Free Essay

Oliver Twist

In: English and Literature

Submitted By ethelion1
Words 2866
Pages 12
Oliver Twist is one of Charles Dickens’ most famous novels and a classic poor-to-rich story about an orphan who was born into a workhouse and must navigate his way around the criminal underworld to avoid being corrupted. Literature incorporates the history of the workhouse and reflects the concerns of both paupers and ratepayers, and it also challenges the dehumanizing effects of the Law’s administration. The time period of Oliver Twist was still under the time of the Old Poor Law, but it was mainly seen as criticizing of the New Poor Law. Felix Driver writes, “The account of the starving child who asked for more was almost certainly based on the earlier system, although the extent to which the old survived in the new does not entirely invalidate the criticism”. Scholars tend to focus on the scene where Oliver asks for more food as indicative of the meagre portions that the inmates received. These scholars identify hunger as the main threat of the workhouse, but that approach neglects the larger threat of death, which shapes Oliver’s character.

When the opening chapters of the novel are considered more broadly, the workhouse is actually a site where the poor carry an obligation to one another. High death rates within the workhouse encourage solidarity as seen by the behaviours of the orphans. While providing charity carries the risk of supporting idlers, and Dickens is consistently critical of charity, he also writes the poor as recognizing common risks and finding their own ways to overcome those risks, even within a system that continually removes their individuality and separates them from one another.

The precarious nature of life in the workhouse is foregrounded by the opening of Oliver Twist, which shows Oliver’s mother coming to the workhouse to give birth to the boy. The narrator pushes the point that this place of birth was in Oliver’s favour, since he receives more care than if his mother had not been brought there. With the use of litotes, characteristic of Dickens, he ironizes the difficulty of Oliver’s first breaths. Matters of life and death are conveyed as administrative tasks, and this method is used to remind the audience that how the Board ran the workhouse had powerful implications for its inmates.

Death is familiar to the surgeon, he recognizes the need for care and he knows that these difficult moments and narratives are part of the workhouse system. After the birth of Oliver Twist, his mother says, “Let me see the child and die,” to which the surgeon says, “Oh, you must not talk about dying yet.” He says this in order to encourage the mother to fight and stay alive for as long as possible, yet he acknowledges her impending death, which only serves as a reminder to the audience that death comes quite easily. Though the surgeon and the pauper nurse try to encourage the new mother’s fight for survival, they are clearly accustomed to these series of events. After finding that she did not wear a wedding ring, he shakes his head at this “old story”. Within a very short time after her death, the surgeon is already out the door.

This balance between compassion and acceptance sums up the necessities of his profession generally, but especially what he does within the workhouse. As a representative of the ratepayers and those who have an obligation to the poor, the physician is relatively unconcerned about the woman’s life. He has completed his duty and is able to carry on. While he may disapprove of the woman’s choices, he does not let that judgement interfere with her care. Dickens’ treatment of the physician is far less scathing than that of the board, later in the novel, and that is likely because of the compassion required of a workhouse physician.

As a pauper herself, the nurse is more affected by the scene, but Dickens’ uses her familiarity with such loss and her compassion to ease the connection between death and the workhouse. While the doctor’s response to the mother’s sureness about her death is brief, he is presumably sympathetic to the poor, which is why he is able to respond at all. The nurse responds so quickly after the doctor’s statement, that the content of her response and her quickness reveal how powerful the threat of death is, and this exchange reveals what the workhouse represents to the poor: “Lor bless her dear heart, when she has lived as long as I have, sir, and had thirteen children of her own, and all on 'em dead except two, and them in the wurkus with me, she'll know better than to take on in that way, bless her dear heart! Think what it is to be a mother, there's a dear young lamb do.” (Dickens)

The nurse simultaneously contradicts and confirms the nearness of death as she accurately counts her living children as exceptions to the typical predicament of infant inmates. For her, this is “what is it to be a mother”. The child death rate was startlingly high inside the workhouse, much higher than outside of it. The nurse’s demeanour brings power to the association between death and the workhouse. Not only professionally, she is also intimately familiar with death in the workhouse, and it holds emotional value for her, unlike for the doctor. The nurse is not portrayed as a professional staff, but as a woman with an intimate knowledge of suffering, because she has suffered, and thus cares for others.

