Premium Essay

On “Problems Capital Market and Its Potential in Economic Development in Bangladesh”.

In: Business and Management

Submitted By anikseraj
Words 4025
Pages 17
1 Introduction:

Bangladesh capital market is one of the smallest in Asia but the third largest in the south Asia region. It has two full-fledged automated stock exchanges namely Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE) and an over-the counter exchange operated by CSE. It also consists of a dedicated regulator, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC),since, it implements rules and regulations, monitors their implications to operate and develop the capital market. It consists of Central Depository Bangladesh Limited (CDBL), the only Central Depository in Bangladesh that provides facilities for the settlement of transactions of dematerialized securities in CSE and DSE.

2.1 Functions of capital market:

The functioning of an efficient capital market may ensure smooth floatation of funds from the savers to the investors. When banking system cannot meet up the total need for funds to the market economy, capital market stands up to supplement. To put it in a single sentence, we can therefore say that the increased need for funds in the business sector has created an immense need for an effective and efficient capital market. It facilitates an efficient transfer of resources from savers to investors and becomes conduits for channeling investment funds from investors to borrowers. T

2.2 Product of capital market:

• Shares,

• Debentures,

• Mutual funds,

• Bonds,

• Derivatives,

• Future and options.

2.3 Player of capital market:

• Investors,

• PLCs,

• Stock Exchange,

• Broker & Dealers,

• Merchant banks,

• Securities and Exchange Commission,

• CDBL.

2.4 Operation of capital market:

Each and every step of capital market operation is regulated. Regulations may come from SEC, Stock Exchanges and CDBL under securities Act.

2.5 Parameters used to measure...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Role of Venture Capital in Bangldesh

...paper, an attempt is made to delineate the deficiencies of the existing financial system in Bangladesh to cater to financing needs of SMEs or new potential entrepreneurs and a proposal has been given to develop the venture capital industry to meet financing and non-financing needs of SMEs. SMEs play a vital role within Bangladesh’s economy in terms of creation of industrial outputs and generation of employment. Even though they play a significant role they face problems in securing investment or manage finance to develop their ideas or to expand their existing business. It is not possible for Bangladesh to accelerate economic growth without catering to the financing needs of SMEs, Thus, the paper proposes the development of the venture capital industry as an additional financial intermediary to Cater to financing and non-financing needs of SMEs. The paper discusses available sources of finance for SMEs and the Constraints of these sources. There are basically three sources from which SMEs may receive finance. These are banks, non-government organizations (NGOs) and the capital market. Then, we discuss the advantages that venture capitalists have over banks in catering to the funding needs of SMEs. It is argued that venture capitalists perform the role of ‘active investors’ by way of offering both financial and non-financial commitment to the investee company, which is essential in a market characterized by a high level of uncertainties. Also, it is argued that venture......

Words: 3834 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Problems and Opportunities of Direct Foreign Investment in Bangladesh

...Executive Summary The thesis investigates the performance of problems and opportunities of Direct Foreign Investment in Bangladesh. It also identifies the overall direct foreign investment system in Bangladesh. Problems and opportunities of direct investment in Bangladesh follow the rules and regulation prescribed by the investment forum for schedule countries on companies. The functions of the country or company cover a wide range of investment and functional activities to individual, firms, corporate bodies and other multinational agencies. It is very important to the national economy as a whole because the expansion and condition of the company or firm affect the level of business activity through their effect on the nation’s money supply. The direct foreign investment extended its credit facilities to different sectors to diversify its credit portfolio in compliance with credit policies of direct investment of the foreign country such as Industrial, Housing, Contract work, Working capital for trades, manufacturing processing plants and export oriented industries and other business. Introduction This Century is” Century of Globalization of trade and economy”. The world is facing competition in marketing of the products in global market. In this circumstance the companies goes to investment, those has available capital to invest out side the country where they can get competitive advantages in terms of cost, Expansion of market, Raw materials. The countries have available......

Words: 5137 - Pages: 21

Premium Essay

Entrepreneurship

...Characteristics/Profiles of Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs Several studies were done in order to identify the characteristics or profiles of Bangladeshi entrepreneurs. Papanek (1969) observed psychological trait of risk taking among the people of the then East Pakistan(now Bangladesh). Farouk (1983) did a survey on Bangladeshi entrepreneurs and in this survey he focused on the biography of successful Bangladeshi entrepreneurs. He found that Bangladeshi entrepreneurs are generally hard working, honest, religious, trustworthy, reliable, and less educated and live simple lives. Most of the entrepreneurs in this survey had poor educational background and were not good students. Generally these entrepreneurs come from three groups: 1. Those families who have been in business or industry by tradition and their children Are now in business, 2. Retired government officers or politicians or their family members. 3. Those that began small but achieved considerable success by their personal efforts. Rahman (1989) found that Bangladeshi Entrepreneurs possess some characteristics that are similar to characteristics of entrepreneurs in other countries. He did an extensive survey on 5 living Bangladeshi entrepreneurs and found that they are hard workers, truthful, religious, simple living, honest, sincere, good leaders; task oriented and had capacity to influence others. The highest educational degree they achieved was the Bachelors degree. Most of them started their businesses...

