Free Essay

One Piece Flow

In: Business and Management

Submitted By danrivera
Words 964
Pages 4
Manufactura Esbelta

Flujo Continuo

“El producto fluye sin tener demoras por el diseño de las operaciones, registro de ordenes, y la producción sin rechazos, desperdicios, o la necesidad de sobre inventario”
1

Flujo Continuo


El concepto de Flujo continuo aumenta y estabiliza la tasa de flujo del producto



Reduce el Lead Time total
Hace el ciclo de producción más predecible



La meta del LM es que los productos fluyan con la producción en una manera nivelada El flujo de una pieza es el ideal (perfección)



2

Flujo Continuo


Maximiza




Minimiza
  

Visibilidad y comunicación Simplicidad Flexibilidad Utilización del operador Seguridad

Movimientos Manejo Esfuerzo

  



3

Flujo Continuo

E

D C

La producción nos conduce de departamentos especializados….

A

B

…a la producción en celdas enfocadas al producto con flujo de una pieza
4

Flujo Continuo
El layout típico de una planta-- ¡¡¡¡ es un verdadero espagueti !!!!

Ensamble

Componentes

Piezas

Proceso
5

Flujo Continuo


Localice el equipo en secuencia apropiada y reduzca al mínimo la separación de la máquina por producto de

familia B Agrupar por la secuencia del proceso para el flujo de una pieza a la vez . C Diseñe un Flujo compartido entre los procesos/equipo.


 A Agrupar

1AA B 2A 3A

C

Prueba 5B 4B

En principio, evite poner operadores en un solo sub-ensamble o lineas de subensambles
Ensamblador

B

1B A 2B

3B

PORQUE ???

“Islas Aisladas”
6

Flujo Continuo
Alternativas del Layout
Flujo de una pieza a la vez transferida manualmente
 Muy eficiente No muy flexible Flujo en línea recta (multi-procesos)

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

Caminar

Organice las piezas, herramientas y los materiales que se necesiten en el punto de uso.

Desperdico
7

.

Flujo Continuo
Las líneas U pueden ofrecer ventajas
10 9 8 7
Entrenamiento cruzado requerido

6

El trabajo se mueve en sentido contrario a las manecillas del reloj

5 1 2 3 4
Los operadores dentro de la celda, el material de primeras entradas primeras salidas (PEPS) está afuera de la celda y al alcanze.
8

PORQUE??
 

(La mano de obra, que es predominantemente derecha, se acercará al siguiente paso de trabajo con la mano dominante. )
Reduzca al mínimo el espacio y distancia recorrida Mayor flexibilidad, 25 - el 30% más eficientes

.

Flujo Continuo

9

Flujo Continuo

10

Flujo Continuo


Producir al ritmo de la demanda (Takt Time)
 

Producir solamente la demanda actual (cliente “Pull”) No sobre producir solo por mantener la máquina ocupada



Balancear operaciones en la celda usando el Trabajo Estándar Producir y mover el material en pequeños lotes




Use la reducción del Set up para manejar lotes pequeños.



Reducir el volúmen, tiempo de producción y el inventario. Aumenta la productividad, calidad y flexibilidad





Flujo de una pieza a la vez es lo ideal
11

Flujo Continuo

Departamento de manufactura

Inventario

Departamento de manufactura

Inventario

Empaque

Inventario

Almacén

Distribución

Flujo tradicional del lote
Inventario

Operador

Operador

Empaque

Distribución

 Menos Inventario  Menos productos defectuosos a reparar

Fujo de una pieza  Menos espacio requerido  Mejor capacidad en balanceo de línea  Lead Time más corto
12

 Rápido tiempo de respuesta

Flujo Continuo
“Monumentos” presenta desafíos únicos
Antes de la mejora, todas las celdas de ensamble alimentan una sola operación

Después de la mejora, los procesos de ensamble fluyen en unidades más pequeñas

Utilice “tamaño correcto” del equipo
13

Flujo Continuo
“Monumentos”
Flujo de una pieza Salida Entrada

Flujo de una pieza

Controla a través de Kanban gradualmente se reduce el tamaño de “buffer”