That the New Poor Laws assumed the poor to be lazy and immoderate is reflected in Oliver’s interaction with the Board. After his mother dies, he spends a few years at a baby farm, where he is constantly kept hungry and dirty. When he is called back into the workhouse to learn a trade, he is employed to pick oakum, or to remove fibres from old ropes. Dickens gives voice and mocks the belief that indoor relief was even probable for the poor in his depiction of Poor Law administrators: “The members of this board were very sage, deep, philosophical men; and when they came to turn their attention to the workhouse, they found out at once, what ordinary folks would never have discovered—the poor people liked it! It was a regular place of public entertainment for the poorer classes; a tavern where there was nothing to pay; a public breakfast, dinner, tea, and supper all the year round; a brick and mortar elysium, where it was all play and no work. 'Oho!' said the board, looking very knowing; 'we are the fellows to set this to rights; we'll stop it all, in no time.' So, they established the rule, that all poor people should have the alternative (for they would compel nobody, not they), of being starved by a gradual process in the house, or by a quick one out of it.” (Dickens)

This scene not only blames the board for the death of the poor, but it also implies joyful and wilful engagement in the mistreatment. The workhouse is aligned with places of amusement (the tavern and Elysium), and to end that association the board adheres to the letter, though not the spirit, of their obligation to care for the orphans. The passage ends with the poor starving either way, which serves to articulate the tremendous failure of the system. Starving is a frequent mention in the novel, and the continual return to death by starvation reinforces the severity of the Poor Law board and highlights their unwillingness to provide their inmates with enough provisions.

Because the boys in the workhouse were given so little and they were already malnourished, one of the larger boys say that he would even eat the small boy who sleeps near him if he does not get more food. In one of the most famous scenes in English literature, little Oliver asks for a refill of his bowl of gruel. This is a tense scene because the boys are so hungry that they would resort to cannibalism or worse, stand up to the workhouse authorities. The authorities are not pleased with Oliver asking for more, and given the importance of workhouse discipline, Oliver’s plea is shocking in its departure from respectability. The response to his audacity is predictable, and it reinforces the consequences not only of that act, but also the simple fact of being poor and asking for what he needs: “that boy will be hung,’ “that boy will be hung,’ said the gentleman in the white waistcoat. ‘I know that boy will be hung.’” (Dickens) Being put into such a desperate situation, for Oliver (added to starving quickly outside of the workhouse or slowly inside of it) introduces the overt risk of criminality and intensifies the spectre of death and suffering.

Even as Oliver moves out of the physical structure of the workhouse, his job at the Sowerberry’s, the undertakers hired by the workhouse, maintains his connection to that world through embodied experiences of hunger. When he was there on his first night, he was given a meagre meal and told that his sleeping area would be with the coffins. Alone in a room filled with coffins, with so many reminders of death all around him, Oliver wishes for death. Noah Claypole, a charity and Oliver’s workmate, calls him first by “my work’us brat” and then just “work’us,” solidifying Oliver’s connection to that institution by making it his name. Arguably, this could be Dickens’s attempt to undermine his critique of the workhouse through the world outside of that space, but it is significant that Oliver is placed with the Sowerberrys through the workhouse board. He is here because the board refuses to care for him any longer, and rather than educating him or apprenticing him in a better situation, they send him out to the lowest bidder. Gail Turley Houston connects his time with the Sowerberrys to his request for more, comparing Oliver to a ‘hungry pig’ amidst these fatted porkers, for in fact, the board’s answer to Oliver’s desire for more is death,” point out that Sowerberrys “hires Oliver in the first place because his diminutive size indicates his ability to live on the sparest of diets”. The workhouse discipline instilled in him is expected to make him an ideal apprentice, one who is cheap to feed and with no alternative but to work. The willingness of the Sowerberrys and others to take advantage of Oliver does not fit into the image that constructs the workhouse, as it signifies, instead, the complexity of the obligation to the poor.