Words: 11869 - Pages: 48

Premium Essay

Capital Market

...Introduction Capital Market mainly refers to the Stock and Share market of the country. When banking system cannot totally meet up the need for funds to the market economy, capital market stands up to supplement it. Companies and the government can raise funds for long-term investments via the capital market. The capital market includes the stock market, the bond market, and the primary market. Securities trading on organized capital markets are monitored by the government; new issues are approved by authorities of financial supervision and monitored by participating banks. Thus, organized capital markets are able to guarantee sound investment opportunities. This paper reveals the various aspects of the Capital Market in Bangladesh. 1.1 Objectives Capital market, being an essential element of today’s economy, demands an intensive and special attention. The objective of this study is to look into every aspect of Bangladesh capital market and identify its various pros and cons along with some recommendations to overcome the existing problems. The specific objectives of this study are: To give an overall idea about the capital market-its structures, functions, importance, etc. To identify the current situations of our capital market of Bangladesh. To compare the relative conditions of Bangladesh capital market to other countries of the world. To sort out the problems associated with our capital market. To suggest some practicable solutions to these problems. -......

Words: 10549 - Pages: 43

Premium Essay

Globalization and Changing in Private Sector in Bangladesh.Doc

...brings challenges for Bangladesh and private sector of Bangladesh. By facing these challenges if private sector of this country could success then the country will receive opportunities of globalization. I would like to thank my course teacher Dr. Salehuddin Ahmed (Economic Condition Analysis) for giving us this opportunity for assigning us with this paper. It helps me a lot to know about the challenges and opportunities that Bangladesh and private sector of this country faced and received from globalization while I am making this portfolio. This portfolio helps me a lot to know each and every area where globalization brings opportunities for our private sector and those areas that facing challenges. And this paper will also demonstrate that the main driver of progress has been Bangladesh private sector. Then we like to thank those people who really helped us by providing valuable information during prepare the paper. Read more: http://essaybank.degree-essays.com/business/globalization-for-bangladesh.php#ixzz2EWf1f3By ABSTRACT This paper examines the role of private sector in Bangladesh in the context of Globalization since the change of the first government of the independent of Bangladesh. Actually Bangladesh has undertaken a wide range of reforms to open the economy in the areas of trade, finance and investment. The globalization efforts in these areas have produced some positive results. But in the overall assessment Bangladesh seems to have......

Words: 7942 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Finance

...Institutional Financing of SME in Bangladesh [pic] [pic] TERM PAPER ON Institutional Financing of SME in Bangladesh Submitted By: ID- Program- BBA Premier University, Chittagong Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Business Administration. Submitted To: Ms. Nilufar Sultana Lecturer, Dept. of Finance & Banking, Faculty of Business Studies, Premier University, Chittagong. DATE OF SUBMISSION: /09/2012 Letter of Transmittal Date: To Ms. Nilufar Sultana Faculty of Business Studies Premier University, Chittagong Sub: Letter of Transmitter on Term Paper Dear Madam, This is my pleasure to submit my term paper report on “Institutional financing of SME in Bangladesh” which I was assigned. It was a great opportunity for me to acquire knowledge and experience in respect of the functions, procedures and operational activity, other than my topic of study. I have concentrated my best efforts to achieve the objectives of the assignment study and hope my endeavor will serve the purpose. However, I will always be ready to provide any further clarification that you may require. Sincerely Yours, ID# Program: BBA Batch Number: 16 8th......

Words: 8191 - Pages: 33

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...1.0 Introduction Capital Market mainly refers to the Stock and Share market of the country. When banking system cannot totally meet up the need for funds to the market economy, capital market stands up to supplement it. Companies and the government can raise funds for long-term investments via the capital market. The capital market includes the stock market, the bond market, and the primary market. Securities trading on organized capital markets are monitored by the government; new issues are approved by authorities of financial supervision and monitored by participating banks. Thus, organized capital markets are able to guarantee sound investment opportunities. This paper reveals the various aspects of the Capital Market in Bangladesh. 1.1 Objectives Capital market, being an essential element of today’s economy, demands an intensive and special attention. The objective of this study is to look into every aspect of Bangladesh capital market and identify its various pros and cons along with some recommendations to overcome the existing problems. The specific objectives of this study are: _ To give an overall idea about the capital market-its structures, functions, importance, etc. _ To identify the current situations of our capital market of Bangladesh. _ To compare the relative conditions of Bangladesh capital market to other countries of the world. _ To sort out the problems associated with our capital market. _ To suggest some practicable solutions to......