Inventario total máximo de 120 en esta localización

Surtimiento por lotes

Proceso por lotes
Requere un lote de 120)

14

Flujo Continuo


La suavización de la producción es el proceso de estabilizar la producción de acuerdo a la demanda de cliente la cual es variable.
LA META: Mantener un plan de producción diario que proporcione a la operación de manufactura un flujo uniforme de productos, secuencialmente programados en base a los pedidos actuales del cliente
Demanda del cliente Promedio de Demanda Diaria Calidad Tiempo



Nivelar la producción es un requerimiento básico para optimizar la implementación de la manufactura esbelta 15

Modelos Mixtos


La secuencia de los modelos mixtos “suaviza” la demanda de los productos a traves del horizonte de planeación Demanda mensual 1200 2400 2400 Demanda diaria 40 80 80

Modelo Pequeño Mediano Lujoso

Una secuencia de L-M-P-M-L repetido 40 veces por día mantiene una mezcla apropiada de los modelos.
16

Lead Time
5-Días a la semana. 20-Días al mes
Producto #1 Demanda del cliente = 200/Mes Producto #2 Demanda del cliente = 200/Mes Producto #4 Demanda del cliente = 500/Mes Demanda total del mes : 1000 unidades 10 Dias Producto #3 Demanda del cliente = 100/Mes2-Semanas +1-Dia 10 Dias

¿Cuanto tiempo toma llenar un pedido del cliente para cada unidad? Ahora . . .

Secuencia mensual: 1 x 200 (Cambio) 2 x 200 (Cambio) 3 x 100 (Cambio) 4 x 500 Suavizamiento del Proceso: Producto #1 200/20 = 10 por dia

Como podemos reducir dia Lead time ? el 4-Hours ¿Cuanto tiempo Producto #2 200/20 = 10 por toma llenar un Producto #3 100/20 = 5 por dia pedido del cliente Producto #4 500/20 = 25 por dia para cada Total por dia = 50 unidad?
..
4-Hours + 10 Minutes
4-Hours

Una secuencia diaria posible 4-1-4-2-4-1-4-2-4-3 (Repetir 5 veces)

17

Resumen del Flujo Continuo


Visualiza la planta como estaciones de una línea de ensamble




Arregla el proceso para que fluya
Traslapa / liga operaciones para eliminar el manejo de material y el WIP.



Usa la programación nivelada y la producción de modelos mixtos para que el flujo sea “suave”
Programa debajo de la capacidad permite planear, resolver problemas y dar mantenimiento. Se esfuerza para usar el flujo de una pieza a la vez. Utiliza el sistema “Pull”
18



 

FIN
19

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Luffy

...Luffy left his village on a small boat. He then waited out upon the open sea for the Lord of the Coast. With a rubber fist, he punched the Sea King in the face. With plans to create his own Jolly Roger and to get at least ten crew members, he then decided to begin his journey as a pirate and sailed on. Luffy declared that he will become the Pirate King.[21] While sailing across the ocean, Luffy accidentally came across a whirlpool.[22] To escape from it, Luffy hid inside a barrel as the whirlpool sucked his boat in. He and his barrel were recovered some time later by some pirates who were in the service of Alvida. Luffy then came out from his barrel much to their surprise and met up with Coby. After defeating Alvida, Luffy was able to free Coby from his servitude and acquire a small boat. As he and Coby were sailing to the next island so that Coby could enlist in the Marines, Luffy decided to seek a bounty hunter who was imprisoned there. Luffy decided to ask the infamous pirate hunter, Roronoa Zoro, to become the first of his crew.[23] Luffy Asks Zoro to Join Crew Luffy asking the bounty hunter Zoro to become the first of his crew. Upon arriving in Shells Town, Luffy and Coby learn the truth about Zoro through Rika.[24] With this in mind, Luffy decided to free Zoro from Captain Morgan and Helmeppo.[25] With the promise of giving Zoro's swords back if he would join Luffy's crew,[26] Luffy went into the Marine Base and caught Morgan's wrath.[27] After witnessing Zoro's...