Only when he is taken into the upper classes is he able to escape the constant threat of death. When Oliver falls into Fagin’s gang, he seems to be destined for the very future that was predicted for him, death by hanging. In a turn of events, the other gang members are the ones who fulfil that prophesy as Sikes, a murderer trying to escape an angry crowd, accidentally hangs himself. Nancy is beaten to death because Sikes believes she betrayed him. Fagin himself is condemned to death for his crimes. Oliver’s involvement in the gang is quite passive, not unlike his involvement with the boys who put him up to request for more food in the workhouse, and a link is established between the workhouse and criminality, which usually leads to more suffering and death. However, in the end, we know that Oliver was not hung, but was given quite a big sum of money. Oliver’s extraordinary escape from his plight was only possible through the fortunate coincidence that a gentleman who has the power to save him recognized his resemblance to his father. Oliver’s increase in status from workhouse boy to gentleman reveals the differences between social classes. Deaths among the upper classes in the novel are less violent and are not inherently associated with any state institutions, much less caused by them. In contrast, the deaths and the constant threat of death in the workhouse is mirrored by Fagin’s death in prison. In both spaces, death is the expected consequence of poverty and criminality, and Oliver is not able to escape the symbolic associations of the physical space of the workhouse.

Moving on to Thomas Hardy’s “Tess of the D'Urbervilles”, the novel is unified by the simple aim of telling every important event in Tess’s life from the age of sixteen to her death when she is roughly twenty-three years old.
Hardy does not use developmental or complicated narrative devices. Thus, it makes it easier to read and understand the text as we can identify and respond to all the elements of a story. It is easy to tell who are the main characters in the story are and what their characteristics might be. Tess is the key figure, we as readers learn about her suffering and sympathizes with her. Alec is introduced as a villain and Angel is a lover and, as his name indicates, a possible saviour for Tess. Besides a few moments in the text, we are able to accurately predict most of their actions. The more a story is easy to understand, the more easily we are able to relate, and thus form an emotional connection. The best part about the novel is the emotional power it is able to draw out from us as we lament Tess’s suffering.

What primarily interests Hardy in Tess is the juxtaposition of a significant number of incidents. Hardy created a situation where no matter what Tess does, she would not be able to escape her suffering, or if she did she would begin another part of her suffering. Typical of a classical tragedy, the entire world is against her, even if she’s innocent and no matter what she does, she will not achieve happiness.

It is not difficult to determine that Tess suffers. But is it difficult to find out the reason of her suffering, which without it we would not be able to understand the meaning of the text. J. Hillis Miller has suggested that the reason for such difficulty is to be found in the novel's being woven out of repetitions that "produce similarity out of difference and are controlled by no centre, origin, or end outside the chain of recurrent elements" (Miller). As certain episodes repeat others (from inside or outside of the text) a pattern of violence and suffering is drawn on Tess's life. This pattern, though, is not generated out of a first cause but, rather, works to generate meaning out of itself. Furthermore, because this pattern is made up of a sequence of numerous episodes which are related by difference, the possible meanings arising out of the text are, likewise, several and often incompatible. Hence the problem with deriving meaning from the novel, and with deciding upon the cause of Tess's suffering, "is not that there are no explanations proposed in the text, but that there are too many" (Miller).

There are numerous repetitions made of the Tess of the D’Urbervilles, but they don’t give a reason as to why Tess’ suffers or to put it another way, there are way too many explanations out there to determine the real cause. This proves difficult because each and every character plays a different role in her suffering, oftentimes being both the cause for salvation and the reason for her suffering (Devito).
There are many reasons for her suffering as we all know. She suffers both when Angel is with her and also when he is not. She also suffers because Angel is similar to Alec d’Urberville and dissimilar to him. Tess constantly suffers because Angel is protecting her and when he is not. As an example, Tess herself was killed because of Angel’s safeguard, but simultaneously, because of her demise, is saved from her sorrows. In essence, the more Angel acts, the more explanations there are for Tess’s suffering, thus, having more meanings of the text become clear. Nonetheless, it could be said the more explanations there are for Tess’s suffering, the more she suffers from them. There could be any number of reasons to explain her suffering due to Angel’s characteristics and actions and the more he does, the more explanations there are vice versa. In conclusion, the more recurrences there are in Tess of the D’Urbervilles (Angel is the best example in this case), the harder it is to determine the reason for Tess’s suffering. Be that as it may, it is for that very reason, the overabundance of explanations that make many other possibilities for her continuous suffering.
Bibliography

Driver, Felix. Power and Pauperism: The Workhouse System, 1834-1884. Cambridge:
Cambridge UP, 1993. Print.

