Objectives of Punishment

In: Other Topics

Submitted By lisa922
Words 411
Pages 2
Checkpoint: Objectives of Punishment
CJS/230

Objectives of Punishment

The overall objective of punishment is to impose some kind of penalty on an individual for violating a law or rule, in the hopes that the penalty or punishment will result in that individual not committing future violations of the laws or rules, or causing any further harm to society (Foster, 2006). However, much controversy exists about which objective of punishment is effective for correcting criminal behavior.
The deterrence objective of punishment is achieved by the certainty of imprisonment, which seems to have a discouraging effect on those who commit crimes or who may commit crimes. Individuals tend to avoid repeating criminal acts, or committing criminal acts altogether when the consequences are known (Foster, 2006). In other words, fear of punishment restrains certain individuals from committing or repeating criminal acts.
Incapacitations’ objective is to protect society by imprisoning those who commit criminal acts, so those individuals no longer pose a threat to society. Therefore, society is safer because the criminals have been removed.
Reformations’ objective of punishment is to rehabilitate individuals while they are imprisoned which aids in reducing criminal activity and may even eliminate future criminal activity for some individuals. This is achieved through various programs in which promote law abiding behavior.
How Punishment Applies to the Criminal Justice System
Punishment applies to the criminal justice as one of its main objectives in preventing and controlling criminal behavior and acts. If the criminal justice system had no objective of punishment than criminals would face no penalties for their violations of laws and rules, therefore, those criminals would continue to commit such acts, and society could face extensive harm.…...

Similar Documents

Punishment

...The previous measures looked at ways of changing people’s behaviour, either by removing the need or desire for crime or by making it more difficult to do. However, one of the oldest responses has been to punish. Currently in Britain this can involve fines, community service or imprisonment. In the past, imprisonment was simply the precursor to another form of punishment but now it is an end in itself. Punishment can be effective either instrumentally or expressively. It can either reduce crime itself or it can be retributive, expressing society’s outrage. Crime can be reduced in three separate ways. Offenders themselves are discouraged from committing future crimes because they don’t want to undergo the punishment again; Mrs Thatcher instigated the ‘short, sharp shock’ regime in young offenders’ institutions in the 1980s. Some states in America go further and make the time in prison physically unpleasant. The rest of the community is deterred because they see the result of criminality. Prison can also bring about reform or rehabilitation of the prisoner through education, training or behaviour modification courses so that the ex-prisoner can integrate successfully into social life on release. Prison also works because the prisoners are not free to commit crimes against the general public. America uses the ‘3 strikes’ rule to remove habitual offenders from the community. Other countries use other forms of punishment to incapacitate offenders. America also uses...

Words: 680 - Pages: 3

Punishment

... effected, along with teachers, lawyers, judges, and advocates. The people that were not directly involved are affected by the loss of time and the added stress of dealing with things that are outside of their everyday routine. The members of the community where the crime happened were affected the most because of the loss of trust and the feeling of their privacy being violated. Even if the neighbors of the victim did not know about the break in they were still affected by the crime. The insurance rate may be affected and the trust for each other has been compromised. Facilitators are also affected because they are volunteers and are not paid for their time. These people give their time because they believe that dealing with the situation, accountability for your actions and making amends are the best things for all involved as well as the community. Restorative justice is different from contemporary criminal justice in several ways. One of the differences is that it views crime more comprehensively, rather than defining crime as simply lawbreaking, it helps to recognizes that offenders harm the victims, their communities, and even themselves. Also, it involves more people, other than the principles, in responding to the crime rather than giving key roles only to government and the offender, it includes victims, families and communities as well. Finally, it measures the success of the process differently, rather than measuring how much punishment is inflicted, it...

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Punishment

...Punishment The one word that comes to my mind after reading George Orwell's “ A Hanging,” is punishment. His weak argument against capital punishment if full of common fallacies. His clever use of descriptive words and phrases appeal to the readers emotions without ever giving us any actual facts of the reason for the hanging. When he describes the prisoner as “ a Hindu, a puny wimp of a man, rather like a comic man on films,” this is an attempt to give the prisoner a more likeable personality without actually giving any evidence or validity to his claim, an obvious Red Herring. His argument is very subtle and very cleverly written, but has no actual facts to back up his anti capital punishment theme. Capital punishment is at the forefront of the news in Oklahoma this week. There are currently two convicted murderers awaiting execution on death row in the state. The controversy that has arisen is the lack of one of the drugs commonly used in lethal injections. The drug Propofol is manufactured in Europe. The European Union is against capital punishment and is refusing to sell the drug for this purpose. This has caused some states to use a different combination of drugs for the injection. There are two prisoners in Oklahoma awaiting execution by lethal injection this month and the state does not have the drug Propafol and could be forced to use a different combination of drugs. The attorneys for murderers Lockett and Warner argue that this is inhumane. They cite a...