Words: 37596 - Pages: 151

Premium Essay

Gender Roles In Susan Glaspell's A Jury Of Her Peers

...would patronize the women by stating remarks like “women are used to worrying over trifles” (Glaspell 242), and “but would the women know a clue if they did come upon one?” (Glaspell 243) proving that the men thought they were superior and more intelligent than them. The word “Trifle” is seen as the insignificant little things that woman tend to worry about. Throughout the story, the audience can see that while the men are supposedly looking for “real” evidence upstairs, the women keep finding “trifles” downstairs. Among the first findings was a birdcage which when the men saw they just shrugged it off and completely ignored it. On the other hand, the women were concerned about the presence of the broken birdcage and where the bird might be. While discussing about the birdcage, Mrs. Hale states “She––come to think of it, she was kind of like a bird herself. Real sweet and pretty, but kind of timid and¬¬¬––fluttery. How––she––did––change.” (Glaspell 249) illustrating that Mrs. Hale was comparing her to the bird (trapped in a cage and all alone). After talking about the birdcage the two women moved on from the subject only to come across an old box at the bottom of a sewing basket. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters had found an old box that contained a dead bird (whose neck had been strangled) inside; it was the one piece of evidence that proved Mrs. Wright was guilty. Not only did they find evidence against Mrs. Wright, but they also revealed how violent and cruel Mr. Wright could......

Words: 881 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Review of Anime One Piece

...When i first saw the cover of the anime one piece i thought to myself that well, the art isn't that fantastic and the storyline dosent seem all that interesting since i wasnt much into the pirate theme. The search for one piece, i thought it was going to be all indiana jones atmosphere. But when i actually read the manga boy i realized i was extremely wrong. Truth be told the first episode did not interest me much, what kept me going was this new concept of devil fruit power that i had not seen in any other anime, well ofcourse i wouldnt..that would be a copyright infringement i guess. Oh well moving on, i really fell in love with the main character Luffy. Now c'mon how can he be so funny and cool at the same time, yu cant help but love him. Slowly other crew members start joining and boy does the anime starts getting more interesting and interesting. All the crew members with their own history all having factors to be loved. I won't be spoiling the anime for you but trust me, the anime is extremely good. Being an avid anime fan i would really recommend it to everyone who likes a quality anime. And yes i still wait every week for the new chapter of the manga to be realeased plus i also watch the anime after reading the manga. The love i had for it still remains the same, actually my love has completely increased for it. Im gonna watch it to the end and i know this anime is never going to disappoint...

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Journal

...Shifting Sentences. Change the following First, Second and Third Person Point of View to a Formal Academic Writing with a Formal tone. Journal 1(15/1/2013) Oh yea! My dad bought me a new handphone, Sony Xperia SL! He said it was a present for my SPM result, although it was a bit late, it is ok as long as I get a new phone! Lastly, it is equipped with 12-megapixel camera and the pictures captured are extremely clear! Thanks dad for giving me such a nice present! Sample: Smart phone is an essential item to people nowadays. Giving smart phones to someone or somebody as a present would be the best thing to do. People tend to give presents to someone that they love, especially to those who have achieved a better result in the examination. Sony Xperia SL, for instance, is a very stylish phone with android smartphone system. It runs by Dual-core 1.7 GHz processor and with Android OS, version 4.0.4 (Ice Cream Sandwich). It has 4.3 inches large LED-backlit LCD, capacitive touchscreen and 32 GB storage. Journal 2(16/1/2013) On 11/1/2013, I attended my first class of Basic Composition. On that day, I was late for class as we had to attend a talk by Mr Kalai and a meeting for committees. I went to class at around 3p.m. and found that the lecturer for Basic Composition subject was actually Miss Felicia, who taught us the subject of General Psychology last semester. She was still very kind even though she gave us a lot of homework such as writing journals, writing introductions......

