing a patient with Acute Chest pain(6marks) 4 and Ineffective Tissue perfusion (6marks) 5 Acute chest Pain 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 1. PQRST questions to evaluate MI- intensity, location, radiation, duration, precipitation & alleviating factors, in order to accurately evaluate, treat and prevent further ischaemia. 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 2. Semi-Fowler’s position & O2 therapy 2L via Hudson Mask in order to increase oxygenation of myocardial tissue & prevent further ischaemia. 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 3. Administer medications- Morphin (normally 2.5-5mg) & anginine 600mcg (given every five minutes; maximum 3 tablets in order to relieve/prevent pain & ischemia to decrease anxiety & cardiac workload. 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 4. 12-lead ECG & monitor in order to check hypotension & bradycardia, which may lead to hypoperfusion. 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. Ineffective tissue perfusion 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 1. Monitor vital signs (Hourly) and saturation oxygen to determine baseline and ongoing change. 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 2. Administer oxygen by Hudson’s mask (6-10L/min) and monitor the effectiveness to increase oxygenation of myocardial tissue and prevent further ischaemia. 오류! 책갈피가 정의되어 있지 않습니다. 3. Monitor respiratory status for sysptoms of heart failure to maintain appropriate levels of......

Words: 5365 - Pages: 22

Free Essay

Historical Events

...Part One. 1. The nurse is instructing an unlicensed assistant on how to collect a urine specimen from an indwelling catheter. Which of the following statements indicates that the assistant understands the instructions? A. "I will empty the catheter drainage bag, have the client drink some water, and an hour later collect the urine that drains into the bag. " B. "I will get a sterile syringe and remove urine from the catheter through the collection port to place in the specimen container. " C. "I should collect urine from the catheter drainage bag at the end of the shift and place it in the specimen container. " D. "I will disconnect the drainage tube from the catheter and let urine run from the catheter into the specimen container. " 2. Linda is a 19-year-old primipara who delivered a viable male neonate 2 hours ago. She has decided to breast-feed. Her 22-year-old husband supports her decision. She tells the nurse, "My mother breast-fed all of her children, but I'm going to need lots of help with breastfeeding. I'm worried that I won't be able to do this. " Which of the following should the nurse include when assessing the client? A. Determine the client's level of motivation to breast-feed. B. Perform a complete physical examination to determine her need for help. C. Assess her body-to-fat ratio and nutritional status before beginning breast-feeding. D. Ask the client if she has read any literature about breast-feeding. ......

Words: 27260 - Pages: 110

Premium Essay

Mental Health Ati

...PN MENTAL HEALTH NURSING EDITION . CO NT ASTERY SERI ES TM N E R EV MOD IE W LE U PN Mental Health Nursing Review Module Edition 9.0 CONtriButOrs Sheryl Sommer, PhD, RN, CNE VP Nursing Education & Strategy Janean Johnson, MSN, RN Nursing Education Strategist Sherry L. Roper, PhD, RN Nursing Education Strategist Karin Roberts, PhD, MSN, RN, CNE Nursing Education Coordinator Mendy G. McMichael, DNP, RN Nursing Education Specialist and Content Project Coordinator Marsha S. Barlow, MSN, RN Nursing Education Specialist Norma Jean Henry, MSN/Ed, RN Nursing Education Specialist eDitOrial aND PuBlisHiNg Derek Prater Spring Lenox Michelle Renner Mandy Tallmadge Kelly Von Lunen CONsultaNts Deb Johnson-Schuh, RN, MSN, CNE Loraine White, RN, BSN, MA PN MeNtal HealtH NursiNg i PN MeNtal HealtH NursiNg review Module editioN 9.0 intellectual Property Notice ATI Nursing is a division of Assessment Technologies Institute®, LLC Copyright © 2014 Assessment Technologies Institute, LLC. All rights reserved. The reproduction of this work in any electronic, mechanical or other means, now known or hereafter invented, is forbidden without the written permission of Assessment Technologies Institute, LLC. All of the content in this publication, including, for example, the cover, all of the page headers, images, illustrations, graphics, and text, are subject to trademark, service mark, trade dress, copyright, and/or other intellectual property rights or......

Words: 83801 - Pages: 336

Free Essay

Medical Surgical Nursing

...the publisher. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein. Although every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility for errors or omissions. Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein. ISBN-13:978-0-7897-2706-9 ISBN-10: 0-7897-3706-x Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Rinehart, Wilda. NCLEX-PN exam cram / Wilda Rinehart, Diann Sloan, Clara Hurd. -- 2nd ed. p. cm. ISBN 978-0-7897-3706-9 (pbk. w/cd) 1. Practical nursing--Examinations, questions, etc. 2. Nursing--Examinations, questions, etc. 3. National Council Licensure Examination for Practical/Vocational Nurses--Study guides. I. Sloan, Diann. II. Hurd, Clara. III. Title. RT62.R55 2008 610.73'076--dc22 2008000133 Printed in the United States of America First Printing: February 2008 Trademarks All terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarks or service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Pearson Education cannot attest to the accuracy of this information. Use of a term in this book should not be regarded as affecting the validity of any trademark or service mark. Warning and Disclaimer Every effort has been made to make this book as complete and as accurate as possible, but no warranty or fitness is implied. The information provided is on an “as is” basis. The...