Dickens, Charles, and Kathleen Tillotson. Oliver Twist. Oxford New York: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.

Hardy, Thomas. Tess of the d'Urbervilles. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print.

Miller, J. Hillis. "Tess of the D'Urbervilles: Repetition as Immanent Design." Fiction and Repetition. 1981. 116-146.

Devito, Jeremy. "J Hillis Miller, Tess of the D'Urbervilles, and a Host of Angel(s)." The Essay Exchange at I Love Literature. iloveliterature.com, 25 Aug. 2011. Web. 3rd March 2015 ‹http://www.iloveliterature.com/tess_essay.html›.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Oliver Twist

...Finally identified, the real Oliver Twist workhouse reveals stories more brutal than even Dickens dared tell By Dr Ruth Richardson UPDATED:11:49 GMT, 25 March 2011 Please sir: Oliver Twist brought home the harsh realities of life in the workhouse The young woman at the workhouse gate was desperate. Clutching her belly, she begged to be allowed inside. She had nowhere else to go. The workhouse — for all the stories of cruelty that went on within its walls — was her only hope. She desperately needed shelter, for she was about to give birth. But the gatekeeper was inexorable: he had his orders. Babies were expensive. They required feeding, clothing and supervising and it would be at least six years before they could earn their keep, either in the workhouse or in factories, mills or up chimneys. The workhouse authorities had a duty to care for mothers in such a desperate plight. They were paid by the parish to house and clothe the wretched men, women and children who came to their doors as a last resort. For few would reside in the workhouse by choice. The conditions made prison seem comfortable in comparison. But the Beadle — the supervisor of the workhouse — cared less for the law than for his own pockets. He could make a small profit from able-bodied adults and children by setting them to work outside the workhouse, while he siphoned off some of the money that was supposed to feed them. Babies, on the other hand, were not profitable. The workhouse gate clanged shut...

Words: 1573 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Oliver Twist

...Oliver Twist in relation to the Newgate Calendars Born into a poor English family in 1812, Charles Dickens worked his way up from a life of poverty and debtor's prison, to become a writer of national acclaim. In his Victorian era, he was an exception to the rule because it was very difficult to break through the barriers of social class and better oneself. Because of his bleak childhood, Dickens was one of the few writers of his time who could express the horrors of society as they really were. One of his most famous novels is Oliver Twist. This story centers on a young boy named Oliver whose real identity is unknown when his mother dies in childbirth. As an orphan, he is exploited by corrupt and selfish authority figures, and is forced into a life of poverty, hard labor, misery and crime. Oliver suffers horribly and often takes the blame for others' misdeeds. Dickens is showing that Oliver is a good person, and the bad things that happen to him are through no fault of his own, but because society and the people around him are bad. From his earliest childhood days, Oliver is treated harshly by society. He was born in a workhouse where he is barely given enough food to live and is forced to do hard manual labor. Dickens satirically describes the authorities' view of the poor in this passage: "'Oho!' said the board, looking very knowing, 'we are the fellows to set this to rights; we'll stop it all, in no time.' So they established the rule that all poor people should have...

Words: 1698 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Oliver Twist an Analysis

...Oliver Twist written by Charles Dickens Oliver Twist published in 1838, a novel written by Charles Dickens, who was a leading English novelist of the Victorian ear and also considered of being one of the greatest English writers with deep-storytelling novels. ``Oliver Twist``, Dickens second novel, tells the story of the orphan Oliver who is through unfortunate circumstances forced to take part in criminal acts of the gangland of London. Where from he is later on rescued. I decided to analyse how Dickens tried to describe and expressed the poverty and the abundance in his novel, in doing so I will also try to direct my attention on the conditions of life at that time in England. To clearly understand you have to know how England was looking like around 1830 – also called the Victorian ear. In the 19th century more and more people moved into towns, with intent to find work. Cities like London were not prepared for such crowed of people and overcrowded very fast. And with the crowing number of people the living standards went down. So it was normal that a whole street had to share toilets and water. On the other hand there were the rich, which had bigger houses with fluent water and underground sewers. Dickens is showing in his novel all the time the two, to this time ruling standards of life, and Oliver Twist performs as his character who walks between and tries to reveal them. On the one side there is Mr. Bumble, the beadle, his job is to administrate the finances......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Oliver Twist Essay

...Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist was written and published during the Victorian era, 1838. Dickens’ use of language successfully denotes contextual issues and narrative concepts, an important social commentator who used fiction effectively to highlight the contextual issues of society and class and criminality. The narrative techniques Dickens uses, unified with the context in which he wrote the novel, exemplify his ideas throughout the text. The use of good literature adds to an audience’s understanding of life during those times. It embodies thought and feeling on matters of human importance. Dickens uses the characters and situations in the novel to make a deliberate statement of his personal views of society and class about the poor laws and the criminal system. Society in Oliver Twist is hugely divided. While the upper classes live in their comfortable large houses, the lower class are seen to lead wretched lives, driven to crime by hunger and deprivation. At times Dickens steps out of the novel and addresses the reader directly using indirect speech. The opening of the book, the detached narrator impresses upon the reader that Oliver was only seen as a burden upon the parish, and also highlights the injustice of falling into a predestined social class. “The parish authorities resolved that Oliver should be ‘farmed’... be despatched to a branch workhouse where juvenile offenders against the poor-laws… ‘. He uses shifting narrative voice throughout Oliver Twist to......

Words: 475 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Charles Dickens "Oliver Twist"

...Throughout Charles Dickens’ book “Oliver Twist” the author elaborates on one main theme, the failure of charity. The first part of Oliver Twist takes into account the charity organizations run by the church and the government. The system Dickens describes in his book, explains that the poor could only receive government help if they moved and worked in government workhouses. Residents of those workhouses were compared to inmates whose rights were taken away for the price of food and shelter. Labor was required, and rations of food and clothing were slim. The workhouses operated on the principle that poverty was the equivalent to laziness and that the awful conditions in the workhouse would inspire the poor to better their own lives. The economic situation of the Industrial Revolution made it impossible for many to do so, and the workhouses did not provide to help with the social and economical adjustment upward. As Dickens points out, the government agencies who ran the workhouses violated the values they spoke of to the poor. Dickens describes with a sarcastic tone that of the greed, laziness, and arrogance of charitable workers like Mr. Bumble and Mrs. Mann. Charitable institutions only played on the awful conditions in which the poor would live anyway. Making orphan children like Oliver Twist start work at a very young age. Never giving him a chance to move up in the world. The book first opens with a look on how the poor must live and the conditions of the work......

Words: 396 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Oliver Twist Essay

...Oliver Twist is a novel by Charles Dickens, published in 1837 and was concerned 1834 Poor Law. The Poor Law was introduced by the Prime Minister, Earl Grey. The Poor Law should have been introduced to help the poor but instead it made their life a living hell. The poor were put into workhouses and little children were put into a baby farm until the age of 9. Dickens motive for writing this novel was to make people understand the full horrors of the Poor Law. Dickens showed his dislike of the 1834 Poor Law through his characterisation. Mrs Mann runs the baby farm which is where the young Oliver lives. She is a very greedy, callous and corrupt woman, “she appropriated the weakly stipend to her own use” which means that she steals from the little children that she was “supposed” to look after and starves them. She is a lying hypocrite, she tells the world that she “cares” and “loves” the children, this is because she says “Ah, bless’em, that I do, dear as it is “replied Mrs Mann.” I couldn’t see ‘em suffer before my very eyes, you know, sir.” Mrs Mann is lying so that she can keep her job and so she can continue to steal from the children. Mrs Mann neglects and abuses the children because “either it sickened from want and cold, or fell into the fire from neglect, or got half-smothered by accident.” Many children died and their deaths covered up. She has no womanly feelings, Dickens gives her the name, Mrs Mann. Mr Bumble employs Mrs Mann to run the baby farm. He is very......