Words: 2335 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Gaeran

...One Piece Chapter 1: Alex It was a harsh day for Alex Newgate, tears trickling down her cheeks as she walked to a place she never knew she would come to so fast. She stood in front of her now late father’s grave and offered white roses, trembling as she does so. It was the end of the Marineford war between the Whitebeard pirates and the government also known as the Marines. Many have fallen and only a few were left breathing, me being one of them cried once I saw my father covered in blood from the enemies and his own. All the pirates that have been left alive wept in tears too as they see their strong captain who treated them all like his children, down on the grass, lifeless. I looked around at the aftermath and saw another sad scene between brothers. Monkey D. Luffy, a high bounty pirate was crying while carrying the body of his weak brother. He even shouted out loudly that everyone can hear his pain. He then laid his brother’s body down on the side of a rock and looked down in pain and sorrow, considering that he was very close to him. “It was harsh, wasn’t it?” I asked Luffy with a gentle voice as I walked closer to the two. “Yeah…” He trailed of in a soft tone, not tearing his eyes away from the ground. “You know, I think ace won’t want to see you like this” I said mentioning his brother’s name as I sat down on the ground next to him, trying to hide my own tears. “I guess so, he never wants me to save him or else he’ll feel weak” he replied with a small......

Words: 1219 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Literary Analysis of the Tyger by William Blake

...The Tyger, written in 1974, is one of both simplicity and mystery. Within this poem written by old English William Blake, there are 13 full questions within this short 24 line work. Though many literary analysts have attempted to forge a meaning from this work, not one theme has a more correct stance than any of the others. One clear symbol within the piece is the Tyger, who represents some form of evil entity, quite possibly Satan himself. One possibility for the theme is that the poet is questioning why God would create such an evil being. This can be exemplified in the first stanza and last stanzas, where the word “could” is changed to “dare”, implying a fear of such haunting creature. The questions themselves can be considered sound devices, as they cause the piece to be written in a fragment-type state, as the only constant in this piece is its meter. The poem has a great flow, with there being approximately two strong syllables per line, for example, in line 13: "What the hammer? What the chain?”, where the two heavy syllables are “hammer” and “chain”. This creates a sense of strength halfway through each line, and at the end of each, and gives it a great sense of metric value. There are very few metric variations within the piece, with the only apparent one being the variation in line 19: “Did he smile his work to see? “. This gives the work a sense of superficiality and lack of depth due to its consistency. At some points in the poem it takes on a hymn-like quality...

Words: 977 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Top 5 Benefits of Lean Manufacturing

...investigate wastes and remove them. Then companies will abolish time spend on non value-added activities. Source: Lean Operations Handouts 2. Save Time It is true that less inventory leads shorter lead-time. Lean manufacturing generates fewer inventories and less non value-added tasks, so the lead-time will be reduced correspondingly. Furthermore, employees will work more efficiently and save more time due to implementing lean manufacturing. Standard operation process in lean manufacturing guarantees employee fewer mistakes and higher efficiency. 3. Control Quality One lean manufacturing tool is single-piece flow, which suggests working on one product at a time instead of batching and lot production. Figure 3.1 is the traditional shop floor and Figure 3.2 is single-piece flow. Figure 3.1 Figure 3.2 Source: QualityInspection.org (http://qualityinspection.org/14-quality/) Single-piece flow ensures less opportunity to quality defects due to single batch size. Employees can inspect or test finished products as long as it is launched. Furthermore, it is much easier to...

Words: 463 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Material Handling

...Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Dhaka, Bangladesh, January 9 – 10, 2010 Productivity Improvement through Line Balancing in Apparel Industries Md. Rezaul Hasan Shumon, Kazi Arif-Uz-Zaman and Azizur Rahman Dept. of Industrial Engineering and Management Khulna University of Engineering and Technology Khulna, Bangladesh Abstract The apparel industries must produce momentous quantities in shorter lead times. Apparel product is highly correlated with high level of productivity; sewing line should be balanced in shorter possible time and effective way for each style and quantity. The focal constraint against the higher productivity is the difference in individual capacity which is the mode of improper line balancing and bottle neck process. This paper is based on an effective layout model where to hit upon the bottleneck process through benchmark capacity and led us to use balancing process using two separate concept of manufacturing processes- modular line and Traditional system both together. The research shows that this balanced layout model has increased the efficiency by 21%, and labor productivity by 22%. Keywords Scheduling, Line Balancing, Bundle system, Modular Line. 1. Introduction Since the late 1970s, the RMG industry started developing in Bangladesh primarily as an export-oriented industry and the domestic market for RMG has been increasing fast due to increase in personal disposable income and......