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Punishment

...Punishment is the authoritative imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon an individual or group by law enforcement, in response to behaviour that an authority deems unacceptable or a violation of some norm.[1][2][3][4][5] The unpleasant imposition may include a fine, penalty, or confinement, or be the removal or denial of something pleasant or desirable. The individual may be a person, or even an animal. The authority may be either a group or a single person, and punishment may be carried out formally under a system of law or informally in other kinds of social settings such as within a family.[2] Negative consequences that are not authorised or that are administered without a breach of rules are not considered to be punishment as defined here.[4] The study and practice of the punishment of crimes, particularly as it applies to imprisonment, is called penology, or, often in modern texts, corrections; in this context, the punishment process is euphemistically called "correctional process".[6] Research into punishment often includes similar research into prevention. Fundamental justifications or alternatives to punishment include: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, andincapacitations. The last could include such measures as isolation, in order to prevent the wrongdoer's having contact with potential victims, or the removal of a hand in order to make theft more difficult.[7] Of the four justifications, only retribution is part of the definition of...

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Objective

...Objectivity Report In today’s society, we go without notice when it comes to using our five scenes. Two of which have become a habit for everyday life. First, is the sense of sight or vision that distinguishes objects, time, or place (Sickels,1868). This allows for people to describe in detail what they see, whether it is a person, place, or thing. Second, is the sense of hearing. Hearing is the sense by which we distinguish sounds to allow us to hear conversations between individuals, music that is playing, and the sounds of everyday life (Sickels,1868). Both of which play a role when defining the main characteristics of objectivity, which goes unnoticed in everyday life. Objectivity is an important concept and practice that is used throughout most professions around the country. However it is most often used in the criminal justice profession. “More often than not, criminal justice professionals are writing reports and findings based on facts. Objective writing means that you are writing only what you observed as factual. When writing reports based on facts, it's important to exclude personal feelings or opinions on the issue. For example, if a police officer or probation officer is writing an incident report, they would not include their personal opinion on the subject's behavior” (Rasmussen,2014). It is not professional or ethical to include personal judgments or biases within an official report. In some cases, there may be a need to include a recommendation...

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Objective

...Long Term Objectives Dr Pepper Snapple Group has a five-year goal of its corporate social responsibilities. In 2010, Dr. Pepper Snapple Group introduces a five-year goal which called ‘Sustainability ACTION’ to improved environmental and social performance across the company’s operation. Dr. Pepper Snapple Group establishes their long term objectives in the area of public responsibility. They focus on the environmental sustainability, health and well-being, philanthropy, workplace environment and ethical sourcing. The long term objectives of DPS are measurable, understandable and motivating. The long term objective of DPS is to improve the environmental and social performance in 5 year time and its clearly state what will achieved and when it will be achieved. This objective also motivates their employee due to the safety working environment and they will work hard to help the company to achieve the long term objective. In environmental sustainability, Dr. Pepper Snapple Group aim to improve the energy efficiency by 10%, reduce water usage by 10% and recycle 80% of solid waste by 2015. In order to improve the health and well-bring of the society, DPS aim to produce more product that reduce the calories and able to improve the nutrition of the consumer in year 2015. In the area of corporate philanthropy, DPS aim to contribute a total of 100,000 volunteer hours and attain an annual giving level of $10 million in charitable cash donations, with the majority of support focused......

Words: 312 - Pages: 2

Punishment

...For this paper I was challenged to answer the question, does punishment deter crime? Personally I think this is a tough question to answer, and even more so to answer correctly. For me, I think that no punishment would ever solve anything, and if anything it would make the person that you are punishing even angrier that they are getting punished and would probably want to keep on doing what ever they were doing wrong. This does not mean that I am right though, so over the past week I have been documenting and researching the four types of punishment, retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, social protection, and trying to find the best results I could find that would make logical sense, and this is what I came up with. First I will start with retribution. The chapter defines retribution as an act of moral vengeance in which the society makes the person committing the crime suffers as much as the suffering caused by the crime that was committed. At first glance I thought that this was a good idea, and I think that it would be very useful, and I still do. I can recall a saying that one of my grandfather’s uses to say, and that was “an eye for an eye.” I never quite knew what this meant until much later in life, but I think that this is a good idea to go with. Still, in the research that I have conducted, all of the studies stated that this did not work in making the criminal any better of a person, or someone who would not go out and commit the same crime for a...