Words: 1427 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Analysis Oliver Twist

...Mycroft 23 November 2015 William Skiles History 102 Term Paper: Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist, written in 1837, illustrates what is like to be a child in the 1830’s in London. This novel shows the truth about how the Victorian society’s viewed and treated the unfortunate. The foolishness of individualism, failure of charity, clarity of an immoral city, and how the countryside is overemphasized are all main themes of this novel. With being a child in this time period it was really hard to be noticed as an innocent; these kids were growing up in the middle class as workers in terrible conditions. Survival of the fittest was what the Victorians lived their lives by. They believed that if everyone in their society would look out for their own interests, that everything would run effortlessly. But that isn’t at all what happened; Dickens shows us that there was much more issues and problems with they way children were being treated. “[…] as Oliver looked out of the parlour window, and saw the Jew roll [his old clothes] up in his bag and walk away, he felt quite delighted to think that they were safely gone, and that there was now no possible danger of his ever being able to wear them again” (14.8). At the end of the novel everyone is starting to turn against each other and give in to the philosophy, of everyone for himself or herself. However, the second group of Oliver and his many friends prove their community and society wrong by......

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Fagin`S Character in Charles Dickens` “Oliver Twist”

...Dickens` “Oliver Twist” Characters are one of the most significant features that writers use to express their thoughts and illustrate their messages. These characters may be good or bad depending on the characterization given to them by the writers. In other words, the goodness or evilness of a character is determined by the way the writers depict the character`s physical appearance, speech, behavior or reaction. In “Oliver Twist”, Dickens successfully chooses his characters to suit the message of his work. This novel deals with many topics, one of which is the world of crime and criminals. One major character in this field of criminality is Fagin, the Jew. Fagin is ugly and has a terrifying appearance which gives the readers a hit that this person is not a good character. And he is, indeed, a bad character. He is the master criminal; he is the leader of a group of children whom he uses for his own sake. Fagin teaches those children how to do pickpocketing. Simply, he asks them to steal and bring what they stole to him so that he can trade with some of those stolen things and keep the precious species for himself. However, Dickens doesn’t present Fagin as evil only, but he instead shows the readers many dimensions of Fagin`s character. For example, Fagin is called “merry old gentleman” since he is seen many times in sarcastic situations and humorous scenes. Besides, no one can ignore the kindness that Fagin shows towards Oliver so many times, especially when he advises......

Words: 1010 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Oliver Twist

...------------------------------------------------- Top of Form 1 Điền số vào dấu chấm hỏi: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, ? 32 28 26 34 40 43 2 Điền vào dấu ba chấm: "Tre già ... mọc". măng ngô trúc liễu 3 Hiện nay bạn 10 tuổi, 8 năm nữa bạn sẽ gấp đôi tuổi em ruột bạn bây giờ, hỏi bây giờ em bạn bao nhiêu tuổi? 8 9 10 12 18 Không phải các đáp án trên. 4 Một sản phẩm được hạ giá 40%, hỏi sản phẩm đó phải tăng giá lên bao nhiêu % để trở về giá ban đầu? 40% 53,3% 66,7% 83,3% 25% 33,3% 5 Một số A là B, không có B nào là C Khẳng định: Một số A có thể là C là: Đúng Sai 6 8 người sơn được 3 cái nhà trong 6 giờ. Hỏi với 12 người sẽ sơn được bao nhiêu cái nhà trong 12 giờ? 3 cái 5 cái 7 cái 8 cái 9 cái 10 cái (Đáp án = 9) 7 Điền số vào dấu chấm hỏi: 4312, 5420, 6530, 7642, ? 3232 2867 2655 3234 8756 9647 (Đáp án = 8756) 8 Bạn cho biết cái nào sau đây không cùng loại: Mặt Trời, Trái Đất, sao Chổi, Mặt Trăng, ngôi sao, sao Hỏa. Mặt Trời Trái Đất sao Chổi Mặt Trăng ngôi sao sao Hỏa (Đáp án = Ngôi sao) 9 Bạn có 84 quả táo đựng trong 12 rỏ, nếu muốn ăn 1/3 số táo trong mỗi rỏ thì bạn cần ít nhất bao nhiêu lần cắn, biết rằng mỗi lần bạn cắn được 1/3 của 1/2 quả táo. 108 lần 121 lần 144 lần 168 lần 196 lần 225 lần (Đáp án = 168) 10 Một con sóc nhẩy theo một rỏ hạt dẻ nằm trên tay bạn. Giả sử rằng cứ mỗi cú nhẩy con sóc tiến được 30cm, mỗi bước bạn đi là 20cm. Hỏi cần tối thiểu bao nhiêu bước nhẩy để con sóc lấy được hạt dẻ nếu khoảng cách giữa bạn và con sóc lúc đầu là 1,8m và......

