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Nursing Practice and the Three Levels of Prevention in Health Promotion

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Nursing Practice and the Three Levels of Prevention in Health Promotion
Sarah Hughes
July 14, 2013

Nursing Practice and the Three Levels of Prevention in Health Promotion
In nursing practice there are three levels of prevention in health promotion- primary, secondary, and tertiary. Prevention consists of not only preventing diseases and other ailments, but curing them and limiting their progression. Primary prevention consists of health promotion and specific protection. Secondary prevention consists of early diagnosis, timely treatment, and limiting disability. Tertiary prevention consists of restoration and rehabilitation (Edelman & Mandle, 2010, p. 14). These three levels of prevention don’t necessarily flow from one into the next but do have a tendency to overlap. In three recent journal articles in nursing practice, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention in health promotion are discussed.
The primary prevention article discusses how effective motivational interviewing can be in health promotion. It mentions that motivational interviewing can help people understand their lifestyle problems and help them make the necessary changes in their lifestyle to see a positive outcome, which is having a healthy life. It also mentions that it takes a bit of work from the nurse to be able to master this skill and become effective at it.
The secondary prevention article discusses secondary prevention of diabetes among health promoters. It discusses how health promoters are concerned that secondary prevention programs might take away funding from primary prevention programs. It also discusses how the lower socio-economic population has a much higher incidence of type 2 diabetes, so the programs should be built into existing programs within these communities. Nurses are able to add value to diabetes prevention programs through expertise and...

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