Words: 7078 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Investment Climate in Bangladesh

... Every Business student, as a part of his/her study has to complete some assignments and solve some problems which are very much related to the practical business and economical world. This is a complete study of how the investors are doing business in Bangladesh over years and what will be the course of actions in order to achieve the proper “Investment climate in Bangladesh”. The report is prepared in order to get the knowledge and fulfill the basic requirement to complete the course titled as “Economic Conditions Analysis”. b. Background of the study: Economics is a sea of theories. These theories are the stairway to lift us to a stage from where we can get the entire idea of its different sectors. “Economic Conditions Analysis” is basically theory related course in addition to a mixing of practical incidents to compare theories and its applications. Obtaining theoretical knowledge is only a halfway to reach the target because implementation of theories is the ultimate goal of it. Being a very practical course “Economic Conditions Analysis” requires a large extent of implementation of its theories and procedures in the real life. To meet up this requirement I have prepared the report titled “Investment climate in Bangladesh”. c. Objectives: 1. Broad Objective: The broad objective is to examine investment climate in Bangladesh over years and what should be done for better performance in the upcoming years. 2. Specific......

Words: 4767 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Lease

...Development of Non Bank Financial Institutions to Strengthen the Financial System of Bangladesh - MONZUR HOSSAIN∗ -MD. SHAHIDUZZAMAN∗ Abstract Non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs) represent one of the most important parts of a financial system. In Bangladesh, NBFIs are new in the financial system as compared to banking financial institutions (BFIs). Starting from the IPDC in 1981, a total of 25 NBFIs are now working in the country. As on June 30, 2001 the total amount of paid up capital and reserve of 24 NBFIs stood Tk.6901.8 million (BB, 2002). The NBFIs sector in Bangladesh consisting primarily of the development financial institutions, leasing enterprises, investment companies, merchant bankers etc. The financing modes of the NBFIs are long term in nature. Traditionally our banking financial institutions are involved in term lending activities, which are mostly unfamiliar products for them. Inefficiency of BFIs in long-term loan management has already leaded an enormous volume of outstanding loan in our country. At this backdrop, in order to ensure flow of term loans and to meet the credit gap, NBFIs have immense importance in the economy. In addition, non-bank financial sector is important to increase the mobilization of term savings and for the sake of providing support services to the capital market. The focus of this paper is to highlight the necessity and importance of NBFIs to strengthen the financial system for rapid economic development of the country. 1.......

Words: 6441 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Fdi Is the Most

...Answer: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been an important part of the economic transition, business liberalization and macro-economic growth story in Bangladesh over the last decade. Since the last decade, there has been a considerable change in global flows of trade and finance including a surge in FDI. Despite being a recent phenomenon, several underlying factors have contributed to increasing the FDI inflow in Bangladesh, such as trade and exchange liberalization, current account convertibility, emphasis on private sector led development, liberalization of the investment regime, opening up of infrastructure and services to the private sector-both domestic and foreign, and above all the interest of foreign investors in energy and telecommunication sector. It is argued that more open trade policies are associated with the presence of foreign firms and economy-wide technological and productivity gains in developing countries like Bangladesh. There also exists evidence of a strong positive correlation between increasing share of FDI in GDP and diversification to high-technology exports in countries that have open trade regimes. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has played a key role in the modernization of the Bangladesh economy for the last 15 years. Bangladesh received FDI of $1.13 billion last year compared to $910 million in 2010. This increase of about 25% is higher than the average 23% worldwide growth of FDI. According to the 2012 World Investment Report (WIR)...

Words: 2853 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Foreign Direct Investment

...Determining FDI Potential: Are National Policies and Incentives Sufficient? Foreign direct investment (FDI) is increasingly becoming a preferred form of capital flows to developing countries in recent years, as compared to other forms of capital flows. The reasons for this are not hard to seek. In the context of the gloom and despair of the heavy debt burden plaguing these countries, FDI promises to be the bright ray of hope for harnessing capital flows to the country’s economic development without the pangs of capital repayment with interest. In this context Feldstein and Razin (2000) and Sodka (forthcoming) note that the gains to host countries can take several other forms: • FDI allows transfer of capital and technology, which is not possible through financial investment in goods and services. • FDI also promotes competition in the domestic input market • Profits generated by FDI contribute to the corporate revenue in the host country • Operation of new ventures by FDI leads to employee learning in the host country who learn how to manage and operate the businesses. This contributes to human capital development of the host country. • Profits generated by FDI contribute to tax revenues in the host country FDI is different from other major types of external private capital flows in that it is motivated largely by the investor’s long-term prospects for making profits in production activities that they directly control. Foreign bank lending......