Words: 1536 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Oliver Twist’s Will to Survive

...Oliver Twist’s will to survive Oliver Twist is one of the most famous novels Charles Dickens ever wrote. It is a tale of childhood innocence, surrounded by evil; whereby, it portrays the dark unlawful mob of a London, occupied by strong and unforgettable characters. It is a timeless rags-to-riches story about an orphan, who has to navigate his way across a city full of criminals, and stay away from being corrupted. Oliver Twist's will to survive throughout the novel, is the ultimate contributing factor to his finding his biological family. Dickens draws out a convincing image of a disturbing childhood preoccupied by a struggle between the poor laws and criminality; the forces of good and evil; and a sense of alienation. In one of the most common places where poor laws is depicted is that of where Oliver Twist’s birth takes place: a workhouse, where his mother takes refuge and dies after giving birth to her illegitimate son, and is unable to make her identity known to anyone. According to Chlebek, this is where everything “begins, the nightmare of abandonment, exploitation, and terror that constitute the orphan’s early life” (“Childhood in Oliver Twist"). During Oliver’s first year, he is brought up in the workhouse. He is then sent to Mrs. Mann’s baby farm, where he is regularly starved for the next eight years. However, on Oliver’s ninth birthday, the parish beadle, Mr. Bumble, returns Oliver to the workhouse so that he can learn a useful trade: picking oakum. ......

Words: 2678 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Penis

...seller of all time with over 200 million copies and Oliver Twist. Dickens succeeded in making the Victorian public aware of the conditions of the poor through his book Oliver Twist and through the characterisation of his titular character, Oliver Twist. In Oliver Twist Dickens presents a portrait of the macabre childhood of a considerable number of Victorian orphans. The orphans are underfed, and for a meal they are given a single scoop of gruel. Oliver, one of the oppressed children, dares to ask for more gruel and is severely punished. This is represented when Oliver asks the master, “Please, sir, I want some more?” This scene in the novel marked early child abuse and notified the Victorian communities about conditions orphans like Oliver were treated in. Throughout the novel, Dickens enlarges on the theme of poverty and social structure, describing slums so decrepit that whole rows of houses are on the point of ruin. In an early chapter, Oliver attends a pauper's funeral with Mr. Sowerberry and sees a whole family crowded together in one miserable room. “The kennel was stagnant and filthy. The very rats, which here and there lay putrefying in its rottenness, were hideous with famine.” Dickens also discusses the themes of criminality among young children in Oliver Twist. Regarding the context of this novel, when Dickens wrote Oliver Twist, crime was a major issue in England especially London. How young children like Oliver resort to the crime life in order to......

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Book Report

...Tiarah Bissonette P4 Oliver Twist Charles Dickens 1. Summary: This story was about a boy named Oliver Twist who was a orphan after his mom died while she was giving birth to him and then he moved to London. Then while he was in London he was kidnapped by John Dawkins and then later escapes. Then, later is mixed in with these mass murders and opens up Oliver eyes to see how bad of people they are. Oliver is now a trouble maker and has a while behavior and is reported to the Fargin. After he gets reported then Oliver straightens up 2. Setting: The setting of this book was terror of unanticipated violence where it was always cold and weary. The time was in the 19th century in England 3. Character: 1. Oliver Twist: (27) “ The hungry and destitute situation of the infant orphan was duly reported by worth house authorities to the parish authorities”—Oliver was known as a orphan than anything else in this book and I think that’s what this quote was leaning now towards 2. Mrs. Maylie: (302) “I know that she deserves the best and purest love the heart of man can offer” – she was a very offering women and a stately women also. 3. Mr. Bumble: (30) “no, you could not. You are a humble women”—he was more of a cranky man and never wanted to giver good advice 4. Conflict: it was a good vs evil and to find his quest and place in this world 5. Theme: this main theme about the book would probably be mad interrelated ideas and about the poverty in this......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Fate of Cockroach