Words: 1396 - Pages: 6

Punishment

...Punishment and Sentencing Philosophies Punishment and Sentencing Philosophies Chandra Walker Axia Online-UOP Abstract In this paper we will discuss the various punishment and sentencing philosophies that are used within the criminal justice system. The process that is used to apply justice is determined for the most part by punishment philosophies. These philosophies are used to express a variety of different concerns and arguments regarding the use of appropriate sentencing and treatment. Rehabilitation is a philosophy that predominantly rues the juvenile justice court system, but do not carry as much weight and is widely scrutinized within the adult courts sector. Rehabilitation may be scrutinized in the juvenile justice court system when the criminal behavior of the juvenile continues to escalate, but when rehabilitation is successful then it can be both beneficial for the criminal and society. When the appeals process is exercised it provides the fair practice of law, ensures those at trial the rights of due process, and gives clarity and provides full understanding of justice and the law. Punishment and Sentencing Philosophies In any nation that strives for great democracy, the major concern is the guaranteed universality of justice. For the US this is an ongoing process that is pursued largely in the court systems on an ongoing basis. Many criminalists state that if it the general basis for an action to constitute a crime...

Words: 1461 - Pages: 6

Punishment

...Punishment A Discussion Paper Submitted to Chase Porter In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for PSC 205 University of Alabama By Anna Yslava November 17, 2015 Discuss Nietzsche’s explanation for how we derive punishment and what role it serves. Do you agree or disagree with its analysis. We are generally tempted to see things as having inherent meanings. For instance, punishment is at once the act of punishing and the reason behind the punishment. However, Nietzsche argues, these things have had different meanings at different times. For instance, the act of punishment has been at times a celebration of one's power, at times an act of cruelty, at times a simple tit-for-tat. We cannot understand a thing, and we certainly cannot understand its origin, if we assume that it has always held the same meaning. Punishment was not meted out on the basis of guilt, but simply as a reprisal. The concept of punishment, for instance, has an aspect that is enduring and an aspect that is fluid. Contrary to what we might otherwise assume, Nietzsche suggests that the act of punishing is what endures, and the purpose for which we punish is what is fluid. Punishment has such a long history that it's no longer clear exactly why we punish. Nietzsche provides a long list of different "meanings" that punishment has had over the ages. In this list, Nietzsche nowhere mentions the development of "bad conscience," and suggests that even today, punishment does not awaken a...

Words: 614 - Pages: 3

Objective Selection

...Objective selection criteria and mating strategy of indigenous Nguni cattle under low-input in-situ conservation programs O Tadaa*, V Muchenjeb and K Dzamac aDepartment of Animal Production and Technology, Chinhoyi University of Technology, P. Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, South Africa. bDepartment of Livestock and Pasture Science, University of Fort Hare, P. Bag X1314, Alice 5700, South Africa. cDepartment of Animal Sciences, Stellenbosch University, P. Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa. *Corresponding Author: Tel: +263 772 116 441, Email: tadao@cut.ac.zw Abstract Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques were employed to determine the breeding objectives of Nguni cattle under community-based management of indigenous livestock genetic resources. Six groups each composed of nine representative farmers from communal and small-scale conservation enterprises participated in deriving the objective selection criteria of breeding animals using data on economic weights of preferential traits. The shuffled focus groups brainstormed on the mating strategy and management of breeding animals within low-input conservation enterprises. An economic-weight dependent culling method (EWCM) and two-tier open nucleus breeding scheme were conceptualized. The Nguni breeding animals ideally need to maintain optimum body condition score (4 - 6) and low tick counts across seasons under low-input production system. The indigenous breeding bulls need to have high reproductive efficiency...

Words: 4530 - Pages: 19

Objective

...Objective As markets become more competitive many companies recognise the importance of retaining current customers and some have initiated a variety of activities to improve customer loyalty. Indeed, the benefits associated with customer loyalty are widely recognised within business. It is known that long-term customers are more likely to expand their relationship within the product range and so the rewards from this group are long term and cumulative. Another widely perceived benefit is that repeat or behaviourally loyal customers are also thought to act as information channels, informally linking networks of friends, relatives and other potential customers to the organisation. Much academic literature has sought to define customer loyalty and many of these reviews are discussed within this paper. However, consensus points to customer loyalty being characterised by the customer’s preference to purchase a product, service or from an organisation consistently when the need arises to purchase. The key issues of this characterisation are preference and consistency. The Discussion of Consumern Loyalty The most widely accepted definition of loyalty is by Jacoby and Kyner (1973), who describe loyalty as the biased, behavioural response, expressed over time, by some decision making unit, with respect to one or more alternative brands out of a set of such brands, and is a function of psychological processes. At a very general level, loyalty is something that consumers may...