Words: 2673 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Healthcare Sensitivity Analysis

...a consulting firm, who deals with these trending issues every day, I will be summarizing what my recommendations are to bring Elijah Heart Center back to a profitable status. Outlined below will be my recommendations for improvement without compromising patient quality. Recommendation for Cash Flow In order to increase cash flow, one must look at the whole picture. Since $900,000 is the savings target for the first year, we are using this figure to base our recommendations. First we must look at contract labor. In most cases, the contract labor or agency labor, are being paid at a higher rate than most of EHC employees would normally make for the same position. Most are doubled in salary. I believe this would also increase morale as sometimes, employees feel a bit of jealousy as these individuals are doing the same job they are performing and are being paid more for the same work. Therefore, my first recommendation has to do with agency labor. I recommend EHC eliminate or reduce agency labor (University of Phoenix, 2011). Next, I believe if we reduce the benefits packages we are now offering by streamlining these packages, we again can save money and allow for more cash flow. Many people would argue this would cause morale issues. However, being honest with staff and explaining the predicament the organization is in, may help employees to understand why this must be done so they are not on the unemployment lines in the future. However, nothing can be done without......

Words: 1146 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

What Stylistic Features Make Flow My Tears a Piece of Renaissance Music?

...features make Flow My Tears a piece of Renaissance music? Composed in 1596, Flow My Tears is a ‘Lute song’ - a style that emerged during the Renaissance period - typically consisting of a voice (a counter tenor or alto in this case) accompanied by a lute. It could also be accompanied by more than one instrument in what was known as a ‘mixed’ or ‘broken’ consort. This performance uses a bass viol. This can be seen as reminiscent of the development of the bass line in defining the harmonic structure of music that was occurring at the time (assuming even greater significance during the baroque era). The texture is melody and accompaniment, however often with enough separate movement in the parts to be contrapuntal. An example of this is a four-part chord in the lute part which creates five parts with the voice in Bar 1 and playing six notes in Bar 16. This is indicative of the period because much of Renaissance music (including Lute songs) employed both homophony and counterpoint. Counterpoint itself developed strongly throughout the Renaissance and Baroque era, featuring heavily in the works of well known composers of the time such as Orlando Gibbons and William Byrd. The tripartite structure of the song relates to the structure of the stanzas - verses 1 and 2 are sung to the same notes whereas verses 3 and 4 are sung to a different melody as is the 5th verse. Whilst the structure itself is not greatly indicative of the period, the through-composed nature of the piece......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Case Study Stickily Furniture

...Furniture, the primary mode of operation is continuous production. Also referred to as flow production, continuous production mainly entails the approach of processing or manufacturing the various parts in order to come up with the final product on a continuous basis. There are several major reasons as to why continuous production is evident at Stickley Furniture: * Firstly, the company assesses the nature and/or quality of timber prior to feeding it into the saw. The process of assessing the quality of timber at Stickley Furniture is achieved in two main ways: manually and also through the use of computers. Employees at the Stickley Furniture closely examine all the timber in order to ascertain the quality more so in terms of knots. * On the other hand, specially designed computer software is also used by the company to verify the quality of timber before feeding it into the saw for processing. This kind of approach goes a very long way towards ensuring that the quality of furniture produced at Stickley Furniture is excellent and meets the high expectations of clients. * The next step after sawing the timber is to produce the various types of furniture in line with the orders that have been placed by clients. All these are clear indications that the most commonly used operations system at Stickley Furniture is flow production. At Stickley Furniture, despite the fact that flow production is the principal and/or most commonly used processing, there are......