...OLIVER TWIST Charles Dickens Plot Overview Oliver Twist is born in a workhouse in 1830s England. His mother, whose name no one knows, is found on the street and dies just after Oliver’s birth. Oliver spends the first nine years of his life in a badly run home for young orphans and then is transferred to a workhouse for adults. After the other boys bully Oliver into asking for more gruel at the end of a meal, Mr. Bumble, the parish beadle, offers five pounds to anyone who will take the boy away from the workhouse. Oliver narrowly escapes being apprenticed to a brutish chimney sweep and is eventually apprenticed to a local undertaker, Mr. Sowerberry. When the undertaker’s other apprentice, Noah Claypole, makes disparaging comments about Oliver’s mother, Oliver attacks him and incurs the Sowerberrys’ wrath. Desperate, Oliver runs away at dawn and travels toward London. Outside London, Oliver, starved and exhausted, meets Jack Dawkins, a boy his own age. Jack offers him shelter in the London house of his benefactor, Fagin. It turns out that Fagin is a career criminal who trains orphan boys to pick pockets for him. After a few days of training, Oliver is sent on a pickpocketing mission with two other boys. When he sees them swipe a handkerchief from an elderly gentleman, Oliver is horrified and runs off. He is caught but narrowly escapes being convicted of the theft. Mr. Brownlow, the man whose handkerchief was stolen, takes the feverish Oliver to his home and nurses him...

Words: 2460 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Charles

...having an excellent hero in Oliver Twist (Oliver Twist), Hard Times (Stephen Blackpool), and The Great Expectation (Pip). To commence, we will look at Oliver in Oliver Twist. As the child hero of a melodramatic novel of social dispute, Oliver Twist is meant to appeal more to our feelings than to our literary sensibilities. On many levels, Oliver is not a believable character, because although he is raised in corrupt surroundings, his purity and virtue are absolute. In the ten years we know of Oliver Twist he is portrayed as continuously childlike and morally upright, despite the fact that he’s had very little treatment that differs from contempt, violence, or indifference. Oliver is thrown into every situation that you would expect a hero to be gradually hardened from: poverty, starvation, violence and exposure to a criminal underworld populated by kids his age and younger. With all the character has gone through the reader would be more than willing to let any evidence of evil slide but this doesn’t happen because Oliver’s dark side doesn’t exist. Dickens explains the mysterious nature of Oliver’s character very briefly and vaguely with this passage, “It cannot be expected that this system of farming would produce any very extraordinary or luxuriant crop…But nature or inheritance had implanted a good sturdy spirit in Oliver’s breast” (Oliver Twist, 21) In that statement is Dickens’s justification for Oliver’s pure soul that it is ‘inherited.’ Oliver Twist very much follows......

Words: 1601 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Child Labour in British Literature

...career. Dickens could foresee how child labour would gradually be a part of a social disorder and finally culminate into a social curse through centuries. He could foresee what curse evils such as „child labour‟ could bring to society. It could only lead to the degradation and indignity of humanity. He successfully portrays the sufferings of little children in 19th century Britain. Child workers appeared in several other Dickens novels, most memorably in the form of Oliver Twist. Oliver Twist is a novel by  Charles Dickens  which was published  in 1838. Oliver twist appeared at Victorian era. Exploitation of child is issue in Oliver Twist. In the novel Oliver Twist, Charles Dickens describes the life in the workhouses.  Oliver was born in workhouses. His mother, whose name no one knows is found on the street and dies just after Oliver's birth. Oliver spends the first nine years of his life in a badly run home for young orphans and then is transferred to a workhouse for adults. Here Oliver and other child employ with hard considerably in factory. They are given some eat and treaded without good. Nevertheless, workhouses council that have responsible to take care of orphan just at the moment he had doesn’t care with child. Workhouses have a good alive from money that they are accepting from government. So there are brogues ideologies which as related to class capitalist that influence by social class and economy. Another example is Cecilia......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6