Words: 3152 - Pages: 13

Punishment

...How would you define punishment? How do the variations of punishment affect convicted criminals? What recommendations would you suggest regarding sentencing to help reduce recidivism rates? Punishment is a penalty for wrongdoing. Punishment can come in many forms including a verbal warning, probation, monetary fines, or incarceration. The type of punishment in the criminal justice system depends on the crime committed as well as the background of the offender. Convicted criminals may be less likely to commit the same offenses based on the punishments they are facing. If a criminal is facing life in prison, they may make the extra effort to avoid criminal activity. A criminal who is incarcerated and still participates in illegal activities faces further punishments that are meant to shock the inmate into following the rules. Additional time added to the criminal’s sentence, segregation, and loss of privileges are all possible outcomes a criminal faces for committing violations while incarcerated. In order to reduce recidivism rates prison systems could begin programs that slowly introduce inmates back into a society like setting as the end of their sentence draws closer. When a criminal goes to jail they undergo changes to adapt to the prison system in order to survive. They get used to the rules of the prison system and become accustomed to the structure of when to eat, where to go, and how their day to day life functions. Once their sentence is finished they are......

Words: 313 - Pages: 2

Punishment

...Jamie Benda April 4, 2010 Ashford University Every type of action deserves some form of attention. Just as kids learn that when they are doing well at a particular task, some form of praise is followed, they should know that when repeatedly wrong doing is continued there will be consequences or punishment. Punishment is used to keep control or order so that everyone, no matter the circumstance will be protected. Punishment is divided up into four types: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, and societal protection. Since every crime or wrong doing is not created equal and almost every person reacts to the different types of punishment differently, the four types of punishment can be distributed according to the person and the crime. Retribution is the oldest form of punishment used. Retribution is described as an act of formal vengeance by which society makes the offender suffers as much as the suffering caused by the crime. For example: if a person kills another person, the dead person’s family suffers a greatly. Therefore, the murderer is most likely to punish by death as well. This form of punishment, in my opinion, is contradictive. If the crime one person commits is wrong, doing the same to that person is also wrong. This form of punishment does not help any of the persons involved, nor does it teach those who experience the crime through the media or hear say a lesson. Retribution is confuses all that it encounters and only make matter worst. Deterrence is...

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Punishment

...Crime has existed in the world as long as human beings have walked on it. When there is a crime there must be a form of punishment. A form of punishment must exist when a person commits a crime, he or she must be taught a lesson to prevent the crime from occurring again. To understand how punishment was developed a person must start from the beginning. This essay will discuss the history of punishment, the history of prison development, the comparison of the Pennsylvania system and the Auburn system, and last the impact and involvement of prison labor over time. Before discussing the history of punishment one must know what the” term” punishment means. The “term” punishment can be in numerous ways but each “term” possesses the same meaning. One way of defining punishment is, a penalty inflicted on an offender through judicial procedure (Merriam-Webster, 2012). The use of punishment can be dated back to as early as the 1600s. During that era crime in America was punished based on the English criminal codes (Sieter, 2011). Examples of crimes in the 1600s would be drunkenness, stealing something of minor value, and slander (the utterance of false charges or misrepresentations, which defame and damage another's reputation (Merriam-Webster, 2012)). If a person was found committing any of the crimes previously listed he or she would be known as an offender. An offender would receive his or her punishment at the town whipping post or placed in stocks and pillories. Pillories are...

Words: 1067 - Pages: 5

Punishment

...There have been many rules throughout history some choose to follow those rules and some choose to break the rules.   The big question is the product to those who should break the rules.   There was a day when parents could spank their children freely and accepted as simply normal.   As the years went on, society started to see how people would take it too far.   Therefore, laws had to change.   It is the same within today’s prison system.   Individuals are in prison because they broke the rules and would have to serve their time.   Some go to federal prison and some go to state prisons.   It depends on the type of crime that a person commits; because these prisons harbor different types of criminals they also have different guidelines to follow in terms to punishing the inmates.   How does sending one person to state or one person to federal prison affect the correctional system altogether? Each year thousands of individuals appear before a judge for sentencing of a crime one committed. Sentencing for felony offenses normally carries a punishment of incarceration of one year or more. Misdemeanors crimes carry incarceration sentencing of less than one year.   Judges must review and consider complicated sentencing laws for each individual’s case, prior to sentencing. Judges of the 21 st century have less discretion in sentencing options than the past. There are mandatory minimum guidelines a judge must follow for sentencing. The judges must also follow the three-strike......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2