Words: 4598 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Term Paper

...engines of economic growth. The commonly perceived merits often emphasized for their promotion especially in the developing countries like Bangladesh include their relatively high labor intensity, dependence on indigenous skills and technology, contributions to entrepreneurship development and innovativeness and growth of industrial linkages. The case for fostering SME growth in Bangladesh is irrefutable as these industries offer bright prospects for creating large-scale employment and income earning opportunities at relatively low cost for the unemployed especially in the rural areas strengthening the efforts towards achieving high and sustained economic growth which are critically important prerequisites for triggering an exit from endemic poverty and socio-economic deprivation. These promotional arguments for the SMEs, while universally emphasized are often put forward by their ardent advocates in a small versus large context and thus arouse serious debates concerning their economic viability. Much of such controversies may, however breakdown if the intrinsic virtues specific to SMEs and unavailable to large-scale industries are correctly identified and carefully exploited. A combined interaction of the forces of product-mix, location factors, technological advantages and market advantages create opportunities for SMEs to grow and prosper at all levels of development which are often ignored by the traditional approach to their economic strengths and development potentials.......

Words: 7518 - Pages: 31

Premium Essay

Sme in Bangladesh

...are a primary target for many countries desiring to stimulate economic growth and development. The SMEs sub-sector plays an increasingly dominant role in the technology assimilation and dissemination and in economic development in Bangladesh as well. In Bangladesh, SMEs playing a significant role for the development of our economy by creating employment opportunity and producing important alternative machines and machinery parts for saving huge foreign currency for our country. So as a part of our development strategy, we should intensify our efforts to develop this sector to grow industrial base and volume of foreign trade. As we know the in this age of globalization, it is impossible to stop the flow of foreign goods to any country. Only quality products can meet the challenges in global market. For meeting this situation SMEs need to upgrade their technological capabilities and production facilities in order to produce quality products at a competitive price. DEFINITION Small and medium enterprises or small and medium-sized enterprises (also: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises; acronym in the plural: SMEs; small and medium businesses or small and medium-sized businesses, acronym: SMBs; and variations thereof) are companies whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits. Enterprises Fixed Capital Investment Employees Small ≤Tk.100,000 ≤50 Medium Tk.100 to 300 million 51-99 Regulations of Bangladesh Bank for Small Enterprises-  Private entity with less......

Words: 5315 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Nbfi

...Internship Report on Portfolio Mix and Operational Performance of NBFIs in Bangladesh Under the Supervision of Dr. M. Sadiqul Islam Professor Department of Finance University of Dhaka Prepared by Robin Kumar Saha BBA ID: 16-039 BBA 16th Batch Department of Finance Faculty of Business Studies University of Dhaka Date of Submission: ............, 2014 Letter of Transmittal .................., 2014 Dr. M. Sadiqul Islam Professor Department of Finance University of Dhaka Subject: Submission of Internship report. Dear Sir, Here is the report on ‘Portfolio Mix and Operational Performance of NBFIs in Bangladesh’ you asked me to conduct. Working on a practical field with theories helped me to build my theories strong and specific. I believe that this report will help me to know about the perfect mix of investment portfolio of NBFIs in Bangladesh and its relation with the operational performance of the firm. During preparing this report I have enforced my best effort. Surely, it enriches our knowledge and promotes our study. Thank you for giving me such an opportunity for working on the topic. I will be honored to provide you any additional information, if necessary. Sincerely yours, (Robin Kumar Saha) BBA ID: 16-039 BBA 16th Batch Acknowledgement I would like to express my sincere gratitude and cordial thanks to some person who helped me In the course of preparing this report. First of all, I want to mention my......

Words: 3959 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Globalization and Bangladesh

...PART-1 1. Concept of globalization: Globalization means the coming together of different societies and economies via cross border flow of ideas, finances, capital, information, technologies, goods and services. The cross border assimilation can be social, economic, cultural, or political. But most of the people fear cultural and social assimilation as they believe this would have a negative impact on the existing culture of their society. Globalization therefore has mostly narrowed down to economic integration and this mainly happens through three channels; flow of finance, trade of goods and services and capital movement. Globalization is a term that includes a wide range of social and economic variations. It encompasses topics like the cultural changes, economics, finance trends, and global market expansion. There are positive and negative effects of globalization - it all comes as a package. Globalization helps in creating new markets and wealth, at the same time it is responsible for extensive suffering, disorder, and unrest. The great financial crisis that just happened is the biggest example of how negative globalization can turn. It clearly reveals the dangers of an unstable, deregulated, global economy. At the same time, this gave rise to important global initiatives, striving towards betterment. Globalization is a factor responsible for both repression and the social boom. What happens when there is a growing integration of economies across the globe?......

Words: 13616 - Pages: 55