Words: 2303 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Financial Statements

... Knowing a business and what they go through to keep it up and running is a lot of work to do and a lot to deal with. I was always told that being a consumer is the easiest part of a business. Consumers just have to deal with the products and services they receive. On the other hand the companies have to provide products and services and yet make sure they are able to. To maintain a steady company a business would have to keep their business financially set in order to provide what the consumers need. Therefore the four financial statements help maintain and create more business for the companies. These statements are income statement, statement of changes in equity, balance sheet and statement of cash flow. The income statement, which is also known to be the statement of earnings or order of operations, gets prepared first. It lists revenues and expenses and calculates the company's net income or net loss for a period of time. The statement of changes in equity is prepared after the income statement. It shows the beginning and ending of the equity balances and the items affecting the equity during the period. It also explains the changes of the company's equity throughout the reporting period but it only shows the total net income or loss. The balance sheet shows the balance of the company at a particular period. “Each asset, each liability, and owner's equity is also in this statement. It shows that the......

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Value Stream Mapping

...Value Stream Mapping Prof. N.Raghavan Value Stream Mapping (VSM) Definitions • Value: What the Client wants from the process • Value stream: Includes all the processes and activities used to design, produce and deliver the product or service to the Client. --- All the steps – both value added and non value added – required to take a product or service from its raw materials state into the waiting arms of a happy customer. • Value Stream Map: Special type of flow chart that uses symbols from the “Language of Lean” to depict and improve the flow of inventory and information. Typ. VSM Value Stream • “Whenever there is a product for a customer, there is a value stream. The challenge lies in seeing it.” -Learning to See, Lean Enterprise Institute VSM • Value stream mapping is a lean manufacturing technique used to analyze and design the flow of materials and information required to bring a product or service to a consumer. • VSM is a technique for identifying value-adding activities and eliminating nonvalue adding activities to optimise processes • Activities are generally divided into three categories: – (1) non-value adding (NVA); – (2) necessary but non-value adding (NNVA); and – (3) value-adding (VA). • In a formal sense, two depictions of the status are made: – Current state of VSM (CVSM) – Future state of VSM (FVSM) • Each scenario is depicted pictorially using standard symbols • We have to work on moving from CVSM to......

Words: 655 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Global Engineering

...Responsibilities……………………………………………………………..…. 20 List of Figures Figure 1 | Example of boxes used to collect braids in the warehouse………………………….... 6 Figure 2 | Photos of boxes used in the warehouse……………………………………………….. 7 Figure 3 | Photo of work orders used in the warehouse………………………………………….. 9 Figure 4 | Photo of the Excel file for sales last year……………………………………………. 13 Figure 5 | Photo of the key used in the Excel file for sales last year………………………….... 14 Figure 6 | Photo of the Excel file for calculations by item number………………………….…. 15 Figure 7 | Snapshot of the braiding machine assignments…………………………………...…. 18 Company Background Hope Global is a one hundred million dollar and rapidly growing worldwide company that manufactures products ranging from interior automotive parts to shoelaces. The Hope Global facility in Cumberland, Rhode Island is one of the few companies in the United States to export products and components to China. The braiding division is the smallest portion of Hope Global’s product portfolio at three percent but was essential to the start-up of the company in 1883. This department manufactures shoelaces, bootlaces, apparel cords, and drawstrings for...

Words: 3996 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

View Vincent Van Gough

... * While looking at these two master pieces, I can see that both artist used a similar art style to represent night and day. With van Gough's I have always liked the way the darker colors show how the stars can come out in the night sky. LeWitt's art work I personally have never seen but the he uses the same types of color while staying true with the visual design of van Gough. The difference between the two pieces is that the lines are completely making the flow and the artist original to the other. van Gough's Starry Night uses the curve of the lines to bring the stars to live as balls of light,, like what people thought they were back then. LeWitt's shows us with the lines coming from the sun, how hot that particular day was for that gentleman to work out side in the field. With the lines in either curved or straight people can see the aspects of how differently each artwork can be. I do not believe that the artists can swap in the linage of the other and get the same effect they were going for. * * * * * This piece of artwork shows how people in higher society in Europe lived back then. With the numerous children in fancy clothes, a large hallway with many pieces of artwork on the walls this was living. We can only imagine what the artist is painting in the artwork but I do believe that they are doing a family portrait of the children. Velazquez brought shadows and light into this piece to bring out hoe formal a setting can be......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4