Words: 177674 - Pages: 711

Free Essay

Tube Feeding: Prolonging Life or Death in Vulnerable Populations?

...nutrients by tube feeding can cause ethical dilemmas in cases where the effectiveness of tube feeding diminishes and medical complications increase. The decision to tube feed is often influenced by regional and cultural preferences, as well as the high cost of providing mealtime assistance. The effectiveness and appropriateness of tube feeding has been the subject of much debate as it applies to those with severe cognitive impairments and those who are in a persistent vegetative state (PVS). Recent research shows that in these vulnerable populations, tube feeding alone does not necessarily prevent malnutrition and risk of infection or improve functional status and comfort. While advanced directives allow an individual to make decisions about his or her care at the end of life, court cases and religious doctrine examine the individual’s right to autonomous decision making in opposition to preserving the sanctity of life. As long as the outcome of this debate is largely undecided, the process of dying may be prolonged for those who can no longer advocate for themselves. Keywords: Enteral feeding, tube feeding, ethics, persistent vegetative state, dementia, palliative care Introduction Nutrients are introduced into the body in two ways: by enteral feeding through the digestive tract, and by parenteral feeding through a tube inserted in a vein in an arm or leg (peripheral line) or through the chest wall in...

Words: 8277 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Nclex Notes

...Darren & Jenny’s Nursing Study Guide Darren & Jenny Nursing Study Guide Nursing Formulas and Conversions Drugs and Dosage Formulas and Conversions Volume 60 minims = 1 dram = 5cc = 1tsp 4 drams = 0.5 ounces = 1tbsp 8 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1pt. 32 ounces = 1qt. Weight 60 grains = 1dram 8 drams = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 lb. (apothecaries') Household 1tsp = 1tsp = 3tsp = 1tbsp = Household 1tsp=5cc 3tsp=1tbsp 1tbsp=0.5oz or 15cc 2tbsp=1oz or 30cc 1pt.=16oz or 480cc 1qt=32oz or 960cc 1/60 grain=1mg 15 grains=1g 2.2 lbs.=1kg Apothecary 1 dram 60 gtts (drops) 0.5 ounce 0.5 ounce Metric 5cc=1tsp 15cc=1tbsp 30cc=2tbsp(1oz) 1cc=16minims Apothecary 1fl.dram=4cc 4drams=0.5oz 8drams=2tbsp(1oz) 16minims=1cc 500cc=0.5L or 1pt. 1000cc=1L or 1qt. Temp. Conversion C= F-32/1.8 F= 1.8*C-32 2 Darren & Jenny Nursing Study Guide NOTES CARDIOVASCULAR Arterial Ulcer – Pale, deep base, surrounded by tissue that is cool with trophic changes such as dry, soluble skin and loss of hair. Cause by ischemia from inadequate arterial blood supply of oxygen and nutrients . Venous stasis Ulcer – Dark, red base, surrounded by skin that is brown in color with edema. Caused by the accumulation of waste products of metabolism that are not cleared due to venous congestion. Stage I Ulcer – Reddened area with intact skin surface. Management of DVT – Bed rest, limb elevation , relief of discomfort with warm, moist, heat and analgesics (Tylenol, not narcotics) prn. Ambulation is......

Words: 7141 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

Notes

...Darren & Jenny’s Nursing Study Guide Darren & Jenny Nursing Study Guide Nursing Formulas and Conversions Drugs and Dosage Formulas and Conversions Volume 60 minims = 1 dram = 5cc = 1tsp 4 drams = 0.5 ounces = 1tbsp 8 drams = 1 ounce 16 ounces = 1pt. 32 ounces = 1qt. Weight 60 grains = 1dram 8 drams = 1 ounce 12 ounces = 1 lb. (apothecaries') Household 1tsp = 1tsp = 3tsp = 1tbsp = Household 1tsp=5cc 3tsp=1tbsp 1tbsp=0.5oz or 15cc 2tbsp=1oz or 30cc 1pt.=16oz or 480cc 1qt=32oz or 960cc 1/60 grain=1mg 15 grains=1g 2.2 lbs.=1kg Apothecary 1 dram 60 gtts (drops) 0.5 ounce 0.5 ounce Metric 5cc=1tsp 15cc=1tbsp 30cc=2tbsp(1oz) 1cc=16minims Apothecary 1fl.dram=4cc 4drams=0.5oz 8drams=2tbsp(1oz) 16minims=1cc 500cc=0.5L or 1pt. 1000cc=1L or 1qt. Temp. Conversion C= F-32/1.8 F= 1.8*C-32 2 Darren & Jenny Nursing Study Guide NOTES CARDIOVASCULAR Arterial Ulcer – Pale, deep base, surrounded by tissue that is cool with trophic changes such as dry, soluble skin and loss of hair. Cause by ischemia from inadequate arterial blood supply of oxygen and nutrients . Venous stasis Ulcer – Dark, red base, surrounded by skin that is brown in color with edema. Caused by the accumulation of waste products of metabolism that are not cleared due to venous congestion. Stage I Ulcer – Reddened area with intact skin surface. Management of DVT – Bed rest, limb elevation , relief of discomfort with warm, moist, heat and analgesics (Tylenol, not narcotics) prn. Ambulation is......

Words: 7141 - Pages: 29