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On the Job Training

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sofiam
Words 4092
Pages 17
Introduction
Many organizations across all countries have recognized training as strategic priority and it is great tool to give an organization a competitive advantage. Trainings are divided into two broad types; there are on-the-job trainings and the off-job trainings. Off-job training takes place outside worksite and there are varieties of techniques and that includes conferences, simulations, discussions, case studies, and laboratory trainings…etc. However, these programs are very costly. On-the-job training, on the other hand, is given at workplace as the name implies; employees are trained how to do the job assigned while at work. It is the oldest form of training prior to the advance of off-site trainings and still the predominant form in the United States. OJT can save money, and employees are immediately productive in their job role, building in the same time, a solid working relationship. Nonetheless, there are some disadvantages of it is that sometimes bad habits from the trainer could be passed and production might be decreased to get the trainee up to speed. Also some of OJT are done on ad-hoc manner with no formal procedure or content, and during the process, no specific goals or objectives are specified or developed. Not to mention trainers; those usually have no formal or training experience on training. That is what we can call informal on-the-job training. Lynch (1991) supported that a formal or structured OJT approach is more specific to achieve the firm’s objectives, and is easier to measure its effectiveness because the cost and benefits are easily recorded and calculated. It is more likely that firm with high structure adopt formal OJT than firms that are less structured and less formalized. Employees have higher chance to have formal training opportunities in structured environment. The formal or structured OJT have procedure to follow....

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