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Old Testament Summaries

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L23903002
BIBL104
June 19, 2010
Summary of the books of the Old Testament

Exodus
The book of Exodus consists of the two different genres, narrative and law, and is considered to be known as one of the books in the “Book of the Law”. It was written to record the events of Israel’s deliverance from slavery in Egypt. The overarching theme for Exodus is about God fulfilling the promises he made to the patriarchs making their descendants a great nation. God carried out his promises despite much opposition, which includes the great nation of Egypt and the unbelief and disobedience of God’s people. The book of Exodus shows that the success of the exodus is rendered by the power and character of God, who remembers his promises, punishes sin, and forgives those who are repentant. It also highlights both the faithfulness of Moses, who follows exactly what God commanded, and his prayerfulness. Some other key themes and events include the promises of many offspring, land, blessings for Abraham’s descendants and the nations, Abraham as the covenant mediator, and the covenant presence of the Lord. Some of the key personalities include Moses, Miriam, Pharaoh, Pharaoh’s daughter, Aaron, and Joshua. In the first seven chapters of Exodus we are introduced to Moses and the bondage of the Israelites in Egypt. The setting is about 400 years after Joseph and his families were living in Goshen at the end of Genesis. God protects baby Moses from Pharaoh’s decree of killing Hebrew baby boys. He was later adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter and raised up as an Egyptian. God calls Moses with special revelation, through a burning bush, to free His people from Egypt. Moses obeys God and with Aaron, his brother, confronts Pharaoh to free God’s people, but Pharaoh refuses to listen. Chapters 7-18 is where through the power of God Moses releases the 10 plagues on Egypt; however, sparing the Israelites who obeyed God and followed the ordinance of the Passover. Eventually Pharaoh can take no more of the plagues and allows the Israelites to go free. Moses and the Israelites flee and make it to the Red Sea. Shortly after, Pharaoh changes his mind and pursues them, but God destroy Pharaoh and his army drowning in the Red Sea. Lastly, chapters 19-40 are where Moses presents all of the laws to all the people on Mt. Sinai. Then later gives the Israelites the tabernacle, priest, and worship instructions.

Ruth
The book of Ruth is mostly a narrative, but also includes some Genealogy. It is the story about love and highlights how God’s people experience his sovereignty, wisdom, and covenant kindness. It demonstrates the difference between what happens when a nation does not follow in obedience to the covenant of God and when God’s people follow in faithfulness within the covenant. The two major key themes are kindness and redemption. The key personalities are Ruth, Naomi, and Boaz. In the first chapter of Ruth, Ruth remains loyal to her mother-in-law after the death of her husband and in-laws.

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